New Mexico Population 2018

2,090,708

In 2018, it's estimated that New Mexico has a population of 2.09 million, up slightly from the 2010 figures of 2.05 million. New Mexico currently has a growth rate of 0.64% annually, which ranks 30th in the country.

The last nationwide census within the United States was carried out in 2010 and that survey revealed that the population of New Mexico was 2,059,179. This was the first time that numbers in the state had exceeded 2 million, and the figure represented an increase of 14.5% on those declared ten years earlier.

You can see details of each individual New Mexico county’s population increase and decrease between 2000 and 2010 using this interactive map. It’s important to note that, while the number of people in many counties increased, it fell in others, so the growth isn’t uniform.

A 2018 estimate suggests that New Mexico's population has grown even further to 2.09 million, making the so-called "Land of Enchantment" the 36th most populous state in the US.

New Mexico Population Density

The State of New Mexico in the deep south of the United States in the fifth largest state in the US by area. However, it is the sixth most sparsely populated territory in the country, indicating that total population isn't that high. The vast area of New Mexico is filled with mountain ranges, deserts and huge forests. So it’s not surprising that, although the total surface area of NM is 121,589 square miles (315,194 square kilometers), there is an average of just 17 people who live in each square mile. Overall, New Mexico is only the 45th most densely populated state in the United States.

Many of the state’s residents are crowded into Bernalillo County. Despite being the second smallest country in the state, Bernalillo is home to more than one-third of its residents -- 676,685 to be precise. That’s mainly because Alberquerque, the largest city in New Mexico, is within the county borders. The total population of Alberquerque is 559,121, making it the 32nd largest city in the US.

There are four other counties in New Mexico with more than 100,000 people -- Dona Ana (pop: 214,295), Santa Fe (pop: 148.686), Sandoval (pop: 139,394) and San Juan (pop: 118,737).

New Mexico Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, Religion

The median age is New Mexico is approximately 37.2 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state is approximately split at 50.5% females and 49.5% males.

The racial diversity in the state is currently at 73.5% Caucasians, 10.5% other races, 9.3% Natives of North America, 3.3% two or more races, 2% African Americans, and 1.4% Asians.

In religious terms, New Mexico comes in with 75% of the population affiliated with a Christian based faith, 4% with a non-Christian based faith, and 21% unaffiliated with any faith in particular.

New Mexico Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Mexico was acquired in part in 1845 when Texas joined the United States, and in part directly from Mexico in 1848 and 1853. New Mexico Territory was established in December 1850, including most of present-day Arizona and parts of Colorado and Nevada. New Mexico acquired essentially its present boundaries in 1863, and was admitted as a State on January 6, 1912.

In 1850 census coverage of New Mexico Territory included much of the present State but did not extend beyond it. The 1860 population refers essentially to the present State; it excludes the then Arizona County, which was located within present-day Arizona, as well as areas that became part of Colorado Territory in 1861.

New Mexico Population Chart

New Mexico Population History

New Mexico is one of the few US states that has never really experienced what you might refer to as a "population boom." Whereas many states at times saw increases of several hundred percent per decade, particularly in the 18th century, the largest decade on decade population increase in New Mexico was only 60%. Steady but sustained population growth has been the order of the day in this part of the US.

The first official New Mexico census was held in 1860, when the population was recorded at a healthy 61,547. Just ten years later a rise of 51.9% had been recorded, taking the number of people living in the state to 93,516. A sizeable increase but not big in relation to huge spikes experienced elsewhere.

Although the following census in 1880 recorded a slight fall in numbers (1.8%), from that point on steady growth has dominated, with average rises on a census by census basis of around 25%. The population of New Mexico had exceeded one million by the time of the 1970 Census and in 2010, numbers passed two million for the first time.

New Mexico Population Projections

Growth in New Mexico has been steady and as such, it’s fairly easy to predict population increases. Growth along the lines of that seen in the last forty years could therefore take those figures close to the 2.5 million mark by the time of the 2020 census. Official population projections estimate New Mexico will still come a bit short of this number, though, reaching 2.35 million by 2020, and hitting the 2.5 million mark by 2025.

Population Data via US Census

New Mexico Growth Rate

New Mexico Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20202,095,9840.13%
20192,093,3460.13%
20182,090,7080.13%
20172,088,0700.13%
20162,085,432Infinity%
20162,082,6690.02%
20152,082,264-0.05%
20142,083,207-0.09%
20132,085,1610.08%
20122,083,5900.28%
20112,077,7440.64%
20102,064,6071.27%
20001,819,0461.85%
19901,515,0691.52%
19801,302,8942.52%
19701,016,0000.66%
1960951,0233.39%
1950681,1872.51%
1940531,8182.31%
1930423,3171.62%
1920360,3500.97%
1910327,3015.30%
1900195,3102.00%
1890160,2822.97%
1880119,5652.67%
187091,8740.54%
186087,0343.53%
185061,5470.00%

New Mexico Facts

New Mexico Population in 2018Source: By Daniel Schwen [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

New Mexico Population Density by County

Bernalillo County

  • Population676,773
  • Density583.01 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20101.92%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State32.41%

New Mexico Population Growth Rate by County

The state of New Mexico has many counties, and across the state, there have been significant increases and decreases in population from the time of the 2010 Census until estimates were taken by the US Census Bureau in 2015. During this 5-year period, the New Mexico county of Lea saw the highest rate of growth at 10.14%. Three other counties -- Eddy, McKinley, and Sandoval -- saw population growths of over 5%. Several other counties, including Curry, Santa Fe, and Taos, recorded smaller increases in their populations.

On the other side, some counties also saw declining populations based on this same data from this 5-year period. Colfax County had the biggest decrease in population, which was 9.62%. Other significant decreases in New Mexico include San Juan County at 8.76%, De Baca County at 9.42%, and Hidalgo County at 8.88%, amongest others.

Population by Race

Race Population
White1,530,636
Some Other Race218,476
American Indian and Alaska Native193,295
Two or More Races67,797
Black or African American41,957
Asian29,168
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,340

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

New Mexico Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New Mexico Median Age

37.2


Total

35.7


Male

38.7


Female

New Mexico Adults

There are 1,580,746 adults, (318,648 of which are seniors) in New Mexico.

New Mexico Age Dependency

64.9

Age Dependency Ratio

25.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.7

Child Dependency Ratio

New Mexico Sex Ratio

Female

1,051,229

50.48%

Male

1,031,440

49.52%

New Mexico Households and Families

New Mexico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New Mexico Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married81.1%18.9%
All67.8%32.2%
Male60.1%39.9%
Non Family57.7%42.3%
Female53.8%46.2%

67.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Mexico Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All762,5512.6767.8
Married341,5043.3181.1
Non Family272,3961.2557.7
Female106,7063.8453.8
Male41,9453.7360.1

3.36

Average Family Size

2.67

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New Mexico Households

New Mexico Education

New Mexico Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade92,8186.76%
9th to 12th Grade118,3838.62%
High School Graduate362,62726.39%
Some College322,88023.50%
Associates Degree110,9748.08%
Bachelors Degree206,24715.01%
Graduate Degree159,99111.64%

New Mexico Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White621,828587,431245,331
Hispanic582,803434,47486,010
Other Race135,94097,43715,143
Native American114,24290,65412,260
Multiple Races30,72227,1668,826
Black24,73622,3467,175
Asian20,98618,20310,324
Islander73865980

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.47%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 49.19%.

New Mexico Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,486$36,878$26,506
Less Than High School$17,886$22,135$12,491
High School Grad$26,050$30,723$20,960
Some College$30,233$37,345$24,992
Bachelors Degree$43,247$50,896$39,645
Graduate Degree$56,643$73,167$51,079

$31,486

Average Earnings

$36,878

Average Male

$26,506

Average Female

New Mexico Language

New Mexico Language by Age

New Mexico Language

64.57% of New Mexico residents speak only English, while 35.43% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.02% of the population.

New Mexico Poverty

New Mexico Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic975,215248,24125.46%
White793,20398,49412.42%
Native189,51165,29534.45%
Other213,29261,55628.86%
Multiple66,59213,69520.57%
Black39,02710,15826.03%
Asian28,4623,16511.12%
Islander1,22523018.78%

20.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.55%

Male Poverty Rate

22.20%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Mexico

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Mexico is Native, with 34.45% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Mexico is Asian, with 11.12% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.42%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.51%.

New Mexico Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.35%
High School18.83%
Some College15.07%
Bachelors or Greater6.40%

New Mexico Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.16%
Male Unemployed36.83%
Female Employed12.02%
Male Employed9.96%

New Mexico Income

New Mexico Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$45,674$63,057
Families$55,900$73,277
Married Families$69,765$87,094
Non Families$28,148$41,677

New Mexico Marital Status

New Mexico Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.6%

Male Marriage Rate

43.7%

Female Marriage Rate

New Mexico Married by Age and Sex

New Mexico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

New Mexico Marital Status by Race

New Mexico Veterans

New Mexico Veterans by War

157,413

Number of Veterans

143,962

Male Veterans

13,451

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam60,243
First Gulf War30,785
Second Gulf War25,421
Korea14,884
World War II7,550

New Mexico Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7440,164
35 to 5436,949
75+33,425
55 to 6432,529
18 to 3414,346

New Mexico Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White130,88111.08%
Hispanic46,5846.69%
Other9,1725.72%
Indian7,8445.74%
Black5,09716.71%
2 or More3,3878.78%
Asian9804.19%
Hawaiian525.27%

New Mexico Veterans by Education

8.86%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Mexico Employment Status

New Mexico Employment by Age

59%

Labor Force Participation

53.5%

Employment Rate

8.5%

Unemployment Rate

New Mexico Employment by Race

New Mexico Employment by Education

New Mexico Nativity

New Mexico Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. New Mexico State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)