Blue States 2019

When the United States approaches a presidential election, the terms “red states” and “blue states” are used by the media. However, what do these terms mean? If a state is a red state, the voters within that state primarily vote for the Republican party. If a state is a blue state, its residents mostly vote for the Democratic party. The term red state is also used to describe a state that is perceived to have conservative views, while a blue state is understood to have more liberal views.

This hasn’t always been the case, however. During the 1980s, Democrats were associated with the color red, while Republicans were represented by the color blue. It was during the 2000 presidential election when journalist Tim Russert used the terms “red states” and “blue states” based on the colored maps that were used during his televised coverage. Since that time, media outlets have used red for Republican and blue for Democrat as the standard color scheme for their maps.

Blue and red aren’t the only colors used on these maps. There are also purple states, which are swing states that have strong support for both Republican and Democratic candidates. These states are also known as “battleground states.”

According to Gallup tracking, there were 15 stable blue states in 2017. Those states are:

The same data show that four additional states lean toward being Democratic states. Those are:

Multiple states are split between Democrats and Republicans. Those states – the purple states, competitive states, or battleground states – include:

Rank State 2019 Pop. 2019 Growth 2018 Pop. 2010 Census Growth Since 2010 % of US
1California39,747,2670.48%39,557,04537,320,9036.50%11.96%
4New York19,491,339-0.26%19,542,20919,400,0800.47%5.86%
6Illinois12,700,381-0.32%12,741,08012,840,762-1.09%3.82%
11New Jersey8,922,5470.16%8,908,5208,799,6241.40%2.68%
13Washington7,666,3431.74%7,535,5916,742,90213.70%2.31%
15Massachusetts6,939,3730.54%6,902,1496,566,4315.68%2.09%
19Maryland6,062,9170.33%6,042,7185,788,6424.74%1.82%
22Minnesota5,655,9250.80%5,611,1795,310,8436.50%1.70%
27Oregon4,245,9011.32%4,190,7133,837,53210.64%1.28%
29Connecticut3,567,871-0.13%3,572,6653,579,125-0.31%1.07%
37New Mexico2,096,0340.03%2,095,4282,064,5881.52%0.63%
41Hawaii1,416,589-0.27%1,420,4911,363,9633.86%0.43%
45Rhode Island1,056,738-0.05%1,057,3151,053,9380.27%0.32%
46Delaware975,0330.81%967,171899,5958.39%0.29%
51Vermont627,1800.14%626,299625,8800.21%0.19%