Kansas Population 2018


Situated in an almost central location in the United States, Kansas is the 15th largest state in the country with regards to pure surface area, but in terms of population, sparsely spread numbers mean that it is only the 33rd most populous US state. As of 2018, the estimated population of Kansas is 2.92 million.

Although the last official Census was carried out in 2010, estimates are released every year and in 2015, it was estimated that the population of Kansas had reached 2,911,641. Kansas currently has a growth rate of 0.57% annually, which ranks 31st among all 50 states.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the survey revealed that there were 2,853,118 people living in Kansas, and that represented a rise of 6.1% on the 2000 figure of 2,688,418.

The population density statistics make for interesting reading. From an overall surface area of 82,277 square miles (213,096 square kilometres), there is an average of 34.9 people per square mile. That makes Kansas the 40th most densely populated state in the US -- so, overall, the state consists of lots of wide open country. The center of population is in Chase County, three miles north of Strong City, although the most populous city is Wichita, with a population of over 389,000, followed by Overland Park (186,515), Kansas City (151,306) and Topeka (127,265).

The rural population of Kansas continues to decline in a process known as rural flight. The past few decades have been marked by a migration from the countryside into the cities. Kansas now has more than 6,000 ghost towns and dwindling communities, while communities in Johnson County (home to metropolitan Kansas City) are some of the fastest-growing in the United States.

Kansas Demographics

In terms of age, the Kansas population is very in line with the United States as a whole. The population under the age of 18 is estimated at around 25%, while the percentage of persons 65 years and over is currently 14.6%. This means that, like much of the country, Kansas will be dealing with an aging population in the coming years.

Kansas Population History

Most of present-day Kansas was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, forming part of Louisiana and then Missouri Territory. Kansas Territory was organized in 1854, and included part of present-day Colorado. Kansas was admitted as a State on January 29, 1861 with essentially its present boundaries. Census coverage of Kansas began in 1860 and included the whole State by 1880. The 1860 census reported Kansas and Colorado Territory in terms of their 1861 boundaries.

Kansas Population Chart

Kansas Population History

Early population records are openly available from 1860 when it was confirmed that 107,206 people resided in the state. It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas population of 239.9% to 364,399.

Further significant growth throughout the rest of the 19th century took those figures to just under 1.5 million, and while steady increases have generally been recorded ever since, they have slowed down from Kansas' early growth spurt.

Kansas Growth

For most of the 20th century, Kansas has enjoyed healthy population growth even if the percentage rises haven’t been as high as some areas in the country. In 2007, natural growth figures were released and they showed that in the seven years from the previous Census of 2000, there had been an increase of 93,899 people. This figure was calculated by taking a total of 246,484 births minus 152,585 deaths and a fall due to net migration of 20,742 people.

Kansas Population Projections

Estimates show that the Kansas population in 2016 has exceeded 2.9 million. The total population in the state has grown by 6% during the last decade, with most of this increase occurring in Johnson County and counties around Wichita, Kansas State University and Fort Riley.

According to some sociologists, though, this growth is not necessarily a good thing as Kansas will continue to see an increase in its aging population and greater loss in rural areas. Unlike many fast-growing states with a lot of uncertainty, Kansas' population trends are generally stable and easy to predict. While the population of Kansas will continue to rise, it is still not keeping pace with the United States as a whole, or many other states in the country.

Based on growth over the last decade, it's projected that the Kansas population will surpass 3 million by 2025.

Population Data via US Census

Kansas Growth Rate

Kansas Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Kansas Facts

Kansas Population in 2018Source: No machine-readable author provided. Infilms assumed (based on copyright claims).

  • Kansas was named after the Kansa Indian tribe, who settled the land approximately 12,000 years ago.
  • Dodge City is the windiest city in the US, with average wind speeds of 14 miles-per-hour. This is ironic since Chicago -- known as The Windy City -- has average wind speeds of just 10 miles-per-hour.
  • There are over 600 incorporated towns located in Kansas.
  • The geographical center of the contiguous states is located in Smith County.
  • Kansas gained its nickname "Bleeding Kansas" following fights between residents over whether or not to abolish slavery.
  • Kansas is the country's leader in wheat production.

Kansas Population Density by County

Johnson County

  • Population584,716
  • Density1235.01 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20107.15%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State20.11%

Kansas Population Growth Rate by County

Based on data from the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau, the counties in the state of Kansas have experienced both increases and decreases in population. While the majority of the counties have shown population declines during the 5-year period, there are some areas that have shown growth. The most significant growth was recorded in Pottawatomie County, with 7.29% growth. Growth also was reported in Greeley County along the western border of the state, showing 5.72% growth. Other counties that posted larger percentages of growth during this time period include Johnson, Douglas, and Riley Counties.

As far as decreases in population, Elk County's 9.33% decline was the highest in the state. Hamilton County's 8.54% was also at the top of the list, followed by other counties primarily located along the western border and in the southeast, including Morton, Wilson, Woodson, and Montgomery.

Kansas Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20kKansas Male Population0k5k10k15k20kKansas Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Kansas to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American166,551
Two or More Races103,366
Some Other Race74,123
American Indian and Alaska Native21,620
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,922

At the birth of Kansas, the state was home to one of the most wide and diverse set of Native American tribes. In fact, the name Kansas derives from the Kansa tribe who originally lived in the area. Their numbers have heavily declined, though, and today nearly 87% of Kansas residents classify themselves as white, while the American Indian and Alaskan Native populations were recorded at just 1.2%.

11.6% of the total population of Kansas is of Hispanic or Latino origin of any race. People of Mexican descent live primarily in southwest Kansas and account for up to half of the population in some counties. Many of the African Americans in the state are descended from Exodusters, who were newly freed blacks who left the South for Kansas after the Civil War.

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Kansas

Language Population Percentage

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Kansas. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Kansas Economy

High school graduate or higher 90%
Bachelor's degree or higher 30.7%
With a Disability 8.5%
Persons Without Health Insurance 11.8%
In Civilian Labor Force 66.6%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 62.1%
Food Services Sales $4,873,411
Health Care Revenue $18,248,370,000
Manufacturers Shipments $86,076,260,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $60,226,324,000
Total Retail Sales $38,276,461,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $13,263
Mean Travel Time to Work 19.1 minutes
Median Household Income $51,872
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $27,367
Persons in Poverty 13.6%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Kansas for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.9% and the labor force participation rate is 67%.

Kansas Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 193,919
All firms 239,118
Men-owned Firms 125,169
Women-owned Firms 77,194
Minority-owned Firms 26,127
Nonminority-owned Firms 204,562
Veternan-owned Firms 21,610
Nonveteran-owned Firms 203,401

Kansas Housing

Housing Units 1,233,215
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 67.1%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $129,400
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,294
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $452
Median Gross Rent $748
Building Permits 8,644
Households 1,112,335
Persons per Household 2.52 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 83.4%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 11.1%
Data Sources
  1. Kansas State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)