Michigan Population 2018

9,991,177

As of 2018, the state of Michigan has an estimated population of 9.99 million.

The last confirmed set of population figures date from the countrywide census of 2010 when it was declared that there were 9,883,640 people living in Michigan. Those figures from 2010 represented a small loss of less than 1% compared to the numbers declared at the 2000 census.

In 2015, it was estimated by the US Census Bureau that the population had risen to 9,922,576. This reflects a less than 1% increase in population since the 2010 Census, which puts Michigan in 45th place in terms of population growth.

Michigan Area and Population Density

Situated in the heart of the Great Lakes, Michigan is one of the largest states in the US both in terms of land mass and population.

With a total land mass of 96,716 square miles, (250,493 square kilometers), Michigan is the eleventh biggest state in the USA by area. The land is fairly densely packed, although not exceptionally so -- for every square mile of Michigan territory, there is an average of 174 people (67.1 per square kilometer). Those figures leave Michigan ranking 18th in terms of population density.

Largest Cities and Counties in Michigan

The largest city in Michigan is the Motor City, Detroit. The 2010 census confirmed that it was home to 713,862 people. This number has decreased to just over 677,000 according to 2015 estimates. If you take a look at the population of Detroit, it’s clear that this is where much of the state’s demographic problems lie. At its peak in 1950, there were 1.85 million people living in the city. In 2016, that number has declined by over one million people. Many of those leaving the city are actually not moving far -- they move out toward the suburbs. But following the city's bankruptcy filing and urban decay, it’s likely that some are packing up completely and moving out of state, which doesn’t help the state’s overall population figures.

Other large cities in Michigan include Grand Rapids (pop: 195,097), Warren (pop: 135,358), Sterling Heights (pop: 132,052), Lansing (pop: 115,056), Ann Arbor (pop: 117,070), and Flint (pop: 98,310).

Larger counties in Michigan include Wayne County (over 1,700,000) and Oakland County (over 1,200,000).

Michigan Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, Religion

The median age of the population in Michigan is 39.5 years of age. The gender ratio is approximately 50.8% female and 49.2% male.

The racial diversity in Michigan can be seen below in our chart, with 78.9% Caucasian, 13.9% African American, 2.8% Asian, 2.7% two or more races, 1.1% other races, .5% Natives of North America.

In term of religious preference across the state, Michigan comes in with 70% preference to Christian based faiths, 5% are affiliated in non-Christian based faiths, and 24% are unaffiliated with any religion.

Michigan Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Michigan was part of the Northwest Territory established in 1787. When Indiana Territory was created in 1800 it included the west half of lower Michigan and nearly all of the Upper Peninsula, leaving the remainder of the present State in the Northwest Territory until 1802, when the eastern portion also became part of Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was established in 1805, but nearly all the Upper Peninsula remained in Indiana or Illinois Territories. In 1818 Michigan Territory's boundaries were extended to include the rest of the Upper Peninsula and all of present-day Wisconsin and northeastern Minnesota. In 1834 the Territory was expanded still further to stretch to the Missouri River, including the rest of Minnesota, Iowa, and the eastern Dakotas. Michigan Territory included a northern strip of Indiana until 1816, and it also governed a narrow strip of what is now northwestern Ohio which was claimed by that State. This was ceded to Ohio in 1836, and Michigan was admitted as a State on January 26, 1837 with essentially its present boundaries.

In 1790 the Northwest Territory had no census coverage. In 1800 coverage of the present State included only the Detroit area (Wayne County, Northwest Territory) and some persons at "Machilamackanack," Indiana Territory. Coverage in 1810, 1820, and 1830 expanded in the Lower Peninsula and included population in the strip that was ceded to Ohio in 1836. The 1820 and 1830 censuses also included some settlements in present-day Wisconsin, shown under that State. The 1840 census covered all parts of the State.

Michigan Population Chart

Michigan Population History

In 1800, the population of Michigan was declared at 3,757 and over the next 25 years, the numbers grew at a slow but steady rate.

In 1825, however, a new route into Michigan was carved out -- courtesy of the Erie Canal -- and this brought an influx of farmers, merchants and other settlers into the state. The development had a clear effect on the population, and in 1830, numbers had swelled to 28,004, which was an increase of over 275% when compared to the 1820 Census figures.

The biggest Michigan population spike was yet to come, however, and just ten years later in 1840, numbers had exploded by 658% to a new high of 212,267. More significant increases were to follow, although none quite as mind-blowing as the growth from the 1830s. By the start of the 20th century, the census of 1900 showed that the population of Michigan had grown to 2,420,982.

Similar rapid growth continued throughout the 20th century (during the pre-war years, growth was regularly at 30% per decade), fueled by the growth of the auto industry in Detroit. By the end of the century, it had started to slow down to the point where, at the last census, the first population decrease in Michigan's history was recorded.

Michigan Population Projections

According to the 2010 US Census, Michigan was the only state in the country to see a population drop over the last decade, which is mostly caused by the sharp decline in the state's auto industry, which has indirectly led to the bankruptcy declaration from the city of Detroit in 2013. The state's labor force has remained heavily dependent on the stagnant US auto industry, and Michigan's declining population runs against regional trends.

Some economists are hopeful that Michigan can push for new tax incentives to encourage new business in the state, but only time will tell how long it takes Michigan to rebound from what has been a bad decade.

The next Census in 2020 is going to be difficult to predict -- it's quite possible that there will be a continued slow decline in population. Alternatively, if the state's government tries to boost immigration and business growth, a change may occur and there could potentially be a slight rise in population. It is estimated that the total Michigan population will grow 7.6% from 2000 to 2030, adding an additional 755,728 people to the population by the 2030 Census.

Population Data via US Census

Michigan Growth Rate

Michigan Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
202010,048,9090.29%
201910,020,0430.29%
20189,991,1770.29%
20179,962,3110.29%
20169,933,4450.15%
20159,918,1700.04%
20149,914,6750.16%
20139,899,2190.13%
20129,886,6100.11%
20119,876,199-0.01%
20109,876,731-0.06%
20009,938,4440.67%
19909,295,2970.04%
19809,262,0780.43%
19708,875,0831.27%
19607,823,1942.07%
19506,371,7661.94%
19405,256,1060.82%
19304,842,3252.82%
19203,668,4122.70%
19102,810,1731.50%
19002,420,9821.46%
18902,093,8892.49%
18801,636,9373.29%
18701,184,0594.68%
1860749,1136.54%
1850397,6546.48%
1840212,26722.45%
183028,00414.15%
18207,4524.58%
18104,7622.40%
18003,7570.00%

Michigan Facts

Michigan Population in 2018Source: By Ritcheypro [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Michigan Population Density by County

Wayne County

  • Population1,753,616
  • Density2865.31 per sq km
  • Growth Since 2010-3.39%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State17.60%

Michigan Population Growth Rate by County

When evaluating Michigan's population by county, the state as a whole saw a balance of increases and decreases in population from 2010 to 2015. The highest increases in population by county were between 5% and 6%. Ottawa County along the state's western border posted the highest population increase at 5.99%. Just east of Ottawa County, Kent County had the 2nd highest rate of growth at 5.54%, while heading north finds the 3rd highest rate of growth during the 5-year period in Grand Traverse county (5.37%). Other counties saw smaller rates of population growth, such as Oakland and Marquette Counties.

The Michigan County that saw the biggest population decline between 2010 and 2015 is Ontonagon County, recording a 10.94% decrease. Gogebic County, just south of Ontonagon, saw a decline of almost 6%, while Montmorency County located more centrally also experienced a decline of 5.28%. The eastern border of Michigan saw mostly declines in population, including reduceds populations recorded in Huron, Wayne, and Alcona Counties.

Population by Race

Race Population
White7,813,199
Black or African American1,374,515
Asian289,082
Two or More Races278,902
Some Other Race115,258
American Indian and Alaska Native51,804
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,808

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Michigan Population Pyramid 2018

100,000200,000300,000400,000 Male Population100,000200,000300,000400,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Michigan Median Age

39.6


Total

38.2


Male

41


Female

Michigan Adults

There are 7,717,047 adults, (1,575,233 of whom are seniors) in Michigan.

Michigan Age Dependency

61.6

Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Michigan Sex Ratio

Female

5,044,989

50.83%

Male

4,880,579

49.17%

Michigan Households and Families

Michigan Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Michigan Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married87.3%12.7%
All71%29%
Male64.2%35.8%
Non Family56.7%43.3%
Female52%48%

71.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Michigan Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,888,6462.4971
Married1,846,2593.1387.3
Non Family1,379,0361.2656.7
Female481,0003.352
Male182,3513.2664.2

3.08

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Michigan Households

Michigan Education

Michigan Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade204,5263.04%
9th to 12th Grade452,1576.73%
High School Graduate1,966,11029.26%
Some College1,588,06823.63%
Associates Degree622,0709.26%
Bachelors Degree1,147,84217.08%
Graduate Degree739,19911.00%

Michigan Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White5,312,5274,888,5771,552,548
Black855,627727,321145,228
Hispanic242,648173,13041,378
Asian186,277166,112118,012
Multiple Races104,81291,12026,289
Other Race62,97839,8248,978
Native American33,76828,8064,801
Islander1,8391,543526

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.02%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 63.35%.

Michigan Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,396$44,406$29,739
Less Than High School$20,396$24,451$14,732
High School Grad$27,926$34,241$21,622
Some College$32,815$41,951$26,775
Bachelors Degree$50,810$63,368$40,841
Graduate Degree$69,110$84,800$58,529

$36,396

Average Earnings

$44,406

Average Male

$29,739

Average Female

Michigan Language

Michigan Language by Age

Michigan Language

90.62% of Michigan residents speak only English, while 9.38% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.92% of the population.

Michigan Poverty

Michigan Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White7,348,791871,82711.86%
Black1,321,029416,31331.51%
Hispanic472,362113,78824.09%
Multiple268,65870,86126.38%
Asian281,62240,22114.28%
Other113,20528,80925.45%
Native49,99611,61123.22%
Islander2,64756421.31%

15.58%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.42%

Male Poverty Rate

16.69%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Michigan

The race most likely to be in poverty in Michigan is Black, with 31.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Michigan is White, with 11.86% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.29%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.12%.

Michigan Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School28.91%
High School14.78%
Some College11.00%
Bachelors or Greater4.47%

Michigan Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.76%
Male Unemployed34.98%
Female Employed9.28%
Male Employed6.36%

Michigan Income

Michigan Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,668$72,091
Families$66,653$86,137
Married Families$80,246$100,588
Non Families$31,333$43,847

Michigan Marital Status

Michigan Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.5%

Male Marriage Rate

46.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Michigan Married by Age and Sex

Michigan Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Michigan Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Michigan Veterans

Michigan Veterans by War

581,527

Number of Veterans

543,231

Male Veterans

38,296

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam220,939
First Gulf War86,435
Second Gulf War62,086
Korea58,415
World War II33,588

Michigan Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 74167,552
75+143,658
35 to 54126,824
55 to 64107,764
18 to 3435,729

Michigan Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White505,4628.15%
Black59,9725.87%
Hispanic11,8583.88%
2 or More7,9865.54%
Indian3,4938.92%
Asian2,2681.01%
Other2,1832.82%
Hawaiian1637.31%

Michigan Veterans by Education

7.60%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.80%

Veteran Disability Rate

Michigan Employment Status

Michigan Employment by Age

61.2%

Labor Force Participation

56.7%

Employment Rate

7.4%

Unemployment Rate

Michigan Employment by Race

Michigan Employment by Education

Michigan Nativity

Michigan Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Michigan Census Research Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)