Alabama Population 2018


According to US Census projections for 2018, Alabama's population is estimated to be 4.89 million. The most recent US Census in 2010 recorded the population of Alabama as 4,779,736.

Alabama's population was recently eclipsed by South Carolina's, pushing Alabama to 24th in state rank by population. Alabama's population growth is at 0.26% a year, which ranks it as the 36th fastest growing state.

Alabama Population Density

Based on current population estimates, there are 94.4 people per square mile (36 per square kilometer), which ranks Alabama 27th in population density.

With regards to Alabama’s natural growth, the state recorded 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths and an increase in net migration of 104,991 in the years between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.

Overall, like most of the US, Alabama’s growth has been on a reliable upward trend, but it’s also been a little unremarkable. Further growth at its current rate will bring the population of the state to nearly 5 million by 2020.

Alabama Population History

Most of present-day Alabama was part of Georgia until the south-central part was included in Mississippi Territory, whose establishment was authorized by Congress in 1798 and agreed to by Georgia in 1802. In 1804, Mississippi Territory was expanded to include the rest of Alabama except for the Gulf Coast portion, which was added in 1812 although still in dispute with Spain until 1819. Alabama became a territory in 1817, and was admitted as a State on December 14, 1819 with substantially its present boundaries.

Census coverage of Alabama began in 1800, included much of the State by 1820, and added the rest by 1840. The totals for 1800 and 1810 are for areas then in Mississippi Territory. In 1820 the official State total (127,901) did not include the population (16,416) of three counties whose census returns only arrived in Washington in 1822.

Alabama Population Chart

Alabama Population History

Like other states across the US, the population of Alabama exploded at the start of the 19th century. Recorded figures from 1800 show the number of residents at just 1,250 but by 1810, that had grown by no less than 623.7% to 9,046.

Further substantial population growth was recorded throughout the 1800s, and although the larger increases had settled down by the start of the next century, growth has continued to be recorded at every following census.

Alabama's population has grown considerably but rather than this being a steady growth, the increase in citizens has been quite variable in recent years. For example, between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by an impressive 13.1% but in the ten years that followed, a mere 3.8% rise was recorded.

However, in the years between 1990 and 2000, that percentage increase was on the move once again, and at the start of the new millennium, Alabama’s numbers had grown by 10.1% to 4,447,100.

Population Data via US Census

Alabama Growth Rate

Alabama Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Alabama Facts

Alabama Population in 2018Source: Spyder Monkey

  • The State Constitution of Alabama is one of the longest in the US, containing over 700 amendments.
  • Magnolia Springs, Alabama, has mail delivered by boat and the only all-water mail route in the country.
  • Alabama is the largest supplier of steel pipe and cast-iron products, and the state has all natural resources needed to make these products.
  • Alabama was the 4th state to secede from the Union on January 11, 1861.
  • The Unclaimed Baggage Center of Scottsboro is where all unclaimed airline luggage is sent.
  • The Saturn V rocket, which was used during the Apollo 11 mission to the moon, was built in Huntsville.
  • The first Mardi Gras was originally celebated when Mobile was founded in 1702. Now, the annual celebration is held in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • The East Gulf Coastal Plain covers two-thirds of the state.
  • The state of Alabama has had five capitals throughout its history.

Alabama Population Density by County

Jefferson County

  • Population659,747
  • Density593.68 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20100.26%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.57%

Alabama Population Growth Rate by County

Alabama's eastermost county, Russell County, is experiencing the most rapid population growth in the state, increasing by 11.94% since 2010. Lee County, located directly north of Russell County, has experienced similar growth of 11.51%. To the south, Baldwin County has seen population growth of 11.2%, while Limestone County to the north has also experienced growth that exceeds 10%.

Some of the state's central counties, including Perry, Dallas, Lowndes, Macon, Coosa, and Greene, have seen declines in population since 2010, with Macon County topping the list with an 11.33% decline since 2010 based on 2015 US Census Bureau estimates. Many of Alabama's western counties have also seen declines, including Sumter, Choctaw, and Washington located on the western border.

Alabama Population Pyramid 2018

0k10k20k30k40kAlabama Male Population0k10k20k30k40kAlabama Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Alabama to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American1,301,102
Two or More Races83,858
Some Other Race70,333
American Indian and Alaska Native24,509
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,503

Alabama has one of the largest populations of African American residents in the United States. With over 26% of the population identifying as black or African American, this state ranks 7th when compared to the other 49 states plus Washington D.C. This large population is a result of slaves that were brought to the region, which was known as the "Black Belt." Following the abolishment of slavery after the Civil War, many African Americans settled in this region to work in agriulture.

Alabama has a very low percentage of residents that identify with two or more races -- accounting for just over 1% of the population. This puts Alabama in 48th place when compared to other states. It also has a lower population of Asians and Hispanics than the majority of other states, while its population of whites and American Indians fall about squarely in the middle when compared to other states. Alabama did, however, see 145% growth in its Hispanic population between the years 2000 and 2010, which led to a total population increase of 27.7% from 2000 to 2009.

While there is a high percentage of white residents, the median age of whites is 41.2 years, according to data from 2010. Hispanics and African Americans have median ages of 24.8 and 32.2 years, respectively, which could indicate a change in future demographics.

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Alabama

Language Population Percentage
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba1,2100.03%

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Alabama. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Alabama Economy

High school graduate or higher 83.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 23.1%
With a Disability 11.7%
Persons Without Health Insurance 14.2%
In Civilian Labor Force 58.5%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 53.4%
Food Services Sales $7,576,462
Health Care Revenue $26,039,632,000
Manufacturers Shipments $124,809,759,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $57,746,565,000
Total Retail Sales $58,564,965,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $12,145
Mean Travel Time to Work 24.3 minutes
Median Household Income $43,511
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $23,936
Persons in Poverty 19.3%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Alabama for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.4% and the labor force participation rate is 58.3%.

Alabama Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 318,136
All firms 374,153
Men-owned Firms 203,604
Women-owned Firms 137,630
Minority-owned Firms 92,219
Nonminority-owned Firms 272,651
Veternan-owned Firms 41,943
Nonveteran-owned Firms 316,984

Alabama Housing

Housing Units 2,171,853
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 69.2%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $123,800
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,159
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $349
Median Gross Rent $715
Building Permits 14,054
Households 1,842,174
Persons per Household 2.55 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 85%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 5.2%
Data Sources
  1. Alabama State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)