Hawaii Population 2016

At the 2010 census the population of Hawaii was declared at a total of 1,360,301. Estimates of the population are produced in the years between censuses – and in 2016, this number had risen to 1,431,603.

Based on data released between official US Censuses, the estimated population of Hawaii in 2016 is 1,431,603. This was a significant increase from the 1.36 million recorded during the 2010 Census.

Based on the 2010 census, Hawaii is now the 40th largest state by population in the union. Although small in terms of its absolute population, Hawaii is big in terms of one area of census statistics – population density. In total, the islands make up 10,931 square miles of land (28,311 square kilometres) but when it comes to population density, it is ranked number 13 in the US with 222.9 people per square mile.

Population of Hawaiian Islands

There are eight major islands in Hawaii. Oahu is the largest, with a population of 953,207.

Next largest is Hawaii itself, holding 186,738 people, followed closely by Maui (144,444). The only other island with a sizeable population is Kauai (pop 66,921). The remaining islands are Molokai (7,345), Lanai (3,135), Niihau (170) and Kahoolawe (unpopulated).

Honolulu is the largest city in Hawaii, home to an estimated 350,399 of Oahu's people. There are no other cities with more than 50,000 people – the next largest is Pearl City, which is home to 47,698 people.

Hawaii Population History

Although Hawaii only became a US state in 1959, there are population statistics dating back to the beginning of the 20th century. In 1900, the total number of citizens living on the islands was declared at 154,001 and just ten years later that had risen by 24.6% to 191,874.

The US census of 1960 was the first to include Hawaii in its statistics and by that point, the population had grown to 632,772, a 26.6% increase from the 1950 findings. From that stage, the numbers have continued to increase but the percentage increase decade by decade has slowed down – to an extent that the 2010 figures represented a rise of just 12.3% on those declared in 2000.

Natural growth

Hawaii has a healthy gap between birth and death rates and, when figures in this respect were released in 2005, they showed a net gain of 48,111 new Hawaiians in the five years from 2000. Net migration is also a contributory factor and using those figures in 2005 once again, they showed a gain of 16,956 new citizens over and above the statistics from 2000.

Hawaii Demographics

There is a very wide range of cultures and ethnic groups within the population of Hawaii as a whole and at the 2010 census, the total of 1,360,301 was divided as follows:

  • 24.7% White (22.7% Non-Hispanic White)
  • 1.6% Black or African American
  • 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native
  • 38.6% Asian
  • 10.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
  • 1.2% from ‘Some Other race’
  • 23.6% from Two or More Races

Some of these figures make Hawaii unique within America and in particular, there is a higher ratio of Asian Americans in Hawaii than anywhere else in the country.

Natural growth and immigration are likely to rise further, and although the percentages aren’t exceptionally high compared with other states in the US, this is a densely populated area and as such, the Hawaii population in 2016 is worth monitoring closely until the 2020 census takes place.

Hawaii Population in 2016 Source: Cristo Vlahos

Hawaii Facts

  • Hawaii is the only state to have a tropical rainforest.
  • Hawaii is composed of 132 islands. It is the only state that is made up entirely of islands.
  • Hawaii has its own time zone -- Hawaiian Standard Time -- and does not follow Daylight Savings Time.
  • The state is home to Mauna Loa, the largest volcano on Earth. NASA astronauts prepare for moon missions on its lava fields.
  • Hawaii was admitted to the Union in 1959. It was the 50th state to be admitted.
  • It is the only state to grow coffee.
  • The islands are actually projected mountain tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.
  • Hawaii is made up of just four counties.
  • There are no majority races in the state -- everyone is considered a minority because the population is so diverse.

Population Data via US Census

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 1,488,333 0.77% 40
2019 1,476,987 0.77% 40
2018 1,465,641 0.78% 40
2017 1,454,295 0.79% 40
2016 1,442,949 0.79% 40
2015 1,431,603 0.80% 40
2014 1,420,257 0.82% 40
2013 1,408,765 1.16% 40
2012 1,392,641 1.05% 40
2011 1,378,227 1.32% 40
2010 1,360,301 1.16% 40
2000 1,211,537 0.90% 42
1990 1,108,229 1.40% 41
1980 964,691 2.30% 39
1970 768,561 1.96% 40
1960 632,772 2.39% 43
1950 499,794 1.67% 45
1940 423,330 1.40% 45
1930 368,336 3.71% 45
1920 255,912 2.92% 46
1910 191,909 2.23% 47
1900 154,001 0.00% 46
Hawaii Population by Race
Race Population Percentage
White 349,051 25.66%
Black or African American 22,473 1.65%
American Indian and Alaska Native 4,960 0.36%
Asian 531,633 39.08%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 138,292 10.17%
Two or more races 313,892 23.08%
Languages Spoken in Hawaii
Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 1,287,075 100.00%
Ilocano 54,005 4.20%
Spanish 25,490 2.00%
Hawaiian 18,610 1.40%
Chinese 17,360 1.30%
Samoan 12,795 1.00%
Cantonese 7,890 0.60%
Marshallese 6,930 0.50%
Mandarin 5,650 0.40%
German 4,615 0.40%
Hawaii County Populations
County Population Rank
Honolulu County 998,714 1
Hawaii County 196,428 2
Maui County 164,637 3
Kauai County 71,735 4
Kalawao County 89 5