Minnesota Population 2016

Situated in the north midwest area of the US, Minnesota is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of pure surface area. In terms of population, it ranks 21st, with an estimated population of 5.4 million in 2016.

The population of Minnesota in 2016 can only be estimated at present as the last set of confirmed figures were derived from the nationwide Census in 2010. At the time, it was confirmed that there were 5,303,925 people living in the state, and a year later in 2011, an estimate suggested that those numbers had risen to 5,344,861. A similar level of growth would therefore takes the population of Minnesota in 2016 to 5,489,594. The state currently has a population growth rate of 0.71%, which ranks 29th in the country. With these new numbers, Minnesota is now the 21st most populous state in the US.

The overall geography of Minnesota lends itself to a relatively sparse population. The state is mountainous, and parts of the Great Lakes cross into Minnesotan territory. This vast rural landscape means that the state is only the 31st most densely populated in the entire country.The total surface area in Minnesota equates to 86,939 square miles or 225,181 square kilometers, and for every square mile of territory, there is an average of 66.6 people.

There are three cities in Minnesota with a population of more than 100,000. Minneapolis is by far the largest, home to 410,939 people. Following behind are Saint Paul (300,851) and Rochester (112,225). About 60% of Minnesota's population lives in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, while 40% are spread throughout the remainder of the state. This is the result of a migration of the jobs from farming, mining and logging into professional, service and office jobs which are concentrated in the cities.

Minnesota Demographics

According to 2015 Census Bureau estimates, the racial composition of Minnesota is 85.4% White (81.0% non-Hispanic), 6.0% African American, 1.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 4.9% Asian, and 2.4% multiracial. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 5.2% of the population.

The principal ancestries of Minnesota residents break down to be:

38.6% German 17.0% Norwegian 11.9% Irish 9.8% Swedish

Minnesota Population History

Minnesota was the 32nd US state to be incorporated into the union on May 11, 1858, and that heralded an explosion in population figures.

By the time of the 1860 Census, it was confirmed that Minnesota had 172,023 residents, and just ten years later, that figure had risen by over 150% to 439,706. Although this was the biggest population increase in Minnesota’s history, further significant rises meant that by the start of the 20th century, the population within the state had grown to over 1.75 million.

Those increases slowed down further through the 20th century, but the overall picture remains one of sustained growth and as a result, the population of Minnesota in 2016 is edging toward the 5.5 million figure.

Minnesota Population Growth

Minnesota, like much of the United States, has a relatively older population with a median age of 37.7. According to projections, Minnesota will see a rise in one-person households, while the number of married couple families will decline. While the state is growing steadily, it is not enjoying the rapid growth of many Southern and Western states with a younger population.

The rate of population growth, as well as age and gender distributions, are very close to the national average. Most of the state's counties are projected to lose population between now and the next census, with losses of at least 15% in many southwestern and western parts of the state, while moderate growth is projected for the lakes region in north-central Minnesota. Rural areas will continue to be older than the growing urban areas, and increased diversity is projected with the populations of color and Hispanic origin increasing faster than the white population. Very fast growth is expected for African Americans, Latinos and Asians in particular, stemming from foreign migration.

With healthy natural growth, increases in the Minnesota population over the decades tend to average out at the 8% mark for the last four censuses. As a result, it will be interesting to see how close the population will reach toward 6 million by the time of the next survey in 2020. It's projected that the population of Minnesota will grow 24% from 2005 to 2035, passing the 6 million mark by 2032.

Minnesota Population in 2016 Source:

Minnesota Facts

  • French explorers and trappers discovered Minnesota, and the land was claimed for France in 1679.
  • Minnesota is home to more golfers per capita than any other state in the US.
  • The Mall of America is located in Bloomington. This shopping center -- which features stores, restaurants and an amusement park -- is a whopping 9.5 million square feet.
  • The state has one recreational boat per every six people, exceeding the number of any other state.
  • Saint Paul was originally called "Pigs Eye" and was named after Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, the first white settler to live within what is now Saint Paul.
  • The first bus line was started back in 1914 in Hibbing. The line originally ran from Hibbing to Alice and cost 15 cents per ride. That bus line went on to become known as Greyhound Lines.

Population Data via US Census

Minnesota Population Chart

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 5,651,939 0.58% 22
2019 5,619,470 0.58% 22
2018 5,587,001 0.58% 22
2017 5,554,532 0.59% 22
2016 5,522,063 0.59% 22
2015 5,489,594 0.59% 21
2014 5,457,125 0.67% 21
2013 5,420,541 0.75% 21
2012 5,380,443 0.60% 21
2011 5,348,119 0.83% 21
2010 5,303,925 0.76% 21
2000 4,919,479 1.18% 21
1990 4,375,099 0.71% 20
1980 4,075,970 0.69% 21
1970 3,804,971 1.09% 19
1960 3,413,864 1.36% 18
1950 2,982,483 0.66% 18
1940 2,792,300 0.86% 18
1930 2,563,953 0.72% 18
1920 2,387,125 1.41% 17
1910 2,075,708 1.71% 19
1900 1,751,394 2.94% 19
1890 1,310,283 5.31% 20
1880 780,773 5.91% 26
1870 439,706 9.84% 28
1860 172,023 39.70% 31
1850 6,077 0.00% 36

Minnesota Population Pyramid

Minnesota Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 4,623,461 87.17%
Black or African American 280,949 5.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 67,325 1.27%
Asian 217,792 4.11%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 2,958 0.06%
Two or more races 111,440 2.1%

Languages Spoken in Minnesota

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 4,996,324 100.00%
English 4,617,761 92.42%
Spanish 192,115 3.85%
Cushite 38,135 0.76%
German 24,275 0.49%
Chinese 16,730 0.33%
French 14,765 0.30%
Amharic 9,490 0.19%
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 6,425 0.13%
Telugu 4,930 0.10%

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Minnesota. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Minnesota County Populations

County Population Rank
Hennepin County 1,223,149 1
Ramsey County 538,133 2
Dakota County 414,686 3
Anoka County 344,151 4
Washington County 251,597 5
St. Louis County 200,431 6
Stearns County 154,708 7
Olmsted County 151,436 8
Scott County 141,660 9
Wright County 131,311 10
Carver County 98,741 11
Sherburne County 91,705 12
Blue Earth County 65,787 13
Rice County 65,400 14
Crow Wing County 63,428 15
Clay County 62,324 16
Otter Tail County 57,716 17
Chisago County 54,293 18
Winona County 50,885 19
Goodhue County 46,435 20
Beltrami County 45,672 21
Itasca County 45,435 22
Kandiyohi County 42,542 23
Benton County 39,710 24
Mower County 39,116 25
Isanti County 38,429 26
Douglas County 37,075 27
Steele County 36,755 28
McLeod County 35,932 29
Carlton County 35,569 30
Becker County 33,386 31
Nicollet County 33,347 32
Morrison County 32,775 33
Polk County 31,533 34
Freeborn County 30,613 35
Pine County 29,069 36
Cass County 28,706 37
Le Sueur County 27,663 38
Mille Lacs County 25,788 39
Lyon County 25,673 40
Brown County 25,313 41
Todd County 24,257 42
Meeker County 23,102 43
Nobles County 21,770 44
Wabasha County 21,239 45
Fillmore County 20,834 46
Hubbard County 20,655 47
Dodge County 20,364 48
Martin County 20,022 49
Waseca County 18,989 50
Houston County 18,773 51
Kanabec County 15,837 52
Roseau County 15,770 53
Aitkin County 15,702 54
Redwood County 15,471 55
Renville County 14,892 56
Sibley County 14,875 57
Pennington County 14,219 58
Faribault County 14,050 59
Wadena County 13,875 60
Koochiching County 12,841 61
Chippewa County 12,109 62
Cottonwood County 11,549 63
Pope County 11,041 64
Watonwan County 10,952 65
Lake County 10,631 66
Jackson County 10,079 67
Yellow Medicine County 9,875 68
Stevens County 9,796 69
Rock County 9,600 70
Marshall County 9,423 71
Swift County 9,340 72
Pipestone County 9,271 73
Clearwater County 8,803 74
Murray County 8,413 75
Lac qui Parle County 6,856 76
Norman County 6,678 77
Wilkin County 6,396 78
Grant County 5,903 79
Lincoln County 5,771 80
Mahnomen County 5,457 81
Cook County 5,194 82
Big Stone County 5,040 83
Kittson County 4,424 84
Red Lake County 4,055 85
Lake of the Woods County 3,923 86
Traverse County 3,401 87