Alabama Population 2017

4,884,115

According to US Census projections for 2016, Alabama's population is estimated to be 4,871,547. The most recent US Census in 2010 recorded the population of Alabama as 4,779,736.

Alabama's population was recently eclipsed by South Carolina's, pushing Alabama to 24th in state rank by population. Alabama's population growth is at 0.26% a year, which ranks it as the 36th fastest growing state.

Alabama Population Density

Based on current population estimates, there are 94.4 people per square mile (36 per square kilometer), which ranks Alabama 27th in population density.

With regards to Alabama’s natural growth, the state recorded 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths and an increase in net migration of 104,991 in the years between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.

Overall, like most of the US, Alabama’s growth has been on a reliable upward trend, but it’s also been a little unremarkable. Further growth at its current rate will bring the population of the state to nearly 5 million by 2020.

Alabama Population Chart

Alabama Population History

Like other states across the US, the population of Alabama exploded at the start of the 19th century. Recorded figures from 1800 show the number of residents at just 1,250 but by 1810, that had grown by no less than 623.7% to 9,046.

Further substantial population growth was recorded throughout the 1800s, and although the larger increases had settled down by the start of the next century, growth has continued to be recorded at every following census.

Alabama's population has grown considerably but rather than this being a steady growth, the increase in citizens has been quite variable in recent years. For example, between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by an impressive 13.1% but in the ten years that followed, a mere 3.8% rise was recorded.

However, in the years between 1990 and 2000, that percentage increase was on the move once again, and at the start of the new millennium, Alabama’s numbers had grown by 10.1% to 4,447,100.

Population Data via US Census

Alabama Growth Rate

Alabama State Rank

Year Pop % Change
20204,921,8190.26%
20194,909,2510.26%
20184,896,6830.26%
20174,884,1150.26%
20164,871,5470.26%
20154,858,9790.26%
20144,846,4110.33%
20134,830,5330.30%
20124,816,0890.31%
20114,801,1080.45%
20104,779,7360.72%
20004,447,1000.96%
19904,040,5870.37%
19803,893,8881.23%
19703,444,1650.53%
19603,266,7400.65%
19503,061,7430.78%
19402,832,9610.68%
19302,646,2481.20%
19202,348,1740.94%
19102,138,0931.58%
19001,828,6971.91%
18901,513,0171.83%
18801,262,5052.39%
1870996,9920.33%
1860964,2012.25%
1850771,6232.71%
1840590,7566.68%
1830309,5279.24%
1820127,90130.33%
18109,04621.89%
18001,2500.00%

Alabama Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Spyder Monkey

  • The State Constitution of Alabama is one of the longest in the US, containing over 700 amendments.
  • Magnolia Springs, Alabama, has mail delivered by boat and the only all-water mail route in the country.
  • Alabama is the largest supplier of steel pipe and cast-iron products, and the state has all natural resources needed to make these products.
  • Alabama was the 4th state to secede from the Union on January 11, 1861.
  • The Unclaimed Baggage Center of Scottsboro is where all unclaimed airline luggage is sent.
  • The Saturn V rocket, which was used during the Apollo 11 mission to the moon, was built in Huntsville.
  • The first Mardi Gras was originally celebated when Mobile was founded in 1702. Now, the annual celebration is held in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • The East Gulf Coastal Plain covers two-thirds of the state.
  • The state of Alabama has had five capitals throughout its history.

Alabama Population Density by County

Jefferson County

  • Population660,367
  • Density594.24 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20100.34%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.59%

Alabama Population Growth Rate by County

Alabama's eastermost county, Russell County, is experiencing the most rapid population growth in the state, increasing by 11.94% since 2010. Lee County, located directly north of Russell County, has experienced similar growth of 11.51%. To the south, Baldwin County has seen population growth of 11.2%, while Limestone County to the north has also experienced growth that exceeds 10%.

Some of the state's central counties, including Perry, Dallas, Lowndes, Macon, Coosa, and Greene, have seen declines in population since 2010, with Macon County topping the list with an 11.33% decline since 2010 based on 2015 US Census Bureau estimates. Many of Alabama's western counties have also seen declines, including Sumter, Choctaw, and Washington located on the western border.

Population Pyramid

0k10k20k30k40kAlabama Male Population0k10k20k30k40kAlabama Female Population

To compare Alabama to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White3,374,56969.45%
Black or African American1,300,59626.77%
American Indian and Alaska Native33,9800.7%
Asian67,1961.38%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5,0670.1%
Two or More Races77,5711.6%

Alabama's eastermost county, Russell County, is experiencing the most rapid population growth in the state, increasing by 11.94% since 2010. Lee County, located directly north of Russell County, has experienced similar growth of 11.51%. To the south, Baldwin County has seen population growth of 11.2%, while Limestone County to the north has also experienced growth that exceeds 10%.

Some of the state's central counties, including Perry, Dallas, Lowndes, Macon, Coosa, and Greene, have seen declines in population since 2010, with Macon County topping the list with an 11.33% decline since 2010 based on 2015 US Census Bureau estimates. Many of Alabama's western counties have also seen declines, including Sumter, Choctaw, and Washington located on the western border.

Languages Spoken in Alabama

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over4,497,352100
English4,302,18295.66
Spanish151,3853.37
German10,0400.22
Chinese7,4050.16
French7,1950.16
Mandarin1,6250.04
Portuguese1,3750.03
Swahili1,3200.03
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba1,2100.03

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Alabama. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Alabama Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate83.7
BachelorsDegree23.1
Disabled11.7
NoHealthInsurance14.2
LaborForceTotal58.5
LaborForceFemale53.4
FoodServiceSales7,576,462
HealthCareRevenue26,039,632
ManufacturerShipments124,809,759
MerchantWholesalesSales57,746,565
RetailSales58,564,965
RetailSalesPerCapita12,145
MeanWorkTravelTime24.3
MedianHouseholdIncome43,511
PerCapitaIncome23,936
PovertyPercentage19.3

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Alabama for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.4% and the labor force participation rate is 58.3%.

Alabama Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments318,136
AllFirms374,153
MenOwnedFirms203,604
WomenOwnedFirms137,630
MinorityOwnedFirms92,219
NonminorityOwnedFirms272,651
VeteranOwnedFirms41,943
NonveteranOwn316,984

Alabama Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits2,218,287
HousingUnits2,171,853
OwnerOccupiedRate69.2
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue123,800
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage1,159
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage349
MedianGrossRent715
BuildingPermits14,054
Households1,842,174
PersonsPerHousehold2.55
SameHouseOneYearAgo85
NonEnglishAtHome5.2
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts