Minnesota Population History
Minnesota was the 32nd US state to be incorporated into the union on May 11, 1858, and that heralded an explosion in population figures.
By the time of the 1860 Census, it was confirmed that Minnesota had 172,023 residents, and just ten years later, that figure had risen by over 150% to 439,706. Although this was the biggest population increase in Minnesota’s history, further significant rises meant that by the start of the 20th century, the population within the state had grown to over 1.75 million.
Those increases slowed down further through the 20th century, but the overall picture remains one of sustained growth and as a result, the population of Minnesota in 2016 is edging toward the 5.5 million figure.
Minnesota Population Growth
Minnesota, like much of the United States, has a relatively older population with a median age of 37.7. According to projections, Minnesota will see a rise in one-person households, while the number of married couple families will decline. While the state is growing steadily, it is not enjoying the rapid growth of many Southern and Western states with a younger population.
The rate of population growth, as well as age and gender distributions, are very close to the national average. Most of the state's counties are projected to lose population between now and the next census, with losses of at least 15% in many southwestern and western parts of the state, while moderate growth is projected for the lakes region in north-central Minnesota. Rural areas will continue to be older than the growing urban areas, and increased diversity is projected with the populations of color and Hispanic origin increasing faster than the white population. Very fast growth is expected for African Americans, Latinos and Asians in particular, stemming from foreign migration.
Minnesota Population Projections
With healthy natural growth, increases in the Minnesota population over the decades tend to average out at the 8% mark for the last four censuses. As a result, it will be interesting to see how close the population will reach toward 6 million by the time of the next survey in 2020. It's projected that the population of Minnesota will grow 24% from 2005 to 2035, passing the 6 million mark by 2032.