Highest Taxed States 2019

Only two things in life are certain: death and taxes, the old adage goes. For many people in the United States, April 15 – or tax day – is one of the most dreaded says of the year. In addition to paying federal taxes, many people around the nation also have to pay state income taxes.

While some states including Florida and New Hampshire are fortunate enough to not have state income taxes, there are other states that have a high state income tax rate. However, don’t think that the states without income taxes get off that easy – revenue is raised for the state through other forms of taxation, including property taxes and sales taxes.

Of the 50 U.S. states, a total of 43 have individual income taxes. Income from wages and salaries are taxes in 41 of the states, while just two tax income from interest and tax dividends. Seven states do not have an income tax.

Just nine of the states in the U.S. use a single-rate tax structure. This means that everyone pays one rate, regardless of the amount of taxable income. Thirty-two states use graduated-rate income brackets, wherein rates are set based on the amount of taxable income and other factors including marital status at the time of filing.

Of all the states, California has the highest individual income tax rates. Rates range from 1% to 13.30% based on income. Hawaii also has a high individual income tax rate, ranging from 1.4% to 11% and spread across 12 different income brackets

New Jersey doesn’t fall far behind Hawaii with rates starting at 5.35% and ranging to 9.85%. Iowa’s tax rate for anyone making at least $73,710 is fairly high at 8.53%. The minimum tax rate in this state is just 0.33%.

In the states that do not use income brackets, North Carolina has the highest tax rate. This state has a single-rate tax structure of 5.25%, surpassing other states including New Hampshire (5%), Massachusetts (5.05%), and Kentucky (5%).

* Rank based on normalized and combined rates for single filers with no dependents or deductions. Income tax is weighted 70%; sales tax at 30%.
State Tax Rank Income Tax Sales Tax 2019 Pop.
California113.30%7.50%39,747,267
Minnesota29.85%6.88%5,655,925
Hawaii311.00%4.00%1,416,589
New Jersey48.97%7.00%8,922,547
Iowa58.98%6.00%3,167,997
Vermont68.95%6.00%627,180
New York88.82%4.00%19,491,339
Maine97.95%5.50%1,342,097
Idaho107.40%6.00%1,790,182
Oregon119.90%0.00%4,245,901
Wisconsin127.65%5.00%5,832,661
Arkansas137.00%6.50%3,026,412
South Carolina147.00%6.00%5,147,111
Connecticut156.70%6.35%3,567,871
Nebraska166.84%5.50%1,940,919
West Virginia176.50%6.00%1,791,951
Rhode Island185.99%7.00%1,056,738
Kentucky196.00%6.00%4,484,047
Maryland205.75%6.00%6,062,917
Mississippi215.00%7.00%2,987,895
Massachusetts225.20%6.25%6,939,373
Ohio235.39%5.75%11,718,568
North Carolina245.80%4.75%10,497,741
Missouri256.00%4.23%6,147,861
Georgia266.00%4.00%10,627,767
Louisiana276.00%4.00%4,652,581
Illinois285.00%6.25%12,700,381
Virginia295.75%4.30%8,571,946
Kansas304.80%6.50%2,910,931
Oklahoma315.25%4.50%3,948,950
New Mexico324.90%5.13%2,096,034
Utah335.00%4.70%3,221,610
Arizona344.54%5.60%7,275,070
Montana356.90%0.00%1,074,532
Michigan364.25%6.00%10,020,472
Alabama375.00%4.00%4,898,246
Delaware386.60%0.00%975,033
Indiana393.40%7.00%6,718,616
Colorado404.63%2.90%5,770,545
Pennsylvania413.07%6.00%12,813,969
North Dakota423.22%5.00%760,900
Tennessee430.00%7.00%6,833,793
Nevada440.00%6.85%3,087,025
Washington450.00%6.50%7,666,343
Texas460.00%6.25%29,087,070
Florida470.00%6.00%21,646,155
South Dakota480.00%4.00%892,631
Wyoming490.00%4.00%572,381
Alaska500.00%0.00%735,720
New Hampshire510.00%0.00%1,363,852