Maryland Population 2018

6,079,602

Situated on the eastern tip of the USA, Maryland is one of the smallest states in the country. However, what it lacks in size it more than makes up for in population numbers and density. Overall, this is one of the busiest and most bustling areas in the union. As of 2018, Maryland has an estimated population of 6.08 million.

The last set of confirmed population figures occurred during the 2010 Census, showing there were 5,773,552 people living in Maryland -- a rise of 9% from the figures declared in 2000. Further estimates continue to suggest that the population of Maryland in 2016 is 6,006,401. Maryland also has a healthy population growth rate of 0.96%, which ranks 20th in the country.

With a surface area of just 12,407 square miles, (32,133 square kilometers), Maryland is only the 42nd largest state in the USA in terms of land mass. It is, however, one of the most populous and most densely populated states in the whole country. A 2016 estimate of the population places just over 6 million people in the state, which makes it the 19th most populous state in the country.

Looking at those numbers, it isn’t hard to establish that this must be a very densely populated area indeed. In fact, there are about 594 people per square mile in Maryland. This population density makes Maryland the 5th most densely populated state in the USA.

Montgomery County is the most populated county in the state with 1.04 million residents, while Kent County was the least populated with just 19,787 residents, according to the 2015 Census estimates. Southern Maryland has grown faster than the rest of the region with a 21% increase between 2000 and 2010, compared to just 9% for the state as a whole. Most of the state's population lives in the central area of the state in the Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas, while the Eastern Shore remains rural.

Maryland Population History

Maryland was one of the 13 original States. It helped form the District of Columbia in 1791; its boundaries have been substantially unchanged since then, although the Maryland-West Virginia boundary was in dispute as late as 1910.

Census coverage has included the entire State from 1790 on. The 1790 population includes the present area of the District of Columbia, separated from Maryland in 1791. The 1840 results for Montgomery County are from a re-enumeration of the population as of 1840, conducted in 1841.

Maryland Population Chart

The Growth of Population in Maryland

As early settlers began to arrive in the New World, the eastern states began to be colonized first, and Maryland was no exception. In the first set of recorded figures available, it was shown that in 1790, 319,728 people were already living in the state. By comparison, many states on the western edge of the US recorded population numbers that barley breached four figures.

From this point, the population of Maryland grew by healthy and steady percentages on a census by census basis. By the time that the 1800s faded away, the 1900 census recorded that the population had comfortably exceeded 1 million, with a final, confirmed figure of 1,188,044.

Unlike other states, however, that growth failed to ever settle down and continued to show significant rises, taking us to the present day where in 2016, Maryland's population has surpassed 6 million.

Natural Growth

Figures relating to natural growth tell the story of Maryland’s ever-expanding population, and in 2006, statistics were released that showed a net gain of 319,221 people since the Census of 2000. This included 464,251 births in the six year period, 275,093 deaths and a net migration of 116,713.

Based on these growth levels, the state predicts its population will reach 6.3 million by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Maryland Growth Rate

Maryland Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20206,134,4520.45%
20196,107,0270.45%
20186,079,6020.45%
20176,052,1770.46%
20166,024,752Infinity%
20165,959,902-0.68%
20156,000,5610.51%
20145,970,2450.63%
20135,932,6540.70%
20125,891,6800.83%
20115,843,1150.95%
20105,788,0990.89%
20005,296,4861.03%
19904,781,4681.26%
19804,216,9750.73%
19703,922,3992.38%
19603,100,6892.84%
19502,343,0012.55%
19401,821,2441.11%
19301,631,5261.19%
19201,449,6611.13%
19101,295,3460.87%
19001,188,0441.32%
18901,042,3901.09%
1880934,9431.82%
1870780,8941.29%
1860687,0491.66%
1850583,0342.18%
1840470,0190.50%
1830447,0400.93%
1820407,3500.68%
1810380,5461.09%
1800341,5480.66%
1790319,7282.68%
1780245,4741.94%
1770202,5992.24%
1760162,2671.41%
1750141,0731.97%
1740116,0932.45%
173091,1133.26%
172066,1334.46%
171042,7413.74%
170029,6042.11%
169024,0242.98%
168017,9043.07%
167013,2264.61%
16608,4266.46%
16504,50422.69%
16405830.00%

Maryland Facts

Maryland Population in 2018Source: By Flickr user: Joe Calhoun https://www.flickr.com/people/jcalhoun/ [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Eighty-two percent of Marylanders work at service jobs.
  • Maryland is the home to King Williams School, the first school in the country. It opened its doors in 1696.
  • Since colonial times, the Chesapeake Bay has been used to boost the state's economy. The amount of seafood caught in the Bay is worth about $50 million per year.
  • Workman's compensation laws -- the first in the country -- were enacted in Maryland in 1902.
  • The first railroad, dental school and umbrella factory were all located in Maryland.
  • Maryland has 23 counties. Sixteen of these counties border tidal water.
  • Maryland gave up a portion of its land to form what is now Washington, D.C.

Maryland Population Density by County

Montgomery County

  • Population1,058,810
  • Density2148.07 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20108.47%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State17.49%

Maryland Population Growth Rate by County

When looking at data from the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates taken by the Census Bureau, the counties of Maryland overall saw growth in population. Howard County saw the largest amount of growth at a rate of 8.59%. The remainder of the counties that exhibited the largest amount of growth are located along the southern border of the state. This includes Prince George's County, St. Mary's County, Charles County, and Montgomery County. Other counties that reflected positive population growth include Baltimore and Frederick, amongst others. While the majority of Maryland's counties saw growth, there were a few that posted population declines between 2010 and 2015. The most significant decline was seen in Allegany County along the northern border, decreasing by 3.33%. Somsert County also posted a loss of 2.69%, the 2nd highest in the state. Other counties saw smaller losses, and include Talbot, Caroline, and Kent.

Population by Race

Race Population
White3,408,240
Black or African American1,765,926
Asian362,259
Some Other Race218,586
Two or More Races186,153
American Indian and Alaska Native15,946
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,792

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Maryland Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Maryland Median Age

38.3


Total

36.7


Male

39.8


Female

Maryland Adults

There are 4,612,964 adults, (822,466 of which are seniors) in Maryland.

Maryland Age Dependency

57.2

Age Dependency Ratio

21.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Maryland Sex Ratio

Female

3,073,168

51.56%

Male

2,886,734

48.44%

Maryland Households and Families

Maryland Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Maryland Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.9%18.1%
All66.5%33.5%
Male57%43%
Non Family52.9%47.1%
Female49.8%50.2%

66.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Maryland Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,177,4922.6766.5
Married1,037,9013.3281.9
Non Family721,5301.2952.9
Female311,4873.4549.8
Male106,5743.557

3.26

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Maryland Households

Maryland Education

Maryland Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade166,5414.11%
9th to 12th Grade254,2156.27%
High School Graduate1,030,30525.42%
Some College784,96819.37%
Associates Degree259,8996.41%
Bachelors Degree838,73220.70%
Graduate Degree717,97917.72%

Maryland Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,271,7362,114,061983,651
Black1,152,7901,028,995320,427
Hispanic309,853198,25466,230
Asian254,458230,419160,050
Other Race125,82667,73116,631
Multiple Races74,01266,88129,294
Native American11,0738,6892,258
Islander1,8251,638601

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.06%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 62.90%.

Maryland Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$47,351$53,290$41,420
Less Than High School$25,215$29,018$19,257
High School Grad$33,646$39,606$28,453
Some College$41,783$50,509$36,351
Bachelors Degree$60,806$71,939$51,789
Graduate Degree$81,798$100,245$69,116

$47,351

Average Earnings

$53,290

Average Male

$41,420

Average Female

Maryland Language

Maryland Language by Age

Maryland Language

82.40% of Maryland residents speak only English, while 17.60% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.45% of the population.

Maryland Poverty

Maryland Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black1,712,396251,13914.67%
White3,061,134205,1656.70%
Hispanic540,28575,66414.00%
Other215,02231,96614.87%
Asian356,75028,1597.89%
Multiple181,38421,75511.99%
Native15,4412,05713.32%
Islander2,52129311.62%

9.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.80%

Male Poverty Rate

10.94%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Maryland

The race most likely to be in poverty in Maryland is Other, with 14.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Maryland is White, with 6.70% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.49%. Among those working part-time, it was 12.67%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.39%.

Maryland Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School20.59%
High School10.95%
Some College7.55%
Bachelors or Greater3.11%

Maryland Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed28.75%
Male Unemployed22.04%
Female Employed4.99%
Male Employed3.40%

Maryland Income

Maryland Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$76,067$100,071
Families$92,049$116,461
Married Families$111,275$137,018
Non Families$46,978$62,164

Maryland Marital Status

Maryland Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.6%

Male Marriage Rate

44.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Maryland Married by Age and Sex

Maryland Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Maryland Marital Status by Race

Maryland Veterans

Maryland Veterans by War

392,771

Number of Veterans

346,902

Male Veterans

45,869

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam122,692
First Gulf War95,880
Second Gulf War80,273
Korea32,731
World War II21,036

Maryland Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54113,641
65 to 7485,631
75+79,244
55 to 6477,492
18 to 3436,763

Maryland Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White256,8099.49%
Black116,4848.73%
Hispanic13,7873.76%
2 or More7,9408.44%
Asian6,8472.40%
Other3,1282.10%
Indian1,1699.21%
Hawaiian39417.68%

Maryland Veterans by Education

4.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.90%

Veteran Disability Rate

Maryland Employment Status

Maryland Employment by Age

68.2%

Labor Force Participation

63.1%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

Maryland Employment by Race

Maryland Employment by Education

Maryland Nativity

Maryland Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Maryland State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)