Indiana Population 2017

6,663,280

From the latest Census estimates and the current rate of change, we estimate Indiana's population in 2016 at 6,641,480.

Yearly estimates are given for states within the US, and the most recent suggests Indiana’s population had increased to 6,619,680 in 2015. The state has a population density of 181 people per square mile, which ranks it as the 16th most densely populated state in the country. Indiana has a 2016 growth rate of 0.33%, which ranks 29th.

Indiana was admitted as a state to the US in 1816, but population figures can be traced back to 1800. As for the present day, the last official census within the United States took place in 2010 and at the time, the population of Indiana was declared at 6,483,802, a rise of 6.6% on the numbers from 2000.

Indiana Population Density and Demographics

In terms of pure land mass, the state of Indiana covers an area of 36,418 square miles (94,321 square kilometers), and this makes it only the 38th largest state in the country by area. However, Indiana ranks much better in terms of numbers and population density.

Indiana Population Chart

Indiana Population History

Indiana is situated just inside the eastern half of the United States, and statistics show that the state was a little slow to embrace the huge waves of early settlers that arrived to the country in the 18th century.

From the figures declared in 1800, the population of Indiana was shown to be 2,632 but just ten years later, it had increased by phenomenal proportions and a rise of over 800% took the total to 24,520.

By the time of the nationwide census of 1830, Indiana had been admitted to the United States, and a further substantial growth of over 500% in ten years took the total number of residents to 147,178. Those were by far the biggest population spikes, but further large increases had taken Indiana’s population to over 2.5 million by the beginning of the 20th century.

From this point, growth slowed down to a great extent, but it remained healthy and constant to the stage where 6.6 million people make up the population of Indiana in 2016.

Indiana Population Projections

In many ways, Indiana is a fairly unremarkable state in terms of its population statistics, but it is experiencing healthy growth nevertheless. By increasing at the same rate, it is estimated to reach 6.85 million people by 2020. By 2030, Indiana is expected to break 7 million people.

For the past two decades, population growth in Indiana has been concentrated in counties surrounding the capital city of Indianapolis. Four of the five fastest-growing counties are in that area: Hamilton, Hancock, Johnson and Hendricks. The 5th county, Dearborn County, is located near Cincinnati, Ohio. Hamilton County remains the fastest growing county in Indiana, as well as the fastest growning in the bordering states of Ohio, Kentucky, Michigan and Illinois. It's the 20th fastest growing county in the United States, and this trend is expected to continue as the Indianapolis metropolitan area continues to expand beyond 2016.

Population Data via US Census

Indiana Growth Rate

Indiana State Rank

Year Pop % Change
20206,728,6800.33%
20196,706,8800.33%
20186,685,0800.33%
20176,663,2800.33%
20166,641,4800.33%
20156,619,6800.33%
20146,597,8800.42%
20136,570,5180.49%
20126,538,2830.33%
20116,516,8450.51%
20106,483,8020.64%
20006,080,4850.93%
19905,544,1590.10%
19805,490,2240.56%
19705,193,6691.08%
19604,662,4981.71%
19503,934,2241.39%
19403,427,7960.57%
19303,238,5031.00%
19202,930,3900.82%
19102,700,8760.71%
19002,516,4621.39%
18902,192,4041.03%
18801,978,3011.64%
18701,680,6372.21%
18601,350,4283.17%
1850988,4163.72%
1840685,8667.17%
1830343,0318.83%
1820147,17819.63%
181024,52025.00%
18002,6320.00%

Indiana Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Jasssmit at English Wikipedia

  • Just 1.1% of Indiana's population relies on public transportation to get to work.
  • Indiana means "Land of the Indians." However, despite its name, it is only home to about 8,000 Native Americans.
  • The city of Wabash was the first city in the world to be lighted using electricity. About 10,000 residents witnessed the groundbreaking event.
  • The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne in 1871.
  • Bedford, Indiana, is the "Limestone Capital of the World." Its limestone has been used to construct the Empire State Building, the Pentagon and other important landmarks.
  • Indiana's land was first claimed by Canada's New France.

Indiana Population Density by County

Marion County

  • Population939,020
  • Density2369.03 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.8%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State14.19%

Indiana Population Growth Rate by County

Based on comparisons from 2010 Census data and 2015 estimates from the US Census Bureau, it is shown that the highest increases in population by county in Indiana occurred in the central and northeast corner of the state. The highest rates of growth were posted in the central Indiana region, including Hamilton County (12.01%), Boone County (11.43%), and Hendricks County (8.45%). In the northeastern region, counties that enhibited growth during the 5-year period include Allen, Elkhart, and LaGrange.

Some counties also saw declining populations, with the highest numbers being posted around the central region, as well as along the western and eastern borders. The highest decline was recorded in Fountain County, with a population decrease of 3.94%. Other counties that saw population's in 2015 that were smaller than those taken during the 2010 Census include Warren, Randolph, Wayne, and Union.

Population Pyramid

0k10k20k30k40k50kIndiana Male Population0k10k20k30k40k50kIndiana Female Population

To compare Indiana to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White5,681,60785.83%
Black or African American636,6469.62%
American Indian and Alaska Native26,6560.4%
Asian141,7402.14%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4,1490.06%
Two or More Races128,8821.95%

Based on comparisons from 2010 Census data and 2015 estimates from the US Census Bureau, it is shown that the highest increases in population by county in Indiana occurred in the central and northeast corner of the state. The highest rates of growth were posted in the central Indiana region, including Hamilton County (12.01%), Boone County (11.43%), and Hendricks County (8.45%). In the northeastern region, counties that enhibited growth during the 5-year period include Allen, Elkhart, and LaGrange.

Some counties also saw declining populations, with the highest numbers being posted around the central region, as well as along the western and eastern borders. The highest decline was recorded in Fountain County, with a population decrease of 3.94%. Other counties that saw population's in 2015 that were smaller than those taken during the 2010 Census include Warren, Randolph, Wayne, and Union.

Languages Spoken in Indiana

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over6,087,409100
English5,663,12993.03
Spanish277,3804.56
German35,4000.58
Chinese18,5600.3
Pennsylvania Dutch15,8950.26
French13,7700.23
Dutch7,9500.13
Panjabi5,1300.08
Burmese5,0350.08

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Indiana. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Indiana Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate87.6
BachelorsDegree23.6
Disabled9.6
NoHealthInsurance13.8
LaborForceTotal64
LaborForceFemale59.2
FoodServiceSales13,076,602
HealthCareRevenue42,493,117
ManufacturerShipments242,763,842
MerchantWholesalesSales81,173,422
RetailSales85,857,962
RetailSalesPerCapita13,133
MeanWorkTravelTime23.3
MedianHouseholdIncome48,737
PerCapitaIncome24,953
PovertyPercentage15.2

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Indiana for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 64%.

Indiana Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments399,201
AllFirms479,059
MenOwnedFirms253,533
WomenOwnedFirms162,798
MinorityOwnedFirms61,252
NonminorityOwnedFirms405,090
VeteranOwnedFirms45,174
NonveteranOwn412,543

Indiana Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits2,841,373
HousingUnits2,795,541
OwnerOccupiedRate69.5
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue122,700
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage1,119
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage375
MedianGrossRent741
BuildingPermits18,483
Households2,492,183
PersonsPerHousehold2.55
SameHouseOneYearAgo85
NonEnglishAtHome8.2
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts