Minnesota Population 2014

Situated in the north mid-west of the USA, Minnesota is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of pure surface area but how do those figures compare in terms of its population?

The population of Minnesota in 2013 can only be estimated at present as the last set of confirmed figures were derived from the nationwide Census in 2010. At the time, it was confirmed that there were 5,303,925 people living here and a year later in 2011, an estimate suggested that those numbers had risen to 5,344,861. A similar level of growth would therefore takes the population of Minnesota in 2013 to 5,417,145. The state currently has a population growth rate of 0.71%, which ranks 29th in the country. With these new numbers, Minnesota is now the 21st most populous state in the US.

Minnesota Population 2014

The overall geography of Minnesota lends itself to a relatively sparse population. There are mountains here and parts of the Great Lakes cross into Minnesotan territory and this vast rural landscape means that the state is only the 31st most densely populated in the entire country.The total surface area in Minnesota equates to 86,939 square miles or 225,181 square kilometers, and for every square mile of territory, there is an average of 67.1 people living here.

There are three cities in Minnesota with a population of more than 100,000. Minneapolis is by far the largest, home to 382,578 people. Following behind are Saint Paul (285,068) and Rochester (106,769). About 60% of Minnesota's population lives in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, while 40% are spread throughout the remainder of the state. This is the result of a migration of the jobs from farming, mining and logging into professional, service and office jobs which are concentrated in the cities.

Minnesota Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Minnesota was 86.9% White (83.1% non-Hispanic), 5.4% African American, 1.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 4% Asian, 2.4% other races and 1.8% multiracial. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 4.7% of the population.

The principal ancestries of Minnesota residents as of 2010 breaks down to be:

37.9% German 32.1% from Nordic countries, including Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland 11.7% Irish 6.3% English 5.1% Polish 4.2% French 3.7% Czech

Between 2-3% each Dutch, Italian and American Between 1 and 1.9% each Sub-Saharan African and Eastern African, Scottish, French Canadian and Mexican

Minnesota Population History

Minnesota was the 32nd US state to be incorporated into the union on May 11, 1858 and that heralded an explosion in population figures.

By the time of the 1860 Census, it was confirmed that Minnesota had 172,023 residents and, just ten years later, that figure had risen by over 150% to 439,706. Although this was the biggest population increase in Minnesota’s history, further significant rises meant that by the start of the 20th century, the population within the state had grown to over 1.75 million.

Those increases slowed down further through the 20th century but the overall picture remains one of sustained growth and as a result, the population of Minnesota in 2012 is edging towards the 5.5 million figure.

Minnesota Population Growth

Minnesota, like much of the United States, has a relatively older population with a median age of 36.9. According to projections, Minnesota will see a rise in one-person households, while the number of married-couple families will decline. While the state is growing steadily, it is not enjoying the rapid growth of many Southern and Western states with a younger population.

The rate of population growth, as well as age and gender distributions, are very close to the national average. Most of the state's counties are projected to lose population between now and the next census, with losses of at least 15% in many southwestern and western parts of the state, while moderate growth is projected for the lakes region in north-central Minnesota. Rural areas will continue to be older than the growing urban areas, and increased diversity is projected with the populations of color and Hispanic origin increasing faster than the white population. Very fast growth is expected for African Americans, Latinos and Asians in particular, stemming from foreign migration.

With healthy natural growth, increases in the Minnesota population over the decades tend to average out at the 8% mark for the last four censuses. As a result, it will be interesting to see how close the population will reach towards 6 million by the time of the next survey in 2020. It's projected that the population of Minnesota will grow 24% from 2005 to 2035, passing the 6 million mark by 2025 and reaching 6.45 million by 2035.

Population Data via US Census