Minnesota Population 2018

5,628,162

Situated in the north midwest area of the US, Minnesota is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of pure surface area. In terms of population, it ranks 21st, with an estimated population of 5.63 million in 2018.

The population of Minnesota in 2018 can only be estimated at present as the last set of confirmed figures were derived from the nationwide Census in 2010. At the time, it was confirmed that there were 5,303,925 people living in the state, and a year later in 2011, an estimate suggested that those numbers had risen to 5,344,861. A similar level of growth would therefore takes the population of Minnesota in 2018 to 5.63 million. The state currently has a population growth rate of 0.71%, which ranks 29th in the country. With these new numbers, Minnesota is now the 21st most populous state in the US.

The overall geography of Minnesota lends itself to a relatively sparse population. The state is mountainous, and parts of the Great Lakes cross into Minnesotan territory. This vast rural landscape means that the state is only the 31st most densely populated in the entire country.The total surface area in Minnesota equates to 86,939 square miles or 225,181 square kilometers, and for every square mile of territory, there is an average of 66.6 people.

There are three cities in Minnesota with a population of more than 100,000. Minneapolis is by far the largest, home to 410,939 people. Following behind are Saint Paul (300,851) and Rochester (112,225). About 60% of Minnesota's population lives in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, while 40% are spread throughout the remainder of the state. This is the result of a migration of the jobs from farming, mining and logging into professional, service and office jobs which are concentrated in the cities.

Minnesota Population History

Northeastern Minnesota, east of the Mississippi River and a line drawn northward from its source to Canada, was part of the Northwest Territory (1787) and later of Indiana Territory (1800), Illinois Territory (1809), Michigan Territory (1818), and Wisconsin Territory (1838). Most of the rest of the State was part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, and included in Louisiana Territory (1805), renamed Missouri Territory in 1812. Both these parts of the present State were included in Michigan Territory from 1834 to 1836, and then in Wisconsin Territory until 1838. The portion west of the Mississippi then became part of Iowa Territory, until Minnesota Territory was established in 1849, including the whole present-day State and the Dakotas generally east of the Missouri River. Minnesota was admitted as a State on May 11, 1858 with essentially its present boundaries.

There was only limited census coverage of the present area of the State prior to 1850. In 1830 a few persons near Lake Superior may have been enumerated in Chippewa County, Michigan Territory; in 1840 some persons in northeastern Minnesota were enumerated in St. Croix County, Wisconsin Territory, and two settlements on the Mississippi River were enumerated as part of Clayton County, Iowa Territory. In 1850 coverage of Minnesota Territory did not extend beyond the present State except for a few settlers near the Red River in what is now North Dakota. In 1860 the census covered virtually the whole State.

Minnesota Population Chart

Minnesota Population History

Minnesota was the 32nd US state to be incorporated into the union on May 11, 1858, and that heralded an explosion in population figures.

By the time of the 1860 Census, it was confirmed that Minnesota had 172,023 residents, and just ten years later, that figure had risen by over 150% to 439,706. Although this was the biggest population increase in Minnesota’s history, further significant rises meant that by the start of the 20th century, the population within the state had grown to over 1.75 million.

Those increases slowed down further through the 20th century, but the overall picture remains one of sustained growth and as a result, the population of Minnesota in 2016 is edging toward the 5.5 million figure.

Minnesota Population Growth

Minnesota, like much of the United States, has a relatively older population with a median age of 37.7. According to projections, Minnesota will see a rise in one-person households, while the number of married couple families will decline. While the state is growing steadily, it is not enjoying the rapid growth of many Southern and Western states with a younger population.

The rate of population growth, as well as age and gender distributions, are very close to the national average. Most of the state's counties are projected to lose population between now and the next census, with losses of at least 15% in many southwestern and western parts of the state, while moderate growth is projected for the lakes region in north-central Minnesota. Rural areas will continue to be older than the growing urban areas, and increased diversity is projected with the populations of color and Hispanic origin increasing faster than the white population. Very fast growth is expected for African Americans, Latinos and Asians in particular, stemming from foreign migration.

With healthy natural growth, increases in the Minnesota population over the decades tend to average out at the 8% mark for the last four censuses. As a result, it will be interesting to see how close the population will reach toward 6 million by the time of the next survey in 2020. It's projected that the population of Minnesota will grow 24% from 2005 to 2035, passing the 6 million mark by 2032.

Population Data via US Census

Minnesota Growth Rate

Minnesota Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20205,731,2740.91%
20195,679,7180.92%
20185,628,1620.92%
20175,576,6060.93%
20165,525,050Infinity%
20165,450,868-0.59%
20155,483,2380.56%
20145,452,6490.68%
20135,416,0740.71%
20125,377,6950.59%
20115,345,9670.66%
20105,310,7110.77%
20004,919,4791.18%
19904,375,0990.71%
19804,075,9700.69%
19703,804,9711.09%
19603,413,8641.36%
19502,982,4830.66%
19402,792,3000.86%
19302,563,9530.72%
19202,387,1251.41%
19102,075,7081.71%
19001,751,3942.94%
18901,310,2835.31%
1880780,7735.91%
1870439,7069.84%
1860172,02339.70%
18506,0770.00%

Minnesota Facts

Minnesota Population in 2018Source: By Kablammo [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

  • French explorers and trappers discovered Minnesota, and the land was claimed for France in 1679.
  • Minnesota is home to more golfers per capita than any other state in the US.
  • The Mall of America is located in Bloomington. This shopping center -- which features stores, restaurants and an amusement park -- is a whopping 9.5 million square feet.
  • The state has one recreational boat per every six people, exceeding the number of any other state.
  • Saint Paul was originally called "Pigs Eye" and was named after Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, the first white settler to live within what is now Saint Paul.
  • The first bus line was started back in 1914 in Hibbing. The line originally ran from Hibbing to Alice and cost 15 cents per ride. That bus line went on to become known as Greyhound Lines.

Minnesota Population Density by County

Hennepin County

  • Population1,252,024
  • Density2260.86 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20108.47%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State22.45%

Minnesota Population Growth Rate by County

When looking at data from the 2010 Census compared to Census Bureau estimates from 2015, it shows that the counties of Minnesota have a balance of both growing counties and those that have declined in population over those five years. While no counties saw significant growth over 10%, two did come close -- neighboring Carver County and Scott County recorded population rowth of 8.04% and 8.52%, respectively. Other counties, particularly those located in the northern region of the state, posted smaller growth rates. These counties include St. Louis, Pennington, and Cook to the north, Blue Earth, Dodge, and Fillmore to the south, and Clay County along the western border.

While some counties posted growth between 2010 and 2015, others saw declining populations, mostly situated in the south and along the western border. Yellow Medicine County had the largest decline of 5.28%, followed by Lac qui Parle at 5.36% and Renville at 5.07%. Other declining populations were recorded in such counties as Kittson, Lake of the Woods, Martin, Murray, and Pipestone.

Population by Race

Race Population
White4,597,525
Black or African American310,853
Asian246,819
Two or More Races148,502
Some Other Race88,296
American Indian and Alaska Native56,904
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,969

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Minnesota Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Minnesota Median Age

37.8


Total

36.7


Male

38.8


Female

Minnesota Adults

There are 4,169,914 adults, (779,474 of which are seniors) in Minnesota.

Minnesota Age Dependency

60.8

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Minnesota Sex Ratio

Female

2,740,711

50.28%

Male

2,710,157

49.72%

Minnesota Households and Families

Minnesota Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Minnesota Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married88%12%
All71.4%28.6%
Male64.2%35.8%
Non Family54%46%
Female50.8%49.2%

71.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Minnesota Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,135,3102.4971.4
Married1,087,8643.1188
Non Family754,5501.2954
Female201,7993.2550.8
Male91,0973.2864.2

3.06

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Minnesota Households

Minnesota Education

Minnesota Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade111,9203.06%
9th to 12th Grade158,2014.32%
High School Graduate940,31525.68%
Some College795,79321.73%
Associates Degree401,96810.98%
Bachelors Degree834,29422.78%
Graduate Degree419,64311.46%

Minnesota Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,142,1512,989,5231,117,960
Black167,022135,54533,479
Asian144,286114,83661,864
Hispanic133,65786,09622,342
Multiple Races48,95443,77315,253
Other Race45,59725,7945,837
Native American32,14326,5183,773
Islander1,080952375

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 95.14%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 42.88%.

Minnesota Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,804$47,264$34,315
Less Than High School$22,379$26,507$17,131
High School Grad$31,011$36,606$24,260
Some College$36,939$44,720$30,960
Bachelors Degree$52,072$63,510$43,209
Graduate Degree$68,001$80,922$60,699

$40,804

Average Earnings

$47,264

Average Male

$34,315

Average Female

Minnesota Language

Minnesota Language by Age

Minnesota Language

88.87% of Minnesota residents speak only English, while 11.13% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.82% of the population.

Minnesota Poverty

Minnesota Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White4,340,375337,7727.78%
Black299,218101,86434.04%
Hispanic268,76559,69922.21%
Asian241,70138,97116.12%
Multiple142,99627,67919.36%
Other86,45920,51423.73%
Native53,09316,69731.45%
Islander1,83432917.94%

10.84%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.96%

Male Poverty Rate

11.70%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Minnesota

The race most likely to be in poverty in Minnesota is Black, with 34.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Minnesota is White, with 7.78% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.40%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.32%.

Minnesota Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.15%
High School10.92%
Some College7.76%
Bachelors or Greater3.15%

Minnesota Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.33%
Male Unemployed27.37%
Female Employed6.79%
Male Employed4.98%

Minnesota Income

Minnesota Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$63,217$83,100
Families$79,595$99,626
Married Families$91,007$112,473
Non Families$36,468$49,413

Minnesota Marital Status

Minnesota Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.9%

Male Marriage Rate

51.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Minnesota Married by Age and Sex

Minnesota Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Minnesota Marital Status by Race

Minnesota Veterans

Minnesota Veterans by War

331,516

Number of Veterans

311,234

Male Veterans

20,282

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam125,311
First Gulf War43,431
Second Gulf War37,832
Korea37,787
World War II22,772

Minnesota Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7488,120
75+86,052
35 to 5467,296
55 to 6467,134
18 to 3422,914

Minnesota Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White312,7038.63%
Black8,1123.97%
Hispanic4,6922.82%
2 or More4,2186.21%
Indian3,0827.98%
Asian2,3841.36%
Other9261.65%
Hawaiian916.48%

Minnesota Veterans by Education

5.42%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Minnesota Employment Status

Minnesota Employment by Age

69.9%

Labor Force Participation

66.4%

Employment Rate

4.8%

Unemployment Rate

Minnesota Employment by Race

Minnesota Employment by Education

Minnesota Nativity

Minnesota Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Minnesota State Demographic Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)