Arizona Population 2016

6,927,347

Our latest estimate puts the population of Arizona at 6,927,347 in 2016. This shows growth of about half a million from the official 2010 census results, which recorded a population of 6,392,017. From 1990 to 2000, Arizona was the second fastest growing state, increasing it's population by nearly 40 percent. From 2010 to 2015, Arizona was the seventh fastest growing state, posting a cumulative growth of 6.82%.

What is the Population of Arizona?

Although Arizona is the sixth largest state in the USA by area, it is the 14th largest state by population size. Since becoming the 48th state to be admitted to the USA in 1912, Arizona has grown rapidly from 200,000 people to nearly seven million today. Much of that growth has come in the past 40 years -- in 1970 there were less than two million people in Arizona.

The population of Arizona is concentrated around Phoenix, the state capital, and Tucson, its second largest city. The largest county in Arizona by population is Maricopa County, which is home to 4.1 million of the state's 6.9 million people. Containing over 60% of the state's population, Maricopa encompasses nine of the state's ten largest cities.

Arizona Population Chart

Population History

Arizona was admitted to the Union in 1912 as the final state of the lower 48. Arizona's population at statehood was just over 200,000 people, which ranked 45th of the 48 states . In the hundred years since, its population has grown rapidly, consistently posting annual growth rates of over 3%.

Since the most recent official estimate from the US Census in 2015 (6,828,065), we estimate that the population has increased by nearly 100,000. If this rate is sustained, Arizona will surpass 7 million citizens in early 2017, becoming the 14th state to reach this mark.

Population Data via US Census

Arizona Growth Rate

Arizona State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 7,324,475 1.37%
2019 7,225,193 1.39%
2018 7,125,911 1.41%
2017 7,026,629 1.43%
2016 6,927,347 1.45%
2015 6,828,065 1.48%
2014 6,728,783 1.48%
2013 6,630,799 1.18%
2012 6,553,262 1.31%
2011 6,468,732 1.20%
2010 6,392,017 2.22%
2000 5,130,632 3.42%
1990 3,665,228 3.03%
1980 2,718,215 4.38%
1970 1,770,900 3.12%
1960 1,302,161 5.68%
1950 749,587 4.15%
1940 499,261 1.37%
1930 435,573 2.69%
1920 334,162 5.04%
1910 204,354 5.21%
1900 122,931 3.37%
1890 88,243 8.12%
1880 40,440 15.40%
1870 9,658 0.00%

Arizona Facts

Arizona Population in 2016 Source: DPPed

  • The copper star on Arizona's state flag represents the state's role as the largest copper producer in the US.
  • Arizona is one of the oldest Indian settlements in the country.
  • One-fourth of the state is made up of forests, including the 11.2 million acre National Forest.
  • The bridge at Lake Havasu is constructed of the stones used to construct the original London Bridge.
  • The state has over 3,900 mountain peaks and summits.
  • The Grand Canyon, one of Arizona's most famous landmarks, has exposed stone that dates back over 1 billion years.
  • Jerome, Arizona, was once a copper mining town. Once the mines closed, the population dropped to just 50 people.
  • Arizona has the highest amount of land designated as Indian land.
  • The oldest Indian settlement, Oraibi, is located in Arizona.

Arizona Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Arizona Population Growth Rate by County

Overall, most of the counties in Arizona experienced growth between the Census taken in 2010 and the Census Bureau estimates taken in 2015. Greenlee County, located right along the eastern border of the state, has seen the most growth during this time period, posting a 14.27% population increase over 5 years. Trailing behind is Maricopa County, which has experienced 8.95% growth during the same time period. Neighboring Pima County has grown by 7.17%, followed by Yavapai County at 7.17%.

As far as population declines, Arizon has fared better than many other states that have seen significant declines in recent years. The biggest drop came in the southeastern county of Cohise County, which had a population decline of 4.08%. La Paz County, Santa Cruz County and Gila County round out the remaining counties that have experienced population declines from 2010 to 2015.

Population Pyramid

To compare Arizona to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 5,418,483 84.77%
Black or African American 280,905 4.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native 335,278 5.25%
Asian 188,456 2.95%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 16,112 0.25%
Two or more races 152,783 2.39%

Taking into account origin, 30.7% of people in Arizona report Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest individual ancestry group in Arizona is Mexican (25.8%), followed by German (16.5%), English (10.3%) and Irish (10.9%%).

Some experts believe that Arizona will become a minority-majority state by the year 2027 based on current demographic trends. Beginning in 2003, the number of births to Hispanics outnumbered the number of births by non-Hispanic whites. While this trend continued for several years after that, the trend reversed in 2011. The southern and central regions of the state remain mostly inhabited by Mexican Americans.

The population of African Americans within the state has also grown significantly in recent years, with Phoenix's population in this demographic doubling from 1990 to 2005. Asian Americans also inhabit the state, with the largest subgroup being Filipinos, with over 53,000 recorded during the 2010 Census.

Arizona's Native American population is one of the largest in the US (only California and Oklahoma have more). The state is also home to more speakers of Native American languages than any other state -- more than 85,000 people are able to speak Navajo and more than 10,000 are able to speak Apache.

Languages Spoken in Arizona

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 6,033,147 100.00%
English 4,633,662 76.80%
Spanish 1,230,730 20.40%
German 23,020 0.38%
Chinese 19,765 0.33%
French 16,480 0.27%
Apache 10,700 0.18%
Pima 6,695 0.11%
Hopi 5,660 0.09%
Mandarin 5,135 0.09%

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Arizona. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Arizona Economy

High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 86
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010-2014 27
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2010-2014 8
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent 16
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2010-2014 60
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2010-2014 55
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 13,996,635
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 37,055,881
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 51,243,473
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 69,437,272
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c) 84,716,542
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c) 12,927
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2010-2014 25
Median household income (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 49,928
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2014 dollars), 2010-2014 25,537
Persons in poverty, percent 18

Arizona Business

Total employer establishments, 2014 134,434
Total employment, 2014 2,241,077
Total annual payroll, 2014 96,796,238
Total employment, percent change, 2013-2014 3
Total nonemployer establishments, 2014 438,353
All firms, 2012 499,926
Men-owned firms, 2012 245,243
Women-owned firms, 2012 182,425
Minority-owned firms, 2012 135,313
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 344,981
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 46,780
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 427,582

Arizona Housing

Total employer establishments, 2014 134,434
Total employment, 2014 2,241,077
Total annual payroll, 2014 96,796,238
Total employment, percent change, 2013-2014 3
Total nonemployer establishments, 2014 438,353
All firms, 2012 499,926
Men-owned firms, 2012 245,243
Women-owned firms, 2012 182,425
Minority-owned firms, 2012 135,313
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012 344,981
Veteran-owned firms, 2012 46,780
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012 427,582
Data Sources