Georgia Population 2017


Our 2016 estimate puts Georgia's population at 10,332,588. This value is based on the most recent Census estimates, released in 2016. The last confirmed population for Georgia was recorded during the last nationwide census, which took place in 2010. When the survey was completed, it revealed that 9,687,653 people were living within the state.

The recorded population in 2010 of 9,687,653 represented a rise of 18.3% on the numbers in 2000, which reached 8,186,453. An estimate released in July 2015 suggested that the population of Georgia had risen to 10,214,860.

At the current estimate of just over 10.3 million, Georgia is the 8th most populated state, recently passing Michigan.

With the 10th fastest growth rate of 1.19%, the population of Georgia first surpassed 10 million residents in 2013.

Georgia Population Density

Situated in the southeastern corner of the United States, Georgia is the 24th largest US state when it comes to sheer land mass. The total surface area is 59,425 square miles (or 153,909 square kilometers) and for every square mile of Georgian territory, there is an average of 168.4 people.

Georgia ranks 18th in the United States in population density.

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Georgia Population Chart

Georgia Population History

It may be something of a generalization, but it’s fair to say that as far as population history is concerned, the western and eastern halves of the United States tend to follow two distinct patterns.

In the east, where the first settlers arrived in the 18th century, numbers were healthy from the very start, but in the west they were sparse to start with -- barely over a thousand at the first recorded censuses in some cases.

Georgia tends to reflect this generalization. In 1790, recorded figures show that 82,548 people were living within the state. However, unlike other eastern states where population growth remained steady, Georgia’s increases were quite phenomenal, and just ten years later, the population had almost doubled to 162,686.

That rise proved to be the biggest spike in Georgia’s history but further, substantial growth was to follow, and by 1860, the numbers in the state had comfortably exceeded one million. Further increases have now taken those confirmed statistics past 10 million total citizens.

Like most US states, Georgia has never seen a decline in its decennial census counts, although from 1920 to 1930, the population only increased by 13,000 people.

Georgia Population Growth

As for the present and the future, continued population growth is expected. Georgia continues to grow at greater than 1% per year, which makes it one of the faster growing states in the country (12th).

According to a projection released in 2010 by the state of Georgia, the population was expected to reach 14.7 million by 2030. These projections seem to contradict the US Census projections, and may have overstated the potential growth of the state.

Population Data via US Census

Georgia Growth Rate

Georgia State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 10,803,500 1.10%
2019 10,685,772 1.11%
2018 10,568,044 1.13%
2017 10,450,316 1.14%
2016 10,332,588 1.15%
2015 10,214,860 1.17%
2014 10,097,132 1.06%
2013 9,991,562 0.75%
2012 9,917,639 1.07%
2011 9,812,280 1.29%
2010 9,687,653 1.70%
2000 8,186,453 2.37%
1990 6,478,216 1.72%
1980 5,463,105 1.76%
1970 4,589,575 1.53%
1960 3,943,116 1.36%
1950 3,444,578 0.98%
1940 3,123,723 0.72%
1930 2,908,506 0.04%
1920 2,895,832 1.05%
1910 2,609,121 1.64%
1900 2,216,331 1.89%
1890 1,837,353 1.77%
1880 1,542,180 2.68%
1870 1,184,109 1.14%
1860 1,057,286 1.55%
1850 906,185 2.74%
1840 691,392 2.95%
1830 516,823 4.25%
1820 340,989 3.09%
1810 251,407 4.45%
1800 162,686 7.02%
1790 82,548 0.00%

Georgia Facts

Georgia Population in 2017 Source: Chuck Koehler from Cartersville, GA, USA

  • Atlanta's Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the busiest passenger airport in the world.
  • The world's largest sculpture is carved into the granite on the face of Stone Mountain.
  • Georgia was the first state to lower the voting age from 21 to 18.
  • The oldest state park in the US is located in the state of Georgia.
  • Georgia has the distinction of being the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • The world's largest college campus is located at Berry College in Rome, Georgia.
  • Coca-Cola was invented in Atlanta in 1886. Today, there is a World of Coca-Cola attraction located in the city.
  • Georgia is the number one producer of peaches, pecans and peanuts.
  • Auraria was the site for the country's first Gold Rush in 1828 and led to an increase in population.
  • Georgia had a population of around 40,000 way back in 1776.

Georgia Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Georgia Population Growth Rate by County

Georgia is a state that has many counties -- 159 to be exact -- and in recent years, these counties have experienced significant growth, while others have seen declining populations. Instrestingly enough, the counties that have seen the highest rates of growth are mostly grouped together along the southeastern border and close to the northern border. Growth rates were compiled over a 5-year period from the 2010 Census through 2015, when estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau. Two counties saw increases by over 20% -- Forsyth County and Long County, while other counties saw smaller but still significant growth rates, including Cherokee, Hall, and Gwinett.

Just as there are counties with increasing populations, Georgia also has regions that have seen declines in populations over the last several years. Hancock County, with a decline of over 9%, saw the biggest drop in population, while other counties, including Sumter, Randolph, and Baker, recorded declines of more than 5%.

Population Pyramid

To compare Georgia to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Before the Civil War, approximately half of Georgia's population was made up of Afrian Americans. This number was significantly reduced following the Great Migration that ran through 1970. While the African American population has gone down, a significant percentage still reside in the state. In fact, when looking at the percentages, Georgia has the third highest percentage of African Americans in the United States. The state is also third in terms of numerical African American population.

Georgia has also had the second-highest growth in Asians during the period between 2000 and 2010. During this time period, the population of Asians almost doubled, and recent estimates show that 4% of the total population identifies as Asian. The number of Hispanics in the state -- particularly Puerto Ricans -- has increased in recent years, and Hispanic, Caribbean, Sub-Saharan African and Asians have settled in Georgia, particularly in the metro Atlanta area.

Georgia also has a high number of illegal immigrants and ranks 6th in the nation. In 1990, there were 35,000 undocumented immigrants. This number increased to almost half a million by 2009, doubling between 2000 and 2009.

Languages Spoken in Georgia

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 9,133,039 100
English 8,168,724 89.44
Spanish 709,565 7.77
French 35,800 0.39
Chinese 31,485 0.34
German 25,960 0.28
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 20,450 0.22
Amharic 12,415 0.14
Portuguese 12,080 0.13
Telugu 8,995 0.1

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Georgia. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Georgia Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 85
BachelorsDegree 28
Disabled 9
NoHealthInsurance 18
LaborForceTotal 63
LaborForceFemale 58
FoodServiceSales 18,976,611
HealthCareRevenue 51,800,643
ManufacturerShipments 155,836,792
MerchantWholesalesSales 143,645,290
RetailSales 119,801,495
RetailSalesPerCapita 12,077
MeanWorkTravelTime 27
MedianHouseholdIncome 49,342
PerCapitaIncome 25,427
PovertyPercentage 18

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Georgia for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6% and the labor force participation rate is 63%.

Georgia Business

NonemployerEstablishments 848,952
AllFirms 929,864
MenOwnedFirms 480,578
WomenOwnedFirms 376,506
MinorityOwnedFirms 371,588
NonminorityOwnedFirms 538,893
VeteranOwnedFirms 96,787
NonveteranOwn 800,585

Georgia Housing

HousingUnits 4,182,110
HousingUnits 4,088,801
OwnerOccupiedRate 64
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 148,000
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,388
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 394
MedianGrossRent 874
BuildingPermits 45,549
Households 3,540,690
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 84
NonEnglishAtHome 13
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts