Most Liberal States 2019

“Blue states” are states that have a more liberal population and culture, as opposed to the conservative “red states.” While there are many more red states than blue states, the blue states tend to have much higher populations, so they have higher numbers in indexes like the electoral college and the number of congressional representatives. The following states are generally liberal: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland Illinois, California, Oregon, Washington, and Hawaii.

There are also neutral states, usually referred to as “swing states” because these states could go either Democrat or Republican in an election. Candidates typically do most of their campaigning in the swing states, which include Pennsylvania, Virginia, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Colorado, Nevada, and Florida.

The most liberal state in the country is Massachusetts, where the equally progressive city of Boston is located. Next is Hawaii, followed by Vermont, Washington, New York, New Hampshire, California, Maryland, New Jersey, and Maine. This index of how liberal a state is is based on how many liberals there are, as compared to conservatives.

Just like some states can be more liberal than others, some cities are more liberal than others. These cities tend to have high minority populations and public expressions of LGBTQ+ acceptance. The most liberal city in the country is San Francisco, California, followed by Washington, DC; Seattle, Washington; Oakland, California; Boston, Massachusetts; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Detroit, Michigan; New York City, New York; Buffalo, New York; and Baltimore, Maryland. Notice that all of these cities are in blue states.

States can change from liberal to conservative over time due to factors like immigration, empowerment of minority groups (which tend to support liberal policies over conservative ones), and taxation. New York, for example, used to be highly conservative but is now much more progressive.

The top ten most liberal urban areas in the United States, starting with the most liberal city in America, include the following:

  • San Francisco, California
  • Washington, District of Columbia
  • Seattle, Washington
  • Oakland, California
  • Boston, Massachusetts
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Detroit, Michigan
  • New York, New York
  • Buffalo, New York
  • Baltimore, Maryland
State Liberal Moderate Conservative Liberal Advantage (% points) 2019 Pop.
Massachusetts35.00%38.00%21.00%146,939,373
Hawaii28.00%45.00%22.00%61,416,589
Vermont32.00%36.00%28.00%4627,180
Washington31.00%37.00%28.00%37,666,343
New York30.00%35.00%27.00%319,491,339
New Hampshire30.00%36.00%28.00%21,363,852
California29.00%36.00%29.00%039,747,267
Maryland28.00%39.00%29.00%-16,062,917
New Jersey27.00%37.00%29.00%-28,922,547
Maine33.00%29.00%35.00%-21,342,097
Connecticut27.00%38.00%30.00%-33,567,871
Rhode Island25.00%40.00%29.00%-41,056,738
Oregon28.00%35.00%32.00%-44,245,901
Illinois27.00%36.00%31.00%-412,700,381
Delaware24.00%43.00%29.00%-5975,033
Minnesota25.00%37.00%32.00%-75,655,925
Colorado26.00%37.00%33.00%-75,770,545
Virginia24.00%37.00%33.00%-98,571,946
Pennsylvania24.00%36.00%34.00%-1012,813,969
Nevada23.00%38.00%33.00%-103,087,025
Michigan23.00%38.00%33.00%-1010,020,472
Wisconsin24.00%37.00%35.00%-115,832,661
Nebraska22.00%38.00%36.00%-141,940,919
Iowa21.00%39.00%35.00%-143,167,997
Florida22.00%36.00%36.00%-1421,646,155
Ohio22.00%35.00%37.00%-1511,718,568
Arizona21.00%36.00%37.00%-167,275,070
Texas20.00%36.00%38.00%-1829,087,070
North Carolina21.00%33.00%39.00%-1810,497,741
New Mexico20.00%37.00%38.00%-182,096,034
Kentucky20.00%35.00%39.00%-194,484,047
Georgia19.00%35.00%39.00%-2010,627,767
North Dakota18.00%41.00%39.00%-21760,900
Montana18.00%38.00%39.00%-211,074,532
Missouri20.00%34.00%41.00%-216,147,861
Kansas18.00%38.00%39.00%-212,910,931
Indiana17.00%38.00%39.00%-226,718,616
Idaho17.00%37.00%40.00%-231,790,182
Alaska17.00%38.00%40.00%-23735,720
South Carolina16.00%37.00%41.00%-255,147,111
Oklahoma18.00%35.00%43.00%-253,948,950
Utah15.00%40.00%41.00%-263,221,610
Tennessee17.00%34.00%43.00%-266,833,793
Arkansas15.00%38.00%41.00%-263,026,412
Wyoming18.00%31.00%46.00%-28572,381
West Virginia17.00%31.00%45.00%-281,791,951
Louisiana15.00%35.00%43.00%-284,652,581
South Dakota13.00%37.00%44.00%-31892,631
Alabama14.00%34.00%46.00%-324,898,246
Mississippi12.00%29.00%50.00%-382,987,895