Louisiana Population 2017


Situated in the deep south of the United States, Louisiana is known chiefly for the history and culture of its largest city, New Orleans. In fact, its capital city is Baton Rouge, even if its larger neighbor has dominated the headlines ever since the state came into existence. Louisiana has shown steady growth over the years, and as of 2016, the state's population is estimated to be 4,670,724.

There is a wide and diverse mix of people that make up the Louisiana population, which grew to 4,670,724 in 2016. This reflects a modest rise over the previous year. Louisiana currently has a population growth rate of 0.75% annually, which ranks 27th in the country.

The last official census in the United States took place in 2010 and at the time, it was revealed that 4,533,372 people lived in Louisiana, which represented a modest growth of 1.4% on the figures from 2000. Sadly, the effects of Hurricane Katrina played something of a part in restricting the population and as a result of the disaster, some 1,500 people lost their lives.

In 2012, an estimate put the population of Louisiana at 4,601,893, a further increase from the 2010 Census, which has since increased to over 4.6 million. In terms of population, Louisiana is the 25th largest state within the US.

Population Density

With a surface area of 51,839 square miles, Louisiana is the 31st largest state in terms of pure land mass. In regards to population density, the figures are fairly modest. For every square mile of land, there is an average of around 105 people (40.5 per square kilometer).

Despite the low population density, there are several "hotspot" areas of population, mostly grouped around major cities. New Orleans is the largest city in the state, and its metropolitan area has an estimated population of 1.285 million in 2016 with a population density of 1,965 people per square mile in the city proper.

Overall, these statistics combine to make Louisiana the 24th most densely populated state in the entire USA.

Louisiana Population Chart

Louisiana’s Population Evolution

At the nationwide census of 1810, the population of Louisiana was recorded at 76,556. This was, however, a time of substantial growth across the United States, and just ten years later, those numbers had grown by a fraction over 100% to 153,407.

This represented the biggest population increase on a census by census basis, but further healthy growth continued throughout the 1800s, and by the time the century drew to a close, numbers had risen to 1,381,625.

Many Louisiana urban environments continue to have a multilingual and multicultural heritage, which is greatly influenced by the African, Native American, Spanish and French cultures so strongly represented in the state during the 18th century. Louisiana had both Spanish and French colonies prior to the American purchase of the area, and African slaves were imported into the region during the 18th century. English was not made the only official language of the state until 1915.

The growth pattern has been one of increases ever since its inception, and in the present day, the Louisiana population of 2016 now consists of more than 4.6 million people.

Louisiana Population Projections

The recent increases in population have been somewhat inconsistent. Therefore, it’s a little difficult to predict how the numbers in the state will develop.

In 2012, Census figures showed that New Orleans reached 81% of its pre-Katrina population, and there are still no official figures on how low the population of Louisiana's largest city fell after the storm. In 2013, it was reported that New Orleans grew 28.2% between 2007 and 2012. This rebound also caused New Orleans to be named as the fastest growing metropolitan area in the country.

Natural growth is healthy in Louisiana, and at the 2020 Census there should be a further rise in the overall population. With current growth trends, it's estimated that the population of Louisiana will grow to 4.7 million by 2025 and surpass 5 million by 2030.

Population Data via US Census

Louisiana Growth Rate

Louisiana State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 4,779,394 0.46%
2019 4,757,660 0.46%
2018 4,735,926 0.46%
2017 4,714,192 0.46%
2016 4,692,458 0.47%
2015 4,670,724 0.47%
2014 4,648,990 0.46%
2013 4,627,491 0.52%
2012 4,603,676 0.62%
2011 4,575,381 0.93%
2010 4,533,372 0.14%
2000 4,468,976 0.57%
1990 4,219,973 0.03%
1980 4,205,900 1.45%
1970 3,641,306 1.12%
1960 3,257,022 1.96%
1950 2,683,516 1.28%
1940 2,363,880 1.18%
1930 2,101,593 1.57%
1920 1,798,509 0.83%
1910 1,656,388 1.83%
1900 1,381,625 2.13%
1890 1,118,587 1.76%
1880 939,946 2.60%
1870 726,915 0.26%
1860 708,002 3.18%
1850 517,762 3.92%
1840 352,411 5.03%
1830 215,739 3.47%
1820 153,407 7.20%
1810 76,556 0.00%

Louisiana Facts

Louisiana Population in 2017 Source: UrbanPlanet BR (talk) Original uploader was UrbanPlanet BR at en.wikipedia

  • Louisiana is the only state that doesn't have counties. Its political subdivisions are known as parishes.
  • It is the only state with a large population of Cajuns, who came to the US in the 1700s after fleeing Canada.
  • In fact, Kaplan, Lousiana, is nicknamed, "The Most Cajun Place on Earth."
  • Jean Lafitte was once the location of a hideout for pirates.
  • Hurricane Katrina was the most expensive natural disaster in the US, causing a total of over $81 billion in damages.
  • The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory in 1803 at a cost of $15 million.

Louisiana Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Louisiana Population Growth Rate by County

The state of Louisiana has, over the last five years, seen population increases and declines across its many counties, also known in this state as parishes. When comparing data from the 2010 Census and estimats taken in 2015, there are four Louisiana counties that have exhibited significant population growth. At the top of the list is St. Bernard Parish, which was tracked to have a population growth of 23.35%. Its neighbor, Orleans Parish, showed population growth of 11.99%. Further to the west, Ascension and Acadia both demonstrated high rates of growth. Other counties that posted smaller rates of growth include West Baton Rouge, St. Tammany, and Livingston.

While some counties saw growth, others saw declines in population during the same 5-year period, with the majority of losses mostly being recorded along the northern border of the state. This includes Claiborne, Morehouse, and East Carroll Parishes that each saw over 5% loss in population. Located to the southeast of these counties, Tensas saw the highest loss, with a 9.26% population decline.

Population Pyramid

To compare Louisiana to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

The percentage of African Americans and blacks in the state is the second-highest in the nation, only trailing behind Mississippi. A high percentage of Cajuns and Creoles live in the southern portion of the state. There are also a significant number of Hispanics in the state, including the third largest Honduran American community located in metro New Orleans.

Louisiana's population still greatly reflects the state's history, and 3.5% of the population speaks Spanish at home while 3.4% speak French, including Louisiana Creole and Cajun. A total of 8.6% of the state's residents speak a language other than English at home.

There is a very high concentration of black Americans living in Louisiana, accounting for over 32% of the total population. The most common ancestry groups include African American (30.4%), French (16.8%), American (9.5%), German (8.3%), Irish (7.5%), English (6.6%) and Italian (4.8%). It's estimated that nearly half of the population in Louisiana below the age of 1 is a minority.

Languages Spoken in Louisiana

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 4,255,893 100
English 3,953,428 92.89
Spanish 150,415 3.53
French 101,330 2.38
Cajun 18,470 0.43
Chinese 8,240 0.19
German 5,395 0.13
Portuguese 3,115 0.07
Telugu 1,200 0.03
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 1,195 0.03

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Louisiana. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Louisiana Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 83
BachelorsDegree 22
Disabled 11
NoHealthInsurance 17
LaborForceTotal 61
LaborForceFemale 56
FoodServiceSales 11,697,949
HealthCareRevenue 27,951,792
ManufacturerShipments 271,191,050
MerchantWholesalesSales 68,012,838
RetailSales 61,396,364
RetailSalesPerCapita 13,342
MeanWorkTravelTime 25
MedianHouseholdIncome 44,991
PerCapitaIncome 24,775
PovertyPercentage 20

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Louisiana for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.9% and the labor force participation rate is 60.8%.

Louisiana Business

NonemployerEstablishments 357,815
AllFirms 414,291
MenOwnedFirms 215,111
WomenOwnedFirms 151,114
MinorityOwnedFirms 126,100
NonminorityOwnedFirms 277,676
VeteranOwnedFirms 42,211
NonveteranOwn 354,460

Louisiana Housing

HousingUnits 2,024,645
HousingUnits 1,964,981
OwnerOccupiedRate 66
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 140,400
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,207
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 321
MedianGrossRent 786
BuildingPermits 13,830
Households 1,718,876
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 86
NonEnglishAtHome 9
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts