Georgia Population 2018


Our 2018 estimate puts Georgia's population at 10.55 million. This value is based on the most recent Census estimates. The last confirmed population for Georgia was recorded during the last nationwide census, which took place in 2010. When the survey was completed, it revealed that 9,687,653 people were living within the state.

The recorded population in 2010 of 9,687,653 represented a rise of 18.3% on the numbers in 2000, which reached 8,186,453. An estimate released in July 2015 suggested that the population of Georgia had risen to 10,214,860.

At the current estimate of 10.55 million, Georgia is the 8th most populated state, recently passing Michigan.

With the 10th fastest growth rate of 1.19%, the population of Georgia first surpassed 10 million residents in 2013.

Georgia Population Density

Situated in the southeastern corner of the United States, Georgia is the 24th largest US state when it comes to sheer land mass. The total surface area is 59,425 square miles (or 153,909 square kilometers) and for every square mile of Georgian territory, there is an average of 168.4 people.

Georgia ranks 18th in the United States in population density.

Georgia Population History

Georgia was one of the 13 original States. At the close of the Revolution it included most of present-day Alabama and Mississippi, an area which finally became Mississippi Territory in 1802. In that year Georgia reached essentially its present boundaries, although survey uncertainties resulted in continuing disputes with bordering States over subsequent decades.

Census coverage in 1790 and 1800 was limited to the eastern portions of the present State near the Savannah River and the Atlantic coast; there was no coverage of present-day Alabama or Mississippi. The population for 1810 excludes 1,026 persons in (old) Walton County, reported as a Georgia county but later determined to be in North Carolina. Census coverage of the State was relatively complete by 1840.

Georgia Population Chart

Georgia Population History

It may be something of a generalization, but it’s fair to say that as far as population history is concerned, the western and eastern halves of the United States tend to follow two distinct patterns.

In the east, where the first settlers arrived in the 18th century, numbers were healthy from the very start, but in the west they were sparse to start with -- barely over a thousand at the first recorded censuses in some cases.

Georgia tends to reflect this generalization. In 1790, recorded figures show that 82,548 people were living within the state. However, unlike other eastern states where population growth remained steady, Georgia’s increases were quite phenomenal, and just ten years later, the population had almost doubled to 162,686.

That rise proved to be the biggest spike in Georgia’s history but further, substantial growth was to follow, and by 1860, the numbers in the state had comfortably exceeded one million. Further increases have now taken those confirmed statistics past 10 million total citizens.

Like most US states, Georgia has never seen a decline in its decennial census counts, although from 1920 to 1930, the population only increased by 13,000 people.

Georgia Population Growth

As for the present and the future, continued population growth is expected. Georgia continues to grow at greater than 1% per year, which makes it one of the faster growing states in the country (12th).

According to a projection released in 2010 by the state of Georgia, the population was expected to reach 14.7 million by 2030. These projections seem to contradict the US Census projections, and may have overstated the potential growth of the state.

Population Data via US Census

Georgia Growth Rate

Georgia Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Georgia Facts

Georgia Population in 2018Source: Levan Gokadze (uploader Giorgi Balakhadze)

  • Atlanta's Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the busiest passenger airport in the world.
  • The world's largest sculpture is carved into the granite on the face of Stone Mountain.
  • Georgia was the first state to lower the voting age from 21 to 18.
  • The oldest state park in the US is located in the state of Georgia.
  • Georgia has the distinction of being the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • The world's largest college campus is located at Berry College in Rome, Georgia.
  • Coca-Cola was invented in Atlanta in 1886. Today, there is a World of Coca-Cola attraction located in the city.
  • Georgia is the number one producer of peaches, pecans and peanuts.
  • Auraria was the site for the country's first Gold Rush in 1828 and led to an increase in population.
  • Georgia had a population of around 40,000 way back in 1776.

Georgia Population Density by County

Fulton County

  • Population1,024,248
  • Density1944.61 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201010.63%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State9.93%

Georgia Population Growth Rate by County

Georgia is a state that has many counties -- 159 to be exact -- and in recent years, these counties have experienced significant growth, while others have seen declining populations. Instrestingly enough, the counties that have seen the highest rates of growth are mostly grouped together along the southeastern border and close to the northern border. Growth rates were compiled over a 5-year period from the 2010 Census through 2015, when estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau. Two counties saw increases by over 20% -- Forsyth County and Long County, while other counties saw smaller but still significant growth rates, including Cherokee, Hall, and Gwinett.

Just as there are counties with increasing populations, Georgia also has regions that have seen declines in populations over the last several years. Hancock County, with a decline of over 9%, saw the biggest drop in population, while other counties, including Sumter, Randolph, and Baker, recorded declines of more than 5%.

Georgia Population Pyramid 2018

0k20k40k60k80kGeorgia Male Population0k20k40k60k80kGeorgia Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Georgia to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American3,254,495
Some Other Race299,220
Two or More Races258,456
American Indian and Alaska Native37,939
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6,503

Before the Civil War, approximately half of Georgia's population was made up of Afrian Americans. This number was significantly reduced following the Great Migration that ran through 1970. While the African American population has gone down, a significant percentage still reside in the state. In fact, when looking at the percentages, Georgia has the third highest percentage of African Americans in the United States. The state is also third in terms of numerical African American population.

Georgia has also had the second-highest growth in Asians during the period between 2000 and 2010. During this time period, the population of Asians almost doubled, and recent estimates show that 4% of the total population identifies as Asian. The number of Hispanics in the state -- particularly Puerto Ricans -- has increased in recent years, and Hispanic, Caribbean, Sub-Saharan African and Asians have settled in Georgia, particularly in the metro Atlanta area.

Georgia also has a high number of illegal immigrants and ranks 6th in the nation. In 1990, there were 35,000 undocumented immigrants. This number increased to almost half a million by 2009, doubling between 2000 and 2009.

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Georgia

Language Population Percentage
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba20,4500.22%

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Georgia. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Georgia Economy

High school graduate or higher 85%
Bachelor's degree or higher 28.3%
With a Disability 8.7%
Persons Without Health Insurance 17.9%
In Civilian Labor Force 62.6%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 58.1%
Food Services Sales $18,976,611
Health Care Revenue $51,800,643,000
Manufacturers Shipments $155,836,792,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $143,645,290,000
Total Retail Sales $119,801,495,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $12,077
Mean Travel Time to Work 27.2 minutes
Median Household Income $49,342
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $25,427
Persons in Poverty 18.3%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Georgia for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6% and the labor force participation rate is 63%.

Georgia Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 848,952
All firms 929,864
Men-owned Firms 480,578
Women-owned Firms 376,506
Minority-owned Firms 371,588
Nonminority-owned Firms 538,893
Veternan-owned Firms 96,787
Nonveteran-owned Firms 800,585

Georgia Housing

Housing Units 4,088,801
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 64.2%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $148,000
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,388
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $394
Median Gross Rent $874
Building Permits 45,549
Households 3,540,690
Persons per Household 2.72 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 83.8%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 13.4%
Data Sources
  1. Georgia State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)