Alabama Population 2016

The last official census in the US was carried out in 2010 and the population of Alabama at the time was recorded as 4,779,736, making it the 23rd most populous state in the country. Like most states in the US, the population has continued to grow in each ten year period between censuses, and an estimate for the Alabama population in 2016 puts the figure over the 4.8 million mark.

According to US Census projections for Alabama in 2016, the population is estimated to be around 4,858,979. Alabama's population growth is at 0.44% a year, which ranks it as the 36th fastest growing state.

Alabama's population has grown considerably but rather than this being a steady growth, the increase in citizens has been quite variable in recent years. For example, between 1970 and 1980 the population grew by an impressive 13.1% but in the ten years that followed, a mere 3.8% rise was recorded.

However, in the years between 1990 and 2000, that percentage increase was on the move once again, and at the start of the new millennium, Alabama’s numbers had grown by 10.1% to 4,447,100.

Alabama Population History

Like other states across the US, the population of Alabama exploded at the start of the 19th century. Recorded figures from 1800 show the number of residents at just 1,250 but by 1810, that had grown by no less than 623.7% to 9,046.

Further substantial population growth was recorded throughout the 1800s, and although the larger increases had settled down by the start of the next century, growth has continued to be recorded at every following census.

Alabama Population Density

As far as population density is concerned, Alabama has a total surface area of 52,419 square miles, (135,765 square kilometers) and it is the 30th largest state in the country by area.

Based on current population estimates, there are 94.4 people per square mile (36 per square kilometer) and this means that Alabama is the 27th most densely populated state in the US – roughly average when you compare population of US states across the country.

According to US Census Bureau estimates, out of the total population, 69.5% declared themselves to be White while 26.8% were Black or African American. Out of the remaining population of Alabama, 0.7% were Native American while other minorities include Asian, Alaskan and Hawaiian, amongst others.

With regards to Alabama’s natural growth, the state recorded 502,457 births minus 381,403 deaths and an increase in net migration of 104,991 in the years between the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.

Overall, like most of the US, Alabama’s growth has been on a reliable upward trend, but it’s also been a little unremarkable. Further growth at its current rate will bring the population of the state to approximately 5.1 million in 2020.

Alabama Population in 2016 Source: Spyder Monkey

Alabama Facts

  • The State Constitution of Alabama is one of the longest in the US, containing over 700 amendments.
  • Magnolia Springs, Alabama, has mail delivered by boat and the only all-water mail route in the country.
  • Alabama is the largest supplier of steel pipe and cast-iron products, and the state has all natural resources needed to make these products.
  • Alabama was the 4th state to secede from the Union on January 11, 1861.
  • The Unclaimed Baggage Center of Scottsboro is where all unclaimed airline luggage is sent.
  • The Saturn V rocket, which was used during the Apollo 11 mission to the moon, was built in Huntsville.
  • The first Mardi Gras was originally celebated when Mobile was founded in 1702. Now, the annual celebration is held in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • The East Gulf Coastal Plain covers two-thirds of the state.
  • The state of Alabama has had five capitals throughout its history.

Population Data via US Census

Alabama Population Chart

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 4,921,819 0.26% 24
2019 4,909,251 0.26% 24
2018 4,896,683 0.26% 24
2017 4,884,115 0.26% 24
2016 4,871,547 0.26% 24
2015 4,858,979 0.26% 24
2014 4,846,411 0.33% 23
2013 4,830,533 0.30% 23
2012 4,816,089 0.31% 23
2011 4,801,108 0.45% 23
2010 4,779,736 0.72% 23
2000 4,447,100 0.96% 23
1990 4,040,587 0.37% 22
1980 3,893,888 1.23% 22
1970 3,444,165 0.53% 21
1960 3,266,740 0.65% 19
1950 3,061,743 0.78% 17
1940 2,832,961 0.68% 17
1930 2,646,248 1.20% 15
1920 2,348,174 0.94% 18
1910 2,138,093 1.58% 18
1900 1,828,697 1.91% 18
1890 1,513,017 1.83% 17
1880 1,262,505 2.39% 17
1870 996,992 0.33% 16
1860 964,201 2.25% 13
1850 771,623 2.71% 12
1840 590,756 6.68% 12
1830 309,527 9.24% 15
1820 127,901 30.33% 20
1810 9,046 21.89% 25
1800 1,250 0.00% 24

Alabama Population Pyramid

Alabama Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 3,362,877 70.36%
Black or African American 1,259,224 26.35%
American Indian and Alaska Native 32,903 0.69%
Asian 55,240 1.16%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5,208 0.11%
Two or more races 64,284 1.34%

Languages Spoken in Alabama

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 4,497,352 100.00%
Spanish 151,385 3.40%
German 10,040 0.20%
Chinese 7,405 0.20%
French 7,195 0.20%
Mandarin 1,625 0.00%
Portuguese 1,375 0.00%
Swahili 1,320 0.00%
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 1,210 0.00%
Telugu 1,130 0.00%

Alabama County Populations

County Population Rank
Jefferson County 660,367 1
Mobile County 415,395 2
Madison County 353,089 3
Montgomery County 226,519 4
Shelby County 208,713 5
Tuscaloosa County 203,976 6
Baldwin County 203,709 7
Lee County 156,993 8
Morgan County 119,565 9
Calhoun County 115,620 10
Houston County 104,173 11
Etowah County 103,057 12
Marshall County 94,725 13
Lauderdale County 92,596 14
Limestone County 91,663 15
St. Clair County 87,074 16
Cullman County 82,005 17
Elmore County 81,468 18
Talladega County 80,862 19
DeKalb County 71,130 20
Walker County 65,294 21
Russell County 59,660 22
Blount County 57,673 23
Autauga County 55,347 24
Colbert County 54,354 25
Jackson County 52,419 26
Coffee County 51,211 27
Dale County 49,565 28
Chilton County 43,943 29
Dallas County 41,131 30
Tallapoosa County 40,844 31
Covington County 37,835 32
Escambia County 37,789 33
Chambers County 34,123 34
Lawrence County 33,115 35
Pike County 33,046 36
Franklin County 31,696 37
Marion County 30,168 38
Geneva County 26,777 39
Barbour County 26,489 40
Cherokee County 25,859 41
Clarke County 24,675 42
Winston County 23,877 43
Randolph County 22,696 44
Bibb County 22,583 45
Monroe County 21,673 46
Pickens County 20,864 47
Butler County 20,154 48
Marengo County 20,028 49
Macon County 19,105 50
Henry County 17,221 51
Washington County 16,804 52
Fayette County 16,759 53
Hale County 15,068 54
Cleburne County 15,018 55
Crenshaw County 13,963 56
Lamar County 13,886 57
Clay County 13,555 58
Choctaw County 13,170 59
Sumter County 13,103 60
Conecuh County 12,672 61
Wilcox County 11,059 62
Coosa County 10,724 63
Bullock County 10,696 64
Lowndes County 10,458 65
Perry County 9,652 66
Greene County 8,479 67