Arizona Population 2017


Our latest estimate puts the population of Arizona at 6,927,347 in 2016. This shows growth of about half a million from the official 2010 census results, which recorded a population of 6,392,017. From 1990 to 2000, Arizona was the second fastest growing state, increasing it's population by nearly 40 percent. From 2010 to 2015, Arizona was the seventh fastest growing state, posting a cumulative growth of 6.82%.

What is the Population of Arizona?

Although Arizona is the sixth largest state in the USA by area, it is the 14th largest state by population size. Since becoming the 48th state to be admitted to the USA in 1912, Arizona has grown rapidly from 200,000 people to nearly seven million today. Much of that growth has come in the past 40 years -- in 1970 there were less than two million people in Arizona.

The population of Arizona is concentrated around Phoenix, the state capital, and Tucson, its second largest city. The largest county in Arizona by population is Maricopa County, which is home to 4.1 million of the state's 6.9 million people. Containing over 60% of the state's population, Maricopa encompasses nine of the state's ten largest cities.

Arizona Population Chart

Population History

Arizona was admitted to the Union in 1912 as the final state of the lower 48. Arizona's population at statehood was just over 200,000 people, which ranked 45th of the 48 states . In the hundred years since, its population has grown rapidly, consistently posting annual growth rates of over 3%.

Since the most recent official estimate from the US Census in 2015 (6,828,065), we estimate that the population has increased by nearly 100,000. If this rate is sustained, Arizona will surpass 7 million citizens in early 2017, becoming the 14th state to reach this mark.

Population Data via US Census

Arizona Growth Rate

Arizona State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 7,324,475 1.37%
2019 7,225,193 1.39%
2018 7,125,911 1.41%
2017 7,026,629 1.43%
2016 6,927,347 1.45%
2015 6,828,065 1.48%
2014 6,728,783 1.48%
2013 6,630,799 1.18%
2012 6,553,262 1.31%
2011 6,468,732 1.20%
2010 6,392,017 2.22%
2000 5,130,632 3.42%
1990 3,665,228 3.03%
1980 2,718,215 4.38%
1970 1,770,900 3.12%
1960 1,302,161 5.68%
1950 749,587 4.15%
1940 499,261 1.37%
1930 435,573 2.69%
1920 334,162 5.04%
1910 204,354 5.21%
1900 122,931 3.37%
1890 88,243 8.12%
1880 40,440 15.40%
1870 9,658 0.00%

Arizona Facts

Arizona Population in 2017 Source: DPPed

  • The copper star on Arizona's state flag represents the state's role as the largest copper producer in the US.
  • Arizona is one of the oldest Indian settlements in the country.
  • One-fourth of the state is made up of forests, including the 11.2 million acre National Forest.
  • The bridge at Lake Havasu is constructed of the stones used to construct the original London Bridge.
  • The state has over 3,900 mountain peaks and summits.
  • The Grand Canyon, one of Arizona's most famous landmarks, has exposed stone that dates back over 1 billion years.
  • Jerome, Arizona, was once a copper mining town. Once the mines closed, the population dropped to just 50 people.
  • Arizona has the highest amount of land designated as Indian land.
  • The oldest Indian settlement, Oraibi, is located in Arizona.

Arizona Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Arizona Population Growth Rate by County

Overall, most of the counties in Arizona experienced growth between the Census taken in 2010 and the Census Bureau estimates taken in 2015. Greenlee County, located right along the eastern border of the state, has seen the most growth during this time period, posting a 14.27% population increase over 5 years. Trailing behind is Maricopa County, which has experienced 8.95% growth during the same time period. Neighboring Pima County has grown by 7.17%, followed by Yavapai County at 7.17%.

As far as population declines, Arizon has fared better than many other states that have seen significant declines in recent years. The biggest drop came in the southeastern county of Cohise County, which had a population decline of 4.08%. La Paz County, Santa Cruz County and Gila County round out the remaining counties that have experienced population declines from 2010 to 2015.

Population Pyramid

To compare Arizona to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Taking into account origin, 30.7% of people in Arizona report Hispanic or Latino origin. The largest individual ancestry group in Arizona is Mexican (25.8%), followed by German (16.5%), English (10.3%) and Irish (10.9%%).

Some experts believe that Arizona will become a minority-majority state by the year 2027 based on current demographic trends. Beginning in 2003, the number of births to Hispanics outnumbered the number of births by non-Hispanic whites. While this trend continued for several years after that, the trend reversed in 2011. The southern and central regions of the state remain mostly inhabited by Mexican Americans.

The population of African Americans within the state has also grown significantly in recent years, with Phoenix's population in this demographic doubling from 1990 to 2005. Asian Americans also inhabit the state, with the largest subgroup being Filipinos, with over 53,000 recorded during the 2010 Census.

Arizona's Native American population is one of the largest in the US (only California and Oklahoma have more). The state is also home to more speakers of Native American languages than any other state -- more than 85,000 people are able to speak Navajo and more than 10,000 are able to speak Apache.

Languages Spoken in Arizona

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 6,033,147 100
English 4,633,662 76.8
Spanish 1,230,730 20.4
German 23,020 0.38
Chinese 19,765 0.33
French 16,480 0.27
Apache 10,700 0.18
Pima 6,695 0.11
Hopi 5,660 0.09
Mandarin 5,135 0.09

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Arizona. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Arizona Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 86
BachelorsDegree 27
Disabled 8
NoHealthInsurance 16
LaborForceTotal 60
LaborForceFemale 55
FoodServiceSales 13,996,635
HealthCareRevenue 37,055,881
ManufacturerShipments 51,243,473
MerchantWholesalesSales 69,437,272
RetailSales 84,716,542
RetailSalesPerCapita 12,927
MeanWorkTravelTime 25
MedianHouseholdIncome 49,928
PerCapitaIncome 25,537
PovertyPercentage 18

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Arizona for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.3% and the labor force participation rate is 59.7%.

Arizona Business

NonemployerEstablishments 438,353
AllFirms 499,926
MenOwnedFirms 245,243
WomenOwnedFirms 182,425
MinorityOwnedFirms 135,313
NonminorityOwnedFirms 344,981
VeteranOwnedFirms 46,780
NonveteranOwn 427,582

Arizona Housing

HousingUnits 2,929,030
HousingUnits 2,844,526
OwnerOccupiedRate 63
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 162,900
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,390
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 381
MedianGrossRent 905
BuildingPermits 28,910
Households 2,387,246
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 81
NonEnglishAtHome 27
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. Arizona's State Demographer's Office
  6. Population Reference Bureau on Arizona's Demography
  7. Arizona Department of Health Services
  8. CensusScope