Highest Taxed States 2019

Only two things in life are certain: death and taxes, the old adage goes. For many people in the United States, April 15 – or tax day – is one of the most dreaded says of the year. In addition to paying federal taxes, many people around the nation also have to pay state income taxes.

While some states including Florida and New Hampshire are fortunate enough to not have state income taxes, there are other states that have a high state income tax rate. However, don’t think that the states without income taxes get off that easy – revenue is raised for the state through other forms of taxation, including property taxes and sales taxes.

Of the 50 U.S. states, a total of 43 have individual income taxes. Income from wages and salaries are taxes in 41 of the states, while just two tax income from interest and tax dividends. Seven states do not have an income tax.

Just nine of the states in the U.S. use a single-rate tax structure. This means that everyone pays one rate, regardless of the amount of taxable income. Thirty-two states use graduated-rate income brackets, wherein rates are set based on the amount of taxable income and other factors including marital status at the time of filing.

Of all the states, California has the highest individual income tax rates. Rates range from 1% to 13.30% based on income. Hawaii also has a high individual income tax rate, ranging from 1.4% to 11% and spread across 12 different income brackets

New Jersey doesn’t fall far behind Hawaii with rates starting at 5.35% and ranging to 9.85%. Iowa’s tax rate for anyone making at least $73,710 is fairly high at 8.53%. The minimum tax rate in this state is just 0.33%.

In the states that do not use income brackets, North Carolina has the highest tax rate. This state has a single-rate tax structure of 5.25%, surpassing other states including New Hampshire (5%), Massachusetts (5.05%), and Kentucky (5%).

Rank State 2019 Pop. 2019 Growth 2018 Pop. 2010 Census Growth Since 2010 % of US
1California39,747,2670.48%39,557,04537,320,9036.50%11.96%
11New Jersey8,922,5470.16%8,908,5208,799,6241.40%2.68%
41Hawaii1,416,589-0.27%1,420,4911,363,9633.86%0.43%