District Of Columbia Population 2017

697,012

Washington, D.C., also known simply as D.C. or the District, is the capital of the United States. Washington, D.C. is a federal district under the jurisdiction of Congress, and thus is not a part of any state in the United States. The District was formed from land donated by Virginia and Maryland and named in honor of George Washington. In 2016, Washington, D.C. has an estimated population of 672,228.

Washington, DC Population

Washington, D.C. has an estimated population of 672,228 in 2016, which makes it the 22nd most populous city in the U.S. It has a population density of 9,856.5 people per square mile. During the work week, however, the population swells to more than one million as commuters come from Virginia and Maryland. The Washington metropolitan area has a population estimated at over 6 million, which makes it the 7th largest metro area in the United States. If the District is included with Baltimore and the suburbs, the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population of more than 9 million, which makes it the 4th largest CSA in the country.

If Washington, DC were a state, it would be the 49th most populous ahead of Wyoming and Vermont.

Washington, DC Religions

There are many religions represented in Washington, DC, including Baptist (17%), Catholic (13%), Evangelical Protestant (6%), Methodist (4%), Episcopalian (3%), Jewish (2%), Eastern Orthodox, Pentecostal, Buddhist, Adventist, Lutheran, Muslim, Buddhist, Mormon, Hindu and Presbyterian.

District Of Columbia Population Chart

Washington, DC Population Growth

The District's population in 2016 is a more than 7.5% increase from the 2010 Census population, continuing a trend of growth set since 2000 after 50 years of decline. In 2010, Washington, DC was the 24th most populous city. The Washington, DC area currently ranks 5th among metro areas in the US for population growth. According to officials, the growth is due to people migrating to the area from other parts of the US. Growth is expected to continue into the future, with projections showing that the population may exceed 718,000 by 2030.

Population Data via US Census

District Of Columbia Growth Rate

District Of Columbia State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020734,1881.72%
2019721,7961.75%
2018709,4041.78%
2017697,0121.81%
2016684,6201.84%
2015672,2281.88%
2014659,8361.59%
2013649,5402.23%
2012635,3422.40%
2011620,4723.12%
2010601,7230.51%
2000572,059-0.59%
1990606,900-0.50%
1980638,333-1.68%
1970756,510-0.10%
1960763,956-0.49%
1950802,1781.92%
1940663,0913.14%
1930486,8691.07%
1920437,5712.83%
1910331,0691.74%
1900278,7181.92%
1890230,3922.64%
1880177,6243.04%
1870131,7005.78%
186075,0803.80%
185051,6874.36%
184033,7451.10%
183030,2612.63%
182023,3364.20%
181015,4716.63%
18008,1440.00%

District Of Columbia Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Spyder Monkey

  • The second president of the U.S., John Adams, was the first president to live in the White House. Construction was not completed while George Washington was in office.
  • The Washington Monument was the tallest structure of its time when it was erected in 1884. Just five years later, the Eiffel Tower in Paris held the honor.
  • Washington, D.C., gets an average of 39 inches of rainfall per year. That amount is more than Seattle sees annually.
  • Over 175 embassies and international cultural centers are located in the District of Columbia.
  • The Smithsonian Museums have an astounding collection of almost 138 million items.
  • The D.C. Metro is the second busiest subway system in the nation.
  • The Old Stone House is the oldest building in D.C. and dates back to 1765.
  • The Residence Act of 1790 designated a site along the Potomac River as the country's permanent capital.
  • Fifteen percent of D.C.'s residents speak a language other than English.

District Of Columbia Population Density by County

District of Columbia

  • Population672,228
  • Density10993.99 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201011.09%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State100%

District Of Columbia Population Growth Rate by County

Population Pyramid

0k2k4k6k8kDistrict Of Columbia Male Population0k2k4k6k8kDistrict Of Columbia Female Population

To compare District Of Columbia to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White296,29244.08%
Black or African American324,69448.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native3,7500.56%
Asian28,2984.21%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,0630.16%
Two or More Races18,1312.7%

Languages Spoken in District Of Columbia

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over582,879100
English507,07486.99
Spanish44,4557.63
French8,3601.43
Amharic5,2600.9
Chinese2,6650.46
German2,6250.45
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba2,0800.36
Portuguese1,4200.24
Mandarin1,0300.18

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in District Of Columbia. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

District Of Columbia Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate88.9
BachelorsDegree53.4
Disabled8.2
NoHealthInsurance5.8
LaborForceTotal67.9
LaborForceFemale65.6
FoodServiceSales5,101,602
HealthCareRevenue8,963,981
ManufacturerShipments309,832
MerchantWholesalesSales2,591,868
RetailSales4,439,933
RetailSalesPerCapita7,022
MeanWorkTravelTime29.8
MedianHouseholdIncome69,235
PerCapitaIncome46,502
PovertyPercentage17.7

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in District Of Columbia for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.5% and the labor force participation rate is 69%.

District Of Columbia Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments55,013
AllFirms63,408
MenOwnedFirms30,237
WomenOwnedFirms27,064
MinorityOwnedFirms29,983
NonminorityOwnedFirms29,521
VeteranOwnedFirms5,070
NonveteranOwn54,217

District Of Columbia Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits309,574
HousingUnits296,719
OwnerOccupiedRate41.6
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue454,500
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage2,322
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage608
MedianGrossRent1,302
BuildingPermits4,956
Households267,415
PersonsPerHousehold2.22
SameHouseOneYearAgo80
NonEnglishAtHome16.5
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts