Black Population By State 2019

According to the 2018 United States Census estimates, the United States population is approximately 14.6% black or African American, which equals 47.8 million people. The blank-only population is 13.4%. Since 1980, the black immigrant population has increased fivefold.

Between 1500 and 1820, 12.5 million African men, women, and children were taken from Africa and sold to various slave trades around the world. About 410,000 were brought to the United States, mostly landing in ports in Charleston, Baltimore and other parts of Maryland, Virginia, and New Orleans. The first U.S. Census in 1790 accounted for 757,208 African Americas, 92% of which were slaves. The 1860 Census counted 4,441,830 African Americas, 89% of which were slaves. This was the last Census during slavery.By 1900 the black population was 8 million, and then rose rapidly over the next century or so to hit 42 million in 2010.

The ten states with the highest black populations are:

Roughly 55% of the black population lives in the south and southeast regions of the United States. A majority of the top ten states are located in this region. The rest of the black population is split into 18% in the Midwest, 17% in the Northeast, and 10% in the West.

Texas has the highest black population in the United States of 3,199,022, comprising 11.67% of the state’s population. The District of Columbia has the highest percentage of blacks, comprising 46.87% of the total population.

Below is a table with each state’s black population.

Rank State 2019 Population Black (Total) Black (%)
1District of Columbia672,391315,15946.87%
2Mississippi2,986,2201,118,45837.45%
3Louisiana4,663,4611,490,05031.95%
4Georgia10,201,6353,150,51430.88%
5Maryland5,996,0791,754,14329.25%
6South Carolina4,893,4441,321,21927.00%
7Alabama4,850,7711,280,94626.41%
8Delaware943,732201,41121.34%
9North Carolina10,052,5642,127,29421.16%
10Virginia8,365,9521,576,08118.84%
11Tennessee6,597,3811,099,11816.66%
12Florida20,278,4473,129,40615.43%
13Arkansas2,977,944457,25115.35%
14New York19,798,2282,842,86914.36%
15Illinois12,854,5261,806,39814.05%
16Michigan9,925,5681,359,20813.69%
17New Jersey8,960,1611,136,34712.68%
18Ohio11,609,7561,408,70812.13%
19Texas27,419,6123,199,02211.67%
20Missouri6,075,300698,14011.49%
21Pennsylvania12,790,5051,358,26310.62%
22Connecticut3,594,478350,8209.76%
23Indiana6,614,418604,2499.14%
24Nevada2,887,725242,6828.40%
25Kentucky4,424,376348,4727.88%
26Oklahoma3,896,251278,8877.16%
27Massachusetts6,789,319453,6836.68%
28Wisconsin5,763,217359,0946.23%
29Minnesota5,490,726321,5435.86%
30Kansas2,903,820163,4905.63%
31California38,982,8472,161,4595.54%
32Rhode Island1,056,13857,8605.48%
33Nebraska1,893,92187,2604.61%
34Arizona6,809,946276,1464.06%
35Colorado5,436,519209,8853.86%
36Washington7,169,967251,6033.51%
37West Virginia1,836,84364,4143.51%
38Iowa3,118,102104,1943.34%
39Alaska738,56522,5343.05%
40North Dakota745,47517,0142.28%
41Oregon4,025,12772,6361.80%
42New Mexico2,084,82837,2871.79%
43Hawaii1,421,65823,9771.69%
44South Dakota855,44414,2921.67%
45New Hampshire1,331,84816,1671.21%
46Maine1,330,15816,0651.21%
47Vermont624,6367,5341.21%
48Utah2,993,94131,7141.06%
49Wyoming583,2005,7910.99%
50Idaho1,657,37510,6580.64%
51Montana1,029,8624,0800.40%