New Hampshire Population 2018

1,350,575

The population changes of the state are important to its history, and as of 2018, the estimated population for New Hampshire is 1.35 million.

New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen states that made up the country and was the first settlement to establish both a constitution as well as an independent government that was separate from Great Britain in January of 1776. It has a population in 2018 estimated at 1.35 million, an increase over its population of 1.31 million at the 2010 Census. It does have one of the slowest growth rates in the country at just 0.16%, which ranks 45th in the country. This isn't surprising, given its small size.

As with any state, the most recent set of figures in relation to the population of New Hampshire dates from the last nationwide census of 2010. That survey confirmed that there were 1,316,470 people, and that figure was up by 6.5% on the numbers declared at the 2000 Census. The 2018 estimates make New Hampshire the 42nd most populous state in the US.

New Hampshire Area and Population Density

Toward the northeastern edge of the United States, the land that makes up New Hampshire is one of the smallest in the country. What it lacks in size, however, this tiny state more than makes up for in terms of history. New Hampshire covers a very small area and a proportion of its territory is very mountainous, with some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast. However, it is fairly densely populated in comparison to its size and it ranks 21st in the country in this respect.

With a land mass of 9,349 square miles, there are only four states that are smaller than New Hampshire but for every square mile of land there is an average of 147 people.

The largest city in New Hampshire is Manchester. It is the only city in the state with more than 100,000 residents (its exact population, as recorded by the 2010 census, is 109,565). Nashua (pop: 87,970) is the only other city in the state with a population of over 50,000.

The largest county in New Hampshire is Hillsborough with 409,697 individuals within the county.

The northern third of the state has just 5% of the state's total population and suffers from high poverty rates. It also steadily loses population as paper and logging industries decline, although it does remain popular as a tourist destination.

New Hampshire Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, Religion

The median age in New Hampshire is approximately 42.4 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state of New Hampshire is approximately 50.5% females and 49.5% males.

The racial diversity in New Hampshire is currently at 93.7% Caucasians, 2.4% Asians, 1.9% two or more races, and 1.3% African Americans.

In terms of religious preferences across the state, New Hampshire comes in at 59% Christian based faiths, 5% non-Christian based faiths, and 36% are non-affiliated with any religion in particular.

New Hampshire Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Hampshire was one of the 13 original States. It has had essentially its present boundaries ever since 1790, although an area at the northern tip of the State was in dispute with Canada until 1842. Census coverage included virtually all of New Hampshire from 1790 on.

New Hampshire Population Chart

New Hampshire Population History

The first set of widely available New Hampshire population figures date back to 1790 when, little more than a decade after the Declaration of Independence, it was shown that 141,885 people were living in the state. Ten years later, the 1800 survey showed that those numbers had climbed to 183,858, a rise of 29.6% in just a decade.

Moving forward, the population of New Hampshire grew at a steady, albeit not particularly spectacular rate, with growth averaging at around 5% per decade, with the occasional small decrease in population (such as between 1870 and 1880, when the population dropped by 2.4%). By the beginning of the 20th century, New Hampshire’s population had increased to 411,588.

The same rates of growth continued through the first half of the 20th century but, in the second half of the century, New Hampshire experienced another population boom. Between 1960 and 2000, the state’s population more than doubled, largely because of the so-called Massachusetts Transplants -- people moving from a crowded urban area to a more relaxed rural area.

The growth rate has slowed slightly while entering the 21st century but remains on an upward trend.

New Hampshire Population Growth

New Hampshire has such a small amount of land, much of it rugged terrain, that growth can only be maintained for so long. New Hampshire's population has been growing quickly for decades, but researchers have found this growth rate is slowing down. A large reason for the growth has been families moving from elsewhere in the country, particularly Massachusetts, but this trend is changing.

The growth rate in New Hampshire is now the slowest it has been in 50 years, while the state's population is also aging rapidly as families are not moving in with children as they once did.

While this all sounds dire, New Hampshire is growing, just slowly. With its current growth rate, one of the lowest in the country, its population is expected to grow from the current 1.33 million in 2016 to 1.35 million in 2020, at which point its percentage of people over 65 will be disproportionately high compared to the U.S. as a whole.

Population Data via US Census

New Hampshire Growth Rate

New Hampshire Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20201,366,1350.57%
20191,358,3550.58%
20181,350,5750.58%
20171,342,7950.58%
20161,335,015Infinity%
20161,327,503-0.20%
20151,330,1340.11%
20141,328,6840.46%
20131,322,6220.13%
20121,320,9230.20%
20111,318,3450.12%
20101,316,7000.64%
20001,235,7861.09%
19901,109,2521.88%
1980920,6102.24%
1970737,6811.97%
1960606,9211.30%
1950533,2420.82%
1940491,5240.55%
1930465,2930.49%
1920443,0830.29%
1910430,5720.45%
1900411,5880.89%
1890376,5300.82%
1880346,9910.87%
1870318,300-0.24%
1860326,0730.25%
1850317,9761.12%
1840284,5740.55%
1830269,3280.99%
1820244,1611.31%
1810214,3601.55%
1800183,8582.63%
1790141,8854.92%
178087,8023.47%
177062,3964.79%
176039,0933.58%
175027,5051.69%
174023,2568.02%
173010,7551.38%
17209,3755.14%
17105,6811.37%
17004,9581.76%
16904,1647.36%
16802,0471.27%
16701,8051.50%
16601,5551.77%
16501,3052.15%
16401,0557.75%
16305000.00%

New Hampshire Facts

New Hampshire Population in 2018Source: By Jon Platek [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

New Hampshire Population Density by County

Hillsborough County

  • Population409,697
  • Density467.58 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20102.16%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State30.51%

New Hampshire Population Growth Rate by County

New Hampshire has a total of 10 counties, and the majority of these counties have exhibited growth over the last five years. This is based on data from the 2010 Census compared to 2015 estimates taken by the US Census Bureau. Over this 5-year period, a total of six New Hampshire counties showed population growth, although none had significant growth over 5%. The highest rate of growth was recorded in Strafford County, at 2.93%. Other counties that had increases in population are Grafton, Belknap, Merrimack, Hillsborough, and Rockingham.

The remaining four counties showed declines in population based on the same 5-year data. The highest decrease in population occurred in the northernmost county of Coos, which recorded a decline of 5.36%. All other counties had a decrease less than 5%, and this includes Cheshire, Carroll, and Sullivan.

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,243,594
Asian32,094
Two or More Races24,906
Black or African American17,483
Some Other Race7,112
American Indian and Alaska Native2,085
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander229

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

New Hampshire Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New Hampshire Median Age

42.4


Total

41.3


Male

43.5


Female

New Hampshire Adults

There are 1,060,675 adults, (209,745 of which are seniors) in New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Age Dependency

56.2

Age Dependency Ratio

24.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.4

Child Dependency Ratio

New Hampshire Sex Ratio

Female

670,996

50.55%

Male

656,507

49.45%

New Hampshire Households and Families

New Hampshire Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New Hampshire Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married85.8%14.2%
All70.7%29.3%
Male64.5%35.5%
Non Family52.9%47.1%
Female52.8%47.2%

70.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Hampshire Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All521,3732.4770.7
Married273,8863.0385.8
Non Family174,8971.352.9
Female50,1973.1552.8
Male22,3933.164.5

2.96

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Hampshire Households

New Hampshire Education

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade22,0572.37%
9th to 12th Grade47,2175.06%
High School Graduate264,37228.36%
Some College176,69518.95%
Associates Degree91,3279.80%
Bachelors Degree206,06122.10%
Graduate Degree124,61513.37%

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White868,007808,381307,431
Hispanic22,66417,8285,492
Asian20,52917,78811,826
Multiple Races10,8519,5423,160
Black10,2009,1112,722
Other Race4,1393,4381,043
Native American1,5061,313240
Islander175152118

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.13%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 67.43%.

New Hampshire Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,691$50,259$35,040
Less Than High School$27,360$30,637$21,814
High School Grad$32,878$39,685$26,450
Some College$38,908$47,842$31,813
Bachelors Degree$51,835$67,637$41,779
Graduate Degree$66,461$88,891$55,996

$41,691

Average Earnings

$50,259

Average Male

$35,040

Average Female

New Hampshire Language

New Hampshire Language by Age

New Hampshire Language

92.13% of New Hampshire residents speak only English, while 7.87% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 3.82% of the population.

New Hampshire Poverty

New Hampshire Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White1,176,17993,0357.91%
Hispanic41,4827,94319.15%
Multiple23,0103,57515.54%
Asian30,6343,28110.71%
Black15,6902,51416.02%
Other6,7281,04815.58%
Native2,01130615.22%
Islander2103717.62%

8.53%

Overall Poverty Rate

7.68%

Male Poverty Rate

9.37%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Hampshire

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is Hispanic, with 19.15% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is White, with 7.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.20%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.59%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.59%.

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School17.72%
High School8.82%
Some College6.87%
Bachelors or Greater3.17%

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed27.06%
Male Unemployed22.15%
Female Employed4.87%
Male Employed3.18%

New Hampshire Income

New Hampshire Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$68,485$87,900
Families$83,709$103,069
Married Families$94,876$115,147
Non Families$38,783$53,395

New Hampshire Marital Status

New Hampshire Marital Status

Marriage Rates

51.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

53.2%

Male Marriage Rate

50.6%

Female Marriage Rate

New Hampshire Married by Age and Sex

New Hampshire Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

New Hampshire Marital Status by Race

New Hampshire Veterans

New Hampshire Veterans by War

103,282

Number of Veterans

95,826

Male Veterans

7,456

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam38,003
First Gulf War16,551
Second Gulf War11,734
Korea11,142
World War II6,520

New Hampshire Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7427,292
75+24,873
35 to 5423,914
55 to 6420,689
18 to 346,514

New Hampshire Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White100,02610.00%
Hispanic1,3224.60%
2 or More1,2258.78%
Black1,1789.22%
Other3917.58%
Asian2701.10%
Indian19211.50%

New Hampshire Veterans by Education

4.89%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.81%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Hampshire Employment Status

New Hampshire Employment by Age

68.2%

Labor Force Participation

64.6%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

New Hampshire Employment by Race

New Hampshire Employment by Education

New Hampshire Nativity

New Hampshire Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. New Hampshire State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)