Indiana Population 2017


From the latest Census estimates and the current rate of change, we estimate Indiana's population in 2016 at 6,641,480.

Yearly estimates are given for states within the US, and the most recent suggests Indiana’s population had increased to 6,619,680 in 2015. The state has a population density of 181 people per square mile, which ranks it as the 16th most densely populated state in the country. Indiana has a 2016 growth rate of 0.33%, which ranks 29th.

Indiana was admitted as a state to the US in 1816, but population figures can be traced back to 1800. As for the present day, the last official census within the United States took place in 2010 and at the time, the population of Indiana was declared at 6,483,802, a rise of 6.6% on the numbers from 2000.

Indiana Population Density and Demographics

In terms of pure land mass, the state of Indiana covers an area of 36,418 square miles (94,321 square kilometers), and this makes it only the 38th largest state in the country by area. However, Indiana ranks much better in terms of numbers and population density.

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Indiana Population Chart

Indiana Population History

Indiana is situated just inside the eastern half of the United States, and statistics show that the state was a little slow to embrace the huge waves of early settlers that arrived to the country in the 18th century.

From the figures declared in 1800, the population of Indiana was shown to be 2,632 but just ten years later, it had increased by phenomenal proportions and a rise of over 800% took the total to 24,520.

By the time of the nationwide census of 1830, Indiana had been admitted to the United States, and a further substantial growth of over 500% in ten years took the total number of residents to 147,178. Those were by far the biggest population spikes, but further large increases had taken Indiana’s population to over 2.5 million by the beginning of the 20th century.

From this point, growth slowed down to a great extent, but it remained healthy and constant to the stage where 6.6 million people make up the population of Indiana in 2016.

Indiana Population Projections

In many ways, Indiana is a fairly unremarkable state in terms of its population statistics, but it is experiencing healthy growth nevertheless. By increasing at the same rate, it is estimated to reach 6.85 million people by 2020. By 2030, Indiana is expected to break 7 million people.

For the past two decades, population growth in Indiana has been concentrated in counties surrounding the capital city of Indianapolis. Four of the five fastest-growing counties are in that area: Hamilton, Hancock, Johnson and Hendricks. The 5th county, Dearborn County, is located near Cincinnati, Ohio. Hamilton County remains the fastest growing county in Indiana, as well as the fastest growning in the bordering states of Ohio, Kentucky, Michigan and Illinois. It's the 20th fastest growing county in the United States, and this trend is expected to continue as the Indianapolis metropolitan area continues to expand beyond 2016.

Population Data via US Census

Indiana Growth Rate

Indiana State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 6,728,680 0.33%
2019 6,706,880 0.33%
2018 6,685,080 0.33%
2017 6,663,280 0.33%
2016 6,641,480 0.33%
2015 6,619,680 0.33%
2014 6,597,880 0.42%
2013 6,570,518 0.49%
2012 6,538,283 0.33%
2011 6,516,845 0.51%
2010 6,483,802 0.64%
2000 6,080,485 0.93%
1990 5,544,159 0.10%
1980 5,490,224 0.56%
1970 5,193,669 1.08%
1960 4,662,498 1.71%
1950 3,934,224 1.39%
1940 3,427,796 0.57%
1930 3,238,503 1.00%
1920 2,930,390 0.82%
1910 2,700,876 0.71%
1900 2,516,462 1.39%
1890 2,192,404 1.03%
1880 1,978,301 1.64%
1870 1,680,637 2.21%
1860 1,350,428 3.17%
1850 988,416 3.72%
1840 685,866 7.17%
1830 343,031 8.83%
1820 147,178 19.63%
1810 24,520 25.00%
1800 2,632 0.00%

Indiana Facts

Indiana Population in 2017 Source: Jasssmit at English Wikipedia

  • Just 1.1% of Indiana's population relies on public transportation to get to work.
  • Indiana means "Land of the Indians." However, despite its name, it is only home to about 8,000 Native Americans.
  • The city of Wabash was the first city in the world to be lighted using electricity. About 10,000 residents witnessed the groundbreaking event.
  • The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne in 1871.
  • Bedford, Indiana, is the "Limestone Capital of the World." Its limestone has been used to construct the Empire State Building, the Pentagon and other important landmarks.
  • Indiana's land was first claimed by Canada's New France.

Indiana Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Indiana Population Growth Rate by County

Based on comparisons from 2010 Census data and 2015 estimates from the US Census Bureau, it is shown that the highest increases in population by county in Indiana occurred in the central and northeast corner of the state. The highest rates of growth were posted in the central Indiana region, including Hamilton County (12.01%), Boone County (11.43%), and Hendricks County (8.45%). In the northeastern region, counties that enhibited growth during the 5-year period include Allen, Elkhart, and LaGrange.

Some counties also saw declining populations, with the highest numbers being posted around the central region, as well as along the western and eastern borders. The highest decline was recorded in Fountain County, with a population decrease of 3.94%. Other counties that saw population's in 2015 that were smaller than those taken during the 2010 Census include Warren, Randolph, Wayne, and Union.

Population Pyramid

To compare Indiana to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Indiana has become increasingly diverse in recent years when comparing the 2000 Census results with the 2010 results. Its Hispanic population is rapidly growing, and is the fastest growing minority in the state. Data from 2011 showed that over 28% of children under the age of 1 were classified as minorities.

Indiana has also seen an increase in the population of its black and African American residents. While black residents are scattered throughout cities all over the state, about 62% of the black population resides in just two counties: Marion and Lake. In fact, among these counties, black residents account for over 25% of the total population.

The primary ancestries of Indiana residents include German, with almost one-quarter of the population claiming this ancestry. The state also has a sizable amount of inhabitants of English and Irish descent.

Languages Spoken in Indiana

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 6,087,409 100
English 5,663,129 93.03
Spanish 277,380 4.56
German 35,400 0.58
Chinese 18,560 0.3
Pennsylvania Dutch 15,895 0.26
French 13,770 0.23
Dutch 7,950 0.13
Panjabi 5,130 0.08
Burmese 5,035 0.08

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Indiana. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Indiana Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 88
BachelorsDegree 24
Disabled 10
NoHealthInsurance 14
LaborForceTotal 64
LaborForceFemale 59
FoodServiceSales 13,076,602
HealthCareRevenue 42,493,117
ManufacturerShipments 242,763,842
MerchantWholesalesSales 81,173,422
RetailSales 85,857,962
RetailSalesPerCapita 13,133
MeanWorkTravelTime 23
MedianHouseholdIncome 48,737
PerCapitaIncome 24,953
PovertyPercentage 15

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Indiana for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 64%.

Indiana Business

NonemployerEstablishments 399,201
AllFirms 479,059
MenOwnedFirms 253,533
WomenOwnedFirms 162,798
MinorityOwnedFirms 61,252
NonminorityOwnedFirms 405,090
VeteranOwnedFirms 45,174
NonveteranOwn 412,543

Indiana Housing

HousingUnits 2,841,373
HousingUnits 2,795,541
OwnerOccupiedRate 70
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 122,700
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,119
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 375
MedianGrossRent 741
BuildingPermits 18,483
Households 2,492,183
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 85
NonEnglishAtHome 8
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts