New Jersey Population 2014

March, 15th 2014

The coastal state of New Jersey is situated on the north eastern edge of the United States and is bordered to the south by the Atlantic Ocean. It has played a prime role in the history of the country and in terms of the New Jersey population, the state packs a lot of people into a relatively small area. The current estimated population for 2013 is 8,901,163, with a growth rate of 0.41%, which ranks 37th in the country.

New Jersey Population 2013

The last countrywide census was carried out in the US back in 2010 and at the time, it was revealed that there were 8,791,894 people living here, which equated to a rise of 4.5% on the numbers declared in the 2000 survey.

The 2013 estimate shows a New Jersey population of 8,901,163, which makes this the 11th most populous state in the country, despite being ranked 47th in terms of size.

Did you know?

New Jersey is the most densely populated US state with more scientists per square mile than anywhere else.

Statistics relating to density make for some very interesting reading and New Jersey makes great use of every inch of territory. Its total land mass equates to 8,721 square miles (22,608 square kilometers), making it only the 47th biggest state in the US. The only US states that are smaller than New Jersey are Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island.

Despite it’s lack of size, however, for every square mile of NJ territory, there is an average of 1,189 people (459 per square kilometre) – no other state in the US can boast a higher population density! New Jersey is the only state to have every single county considered "urban" by the Census Bureau.

Largest Cities in New Jersey

Surprisingly for such a densely populated state, there are only four cities in New Jersey with a population of more than 100,000 people. Newarks is the state’s largest city, with a population of 278,154 (based on the 2010 census), closely followed by Jersey City, home to 247,597 people. The other cities with more than 100,000 people are Patterson (146,199 people) and Elizabeth (124,969).

Most of New Jersey's population lives in the countries surrounding New York City, Philadelphia and the eastern Jersey Shore. The northwestern and very southern counties have a much lower density.

New Jersey Population History

states/new-jersey-population-2014

It’s a simplistic generalization to say that like most eastern areas of the United States, New Jersey began to fill up quite rapidly in the 1800’s. In 1790, 184,139 citizens were living here and that was already a very healthy figure.

Ten years later in 1800, that number had climbed by just under 15% to 211,149 but from the second half of the 19th century onwards, percentage rises in population began to increase on a census by census basis. The growth had gathered so much momentum that by the beginning of the 1900’s, the New Jersey population had grown to 1,883,669.

Throughout the 20th century there was less of a pattern but the overall picture was one of sustained growth to the point where, in the present day, the New Jersey population in 2012 is edging towards the nine million mark. To give you an indication of scale, that’s bigger than more than half of the countries in Europe, and nearly a third of the size of a country like Canada.

New Jersey Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of New Jersey was:

  • 68.6% White
  • 13.7% African American
  • 0.3% Native American
  • 8.3% Asian American
  • 6.4% other races
  • 2.7% Multiracial

17.7% of New Jersey's population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. It's estimated that about 6.4% of New Jersey's population is illegal immigrants, which is the 4th highest percentage of any state in the US. There were an estimated 550,000 illegal immigrants in New Jersey as of 2010.

Interestingly, New Jersey is home to more scientists and engineers per square mile than any other area of the world. It's also one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse states in the US, with the second largest Jewish population (after New York state), the second largest Muslim population (after the state of Michigan), the largest population of Peruvians in the country, and the largest population of Cubans outside of the state of Florida. It also boasts very high numbers of Portuguese and Brazilian Americans, Hispanics, Arabs, African-Americans, Asians, Chinese and Italian Americans.

New Jersey Population Projections

New Jersey’s remarkable growth shows no signs of abating and similar increases will take the population comfortably beyond the 9 million mark in 2020. How long this tiny state can sustain those rises without running out of space is a far greater question.

Data gathered shows that New Jersey's population will continue to grow and diversify. The population is expected to include more seniors, Hispanics and Asians by 2020, and its projected population growth is fueled by projected gains in employment. The smallest racial groups in the state, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders and Multiracial populations, are projected to increase substantially, increasing 167% between 2010 and 2030. By 2025, it's projected that non-Hispanic whites will no longer claim a majority of New Jersey's population, accounting for just 49.4% of the total population by then.

Current projections estimate New Jersey will have a population of 9.2 million residents by 2020, although it's hard to guess how long the growth can continue.

New Jersey Population Chart