Hawaii Population 2019

1,416,589

Based on the most recent estimates released by the US Census, we estimate the 2019 population of Hawaii at 1.42 million.

At the 2010 census the population of Hawaii was declared at a total of 1,360,301. Estimates of the population are produced in the years between censuses - and in 2015, this number had risen to 1,431,603.

This represents a 5.2% increase from the 1.36 million recorded during the 2010 Census.

Hawaiian Islands and Populations

There are eight major islands in Hawaii. Oahu is the largest, with a population of 953,207.

Next largest is Hawaii itself, holding 186,738 people, followed closely by Maui (144,444). The only other island with a sizeable population is Kauai (pop 66,921). The remaining islands are Molokai (7,345), Lanai (3,135), Niihau (170) and Kahoolawe (unpopulated).

Honolulu is the largest city and the largest county in Hawaii, home to an estimated 350,399 of Oahu's people in the city itself. The county of Honolulu contains nearly 1 million residents, however. There are no other cities with more than 50,000 people. The next largest city is Pearl City, which is home to 47,698 people.

Hawaiian Land Area and Population Density

Based on the most recent estimates, Hawaii is the 40th largest state in the union. Although small in terms of its population, Hawaii is big in terms of one area of census statistics – population density. In total, the islands make up 10,931 square miles (28,311 square kilometers) in surface area, which makes its density 222.9 people per square mile. This ranks it 13th in the US in population density.

Hawaii Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Hawaii is approximately 38.5 years of age, and the state has a slight gender gap with 49.8% females and 50.2% males residing in the state.

In religious terms, Hawaii stands at 63% Christianity based faiths, 10% non-Christian based faiths, and 26% unaffiliated to any particular faith.

Hawaii Statehood, Census, and Boundary History

Hawaii was an independent nation prior to being annexed by the United States in 1898; it was made a territory in 1900. On August 21, 1959, Hawaii was admitted as a State and assumed its present boundaries, omitting certain small islands formerly included in the territory.

Census coverage has included the whole of Hawaii since 1900. The Hawaiian government conducted at least 9 censuses between 1850 and 1898.

Hawaii Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Hawaii was:

  • Asian: 38.02%
  • White: 25.13%
  • Two or more races: 23.81%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 10.03%
  • Black or African American: 1.82%
  • Other race: 0.99%
  • Native American: 0.19%

Hawaii Population Chart

Hawaii Population History

Although Hawaii only became a US state in 1959, there are population statistics dating back to the beginning of the 20th century. In 1900, the total number of citizens living on the islands was declared at 154,001 and just ten years later that had risen by 24.6% to 191,874.

The US census of 1960 was the first to include Hawaii in its statistics and by that point, the population had grown to 632,772, a 26.6% increase from the 1950 findings. From that stage, the numbers have continued to increase but the percentage increase decade by decade has slowed down. The 2010 figures represented a rise of 12.3% from the 2000 Census numbers.

Hawaii Population Growth

Hawaii has a healthy gap between birth and death rates and, when figures in this respect were released in 2005, they showed a net gain of 48,111 new Hawaiians in the five years from 2000. Net migration is also a contributory factor and using those figures in 2005 once again, they showed a gain of 16,956 new citizens compared to the statistics from 2000.

Hawaii Population Projections

Although the growth rate has slowed, it is projected that the population will continue to rise at a rate around 1% for the foreseeable future, with the population crossing the 1,500,000 mark by 2020 with Oahu growing at the slowest rate and the Big Island growing at the fastest.

Population Data via US Census

Hawaii Growth Rate

Hawaii Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20201,412,687-0.28%
20191,416,589-0.27%
20181,420,491-0.26%
20171,424,203-0.27%
20161,428,1050.40%
20151,422,4840.54%
20141,414,8620.46%
20131,408,4530.97%
20121,394,9051.13%
20111,379,2521.12%
20101,363,9631.19%
20001,211,5370.90%
19901,108,2291.40%
1980964,6912.30%
1970768,5611.96%
1960632,7722.39%
1950499,7941.67%
1940423,3301.40%
1930368,3363.71%
1920255,9122.92%
1910191,9092.23%
1900154,0010.00%

Hawaii Population in 2018Source: By Arjunkrsen [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Honolulu County

  • Population980,080
  • Density1631.88 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20102.49%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State69.00%

Growth in Hawaiian Counties

When breaking down population growth by county, it is easy to evaluate the data of Hawaii, as there are few counties within this state. Based on a comparison of data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken five years later by the US Census Bureau, it is shown that all of Hawaii's counties have shown continued population growth.

Kauai saw the highest rate of growth during this period, with an increase of 6.73%. This is followed by Maui County, with a population increase of 6.23%, Hawaii County with a growth of 5.99%, and Honolulu County posting 4.43% growth from 2010 to 2015.

Population by Race

Race Population
Asian540,556
White357,308
Two or More Races338,498
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander142,600
Black or African American25,884
Some Other Race14,056
American Indian and Alaska Native2,756

Hawaii Population Pyramid 2019

Hawaii Median Age

38.8


Total

37.2


Male

40.4


Female

Hawaii Adults

There are 1,114,075 adults, (238,126 of whom are seniors) in Hawaii.

Hawaii Age Dependency

62.3

Age Dependency Ratio

27.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Hawaii Sex Ratio

Female

707,677

49.78%

Male

713,981

50.22%

Hawaii Households and Families

Hawaii Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Hawaii Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.5%33.5%
All58.1%41.9%
Male53.5%46.5%
Female50.8%49.2%
Non Family47.4%52.6%

58.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All455,5023.0258.1
Married236,5493.6766.5
Non Family137,7381.3447.4
Female55,2964.0450.8
Male25,9193.9553.5

3.59

Average Family Size

3.02

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Hawaii Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,3473.79%
9th to 12th Grade45,1134.58%
High School Graduate273,16227.75%
Some College210,45221.38%
Associates Degree102,89610.45%
Bachelors Degree209,09721.24%
Graduate Degree106,25310.79%

Hawaii Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Asian426,195376,950140,709
White245,087237,120111,087
Multiple Races173,900163,06438,801
Islander87,28577,26711,999
Hispanic72,30664,98814,677
Black16,43915,6704,485
Other Race9,3148,1722,221
Native American2,2291,914476

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.75%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.33%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,239$45,249$34,939
Less Than High School$24,658$26,900$21,673
High School Grad$31,826$36,266$27,449
Some College$37,801$44,059$32,046
Bachelors Degree$49,455$56,907$42,341
Graduate Degree$64,861$79,676$55,922

$40,239

Average Earnings

$45,249

Average Male

$34,939

Average Female

Hawaii Language

Hawaii Language by Age

Hawaii Language

74.16% of Hawaii residents speak only English, while 25.84% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian, which is spoken by 22.16% of the population.

Hawaii Poverty

Hawaii Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Multiple331,30337,08111.19%
Asian532,02735,4096.66%
Islander139,06231,30322.51%
White302,94129,2789.66%
Hispanic140,34819,85014.14%
Black23,0242,53511.01%
Other12,8731,45911.33%
Native2,60464424.73%

10.35%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.48%

Male Poverty Rate

11.21%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Hawaii

The race most likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Native, with 24.73% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Hawaii is Asian, with 6.66% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.60%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.23%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.56%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.78%
High School12.01%
Some College8.26%
Bachelors or Greater4.65%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed24.87%
Male Unemployed23.52%
Female Employed5.37%
Male Employed4.08%

Hawaii Income

Hawaii Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$74,923$95,569
Families$87,024$107,549
Married Families$97,967$118,976
Non Families$42,304$59,190

Hawaii Marital Status

Hawaii Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

49.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Hawaii Married by Age and Sex

Hawaii Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Hawaii Marital Status by Race

Hawaii Veterans

106,630

Number of Veterans

95,771

Male Veterans

10,859

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam35,608
Second Gulf War30,989
First Gulf War22,692
Korea8,329
World War II5,016
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7425,233
35 to 5424,179
75+22,429
55 to 6418,296
18 to 3416,493

Hawaii Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White41,92115.26%
Asian33,8007.34%
2 or More15,7427.54%
Hispanic7,8399.34%
Hawaiian7,4147.26%
Black5,91938.14%
Other1,49614.83%
Indian33814.70%

Hawaii Veterans by Education

6.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

Hawaii Employment Status

65.1%

Labor Force Participation

58.6%

Employment Rate

4.9%

Unemployment Rate

  1. Hawaii State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)