Mississippi Population 2016

Situated in the southwest US, Mississippi is the 32nd largest state in the country with an area that covers 48,430 square miles. Population figures are consistent with its size, and it is the 31st most populous state. Its population density ranks 32nd in the United States. As of 2016, the population of Mississippi is estimated to be 2.99 million.

The 2016 population of Mississippi is estimated at 2,992,333, which is up slightly from the 2010 Census. At the time of the Census, the population was recorded as 2,967,297. Mississippi currently has a population growth rate of 0.30%, which is fairly slow and ranks at 40th in the nation.

The last nationwide US Census figures represented a rise of 4.3% from the numbers declared at the Census in 2000. The population has grown only modestly since then, and it is now estimated to be just 2.99 million. If similar increases continue to occur, then the number of people living in Mississippi may soon surpass 3 million.

Mississippi has a very widely spread population with a density of just 63.2 people per square mile, which ranks 32nd in the country. For many generations, people have been leaving the rural areas of the United States and concentrating in urban areas, with only 1 in 5 people in the country classified as rural. Mississippi is a sharp contrast, however, as 51.2% still live in rural areas, which is the 4th largest rural population in the country. There is only one city in the state with a population of over 100,000, and that's Jackson. Only two other cities currently have a population of at least 50,000: Hattiesburg and Gulfport.

Mississippi Population History

Like most states in the US, Mississippi enjoyed a population explosion through the 19th century. In 1800, numbers were recorded at 7,600 but just ten years later, those figures had increased by over 300% to 31,306. That was by far the biggest population spike in the state’s history but further significant growth saw the figures rise to 606,526 by 1850.

By the start of the 20th century, the population of Mississippi had comfortably exceeded 1.5 million, and while growth has slowed in the modern era, the overall picture remains one of sustained growth. By 1930, numbers had already hit 2 million and continued expansion throughout the latter half of the 20th century has left the Mississippi population in 2016 close to the 3 million mark.

Mississippi Demographics

Up until the 1930s, black Americans made up the majority of citizens in Mississippi, and although that picture has changed, there is still a relatively large black community in the state. In 2010, Mississippi had the highest proportion of African Americans in the United States.

According to 2015 US Census Bureau statistics, the racial markup of the state is:

  • 59.5% White (57% non-Hispanic)
  • 37.6% African American or Black
  • 0.6% American Indian and Alaska Native
  • 1.1% Asian American
  • 1.2% Multiracial

People of Scots-Irish, Scottish and English ancestry are widespread throughout Mississippi, and people with these ancestries are thought to be higher than reported. One historian estimates at least 20% of the state's population is of English ancestry alone.

Interestingly, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 between the U.S. Government and the Choctaw allowed these people to sell their land and agree to be removed to a reservation in current-day Oklahoma, although Article 14 of the treaty allowed those who wanted to remain to become U.S. citizens. Today, about 9,500 Choctaw live in Leake, Jones, Newton and Neshoba counties in Mississippi.

Mississippi also has one of the highest rates of increase of its mixed-race population, which increased 70% from 2000 to 2012, even though the population of the state itself has not increased much.

Mississippi Population Projections

Over the years, the big picture is one of population growth, but percentage rises on a decade by decade basis have fluctuated to a great extent and have therefore been a little hard to predict. Mississippi also has a fairly slow growth rate. However, by the time of the next Census in 2020, numbers should have comfortably exceeded 3 million and the only question is how far can they rise beyond that milestone? According to current projections, the Mississippi population will reach 3.15 million by 2020.

Mississippi Population in 2016 Source: chmeredith from Jackson, MS, USA

Mississippi Facts

  • Tne first permanent settlement in Mississippi was established in 1699 by the French near what is now Ocean Springs.
  • The oldest permanent settlement along the Mississippi River is Natchez, which was settled in 1716.
  • Natchez once was home to 500 millionaires, exceeding every other city in the US with the exception of New York City.
  • About 60% of the country's farm-raised catfish come from Mississippi.
  • The state has the largest percentage of black residents in the United States.

Population Data via US Census

Mississippi Population Chart

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 2,986,783 -0.04% 34
2019 2,987,893 -0.04% 34
2018 2,989,003 -0.04% 34
2017 2,990,113 -0.04% 34
2016 2,991,223 -0.04% 32
2015 2,992,333 -0.04% 32
2014 2,993,443 0.08% 31
2013 2,990,976 0.18% 31
2012 2,985,660 0.26% 31
2011 2,977,999 0.36% 31
2010 2,967,297 0.42% 31
2000 2,844,658 1.01% 31
1990 2,573,216 0.21% 31
1980 2,520,638 1.29% 31
1970 2,216,912 0.18% 29
1960 2,178,141 0.00% 29
1950 2,178,914 -0.02% 26
1940 2,183,796 0.83% 23
1930 2,009,821 1.16% 23
1920 1,790,618 -0.04% 23
1910 1,797,114 1.48% 21
1900 1,551,270 1.86% 20
1890 1,289,600 1.32% 21
1880 1,131,597 3.17% 18
1870 827,922 0.45% 18
1860 791,305 2.70% 14
1850 606,526 4.91% 15
1840 375,651 10.64% 17
1830 136,621 6.12% 23
1820 75,448 9.19% 22
1810 31,306 15.21% 21
1800 7,600 0.00% 20

Mississippi Population Pyramid

Mississippi Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 1,789,391 60.3%
Black or African American 1,103,101 37.18%
American Indian and Alaska Native 16,837 0.57%
Asian 26,477 0.89%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 1,700 0.06%
Two or more races 29,791 1%

Languages Spoken in Mississippi

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 2,771,287 100.00%
Spanish 65,295 2.40%
French 4,315 0.20%
Choctaw 4,275 0.20%
Chinese 3,675 0.10%
German 3,145 0.10%
Panjabi 530 0.00%
India n.e.c. 525 0.00%
Portuguese 470 0.00%
Mayan languages 445 0.00%

Mississippi County Populations

County Population Rank
Hinds County 242,891 1
Harrison County 201,410 2
DeSoto County 173,323 3
Rankin County 149,039 4
Jackson County 141,425 5
Madison County 103,465 6
Lee County 85,300 7
Lauderdale County 78,524 8
Forrest County 75,944 9
Jones County 68,215 10
Lamar County 60,618 11
Lowndes County 59,710 12
Pearl River County 55,191 13
Lafayette County 53,154 14
Oktibbeha County 49,800 15
Washington County 48,130 16
Warren County 47,485 17
Hancock County 46,420 18
Pike County 39,956 19
Alcorn County 37,388 20
Marshall County 35,916 21
Monroe County 35,827 22
Lincoln County 34,649 23
Panola County 34,167 24
Bolivar County 33,322 25
Adams County 31,254 26
Leflore County 30,999 27
Pontotoc County 30,908 28
Neshoba County 29,463 29
Copiah County 28,773 30
Union County 28,429 31
Tate County 28,296 32
Scott County 28,265 33
Yazoo County 27,387 34
Simpson County 27,222 35
Sunflower County 27,005 36
Marion County 25,563 37
Prentiss County 25,459 38
Coahoma County 24,620 39
Itawamba County 23,609 40
George County 23,373 41
Leake County 22,763 42
Tippah County 22,131 43
Newton County 21,747 44
Grenada County 21,578 45
Wayne County 20,566 46
Clay County 20,048 47
Tishomingo County 19,552 48
Covington County 19,543 49
Attala County 19,043 50
Holmes County 18,340 51
Winston County 18,317 52
Stone County 18,070 53
Chickasaw County 17,328 54
Jasper County 16,569 55
Smith County 16,059 56
Clarke County 16,006 57
Calhoun County 14,717 58
Walthall County 14,638 59
Tallahatchie County 14,588 60
Greene County 13,522 61
Lawrence County 12,622 62
Amite County 12,574 63
Yalobusha County 12,447 64
Perry County 12,277 65
Jefferson Davis County 11,665 66
Noxubee County 11,043 67
Tunica County 10,343 68
Carroll County 10,243 69
Montgomery County 10,152 70
Kemper County 9,969 71
Webster County 9,899 72
Claiborne County 9,150 73
Wilkinson County 9,122 74
Humphreys County 8,669 75
Choctaw County 8,299 76
Benton County 8,182 77
Franklin County 7,743 78
Jefferson County 7,507 79
Quitman County 7,486 80
Sharkey County 4,585 81
Issaquena County 1,337 82