Georgia Population 2018

10,545,138

Our 2018 estimate puts Georgia's population at 10.55 million. This value is based on the most recent Census estimates. The last confirmed population for Georgia was recorded during the last nationwide census, which took place in 2010. When the survey was completed, it revealed that 9,687,653 people were living within the state.

The recorded population in 2010 of 9,687,653 represented a rise of 18.3% on the numbers in 2000, which reached 8,186,453. An estimate released in July 2015 suggested that the population of Georgia had risen to 10,214,860.

At the current estimate of 10.55 million, Georgia is the 8th most populated state, recently passing Michigan.

With the 10th fastest growth rate of 1.19%, the population of Georgia first surpassed 10 million residents in 2013.

Georgia Population Density

Situated in the southeastern corner of the United States, Georgia is the 24th largest US state when it comes to sheer land mass. The total surface area is 59,425 square miles (or 153,909 square kilometers) and for every square mile of Georgian territory, there is an average of 168.4 people.

Georgia ranks 18th in the United States in population density.

Georgia Population History

Georgia was one of the 13 original States. At the close of the Revolution it included most of present-day Alabama and Mississippi, an area which finally became Mississippi Territory in 1802. In that year Georgia reached essentially its present boundaries, although survey uncertainties resulted in continuing disputes with bordering States over subsequent decades.

Census coverage in 1790 and 1800 was limited to the eastern portions of the present State near the Savannah River and the Atlantic coast; there was no coverage of present-day Alabama or Mississippi. The population for 1810 excludes 1,026 persons in (old) Walton County, reported as a Georgia county but later determined to be in North Carolina. Census coverage of the State was relatively complete by 1840.

Georgia Population Chart

Georgia Population History

It may be something of a generalization, but it’s fair to say that as far as population history is concerned, the western and eastern halves of the United States tend to follow two distinct patterns.

In the east, where the first settlers arrived in the 18th century, numbers were healthy from the very start, but in the west they were sparse to start with -- barely over a thousand at the first recorded censuses in some cases.

Georgia tends to reflect this generalization. In 1790, recorded figures show that 82,548 people were living within the state. However, unlike other eastern states where population growth remained steady, Georgia’s increases were quite phenomenal, and just ten years later, the population had almost doubled to 162,686.

That rise proved to be the biggest spike in Georgia’s history but further, substantial growth was to follow, and by 1860, the numbers in the state had comfortably exceeded one million. Further increases have now taken those confirmed statistics past 10 million total citizens.

Like most US states, Georgia has never seen a decline in its decennial census counts, although from 1920 to 1930, the population only increased by 13,000 people.

Georgia Population Growth

As for the present and the future, continued population growth is expected. Georgia continues to grow at greater than 1% per year, which makes it one of the faster growing states in the country (12th).

According to a projection released in 2010 by the state of Georgia, the population was expected to reach 14.7 million by 2030. These projections seem to contradict the US Census projections, and may have overstated the potential growth of the state.

Population Data via US Census

Georgia Growth Rate

Georgia Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
202010,776,6561.09%
201910,660,8971.10%
201810,545,1381.11%
201710,429,3791.12%
201610,313,620Infinity%
201610,099,320-0.98%
201510,199,5331.15%
201410,083,8501.02%
20139,981,7730.71%
20129,911,1711.03%
20119,810,5951.01%
20109,712,6961.72%
20008,186,4532.37%
19906,478,2161.72%
19805,463,1051.76%
19704,589,5751.53%
19603,943,1161.36%
19503,444,5780.98%
19403,123,7230.72%
19302,908,5060.04%
19202,895,8321.05%
19102,609,1211.64%
19002,216,3311.89%
18901,837,3531.77%
18801,542,1802.68%
18701,184,1091.14%
18601,057,2861.55%
1850906,1852.74%
1840691,3922.95%
1830516,8234.25%
1820340,9893.09%
1810251,4074.45%
1800162,6867.02%
179082,5483.94%
178056,0719.14%
177023,3759.33%
17609,5786.30%
17505,2009.91%
17402,0210.00%

Georgia Facts

Georgia Population in 2018Source: By Paata Liparteliani ????? ???????????? (Gudauri Panorama) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Atlanta's Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the busiest passenger airport in the world.
  • The world's largest sculpture is carved into the granite on the face of Stone Mountain.
  • Georgia was the first state to lower the voting age from 21 to 18.
  • The oldest state park in the US is located in the state of Georgia.
  • Georgia has the distinction of being the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • The world's largest college campus is located at Berry College in Rome, Georgia.
  • Coca-Cola was invented in Atlanta in 1886. Today, there is a World of Coca-Cola attraction located in the city.
  • Georgia is the number one producer of peaches, pecans and peanuts.
  • Auraria was the site for the country's first Gold Rush in 1828 and led to an increase in population.
  • Georgia had a population of around 40,000 way back in 1776.

Georgia Population Density by County

Fulton County

  • Population1,041,423
  • Density1977.21 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201012.49%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State9.99%

Georgia Population Growth Rate by County

Georgia is a state that has many counties -- 159 to be exact -- and in recent years, these counties have experienced significant growth, while others have seen declining populations. Instrestingly enough, the counties that have seen the highest rates of growth are mostly grouped together along the southeastern border and close to the northern border. Growth rates were compiled over a 5-year period from the 2010 Census through 2015, when estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau. Two counties saw increases by over 20% -- Forsyth County and Long County, while other counties saw smaller but still significant growth rates, including Cherokee, Hall, and Gwinett.

Just as there are counties with increasing populations, Georgia also has regions that have seen declines in populations over the last several years. Hancock County, with a decline of over 9%, saw the biggest drop in population, while other counties, including Sumter, Randolph, and Baker, recorded declines of more than 5%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White6,039,389
Black or African American3,148,134
Asian373,983
Some Other Race281,491
Two or More Races222,457
American Indian and Alaska Native28,950
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,916

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Georgia Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Georgia Median Age

36.2


Total

34.9


Male

37.4


Female

Georgia Adults

There are 7,604,788 adults, (1,242,216 of which are seniors) in Georgia.

Georgia Age Dependency

58.8

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Georgia Sex Ratio

Female

5,176,849

51.26%

Male

4,922,471

48.74%

Georgia Households and Families

Georgia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Georgia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.1%20.9%
All62.8%37.2%
Male50.7%49.3%
Non Family49.6%50.4%
Female43.2%56.8%

62.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Georgia Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,611,7062.7262.8
Married1,722,5513.3379.1
Non Family1,167,9491.2849.6
Female550,2433.6443.2
Male170,9633.5950.7

3.33

Average Family Size

2.72

Average Household Size

4.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Georgia Households

Georgia Education

Georgia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade344,7165.23%
9th to 12th Grade588,0948.92%
High School Graduate1,850,60128.08%
Some College1,383,19320.99%
Associates Degree484,7687.36%
Bachelors Degree1,208,70018.34%
Graduate Degree729,39011.07%

Georgia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,857,6683,447,4271,277,524
Black1,930,2031,638,663426,449
Hispanic478,431286,82573,409
Asian248,838214,298133,326
Other Race145,70682,83916,490
Multiple Races84,21974,24328,512
Native American18,65613,8593,775
Islander3,0082,667559

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.37%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 53.58%.

Georgia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,889$40,563$29,914
Less Than High School$20,339$22,838$15,513
High School Grad$26,716$31,283$21,719
Some College$31,892$39,691$26,844
Bachelors Degree$50,340$61,760$41,358
Graduate Degree$61,703$80,177$53,106

$34,889

Average Earnings

$40,563

Average Male

$29,914

Average Female

Georgia Language

Georgia Language by Age

Georgia Language

86.28% of Georgia residents speak only English, while 13.72% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.94% of the population.

Georgia Poverty

Georgia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black3,034,258781,78225.77%
White5,346,913622,03811.63%
Hispanic903,871259,25328.68%
Other274,41387,88732.03%
Asian363,94247,87313.15%
Multiple215,66045,08920.91%
Native27,9727,84228.04%
Islander4,7311,28427.14%

17.77%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.17%

Male Poverty Rate

19.27%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Georgia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Georgia is Other, with 32.03% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Georgia is White, with 11.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.94%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.09%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.70%.

Georgia Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.28%
High School16.94%
Some College11.92%
Bachelors or Greater4.77%

Georgia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.75%
Male Unemployed32.90%
Female Employed9.75%
Male Employed7.12%

Georgia Income

Georgia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,037$71,420
Families$61,328$82,647
Married Families$76,671$99,014
Non Families$31,611$45,115

Georgia Marital Status

Georgia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.2%

Male Marriage Rate

44.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Georgia Married by Age and Sex

Georgia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Georgia Marital Status by Race

Georgia Veterans

Georgia Veterans by War

662,333

Number of Veterans

588,812

Male Veterans

73,521

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam225,244
First Gulf War168,179
Second Gulf War121,522
Korea48,964
World War II23,371

Georgia Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54202,885
65 to 74150,381
55 to 64137,649
75+108,886
18 to 3462,532

Georgia Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White436,6969.35%
Black203,7348.90%
Hispanic20,1383.50%
2 or More9,3848.57%
Other4,8352.71%
Asian4,5931.61%
Indian2,31010.84%
Hawaiian78123.46%

Georgia Veterans by Education

7.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.85%

Veteran Disability Rate

Georgia Employment Status

Georgia Employment by Age

62.9%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

Georgia Employment by Race

Georgia Employment by Education

Georgia Nativity

Georgia Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Georgia State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)