Abortion Rates By State 2019
Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus. Abortions can be performed surgically or by medication.
The Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade states that governments cannot regulate a woman’s decision to have an abortion before the viability of the fetus. After viability, no government can impose a regulation that favors a fetus’s life over the mother’s. Even with this decision, abortion has caused nationwide controversy and has divided people into pro-life or pro-choice camps.
Recently, some states have been proposing legislation to further restrict abortions earlier than fetus viability. States have recently introduced the “heartbeat” bill, which prohibits abortions have six weeks of pregnancy or when a fetal heartbeat can be detected.
With such controversy over the procedure, one might not realize how frequently abortions happen. According to 2014 data from the Guttmacher Institute, there were a total of 926,240 abortions in the United States.
Abortion rate is calculated as the number of abortions per 1,000 women ages 15-44 years old. The ten states with the highest abortion rates were:
- District of Columbia (32.7)
- New York (29.6)
- New Jersey (25.8)
- Maryland (23.4)
- Florida (20.6)
- California (19.5)
- Nevada (19.4)
- Connecticut (19.2)
- Rhode Island (17)
- Delaware (16.7)
The District of Columbia has the highest abortion rate of 32.7. The District of Columbia had a total of 5,820 abortions in 2014, about 38% of total pregnancies. The highest number of abortions in any state was 157,350 in California.
Wyoming has the lowest abortion rate of 1.1. Wyoming only had a total of 120 abortions in 2014, about 2% of total pregnancies.