Alabama Population 2017

4,884,115

According to US Census projections for 2016, Alabama's population is estimated to be 4,871,547. The most recent US Census in 2010 recorded the population of Alabama as 4,779,736.

Alabama's population was recently eclipsed by South Carolina's, pushing Alabama to 24th in state rank by population. Alabama's population growth is at 0.26% a year, which ranks it as the 36th fastest growing state.

Alabama Population Density

Based on current population estimates, there are 94.4 people per square mile (36 per square kilometer), which ranks Alabama 27th in population density.

With regards to Alabama’s natural growth, the state recorded 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths and an increase in net migration of 104,991 in the years between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.

Overall, like most of the US, Alabama’s growth has been on a reliable upward trend, but it’s also been a little unremarkable. Further growth at its current rate will bring the population of the state to nearly 5 million by 2020.

Alabama Population Chart

Alabama Population History

Like other states across the US, the population of Alabama exploded at the start of the 19th century. Recorded figures from 1800 show the number of residents at just 1,250 but by 1810, that had grown by no less than 623.7% to 9,046.

Further substantial population growth was recorded throughout the 1800s, and although the larger increases had settled down by the start of the next century, growth has continued to be recorded at every following census.

Alabama's population has grown considerably but rather than this being a steady growth, the increase in citizens has been quite variable in recent years. For example, between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by an impressive 13.1% but in the ten years that followed, a mere 3.8% rise was recorded.

However, in the years between 1990 and 2000, that percentage increase was on the move once again, and at the start of the new millennium, Alabama’s numbers had grown by 10.1% to 4,447,100.

Population Data via US Census

Alabama Growth Rate

Alabama State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 4,921,819 0.26%
2019 4,909,251 0.26%
2018 4,896,683 0.26%
2017 4,884,115 0.26%
2016 4,871,547 0.26%
2015 4,858,979 0.26%
2014 4,846,411 0.33%
2013 4,830,533 0.30%
2012 4,816,089 0.31%
2011 4,801,108 0.45%
2010 4,779,736 0.72%
2000 4,447,100 0.96%
1990 4,040,587 0.37%
1980 3,893,888 1.23%
1970 3,444,165 0.53%
1960 3,266,740 0.65%
1950 3,061,743 0.78%
1940 2,832,961 0.68%
1930 2,646,248 1.20%
1920 2,348,174 0.94%
1910 2,138,093 1.58%
1900 1,828,697 1.91%
1890 1,513,017 1.83%
1880 1,262,505 2.39%
1870 996,992 0.33%
1860 964,201 2.25%
1850 771,623 2.71%
1840 590,756 6.68%
1830 309,527 9.24%
1820 127,901 30.33%
1810 9,046 21.89%
1800 1,250 0.00%

Alabama Facts

Alabama Population in 2017 Source: Spyder Monkey

  • The State Constitution of Alabama is one of the longest in the US, containing over 700 amendments.
  • Magnolia Springs, Alabama, has mail delivered by boat and the only all-water mail route in the country.
  • Alabama is the largest supplier of steel pipe and cast-iron products, and the state has all natural resources needed to make these products.
  • Alabama was the 4th state to secede from the Union on January 11, 1861.
  • The Unclaimed Baggage Center of Scottsboro is where all unclaimed airline luggage is sent.
  • The Saturn V rocket, which was used during the Apollo 11 mission to the moon, was built in Huntsville.
  • The first Mardi Gras was originally celebated when Mobile was founded in 1702. Now, the annual celebration is held in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • The East Gulf Coastal Plain covers two-thirds of the state.
  • The state of Alabama has had five capitals throughout its history.

Alabama Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Alabama Population Growth Rate by County

Alabama's eastermost county, Russell County, is experiencing the most rapid population growth in the state, increasing by 11.94% since 2010. Lee County, located directly north of Russell County, has experienced similar growth of 11.51%. To the south, Baldwin County has seen population growth of 11.2%, while Limestone County to the north has also experienced growth that exceeds 10%.

Some of the state's central counties, including Perry, Dallas, Lowndes, Macon, Coosa, and Greene, have seen declines in population since 2010, with Macon County topping the list with an 11.33% decline since 2010 based on 2015 US Census Bureau estimates. Many of Alabama's western counties have also seen declines, including Sumter, Choctaw, and Washington located on the western border.

Population Pyramid

To compare Alabama to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Alabama has one of the largest populations of African American residents in the United States. With over 26% of the population identifying as black or African American, this state ranks 7th when compared to the other 49 states plus Washington D.C. This large population is a result of slaves that were brought to the region, which was known as the "Black Belt." Following the abolishment of slavery after the Civil War, many African Americans settled in this region to work in agriulture.

Alabama has a very low percentage of residents that identify with two or more races -- accounting for just over 1% of the population. This puts Alabama in 48th place when compared to other states. It also has a lower population of Asians and Hispanics than the majority of other states, while its population of whites and American Indians fall about squarely in the middle when compared to other states. Alabama did, however, see 145% growth in its Hispanic population between the years 2000 and 2010, which led to a total population increase of 27.7% from 2000 to 2009.

While there is a high percentage of white residents, the median age of whites is 41.2 years, according to data from 2010. Hispanics and African Americans have median ages of 24.8 and 32.2 years, respectively, which could indicate a change in future demographics.

Languages Spoken in Alabama

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 4,497,352 100
English 4,302,182 95.66
Spanish 151,385 3.37
German 10,040 0.22
Chinese 7,405 0.16
French 7,195 0.16
Mandarin 1,625 0.04
Portuguese 1,375 0.03
Swahili 1,320 0.03
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 1,210 0.03

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Alabama. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Alabama Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 84
BachelorsDegree 23
Disabled 12
NoHealthInsurance 14
LaborForceTotal 59
LaborForceFemale 53
FoodServiceSales 7,576,462
HealthCareRevenue 26,039,632
ManufacturerShipments 124,809,759
MerchantWholesalesSales 57,746,565
RetailSales 58,564,965
RetailSalesPerCapita 12,145
MeanWorkTravelTime 24
MedianHouseholdIncome 43,511
PerCapitaIncome 23,936
PovertyPercentage 19

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Alabama for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.4% and the labor force participation rate is 58.3%.

Alabama Business

NonemployerEstablishments 318,136
AllFirms 374,153
MenOwnedFirms 203,604
WomenOwnedFirms 137,630
MinorityOwnedFirms 92,219
NonminorityOwnedFirms 272,651
VeteranOwnedFirms 41,943
NonveteranOwn 316,984

Alabama Housing

HousingUnits 2,218,287
HousingUnits 2,171,853
OwnerOccupiedRate 69
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 123,800
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,159
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 349
MedianGrossRent 715
BuildingPermits 14,054
Households 1,842,174
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 85
NonEnglishAtHome 5
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts