Human Trafficking Statistics By State 2019

What is human trafficking? Human trafficking is a serious crime and violation of human rights, involving the use of force, coercion or fraud to exploit a person into slave labor or sexual exploitation.

Traffickers typically target men, women, and children who are vulnerable, have little to no social safety net or who are without strong family relationships. It can happen to people of any age, race, gender or nationality. Violence, manipulation, or false promises of a well-paying job are often used to lure victims into trafficking situations. Victims frequently do not seek help due to language barriers, fear of their traffickers or fear of law enforcement. Because human trafficking is considered to be a hidden crime, several key indicators can help people recognize potential endangerment and notify law enforcement.

A common misconception about human trafficking is that it does not happen in the United States. This is false, as the United States is ranked as one of the worst countries in the world for human trafficking. It is estimated that 199,000 incidents occur within the United States every year.

Because of the clandestine nature of human trafficking, statistics that show the number of incidents in each state are only based on the number of incidences reported. The true number of incidents is likely higher than the numbers presented here.

The ten states with the highest number of reported human trafficking cases are:

  1. California (1656)
  2. Michigan (383)
  3. Georgia (375)
  4. Nevada (313)
  5. Illinois (296)
  6. North Carolina (287)
  7. Pennsylvania (275)
  8. Arizona (231)
  9. Washington (229)
  10. New Jersey (224)
State Number of Human Trafficking Cases Reported 2019 Pop.
California165639,747,267
Michigan38310,020,472
Georgia37510,627,767
Nevada3133,087,025
Illinois29612,700,381
North Carolina28710,497,741
Pennsylvania27512,813,969
Arizona2317,275,070
Washington2297,666,343
New Jersey2248,922,547
Virginia1988,571,946
Missouri1786,147,861
Colorado1785,770,545
Tennessee1656,833,793
Maryland1656,062,917
South Carolina1565,147,111
Louisiana1494,652,581
Indiana1426,718,616
Kentucky1414,484,047
Oregon1354,245,901
Wisconsin1345,832,661
Oklahoma1213,948,950
Minnesota1205,655,925
Massachusetts1206,939,373
Iowa1023,167,997
Kansas952,910,931
Alabama894,898,246
Mississippi862,987,895
Arkansas853,026,412
District of Columbia84711,571
Nebraska821,940,919
Utah763,221,610
New Mexico702,096,034
Connecticut553,567,871
Hawaii481,416,589
Delaware42975,033
West Virginia401,791,951
Maine321,342,097
South Dakota22892,631
Montana221,074,532
Alaska19735,720
Rhode Island181,056,738
North Dakota14760,900
Vermont13627,180
Wyoming12572,381
New Hampshire111,363,852