New Jersey Population 2019

8,922,547

The coastal state of New Jersey is situated on the northeastern edge of the United States and is bordered to the south by the Atlantic Ocean. The current estimated population for 2019 is 8.92 million, with a growth rate of 0.41%, which ranks 37th in the country.

The last nationwide census was completed in 2010 and at the time, it was revealed that there were 8,791,894 people living in New Jersey, which equated to a rise of 4.5% on the numbers declared in the 2000 survey.

The most current estimates from July 2015 show a New Jersey population of 8,958,013, which makes it the 11th most populous state in the country, despite being ranked 47th in terms of size.

New Jersey Population Density and Area

Statistics relating to density show that New Jersey makes great use of every inch of territory. Its total land mass equates to 8,721 square miles (22,608 square kilometers), making it only the 47th biggest state in the US. The only US states that are smaller than New Jersey are Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island.It has played a prime role in the history of the country, and in terms of the New Jersey population, the state packs a lot of people into a relatively small area.

Despite its lack of size, however, for every square mile of NJ territory, there is an average of 1,195.5 people, which makes it the most densely populated state in the US. New Jersey is the only state to have every single county considered "urban" by the Census Bureau.

Largest Cities in New Jersey

For such a densely populated state, there are only four cities in New Jersey with a population of more than 100,000 people. Newark is the state’s largest city, with a population of 281,944 (based on 2015 estimates), closely followed by Jersey City, home to 264,290 people. The other cities with more than 100,000 people are Paterson (147,754 people) and Elizabeth (129,007).

Most of New Jersey's population lives in the counties surrounding New York City, Philadelphia and the eastern Jersey Shore. The northwestern and very southern counties have a much lower density. The most populated county in New Jersey is Bergen County with 948,406 individuals residing within its boundaries.

New Jersey Gender and Religion Statistics

Interestingly, New Jersey is home to more scientists and engineers per square mile than any other area of the world. It's also one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse states in the US, with the second largest Jewish population (after New York state), the second largest Muslim population (after the state of Michigan), the largest population of Peruvians in the country, and the largest population of Cubans outside of the state of Florida. It also boasts very high numbers of Portuguese and Brazilian Americans, Hispanics, Arabs, African-Americans, Asians, Chinese and Italian Americans.

The median age in New Jersey is approximately 39.5 years of age. The ratio of females to males is approximately 51.2% females and 48.8% males.

In terms of religious preferences across the state, New Jersey comes in with 67% Christian based faiths, 14% non-Christian based faiths, and 18% are non-affiliated with any religion.

New Jersey Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Jersey was one of the 13 original States, and has had essentially its current boundaries since Colonial times. Census coverage included all parts of the State from 1790 on.

New Jersey Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Jersey was:

  • White: 67.92%
  • Black or African American: 13.47%
  • Asian: 9.42%
  • Other race: 6.40%
  • Two or more races: 2.56%
  • Native American: 0.20%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

New Jersey Population Chart

New Jersey Population History

It's a simplistic generalization to say that like most eastern areas of the United States, New Jersey began to fill up quite rapidly in the 1800s. In 1790, 184,139 citizens were living in the state, and that was already a very healthy figure.

Ten years later in 1800, that number had climbed by just under 15% to 211,149 but from the second half of the 19th century onwards, percentage rises in population began to increase on a census by census basis. The growth had gathered so much momentum that by the beginning of the 1900s, the New Jersey population had grown to 1,883,669.

New Jersey Population Growth

Throughout the 20th century there was less of a pattern in terms of population growth but the overall picture was one of sustained growth to the point where, in the present day, the New Jersey population in 2016 is edging toward the nine million mark. To put that in perspective, that is bigger than more than half of the countries in Europe, and nearly one-third of the size of a country like Canada.

New Jersey Population Projections

New Jersey’s remarkable growth shows no signs of abating and similar increases will take the population comfortably beyond the 9 million mark in 2020. How long this tiny state can sustain those rises without running out of space is a far greater question.

Data gathered shows that New Jersey's population will continue to grow and diversify. The population is expected to include more seniors, Hispanics and Asians by 2020, and its projected population growth is fueled by projected gains in employment. The smallest racial groups in the state, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders and Multiracial populations, are projected to increase substantially, increasing 167% between 2010 and 2030. By 2025, it's projected that non-Hispanic whites will no longer claim a majority of New Jersey's population, accounting for just 49.4% of the total population by then.

Current projections estimate New Jersey will have a population of 9.2 million residents by 2020, although it's hard to guess how long the growth can continue.

Population Data via US Census

New Jersey Growth Rate

New Jersey Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20208,936,5740.16%
20198,922,5470.16%
20188,908,5200.22%
20178,888,5430.16%
20168,874,5160.04%
20158,870,8690.05%
20148,866,7800.10%
20138,858,3620.15%
20128,845,4830.20%
20118,827,7830.32%
20108,799,6240.45%
20008,414,3500.85%
19907,730,1880.49%
19807,364,8230.27%
19707,168,1641.68%
19606,066,7822.29%
19504,835,3291.52%
19404,160,1650.29%
19304,041,3342.50%
19203,155,9002.21%
19102,537,1673.02%
19001,883,6692.69%
18901,444,9332.48%
18801,131,1162.24%
1870906,0963.03%
1860672,0353.22%
1850489,5552.75%
1840373,3061.53%
1830320,8231.46%
1820277,5751.23%
1810245,5551.52%
1800211,1491.38%
1790184,1392.81%
1780139,6271.75%
1770117,4312.27%
176093,8132.77%
175071,3933.35%
174051,3733.20%
173037,5102.32%
172029,8184.14%
171019,8723.56%
170014,0105.76%
16908,0008.93%
16803,40013.02%
16701,0000.00%

New Jersey Population in 2018Source: By Beyond My Ken [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Bergen County

  • Population936,692
  • Density4019.21 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.35%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State10.51%

The state of New Jersey, when broken down into population by county, had both gains and losses in its population. However, there were no significant increases and decreases as seen in other states in the US. The population growth and losses were calculated based on data from the 2010 Census, compared to estimates taken in 2015 by the US Census Bureau. Of all of the state's counties, the northern Hudson County posted the highest growth at 6.05%. Following behind is Middlesex County at 3.65%, Bergen County at 3.49%, and Union at 3.35%. There were multiple other counties that had slightly smaller rates of growth.

On the other side, some New Jersey counties also experienced declines in population from 2010 to 2015. The northernmost county of Sussex saw the biggest decline in population, dropping 3.46%. The next highest decreases were recorded along the southern border in Salem and Cape May Counties. Other counties that recorded lower populations include Monmouth, Atlantic, and Cumberland.

Population by Race

Race Population
White6,085,474
Black or African American1,207,356
Asian844,105
Some Other Race573,146
Two or More Races229,061
American Indian and Alaska Native18,006
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,013

New Jersey Population Pyramid 2019

New Jersey Median Age

39.6


Total

38


Male

41.2


Female

New Jersey Adults

There are 6,960,340 adults, (1,353,999 of whom are seniors) in New Jersey.

New Jersey Age Dependency

59.8

Age Dependency Ratio

24.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.7

Child Dependency Ratio

New Jersey Sex Ratio

Female

4,587,840

51.20%

Male

4,372,321

48.80%

New Jersey Households and Families

New Jersey Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New Jersey Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.9%21.1%
All64.1%35.9%
Male50.8%49.2%
Non Family49.7%50.3%
Female45.4%54.6%

64.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,199,1112.7464.1
Married1,638,0233.3978.9
Non Family981,8321.2449.7
Female423,9833.4545.4
Male155,2733.4850.8

3.32

Average Family Size

2.74

Average Household Size

5.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Jersey Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade315,5985.12%
9th to 12th Grade351,1845.70%
High School Graduate1,722,59727.95%
Some College1,026,06016.65%
Associates Degree400,4246.50%
Bachelors Degree1,439,97123.36%
Graduate Degree907,86514.73%

New Jersey Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,676,7213,444,7041,547,585
Hispanic1,062,068774,024190,231
Black786,616687,788181,245
Asian590,486545,019405,302
Other Race347,630239,15845,571
Multiple Races98,04084,21233,679
Native American11,7048,6262,358
Islander1,8761,485629

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.69%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.64%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$47,377$55,345$39,275
Less Than High School$22,542$26,482$17,662
High School Grad$32,816$40,586$26,111
Some College$40,959$50,161$33,929
Bachelors Degree$62,600$77,585$52,803
Graduate Degree$86,267$105,142$70,321

$47,377

Average Earnings

$55,345

Average Male

$39,275

Average Female

New Jersey Language

New Jersey Language by Age

New Jersey Language

69.03% of New Jersey residents speak only English, while 30.97% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 16.14% of the population.

New Jersey Poverty

New Jersey Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic1,737,472340,74819.61%
White4,938,421310,1306.28%
Black1,158,587221,95219.16%
Other566,370127,42222.50%
Asian830,03155,6856.71%
Multiple225,01234,60415.38%
Native17,6604,09423.18%
Islander2,79476227.27%

10.68%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.65%

Male Poverty Rate

11.65%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Jersey

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Jersey is Islander, with 27.27% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Jersey is White, with 6.28% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.00%. Among those working part-time, it was 11.15%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.47%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.42%
High School11.49%
Some College7.98%
Bachelors or Greater3.54%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed26.58%
Male Unemployed20.66%
Female Employed5.29%
Male Employed3.86%

New Jersey Income

New Jersey Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$76,475$105,917
Families$94,337$123,936
Married Families$113,655$144,655
Non Families$41,692$60,767

New Jersey Marital Status

New Jersey Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.5%

Male Marriage Rate

46.7%

Female Marriage Rate

New Jersey Married by Age and Sex

New Jersey Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

New Jersey Marital Status by Race

New Jersey Veterans

351,542

Number of Veterans

330,325

Male Veterans

21,217

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam126,718
Korea45,270
First Gulf War42,994
Second Gulf War38,394
World War II28,800
Age Group Veterans
75+114,424
65 to 74100,271
35 to 5462,318
55 to 6454,018
18 to 3420,511

New Jersey Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White289,5906.00%
Black44,6694.86%
Hispanic24,2021.94%
Other5,6781.38%
Asian5,5370.84%
2 or More5,0844.10%
Indian8406.43%
Hawaiian1446.24%

New Jersey Veterans by Education

5.36%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Jersey Employment Status

65.6%

Labor Force Participation

61%

Employment Rate

7%

Unemployment Rate

  1. New Jersey State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)