Iowa Population 2016
Situated in the midwest United States and often referred to as the "heartland of America," Iowa is situated in the middle of the country, both in terms of location and population. As of 2016, the estimated population in Iowa is 3.1 million.
The last official population numbers for Iowa were taken during the last nationwide census of 2010 when it was declared that 3,046,355 people lived in the state. That represented a modest rise of 4.1% compared to the 2,926,324 people recorded in the census taken in 2000. It's estimated by the Census Bureau that the current population of Iowa in 2016 is 3,123,899. The growth rate between the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates is 2.55%, which ranks 29th in the nation.
Estimates made by the US Census Bureau put the population of Iowa at 3,123,899. This estimate was taken in July 2015. This makes Iowa -- which ranks 26th in terms of land area -- the 30th most populous state in the US.
When breaking down Iowa's population, 72.2% were born in the state, 23.2% were born in a different state, 0.5% were born in Puerto Rico or abroad to American parents and 4.1% were foreign born. According to 2015 estimates, 91.8% of the population is White (86.7% non-Hispanic), 3.5% is Black or African American, 0.5% Alaska Native and American Indian, 2.4% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 1.8% are multiracial. Iowans are primarily of Western European descent, with the largest ancestry groups including German (35.7%), Irish (13.5%), English (9.5%), American (6.6%) and Norwegian (5.7%).
Interestingly, the 2012 population estimate was the first time the state ever topped 3 million in terms of population.
Iowa Population Density
Large areas of Iowa are flat and used as farmland and as such, the population density is relatively sparse. Overall, there is a surface area of 56,272 square miles (or 145,743 square kilometers) and this is the 26th largest state in the country in terms of land mass.
With regards to the exact density, average figures show that there are 54.5 people for every square mile. The population center is located in Marshall County in the city of Marshalltown. The most populous city in Iowa is Des Moines, with over 210,000 residents, followed by Cedar Rapids (130,405) and Davenport (102,582). Iowa now has a predominantly urban population concentrated in these areas, with 61% of the total population living in urban areas by 2000. From 2000 to 2008, urban counties grew 8.5%, while rural counties declined by 4.2%. This trend is expected to continue.
Iowa Population History
Records relating to the growth of Iowa’s population can be traced back to 1840 when the official US Census confirmed that there were 43,112 people living here. Like most states across the US, however, those numbers had exploded ten years later and an impressive increase of 345.8% took them to 192,214.
Further significant rises occurred for the rest of the 19th century, but by the time the 1900s had rolled in, the growth had started to slow.
In fact, between 1900 and 1910, there was a slight drop in population figures by less than 1%. Although this wasn't a huge amount, population decreases within the US are rare, and Iowa went on to produce a similar set of figures in 1990 when the declared population of 2,776,755 had actually dropped by 4.7% from the numbers confirmed in 1980. Overall, those drops in figures make Iowa’s population in 2016 and the future hard to predict.
Iowa Population Growth
After the state's economy bottomed out in the 1980s, Iowa has slowly become more dependent on agriculture. There is still a good mix of finance and insurance services, government services, manufacturing and biotechnology, which has allowed the population of Iowa to increase faster than the United States as a whole.
Population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau in 2013 showed that seven metro counties in Iowa carried the population growth of Iowa from 2010 to 2012, with Dallas County near the top nationally. Combined, they ranked 14th in the nation in terms of fastest growing counties, growing 8.8%. This is in keeping with the urbanization trend in the state.
The overall picture is one of growth and as such, the numbers within Iowa should continue rising steadily, with an estimated population of 3.17 million in 2020 and 3.32 million by 2030.
Source: Tim Kiser (w:User:Malepheasant)
- The oldest city in Iowa is Dubuque.
- The population of hogs living in Iowa exceeds the number of people. In 2013, there was a population of over 21 million hogs in the state.
- Iowa produces more corn -- approximately 2.4 billion bushels per year -- than any other state.
- Iowa's east and west borders are comprised completely of water from the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers, and it is the only state that can claim this fact.
- There are about 67 million chickens in Iowa, which produce almost 15 billion eggs per year.
- Fort Atkinson was the first US government fort built to protect one Indian tribe from another.
Population Data via US Census