Hawaii Population 2018

1,426,393

Based on the most recent estimates released by the US Census, we estimate the 2018 population of Hawaii at 1.43 million.

At the 2010 census the population of Hawaii was declared at a total of 1,360,301. Estimates of the population are produced in the years between censuses - and in 2015, this number had risen to 1,431,603.

This represents a 5.2% increase from the 1.36 million recorded during the 2010 Census.

Hawaiian Islands and Populations

There are eight major islands in Hawaii. Oahu is the largest, with a population of 953,207.

Next largest is Hawaii itself, holding 186,738 people, followed closely by Maui (144,444). The only other island with a sizeable population is Kauai (pop 66,921). The remaining islands are Molokai (7,345), Lanai (3,135), Niihau (170) and Kahoolawe (unpopulated).

Honolulu is the largest city and the largest county in Hawaii, home to an estimated 350,399 of Oahu's people in the city itself. The county of Honolulu contains nearly 1 million residents, however. There are no other cities with more than 50,000 people. The next largest city is Pearl City, which is home to 47,698 people.

Hawaiian Land Area and Population Density

Based on the most recent estimates, Hawaii is the 40th largest state in the union. Although small in terms of its population, Hawaii is big in terms of one area of census statistics – population density. In total, the islands make up 10,931 square miles (28,311 square kilometres) in surface area, which makes its density 222.9 people per square mile. This ranks it 13th in the US in population density.

Hawaii Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, and Religion

The median age in Hawaii is approximately 38.5 years of age, and the state has a slight gender gap with 49.8% females and 50.2% males residing in the state.

The racial diversity in Hawaii stands at 38% Asian, 25% Caucasian, 23.8% Two or more races, 10.2% Native Hawaiian/Native Islander, 1.8% African American, and 1% other races. A graph can be found below for more information.

In religious terms, Hawaii stands at 63% Christianity based faiths, 10% non-Christian based faiths, and 26% unaffiliated to any particular faith.

Hawaii Statehood, Census, and Boundary History

Hawaii was an independent nation prior to being annexed by the United States in 1898; it was made a territory in 1900. On August 21, 1959, Hawaii was admitted as a State and assumed its present boundaries, omitting certain small islands formerly included in the territory.

Census coverage has included the whole of Hawaii since 1900. The Hawaiian government conducted at least 9 censuses between 1850 and 1898; see Robert C Schmitt, Historical Statistics of Hawaii (Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1977).

Hawaii Population Chart

Hawaii Population History

Although Hawaii only became a US state in 1959, there are population statistics dating back to the beginning of the 20th century. In 1900, the total number of citizens living on the islands was declared at 154,001 and just ten years later that had risen by 24.6% to 191,874.

The US census of 1960 was the first to include Hawaii in its statistics and by that point, the population had grown to 632,772, a 26.6% increase from the 1950 findings. From that stage, the numbers have continued to increase but the percentage increase decade by decade has slowed down. The 2010 figures represented a rise of 12.3% from the 2000 Census numbers.

Natural growth

Hawaii has a healthy gap between birth and death rates and, when figures in this respect were released in 2005, they showed a net gain of 48,111 new Hawaiians in the five years from 2000. Net migration is also a contributory factor and using those figures in 2005 once again, they showed a gain of 16,956 new citizens compared to the statistics from 2000.

Population Data via US Census

Hawaii Growth Rate

Hawaii Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20201,424,103-0.08%
20191,425,248-0.08%
20181,426,393-0.08%
20171,427,538-0.08%
20161,428,6830.17%
20151,426,3200.61%
20141,417,7100.69%
20131,408,0381.10%
20121,392,7721.05%
20111,378,3231.06%
20101,363,8171.19%
20001,211,5370.90%
19901,108,2291.40%
1980964,6912.30%
1970768,5611.96%
1960632,7722.39%
1950499,7941.67%
1940423,3301.40%
1930368,3363.71%
1920255,9122.92%
1910191,9092.23%
1900154,0010.00%

Hawaii Facts

Hawaii Population in 2018Source: By Arjunkrsen [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Hawaii Population Density by County

Honolulu County

  • Population988,650
  • Density1646.15 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.39%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State69.26%

Hawaii Population Growth Rate by County

Growth in Hawaiian Counties

When breaking down population growth by county, it is easy to evaluate the data of Hawaii, as there are few counties within this state. Based on a comparison of data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken five years later by the US Census Bureau, it is shown that all of Hawaai's counties have shown continued population growth.

Kauai saw the highest rate of growth during this period, with an increase of 6.73%. This is followed by Maui County, with a population increase of 6.23%, Hawaii County with growth of 5.99%, and Honolulu County posting 4.43% growth from 2010 to 2015.

Population by Race

Race Population
Asian537,363
White353,643
Two or More Races336,629
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander143,973
Black or African American25,871
Some Other Race13,479
American Indian and Alaska Native2,715

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Hawaii Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Hawaii Median Age

38.5


Total

36.9


Male

40.1


Female

Hawaii Adults

There are 1,105,492 adults, (227,601 of which are seniors) in Hawaii.

Hawaii Age Dependency

61

Age Dependency Ratio

25.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Hawaii Sex Ratio

Female

703,803

49.79%

Male

709,870

50.21%

Hawaii Households and Families

Hawaii Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Hawaii Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married65.6%34.4%
All57.5%42.5%
Male54.7%45.3%
Female51.1%48.9%
Non Family46.7%53.3%

57.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Hawaii Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All452,0303.0357.5
Married235,0003.6765.6
Non Family137,3091.3546.7
Female54,7774.0551.1
Male24,9443.9854.7

3.6

Average Family Size

3.03

Average Household Size

5.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hawaii Households

Hawaii Education

Hawaii Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade38,4153.95%
9th to 12th Grade46,5284.78%
High School Graduate270,58327.81%
Some College211,22821.71%
Associates Degree100,99010.38%
Bachelors Degree201,71220.73%
Graduate Degree103,48910.64%

Hawaii Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian421,167371,015136,475
White244,616236,448108,077
Multiple Races171,236159,29837,257
Islander86,57776,17911,384
Hispanic69,92562,41214,007
Black16,13715,4874,370
Other Race8,9397,7441,983
Native American2,1641,898397

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.66%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 44.18%.

Hawaii Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,530$42,891$33,188
Less Than High School$23,630$25,568$20,826
High School Grad$31,182$35,170$26,750
Some College$36,671$42,263$31,167
Bachelors Degree$47,532$54,271$41,658
Graduate Degree$62,384$77,469$53,754

$38,530

Average Earnings

$42,891

Average Male

$33,188

Average Female

Hawaii Language

Hawaii Language by Age

Hawaii Language

74.32% of Hawaii residents speak only English, while 25.68% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 22.11% of the population.

Hawaii Poverty

Hawaii Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple329,53438,41811.66%
Asian528,95436,8836.97%
Islander140,70833,80024.02%
White303,47029,9449.87%
Hispanic136,75320,70415.14%
Black22,9262,69211.74%
Other12,2151,64213.44%
Native2,57959322.99%

10.80%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.92%

Male Poverty Rate

11.67%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hawaii

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Islander, with 24.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Asian, with 6.97% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.35%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.79%.

Hawaii Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.86%
High School12.10%
Some College8.52%
Bachelors or Greater4.81%

Hawaii Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.28%
Male Unemployed23.29%
Female Employed5.61%
Male Employed4.28%

Hawaii Income

Hawaii Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$71,977$91,169
Families$83,451$102,538
Married Families$93,889$113,306
Non Families$41,693$57,080

Hawaii Marital Status

Hawaii Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.4%

Male Marriage Rate

49.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Hawaii Married by Age and Sex

Hawaii Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Hawaii Marital Status by Race

Hawaii Veterans

Hawaii Veterans by War

108,022

Number of Veterans

97,496

Male Veterans

10,526

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam36,021
Second Gulf War30,598
First Gulf War22,714
Korea8,587
World War II5,933

Hawaii Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5424,794
65 to 7424,449
75+22,041
55 to 6419,491
18 to 3417,247

Hawaii Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White41,98915.31%
Asian34,6167.58%
2 or More16,1767.81%
Hispanic7,8379.54%
Hawaiian7,5987.47%
Black5,95339.23%
Other1,35713.83%
Indian33315.19%

Hawaii Veterans by Education

6.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hawaii Employment Status

Hawaii Employment by Age

65.2%

Labor Force Participation

58.4%

Employment Rate

5.5%

Unemployment Rate

Hawaii Employment by Race

Hawaii Employment by Education

Hawaii Nativity

Hawaii Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Hawaii State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)