Minnesota Population 2016
Situated in the north midwest area of the US, Minnesota is the 12th largest state in the country in terms of pure surface area. In terms of population, it ranks 21st, with an estimated population of 5.4 million in 2016.
The population of Minnesota in 2016 can only be estimated at present as the last set of confirmed figures were derived from the nationwide Census in 2010. At the time, it was confirmed that there were 5,303,925 people living in the state, and a year later in 2011, an estimate suggested that those numbers had risen to 5,344,861. A similar level of growth would therefore takes the population of Minnesota in 2016 to 5,489,594. The state currently has a population growth rate of 0.71%, which ranks 29th in the country. With these new numbers, Minnesota is now the 21st most populous state in the US.
The overall geography of Minnesota lends itself to a relatively sparse population. The state is mountainous, and parts of the Great Lakes cross into Minnesotan territory. This vast rural landscape means that the state is only the 31st most densely populated in the entire country.The total surface area in Minnesota equates to 86,939 square miles or 225,181 square kilometers, and for every square mile of territory, there is an average of 66.6 people.
There are three cities in Minnesota with a population of more than 100,000. Minneapolis is by far the largest, home to 410,939 people. Following behind are Saint Paul (300,851) and Rochester (112,225). About 60% of Minnesota's population lives in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, while 40% are spread throughout the remainder of the state. This is the result of a migration of the jobs from farming, mining and logging into professional, service and office jobs which are concentrated in the cities.
According to 2015 Census Bureau estimates, the racial composition of Minnesota is 85.4% White (81.0% non-Hispanic), 6.0% African American, 1.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 4.9% Asian, and 2.4% multiracial. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 5.2% of the population.
The principal ancestries of Minnesota residents break down to be:
38.6% German 17.0% Norwegian 11.9% Irish 9.8% Swedish
Minnesota Population History
Minnesota was the 32nd US state to be incorporated into the union on May 11, 1858, and that heralded an explosion in population figures.
By the time of the 1860 Census, it was confirmed that Minnesota had 172,023 residents, and just ten years later, that figure had risen by over 150% to 439,706. Although this was the biggest population increase in Minnesota’s history, further significant rises meant that by the start of the 20th century, the population within the state had grown to over 1.75 million.
Those increases slowed down further through the 20th century, but the overall picture remains one of sustained growth and as a result, the population of Minnesota in 2016 is edging toward the 5.5 million figure.
Minnesota Population Growth
Minnesota, like much of the United States, has a relatively older population with a median age of 37.7. According to projections, Minnesota will see a rise in one-person households, while the number of married couple families will decline. While the state is growing steadily, it is not enjoying the rapid growth of many Southern and Western states with a younger population.
The rate of population growth, as well as age and gender distributions, are very close to the national average. Most of the state's counties are projected to lose population between now and the next census, with losses of at least 15% in many southwestern and western parts of the state, while moderate growth is projected for the lakes region in north-central Minnesota. Rural areas will continue to be older than the growing urban areas, and increased diversity is projected with the populations of color and Hispanic origin increasing faster than the white population. Very fast growth is expected for African Americans, Latinos and Asians in particular, stemming from foreign migration.
With healthy natural growth, increases in the Minnesota population over the decades tend to average out at the 8% mark for the last four censuses. As a result, it will be interesting to see how close the population will reach toward 6 million by the time of the next survey in 2020. It's projected that the population of Minnesota will grow 24% from 2005 to 2035, passing the 6 million mark by 2032.
- French explorers and trappers discovered Minnesota, and the land was claimed for France in 1679.
- Minnesota is home to more golfers per capita than any other state in the US.
- The Mall of America is located in Bloomington. This shopping center -- which features stores, restaurants and an amusement park -- is a whopping 9.5 million square feet.
- The state has one recreational boat per every six people, exceeding the number of any other state.
- Saint Paul was originally called "Pigs Eye" and was named after Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, the first white settler to live within what is now Saint Paul.
- The first bus line was started back in 1914 in Hibbing. The line originally ran from Hibbing to Alice and cost 15 cents per ride. That bus line went on to become known as Greyhound Lines.
Population Data via US Census