Driving Age By State 2019

States have adopted their own graduated license programs to help teens learn and adapt to safe driving. Each state establishes their own driving laws and ages can vary greatly.

Driver’s licenses are issued by each state, including the District of Columbia, rather than by the federal government. Drivers are required to obtain a license in their state of residence, but all states recognize each other’s licenses as valid forms of identification for non-resident age requirements.

States have specific ages for learner’s permits, restricted licenses, full licenses, and rental cars. Graduated license programs have been so effective that state are considering adopting similar programs for older teens (18 to 20 year olds) who are becoming first-time drivers.

Once a teen is of age to get his/her learner’s permit, a set number of hours of professional instruction are typically required in order to receive the permit. Some states require every driver to attend some type of driver’s education before obtaining a learner’s permit.

Restricted licenses have regulations on drivers for a period of time after they first receive their license, typically anywhere between the first six months to the first year and a half. Restricted licenses typically prohibit the driver from driving at night past a specific hour or having more than one passenger under a specific age in the car.

Once drivers reach the full license age, they are eligible for a full, unrestricted license. Some states require that the driver must have not been convicted of violating a traffic law with their restricted license in order to receive their full license. In some states, such as Oklahoma, the law requires drivers to have their restricted license for at least six months and then allows drivers to be eligible for a full license. Drivers must obtain go to their state’s DMV to obtain a new license.

The youngest age in any state that a driver can obtain a learner’s permit is 14 years old, and the highest age is 16 years old. Restricted licenses can be obtained anywhere from 15 to 17 years old, and full licenses are granted between 16 to 18 years old.

Below are each state’s minimum ages for a learner’s permit, restricted license, full license, and rental cars.

State Learner's Permit Restricted License Full License Car Rentals Age 2019 Pop.
Alabama151617204,898,246
Alaska141616.521735,720
Arizona15.51616.5207,275,070
Arkansas141616.5203,026,412
California15.516172039,747,267
Colorado151617205,770,545
Connecticut1616.3318203,567,871
Delaware1616.51721975,033
District of Columbia1616.51820711,571
Florida1516182021,646,155
Georgia1516182010,627,767
Hawaii15.51617201,416,589
Idaho14.51516201,790,182
Illinois1516182112,700,381
Indiana1516.518206,718,616
Iowa141617203,167,997
Kansas141616.5202,910,931
Kentucky1616.517204,484,047
Louisiana151617204,652,581
Maine151616.5201,342,097
Maryland15.7516.518206,062,917
Massachusetts1616.518206,939,373
Michigan14.7516172010,020,472
Minnesota151616.5215,655,925
Mississippi151616.5202,987,895
Missouri151618206,147,861
Montana14.51516211,074,532
Nebraska151617201,940,919
Nevada15.51618203,087,025
New Hampshire15.51617201,363,852
New Jersey161718208,922,547
New Mexico1515.516.5202,096,034
New York1616.5182019,491,339
North Carolina151616.52010,497,741
North Dakota14151621760,900
Ohio15.516182011,718,568
Oklahoma15.51616.5203,948,950
Oregon151617204,245,901
Pennsylvania1616.5182012,813,969
Rhode Island1616.516.5201,056,738
South Carolina1515.516.5205,147,111
South Dakota1414.51621892,631
Tennessee151617206,833,793
Texas1516182029,087,070
Utah151617203,221,610
Vermont151616.520627,180
Virginia15.516.2518208,571,946
Washington151617207,666,343
West Virginia151617201,791,951
Wisconsin15.51616.5205,832,661
Wyoming151616.520572,381