Maryland Population 2017

6,068,511

Situated on the eastern tip of the USA, Maryland is one of the smallest states in the country. However, what it lacks in size it more than makes up for in population numbers and density. Overall, this is one of the busiest and most bustling areas in the union. As of 2016, Maryland has an estimated population that just exceeds 6 million.

The last set of confirmed population figures occurred during the 2010 Census, showing there were 5,773,552 people living in Maryland -- a rise of 9% from the figures declared in 2000. Further estimates continue to suggest that the population of Maryland in 2016 is 6,006,401. Maryland also has a healthy population growth rate of 0.96%, which ranks 20th in the country.

With a surface area of just 12,407 square miles, (32,133 square kilometers), Maryland is only the 42nd largest state in the USA in terms of land mass. It is, however, one of the most populous and most densely populated states in the whole country. A 2016 estimate of the population places just over 6 million people in the state, which makes it the 19th most populous state in the country.

Looking at those numbers, it isn’t hard to establish that this must be a very densely populated area indeed. In fact, there are about 594 people per square mile in Maryland. This population density makes Maryland the 5th most densely populated state in the USA.

Montgomery County is the most populated county in the state with 1.04 million residents, while Kent County was the least populated with just 19,787 residents, according to the 2015 Census estimates. Southern Maryland has grown faster than the rest of the region with a 21% increase between 2000 and 2010, compared to just 9% for the state as a whole. Most of the state's population lives in the central area of the state in the Washington and Baltimore metropolitan areas, while the Eastern Shore remains rural.

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Maryland Population Chart

The Growth of Population in Maryland

As early settlers began to arrive in the New World, the eastern states began to be colonized first, and Maryland was no exception. In the first set of recorded figures available, it was shown that in 1790, 319,728 people were already living in the state. By comparison, many states on the western edge of the US recorded population numbers that barley breached four figures.

From this point, the population of Maryland grew by healthy and steady percentages on a census by census basis. By the time that the 1800s faded away, the 1900 census recorded that the population had comfortably exceeded 1 million, with a final, confirmed figure of 1,188,044.

Unlike other states, however, that growth failed to ever settle down and continued to show significant rises, taking us to the present day where in 2016, Maryland's population has surpassed 6 million.

Natural Growth

Figures relating to natural growth tell the story of Maryland’s ever-expanding population, and in 2006, statistics were released that showed a net gain of 319,221 people since the Census of 2000. This included 464,251 births in the six year period, 275,093 deaths and a net migration of 116,713.

Based on these growth levels, the state predicts its population will reach 6.3 million by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Maryland Growth Rate

Maryland State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 6,161,676 0.51%
2019 6,130,621 0.51%
2018 6,099,566 0.51%
2017 6,068,511 0.51%
2016 6,037,456 0.52%
2015 6,006,401 0.52%
2014 5,975,346 0.66%
2013 5,936,040 0.77%
2012 5,890,740 0.80%
2011 5,844,171 1.22%
2010 5,773,552 0.87%
2000 5,296,486 1.03%
1990 4,781,468 1.26%
1980 4,216,975 0.73%
1970 3,922,399 2.38%
1960 3,100,689 2.84%
1950 2,343,001 2.55%
1940 1,821,244 1.11%
1930 1,631,526 1.19%
1920 1,449,661 1.13%
1910 1,295,346 0.87%
1900 1,188,044 1.32%
1890 1,042,390 1.09%
1880 934,943 1.82%
1870 780,894 1.29%
1860 687,049 1.66%
1850 583,034 2.18%
1840 470,019 0.50%
1830 447,040 0.93%
1820 407,350 0.68%
1810 380,546 1.09%
1800 341,548 0.66%
1790 319,728 0.00%

Maryland Facts

Maryland Population in 2017 Source: Iracaz (talk)

  • Eighty-two percent of Marylanders work at service jobs.
  • Maryland is the home to King Williams School, the first school in the country. It opened its doors in 1696.
  • Since colonial times, the Chesapeake Bay has been used to boost the state's economy. The amount of seafood caught in the Bay is worth about $50 million per year.
  • Workman's compensation laws -- the first in the country -- were enacted in Maryland in 1902.
  • The first railroad, dental school and umbrella factory were all located in Maryland.
  • Maryland has 23 counties. Sixteen of these counties border tidal water.
  • Maryland gave up a portion of its land to form what is now Washington, D.C.

Maryland Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Maryland Population Growth Rate by County

When looking at data from the 2010 Census and 2015 estimates taken by the Census Bureau, the counties of Maryland overall saw growth in population. Howard County saw the largest amount of growth at a rate of 8.59%. The remainder of the counties that exhibited the largest amount of growth are located along the southern border of the state. This includes Prince George's County, St. Mary's County, Charles County, and Montgomery County. Other counties that reflected positive population growth include Baltimore and Frederick, amongst others. While the majority of Maryland's counties saw growth, there were a few that posted population declines between 2010 and 2015. The most significant decline was seen in Allegany County along the northern border, decreasing by 3.33%. Somsert County also posted a loss of 2.69%, the 2nd highest in the state. Other counties saw smaller losses, and include Talbot, Caroline, and Kent.

Population Pyramid

To compare Maryland to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Maryland is one of the top four states with the smallest population of whites. Maryland's population of blacks is also the 4th highest in the nation, falling only behind Mississippi, Louisiana, and Georgia.

In 2006, it was estimated that 645,000 residents of Maryland were foreign born, mostly from Asia and Latin America. Around 4% of the state's population are undocumented immigrants. Hispanics and Latinos of any race make up about 9.5% of the state's total population. As of 2011, a full 58% of the population under the age of 1 were classified as non-white. With its population of Hispanics, Asians, and Africans, Maryland has the 5th largest proportions of minorities in the United States.

Maryland also has communities of Irish Americans located in the Baltimore area, Western Maryland and the suburbs of Washington D.C. These residents celebrate their culture with festivals and other events.

Languages Spoken in Maryland

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 5,467,945 100
English 4,799,070 87.77
Spanish 378,010 6.91
French 50,635 0.93
Chinese 46,830 0.86
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 33,510 0.61
Amharic 19,855 0.36
German 18,285 0.33
Portuguese 10,960 0.2
Mandarin 9,210 0.17

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Maryland. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Maryland Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 89
BachelorsDegree 37
Disabled 7
NoHealthInsurance 9
LaborForceTotal 68
LaborForceFemale 65
FoodServiceSales 12,516,782
HealthCareRevenue 40,821,901
ManufacturerShipments 39,532,989
MerchantWholesalesSales 60,734,191
RetailSales 76,379,707
RetailSalesPerCapita 12,980
MeanWorkTravelTime 32
MedianHouseholdIncome 74,149
PerCapitaIncome 36,670
PovertyPercentage 10

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Maryland for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 68.4%.

Maryland Business

NonemployerEstablishments 473,516
AllFirms 531,953
MenOwnedFirms 276,630
WomenOwnedFirms 209,119
MinorityOwnedFirms 203,394
NonminorityOwnedFirms 314,902
VeteranOwnedFirms 50,976
NonveteranOwn 462,232

Maryland Housing

HousingUnits 2,434,307
HousingUnits 2,378,814
OwnerOccupiedRate 67
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 287,500
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,999
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 583
MedianGrossRent 1,218
BuildingPermits 17,057
Households 2,155,983
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 87
NonEnglishAtHome 17
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts