Mississippi Population 2018

2,982,785

As of 2018, the population of Mississippi is estimated to be 2.98 million. The last nationwide US Census figures represented a rise of 4.3% from the numbers declared at the Census in 2000. The population has grown only modestly since then, and it is now estimated to be just 2.99 million. If similar increases continue to occur, then the number of people living in Mississippi may soon surpass 3 million.

The 2018 population of Mississippi is estimated at 2.98 million, which is up slightly from the 2010 Census. At the time of the Census, the population was recorded as 2,967,297. Mississippi currently has a population growth rate of 0.30%, which is fairly slow and ranks at 40th in the nation.

Mississippi Area and Population Density

Situated in the southwest US, Mississippi is the 32nd largest state in the country with an area that covers 48,430 square miles. Population figures are consistent with its size, and it is the 31st most populous state. Its population density ranks 32nd in the United States.

Mississippi has a very widely spread population with a density of just 63.2 people per square mile, which ranks 32nd in the country. For many generations, people have been leaving the rural areas of the United States and concentrating in urban areas, with only 1 in 5 people in the country classified as rural. Mississippi is a sharp contrast, however, as 51.2% still live in rural areas, which is the 4th largest rural population in the country.

There is only one city in the state with a population of over 100,000, and that's Jackson. Only two other cities currently have a population of at least 50,000: Hattiesburg and Gulfport. The most populated counties are Hinds (239,479 - but has been losing population since 2010), Harrison (205,027), and DeSoto (178,751) counties. Both Harrison and DeSoto counties have a substantial growth rate of over 9% in each county.

Mississippi Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, Religions

The median age of the Mississippi population is approximately 36.7 years of age. The state's gender ratio is split at 51.5% female and 48.5% male.

The racial diversity in Mississippi is spread across approximately 59% Caucasians, 37.5% African Americans, 1.2% two or more races, 1% Asians, .9% other races, and .4% Native North Americans.

In terms of preferred religions across the state, 83% of the population are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 2% affiliate with a non-Christian based faith, and 14% have no affiliation with any religion.

Mississippi Population History

Most of present-day Mississippi was part of Georgia until the south-central portions of Mississippi and Alabama were established as Mississippi Territory, authorized by Congress in 1798 and agreed to by Georgia in 1802. In 1804, the Territory was expanded to include the northern parts of the two future States. The Gulf Coast portions were added in 1812, although still in dispute with Spain until 1819. Mississippi was admitted as a State on December 10, 1817 with essentially its present boundaries.

Census coverage of present-day Mississippi began in 1800 in the southwestern section close to the Mississippi River. The populations shown for 1800 and 1810 exclude counties now in Alabama. The central and northern portions were not fully covered by the census until 1840.

Mississippi Population Chart

Mississippi Population History

Like most states in the US, Mississippi enjoyed a population explosion through the 19th century. In 1800, numbers were recorded at 7,600 but just ten years later, those figures had increased by over 300% to 31,306. That was by far the biggest population spike in the state’s history but further significant growth saw the figures rise to 606,526 by 1850.

By the start of the 20th century, the population of Mississippi had comfortably exceeded 1.5 million, and while growth has slowed in the modern era, the overall picture remains one of sustained growth. By 1930, numbers had already hit 2 million and continued expansion throughout the latter half of the 20th century has left the Mississippi population in 2016 close to the 3 million mark.

Mississippi Population Projections

Over the years, the big picture is one of population growth, but percentage rises on a decade by decade basis have fluctuated to a great extent and have therefore been a little hard to predict. Mississippi also has a fairly slow growth rate. However, by the time of the next Census in 2020, numbers should have comfortably exceeded 3 million and the only question is how far can they rise beyond that milestone? According to current projections, the Mississippi population will reach 3.15 million by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Mississippi Growth Rate

Mississippi Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20202,980,155-0.04%
20192,981,470-0.04%
20182,982,785-0.04%
20172,984,100-0.04%
20162,985,415-100.00%
20162,989,1920.13%
20152,985,297-0.11%
20142,988,5780.03%
20132,987,7210.16%
20122,982,9630.19%
20112,977,4520.24%
20102,970,4370.43%
20002,844,6581.01%
19902,573,2160.21%
19802,520,6381.29%
19702,216,9120.18%
19602,178,141-0.00%
19502,178,914-0.02%
19402,183,7960.83%
19302,009,8211.16%
19201,790,618-0.04%
19101,797,1141.48%
19001,551,2701.86%
18901,289,6001.32%
18801,131,5973.17%
1870827,9220.45%
1860791,3052.70%
1850606,5264.91%
1840375,65110.64%
1830136,6216.12%
182075,4489.19%
181031,30615.21%
18007,6000.00%

Mississippi Facts

Mississippi Population in 2018Source: By chmeredith from Jackson, MS, USA [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Mississippi Population Density by County

Hinds County

  • Population239,497
  • Density275.36 per sq km
  • Growth Since 2010-2.53%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State8.03%

Mississippi Population Growth Rate by County

The state of Mississippi has many counties, and when looking at the population of each county, data shows that there have been more declines across the state than there have been population increases when tracking by county. Between the 2010 Census and data taken in 2015, there have been three counties that have shown significant population growth. This includes the northern county of Lafayette, which posted the highest growth of 11.76%, central Madison County with 8.24% and southern Lamar County at 8.09%. Other counties that showed growth were mostly located in the southernmost and northernmost areas of the state.

As far as population declines, almost every county along the western border of Mississippi saw declining populations. Wilson County, located in the southwestern corner, had the most signifiant decline at 7.48%. Other counties that showed decreased growth between 2010 and 2015 include Washington County at 5.77%, Sunflower County at 6.92%, and Holmes County at 5.46%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,764,038
Black or African American1,121,327
Two or More Races35,367
Asian28,562
Some Other Race26,334
American Indian and Alaska Native13,072
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander492

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Mississippi Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Mississippi Median Age

36.7


Total

35.2


Male

38.2


Female

Mississippi Adults

There are 2,256,840 adults, (427,454 of which are seniors) in Mississippi.

Mississippi Age Dependency

63.3

Age Dependency Ratio

23.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

40

Child Dependency Ratio

Mississippi Sex Ratio

Female

1,538,923

51.48%

Male

1,450,269

48.52%

Mississippi Households and Families

Mississippi Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Mississippi Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83.4%16.6%
All67.9%32.1%
Male61.3%38.7%
Non Family57.9%42.1%
Female49.5%50.5%

67.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Mississippi Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,098,8032.6367.9
Married490,3363.1983.4
Non Family351,9451.2157.9
Female201,5963.5749.5
Male54,9263.3661.3

3.23

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

4.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Mississippi Households

Mississippi Education

Mississippi Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade113,2875.81%
9th to 12th Grade218,97911.23%
High School Graduate593,42230.44%
Some College443,81522.76%
Associates Degree170,2898.73%
Bachelors Degree255,61513.11%
Graduate Degree154,2767.91%

Mississippi Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White1,194,0391,039,778294,910
Black672,419517,78097,953
Hispanic46,28629,4225,992
Asian18,96915,8157,433
Other Race15,8808,7961,509
Multiple Races13,24411,1853,175
Native American7,4755,322700
Islander38035892

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 94.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 39.18%.

Mississippi Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,992$36,738$25,847
Less Than High School$19,990$23,546$15,083
High School Grad$26,240$31,833$20,197
Some College$30,081$37,444$24,481
Bachelors Degree$41,282$52,100$35,820
Graduate Degree$51,881$65,069$46,112

$30,992

Average Earnings

$36,738

Average Male

$25,847

Average Female

Mississippi Language

Mississippi Language by Age

Mississippi Language

96.09% of Mississippi residents speak only English, while 3.91% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.40% of the population.

Mississippi Poverty

Mississippi Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black1,078,350377,64535.02%
White1,665,975227,41313.65%
Hispanic79,64124,29430.50%
Multiple34,3339,96929.04%
Other23,0917,96834.51%
Asian27,7043,86613.95%
Native12,5713,83330.49%
Islander4509220.44%

22.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.99%

Male Poverty Rate

24.46%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Mississippi

The race most likely to be in poverty in Mississippi is Black, with 35.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Mississippi is White, with 13.65% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.40%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.26%.

Mississippi Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.01%
High School20.14%
Some College14.38%
Bachelors or Greater5.41%

Mississippi Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.77%
Male Unemployed38.38%
Female Employed12.50%
Male Employed7.69%

Mississippi Income

Mississippi Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$40,528$56,358
Families$50,592$66,185
Married Families$66,340$81,818
Non Families$22,204$33,111

Mississippi Marital Status

Mississippi Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.1%

Male Marriage Rate

42.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Mississippi Married by Age and Sex

Mississippi Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Mississippi Marital Status by Race

Mississippi Veterans

Mississippi Veterans by War

180,251

Number of Veterans

164,336

Male Veterans

15,915

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam64,442
First Gulf War37,017
Second Gulf War30,314
Korea16,598
World War II8,261

Mississippi Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5446,044
65 to 7442,562
55 to 6437,988
75+37,375
18 to 3416,282

Mississippi Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White131,9049.59%
Black44,7245.56%
Hispanic2,8135.04%
2 or More1,6189.97%
Other7223.82%
Asian6272.83%
Indian5976.55%
Hawaiian5913.05%

Mississippi Veterans by Education

9.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.14%

Veteran Disability Rate

Mississippi Employment Status

Mississippi Employment by Age

57.8%

Labor Force Participation

51.9%

Employment Rate

9.6%

Unemployment Rate

Mississippi Employment by Race

Mississippi Employment by Education

Mississippi Nativity

Mississippi Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. State Data Center of Mississippi
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)