Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. In fact, it’s the second leading cause of death, coming only behind heart disease. Cancer is a disease that occurs when abnormal cells divide and begin to destroy body tissue. Cancer can affect nearly any part of the body. Some cancers can also shed cells into the bloodstream and spread throughout other parts of the body.
According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 1.658 million new cases of cancer in the United States in 2016. Nearly 600,000 people in the U.S. died as a result of cancer. When breaking this down, nearly 436 new cases were reported for every 100,000 people, while 156 out of every 100,000 people died of cancer.
Female breast cancer was the most common type of cancer when it came to new cases reported in 2016, affecting 124.2 out of every 100,000 people. Prostate cancer, lung cancer, and colon and rectum cancer were also the most prevalent types of cancers. The most deaths occurred in people that had cancer of the lung and bronchus, followed by female breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon and rectum cancer.
When looking at the numbers by state, the state of Kentucky had the highest rate of new cancer cases in 2016. The state had 509.7 cases per every 100,000 people – surpassing the national average of 435.6.
In second place is the state of Delaware, which also surpassed the national average with 487.2 new cases of cancer reported per 100,000 people. Pennsylvania didn’t fall far behind with 482.5 new cases per 100,000 people.