Jewish Population By State

Jewish people – or Jews – are an ethnoreligious group that share a common ethnicity and religion. Jews are descendants of the Israelites and the Hebrews and practice Judaism.

Around the world, there are as many as 17.5 million Jews. When taking into consideration those with partial Jewish ancestry, that number rises to an estimated 20.5 million.

In the United States, it is estimated that there are between 5.7 million and 10 million Jewish people. This group is known as Jewish Americans. Most Jewish Americans – as many as 95% -- are Ashkenazi Jews that were descended from the Jews of Eastern and Central Europe. The majority of these people were born in the United States.

According to the Jewish Virtual Library, Jews make up just over 2% of the population in the U.S. as of 2018. The highest percentage is found in the state of New York, where over 1.76 million American Jews reside – or nearly 9% of the state’s total population.

In Washington, D.C., there is also a high percentage of Jewish American residents. About 8.3% of the total population is Jewish American. This is over 57,000 people.

New Jersey also has a high population of Jewish Americans. Over half a million people are part of this ethnoreligious group, making up 6.1% of the state’s total population.

Massachusetts is home to over 293,000 Jews, which is over 4% of the total population. Maryland is home to over 236,000 Jewish Americans – which is 3.9% of the population.

In terms of the highest percentage of population, the following states have the most Jewish American inhabitants:

  1. New York: 8.9%
  2. Washington, D.C.: 8.3%
  3. New Jersey: 6.1%
  4. Massachusetts: 4.3%
  5. Maryland: 3.9%
  6. Connecticut: 3.3%
  7. California: 3.0%
  8. Florida: 3.0%
  9. Nevada: 2.5%
  10. Illinois: 2.3%
  11. Pennsylvania: 2.3%
  12. Rhode Island: 1.8%
  13. Ohio: 1.3%
  14. Georgia: 1.2%
  15. Missouri: 1.1%
  16. Washington: 1.0%

All other states have a Jewish American population that makes up less than 1% of the total population.

In terms of the number of Jewish people living in each state, the following 10 states come out on top:

  • New York: 1.76 million
  • California: 1.18 million
  • Florida: 629,120
  • New Jersey: 545,450
  • Pennsylvania: 298,240
  • Illinois: 298,035
  • Massachusetts: 293,080
  • Maryland: 236,600
  • Texas: 166,505
  • Virginia: 150,145
State Jewish Population % of State Population 2019 Pop.
New York1,768,7708.90%19,491,339
District of Columbia57,3008.30%711,571
New Jersey545,4506.10%8,922,547
Massachusetts293,0804.30%6,939,373
Maryland236,6003.90%6,062,917
Connecticut117,8503.30%3,567,871
Florida629,1203.00%21,646,155
California1,182,9903.00%39,747,267
Nevada76,3002.50%3,087,025
Pennsylvania298,2402.30%12,813,969
Illinois298,0352.30%12,700,381
Virginia150,1451.80%8,571,946
Rhode Island18,7501.80%1,056,738
Colorado102,6001.80%5,770,545
Delaware15,1001.60%975,033
Arizona106,7251.50%7,275,070
Ohio148,1151.30%11,718,568
Georgia128,5201.20%10,627,767
Missouri64,2751.10%6,147,861
Washington72,1851.00%7,666,343
Vermont5,9851.00%627,180
Oregon40,6501.00%4,245,901
Michigan87,9050.90%10,020,472
Maine12,5500.90%1,342,097
New Hampshire10,1200.80%1,363,852
Minnesota45,6000.80%5,655,925
Alaska5,7500.80%735,720
Wisconsin33,0550.60%5,832,661
Texas166,5050.60%29,087,070
New Mexico12,6250.60%2,096,034
Kansas17,3000.60%2,910,931
Nebraska9,3500.50%1,940,919
Hawaii7,1000.50%1,416,589
Indiana25,2450.40%6,718,616
Tennessee21,8000.30%6,833,793
South Carolina16,8200.30%5,147,111
North Carolina35,4350.30%10,497,741
Louisiana13,9000.30%4,652,581
Kentucky11,2000.30%4,484,047
Wyoming1,1500.20%572,381
Utah5,6500.20%3,221,610
Iowa5,4500.20%3,167,997
Alabama9,5250.20%4,898,246
West Virginia2,3100.10%1,791,951
Oklahoma4,4250.10%3,948,950
North Dakota4000.10%760,900
Montana1,3950.10%1,074,532
Mississippi1,5250.10%2,987,895
Idaho2,1250.10%1,790,182
Arkansas2,2250.10%3,026,412
South Dakota2500.00%892,631