Missouri Population 2019

6,158,244

The landlocked state of Missouri is situated in the United States’ Midwest, and according to figures from the 2010 Census, it was the 18th most populous state in the country at the time. The census revealed that the Missouri population in 2010 was 5,988,927, which represented an increase of 7% on the findings from the 2000 Census. The estimate for the population of Missouri in 2019 is 6.16 million. It's not known if the population will reach 6.1 million in the very near future, as Missouri has a current growth rate of just 0.28%, which ranks 41st in the country.

Missouri Area and Population Density

Missouri is relatively sparsely populated, but not remarkably so. Its total land mass measures 69,704 square miles and for every square mile of land, there is an average of 87.1 people. This makes Missouri the 28th most densely populated state in the country, despite being 18th in terms of population and 21st in terms of land area. Its estimated population in 2019 of 6.16 million is just a moderate increase from 2010, when it was confirmed at 5.98 million.

The four largest cities in the state are St. Louis (315,685), Kansas City (475,378), Springfield (166,810) and Columbia (119,108), while the capital itself is Jefferson City. Most of the state's counties have a population density between 1 and 100 people per square mile, although the large urban areas have a population density that reaches over 5,000 people per square mile. Missouri does have a higher rural population than most of the country, with approximately one-third of Missourians living in a rural area.

Missouri Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Missouri is approximately 38.3 years of age. The ratio of females to males is approximately 50.9% female and 49.1% male.

In terms of preferred religions through the state's population, we can see 77% have an affiliation with a Christian based faith, 3% are involved in non-Christian based faiths, and 20% are unaffiliated with any faith in particular.

Missouri Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Missouri was acquired as part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and became part of Louisiana Territory, established in 1805 and comprising the whole of the Louisiana Purchase north of present-day Louisiana. This was renamed Missouri Territory in 1812. The southern portion (present-day Arkansas and most of Oklahoma) became Arkansas Territory in 1819. Missouri was admitted as a State on August 10, 1821; the northwestern corner (the Platte Purchase) was added in 1837, bringing the State to essentially its current boundaries.

In 1810, census coverage of Louisiana Territory was limited to portions of present-day Missouri and Arkansas, mainly close to the Mississippi River. The 1810 census was reported by districts (renamed counties in 1812); Arkansas District was entirely within present-day Arkansas and is shown under that State; New Madrid District also was partly within present-day Arkansas. In 1820, census coverage of Missouri Territory did not extend beyond present-day Missouri. After statehood in 1821, Missouri Territory, distinct from the State, continued to exist until 1854, but was almost entirely Indian lands and had virtually no census coverage.

Missouri Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Missouri was:

  • White: 82.38%
  • Black or African American: 11.57%
  • Two or more races: 2.49%
  • Asian: 1.86%
  • Other race: 1.17%
  • Native American: 0.43%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.10%

Missouri Population Chart

Missouri Population History

Back in 1810, it was revealed that 19,783 citizens lived in Missouri, but increasing migration throughout the 19th century helped to swell the numbers significantly. Just ten years later in 1820, the population of Missouri had climbed by 236.6% to 66,586, and a further increase of over 100% took those numbers to 140,455 in 1830.

Further significant increases throughout the 1800s meant that by the time the 20th century arrived, the Missouri population stood at 3,106,665. From this point, census by census increases began to slow down but the overall picture was one of sustained growth to the point where the population of Missouri in 2012 had climbed to over 6 million for the first time.

Missouri Population Growth

Natural growth figures released in 2007 showed that there had been an increase of 137,564 people since the 2000 census with 480,763 births, 343,199 deaths and a net migration increase of 88,088 in the seven year period.

The total population has been estimated to approach 6.8 million people by 2030, a 21% increase over the population in 2000. The population of senior citizens is expected to grow very quickly as well, and it's estimated that people over 65 will account for one-fifth of the state's population by 2030. Natural change is expected to add an average of 244,000 Missourians every decade.

Missouri Population Projections

The northern and southeastern areas of Missouri are expected to lose a great deal of their population in the coming decades, while the urban areas continue to grow. In many ways, statistics relating to the population of Missouri are fairly unremarkable but like much of the US, the overall picture is one of healthy and sustained growth. At the 2020 census, it will be interesting to see how far the numbers can stretch beyond 6 million toward the next milestone.

Population Data via US Census

Missouri Growth Rate

Missouri Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20206,180,6000.36%
20196,158,2440.36%
20186,135,8880.37%
20176,113,5320.37%
20166,091,1760.31%
20156,072,6400.24%
20146,058,0140.28%
20136,041,1420.30%
20126,023,2670.22%
20116,010,2800.24%
20105,995,6810.69%
20005,595,2110.90%
19905,117,0730.40%
19804,916,6860.50%
19704,676,5010.80%
19604,319,8130.89%
19503,954,6530.44%
19403,784,6640.42%
19303,629,3670.64%
19203,404,0550.33%
19103,293,3350.59%
19003,106,6651.49%
18902,679,1842.14%
18802,168,3802.34%
18701,721,2953.83%
18601,182,0125.65%
1850682,0445.92%
1840383,70210.57%
1830140,4557.75%
182066,58612.90%
181019,7830.00%

Missouri Population in 2018Source: By Daniel Schwen [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

St. Louis County

  • Population996,726
  • Density1962.94 per sq km
  • Growth Since 2010-0.20%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State16.30%

Data from the 2010 Census and 2015 Census Bureau estimates break down the population counts for the counties of Missouri, and this data shows that there have been areas with significant growth, as well as areas that have shown declines during the 5-year period. Boone County, located in the central region of the state, reflected the most growth at 7.21%. Other counties that showed growth of greater than 5% include St. Charles, Platte, Clay, Christian, and Taney.

As would be expected, some counties saw declining populations during the same time period between 2010 and 2015. The highest decline was reported to be in Holt County at 8.56%. Neighboring county Atchinson posted 6.02% decrease, while Sullivan and Knox Counties had population declines of greater than 5%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White5,004,537
Black or African American703,061
Two or More Races151,390
Asian112,959
Some Other Race71,084
American Indian and Alaska Native25,933
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6,336

Missouri Population Pyramid 2019

Missouri Median Age

38.4


Total

37


Male

39.8


Female

Missouri Adults

There are 4,685,891 adults, (956,032 of whom are seniors) in Missouri.

Missouri Age Dependency

62.9

Age Dependency Ratio

25.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Missouri Sex Ratio

Female

3,093,968

50.93%

Male

2,981,332

49.07%

Missouri Households and Families

Missouri Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Missouri Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83.9%16.1%
All66.9%33.1%
Male57.9%42.1%
Non Family51.8%48.2%
Female46.6%53.4%

66.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,386,2032.4766.9
Married1,150,6763.183.9
Non Family848,2461.2551.8
Female281,8503.2946.6
Male105,4313.2257.9

3.06

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Missouri Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade139,8703.41%
9th to 12th Grade302,5527.38%
High School Graduate1,268,88430.95%
Some College917,41422.37%
Associates Degree315,7807.70%
Bachelors Degree718,19817.52%
Graduate Degree437,51110.67%

Missouri Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,399,2833,075,204993,847
Black430,776367,67276,278
Hispanic123,00687,46124,156
Asian73,95864,41342,850
Multiple Races58,99850,75715,415
Other Race36,23022,5495,237
Native American18,08415,0173,460
Islander3,3862,718764

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.47%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 57.94%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,641$41,690$30,354
Less Than High School$21,136$25,596$16,438
High School Grad$28,926$34,374$22,471
Some College$32,727$40,789$27,566
Bachelors Degree$46,434$57,742$39,521
Graduate Degree$58,765$73,429$51,216

$35,641

Average Earnings

$41,690

Average Male

$30,354

Average Female

Missouri Language

Missouri Language by Age

Missouri Language

93.98% of Missouri residents speak only English, while 6.02% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.56% of the population.

Missouri Poverty

Missouri Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White4,716,269571,28112.11%
Black669,594178,59226.67%
Hispanic237,24357,36124.18%
Multiple145,34131,81821.89%
Other69,13020,81330.11%
Asian109,60518,06816.48%
Native24,7895,33521.52%
Islander5,9862,01533.66%

14.63%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.30%

Male Poverty Rate

15.89%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Missouri

The race most likely to be in poverty in Missouri is Islander, with 33.66% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Missouri is White, with 12.11% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.96%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 22.09%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.58%
High School13.41%
Some College10.47%
Bachelors or Greater4.24%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.11%
Male Unemployed30.89%
Female Employed8.61%
Male Employed5.94%

Missouri Income

Missouri Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$51,542$70,144
Families$64,776$83,724
Married Families$76,870$96,530
Non Families$30,628$42,729

Missouri Marital Status

Missouri Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.2%

Male Marriage Rate

47.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Missouri Married by Age and Sex

Missouri Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Missouri Marital Status by Race

Missouri Veterans

424,605

Number of Veterans

394,334

Male Veterans

30,271

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam160,154
First Gulf War75,377
Second Gulf War61,096
Korea40,801
World War II20,111
Age Group Veterans
65 to 74114,246
35 to 5497,659
75+95,875
55 to 6483,991
18 to 3432,834

Missouri Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White373,7019.54%
Black38,3717.49%
Hispanic7,8115.15%
2 or More6,1337.90%
Indian2,53412.20%
Other1,9304.34%
Asian1,6021.81%
Hawaiian3347.84%

Missouri Veterans by Education

7.73%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Missouri Employment Status

63.2%

Labor Force Participation

59.2%

Employment Rate

5.8%

Unemployment Rate

  1. Missouri Census Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)