Job Growth By State 2019

Job growth is a figured measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that tracks how many payroll jobs are created in the United States every month. The figure is used as a measure of economic expansion and an indicator for national economic health, as higher job growth numbers indicate increasing economic growth and a strengthening job market.

Job growth is reported each month as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Employment Situation Summary. The BLS sends out a survey each month and compiles and publishes the results. The job growth figure is expressed as the gross number of jobs created in the United States in the previous month.

The minimum level of job growth needed to mitigate the effects of new people entering the workforce is between 100,000 and 150,000 new jobs per month. It is believed that these are the minimum required numbers to have a positive, sustainable impact; however, consistently high job growth figures are believed to be indicative of rising interest rates and inflation.

In September 2019, the United States saw 136,000 new jobs added to its economy, fewer than the 168,000 in August. It was reported that 11,400 retail and 2,000 manufacturing jobs were lost in September, both losses possibly attributed to the trade war with China hurting industries that depend on exports and imports. Despite this data, the United States economy is doing well in other aspects, such as an unemployment rate of 3.5% - the lowest it has been since December 1969.

Because different states have drastically different populations and are home to different industries, their job growth rates vary greatly. The states that saw the highest job growth percent increase are:

  1. Utah (3.10%)
  2. Nevada (3.10%)
  3. Washington (3.00%)
  4. Idaho (2.80%)
  5. Texas (2.60%)
  6. Florida (2.60%)
  7. Arizona (2.50%)
  8. New Mexico (2.40%)
  9. South Dakota (2.10%)
  10. Alabama (2.00%)

Utah and Nevada have the highest job growth percentage at 3.10%. Utah sees approximately 47,400 jobs increase in a year and Nevada sees 43,400. Both states saw a job growth rate more than double the national rate of 1.5%, and Utah boasts a lower unemployment rate of 2.8% (Nevada’s is currently 4.1%).

While many states experience significant job growth, there are some states with much lower rates or some that didn’t grow at all. The states with the lowest job growth rates are:

  1. Louisiana (-0.10%)
  2. Minnesota (0.00%)
  3. Maryland (0.10%)
  4. Connecticut (0.20%)
  5. North Dakota (0.20%)
  6. Michigan (0.40%)
  7. Delaware (0.50%)
  8. Nebraska (0.50%)
  9. Ohio (0.50%)
  10. Pennsylvania (0.50%)
  11. Wisconsin (0.50%)

As seen in the data, Louisiana had a negative job growth rate of -0.10%, a loss of approximately 1,000 jobs. Minnesota had a nearly 0.00% job growth rate, adding only 800 jobs over 12 months. Luckily, both states unemployment rates’ are not particularly high, with Louisiana’s at 4.4% and Minnesota’s at 3.4%, which is just below the national unemployment rate.

Certain states see more job growth than others, and the same applies to industries. The highest employment change is seen in the Education and health services industries, followed by professional and business services, hospitality, and government. Some sectors have also seen a decrease in jobs, such as retail trade, manufacturing, and utilities.

Below is a table of each state’s job growth.

State Jobs Increase % in a Year Jobs Increase in a Year Number of Jobs in 2018 Number of Jobs in 2019 2019 Pop.
Louisiana-0.10%-1,0001,981,9001,980,9004,652,581
Minnesota0.00%8002,961,6002,962,4005,655,925
Maryland0.10%2,4002,745,8002,748,2006,062,917
Connecticut0.20%3,2001,689,5001,692,7003,567,871
North Dakota0.20%800435,200436,000760,900
Michigan0.40%17,6004,422,5004,440,10010,020,472
Delaware0.50%2,500461,200463,700975,033
Nebraska0.50%5,1001,025,5001,030,599.9,999,999,9991,940,919
Ohio0.50%25,2005,567,8005,593,00011,718,568
Pennsylvania0.50%30,3006,008,5006,038,80012,813,969
Wisconsin0.50%13,6002,970,8002,984,4005,832,661
Iowa0.60%10,2001,584,7001,594,9003,167,997
Virginia0.60%23,0004,007,7004,030,7008,571,946
Hawaii0.70%4,300655,100659,4001,416,589
Indiana0.70%21,8003,148,8003,170,6006,718,616
Maine0.90%5,500628,000633,5001,342,097
Oklahoma0.90%14,5001,689,5001,704,0003,948,950
Vermont0.90%2,800316,200319,000627,180
Arkansas1.00%12,1001,262,3001,274,4003,026,412
Illinois1.00%62,7006,123,3006,186,00012,700,381
Kansas1.00%14,2001,416,2001,430,4002,910,931
Massachusetts1.00%37,3003,641,6003,678,9006,939,373
New York1.00%95,5009,684,6009,780,10019,491,339
West Virginia1.00%7,200728,900736,1001,791,951
District of Columbia1.20%9,700792,300802,000711,571
Missouri1.20%34,7002,892,9002,927,6006,147,861
New Jersey1.20%48,3004,153,7004,202,0008,922,547
Alaska1.40%4,600327,300331,900735,720
Rhode Island1.40%7,100496,800503,9001,056,738
Kentucky1.50%28,1001,931,7001,959,8004,484,047
Montana1.50%7,000478,200485,2001,074,532
New Hampshire1.50%10,200680,800691,0001,363,852
South Carolina1.50%33,2002,146,1002,179,3005,147,111
Georgia1.60%74,3004,542,7004,617,00010,627,767
Mississippi1.60%19,0001,152,7001,171,7002,987,895
North Carolina1.70%75,7004,496,5004,572,20010,497,741
Wyoming1.70%4,800285,400290,200572,381
California1.80%311,80017,176,80017,488,60039,747,267
Tennessee1.80%55,1003,060,5003,115,6006,833,793
Colorado1.90%52,7002,734,3002,787,0005,770,545
Oregon1.90%36,4001,907,8001,944,2004,245,901
Alabama2.00%40,3002,044,8002,085,1004,898,246
South Dakota2.10%9,300438,600447,900892,631
New Mexico2.40%19,800841,700861,5002,096,034
Arizona2.50%72,2002,859,7002,931,9007,275,070
Florida2.60%227,2008,784,8009,012,00021,646,155
Texas2.60%323,30012,522,60012,845,90029,087,070
Idaho2.80%20,600740,000760,6001,790,182
Washington3.00%102,4003,407,2003,509,6007,666,343
Nevada3.10%43,4001,385,5001,428,9003,087,025
Utah3.10%47,4001,519,2001,566,6003,221,610