New York Population 2018

19,862,512

[New York](/world-cities/york-population/) State is the fourth largest state in the United States of America in 2018 based on our latest projections, with a population of 19.86 million. Florida recently became the third most populous state, passing New York in 2014 and pushing The Empire State to 4th in the United States. The recent official estimates from July 2015 put New York's population at 19,795,791. This estimate represents a 2.1% increase since 2010.

New York Area and Population Density

New York State has an overall population density of 421 people per square mile, with an area of 47,126 square miles.When most people think of New York, they immediately think of New York City, the largest city in the US. New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the country. Nearly 43% of New York state's population live in the 305 square miles that comprise New York City. The next largest city in the state of New York is Buffalo, with just over 250,000 residents. This means New York City is over 33 times larger than the second largest city in New York. New York's state capital Albany is home to just under 100 thousand residents.

The most populated counties in New York are Kings County (2,648,771), Queens County (2,358,582), and New York County (1,664,727).

New York Demographics

With such a diverse population, New York State also has a large number of religions that are practiced within it. Seventy percent of its inhabitants are Christians, including 39% Roman Catholic, 7% Baptist, 6% Methodist and 2% Pentecostal amongst the dominant believers. Other major religions include Judaism (9%), Islamic (6%) and Buddhism (1%), while 17% of New York's inhabitants have no set religious ideologies to follow.

People from all races and creeds live in the state of New York, and the different ethnic identities has led to a rich cultural diversity in this region. With more and more people entering New York for jobs and other opportunities, this diversity is only going to grow, giving New York a richer cultural identity than it already fosters.

New York officially reports a rich ethnic diversity as people from over 200 nationalities were counted to be a part of New York. This includes people of Portuguese, German, Dutch, Russian, Swedish and Greek ancestry. Moreover, the Albany, southeast and central areas of New York are pre-dominantly Italian American and Irish American. There are also a large number of German Americans in the western areas of New York, as well as French Canadians who reside in the northern end of New York.

The median age of the population residing in New York is 38.2 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state is approximately 51.5% females to 48.5% males.

New York Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New York was one of the 13 original States. Since relinquishing its claims to Vermont in 1791, it has had substantially its present boundaries. Census coverage excluded Vermont in 1790, and did not include the far western part of the State until 1800.

New York Population Chart

New York Population Growth

New York's growth is expected to continue to continue over the next few decades. By 2020, it is estimated that the current population of 19.795 million will increase by nearly a quarter-million, pushing the population over 20 million.

Population Data via US Census

New York Growth Rate

New York Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
202019,888,7380.07%
201919,875,6250.07%
201819,862,5120.07%
201719,849,3990.07%
201619,836,286Infinity%
201619,697,457-0.62%
201519,819,3470.23%
201419,773,5800.31%
201319,712,5140.44%
201219,625,4090.51%
201119,526,3720.62%
201019,405,1850.22%
200018,976,4570.54%
199017,990,4550.24%
198017,558,072-0.38%
197018,236,9670.83%
196016,782,3041.24%
195014,830,1920.96%
194013,479,1420.69%
193012,588,0661.94%
192010,385,2271.31%
19109,113,6142.29%
19007,268,8941.93%
18906,003,1741.68%
18805,082,8711.49%
18704,382,7591.22%
18603,880,7352.28%
18503,097,3942.46%
18402,428,9212.39%
18301,918,6083.40%
18201,372,8123.65%
1810959,0495.05%
1800586,0505.59%
1790340,1204.91%
1780210,5412.60%
1770162,9203.35%
1760117,1384.33%
175076,6961.88%
174063,6652.74%
173048,5942.79%
172036,9195.49%
171021,6251.25%
170019,1073.23%
169013,9093.53%
16809,8305.50%
16705,7541.55%
16604,9361.83%
16504,1167.87%
16401,93018.62%
16303500.00%

New York Facts

New York Population in 2018Source: By William Warby (originally posted to Flickr as Statue of Liberty) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Fort Orange was settled in 1624, and it was the first permanent non-native settlement in the colony that is now New York.
  • The state was originally settled by the Dutch, who ruled it for forty years. The area was originally called "New Netherland."
  • The first US capital was located in New York, and the first President George Washinton took his oath of office at Federal Hall.
  • It became known as the "Empire State" because of New York's resources and weath.
  • The capital of New York, Albany, holds the honor of being the longest continuously chartered city in the country.
  • From 1805 to 1962, New York was the most populous state in the US before being overtaken by California.

New York Population Density by County

Kings County

  • Population2,648,771
  • Density37941.16 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20105.49%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.34%

New York Population Growth Rate by County

When examining population growth by county (from 2010 to 2015), just one -- Kings County -- recorded an increase of over 5%. Other counties showed smaller rates of growth, and these counties include but were not limited to Tompkins, Westchester, Saratoga, Rockland, Erie, and Suffolk.

There are also multiple counties in the state that have shown population declines. Schoharie County reported the largest loss in population at 4.15%. Several other counties also had populations that declined since 2010, including Delaware County at 3.83%, Greene County at 3.04%, and Sullivan County at 3.3%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White12,667,413
Black or African American3,073,278
Some Other Race1,697,831
Asian1,599,216
Two or More Races576,440
American Indian and Alaska Native75,751
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7,528

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

New York Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

New York Median Age

38.2


Total

36.6


Male

39.8


Female

New York Adults

There are 15,462,504 adults, (2,895,526 of which are seniors) in New York.

New York Age Dependency

56.6

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Child Dependency Ratio

New York Sex Ratio

Female

10,142,327

51.49%

Male

9,555,130

48.51%

New York Households and Families

New York Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

New York Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.3%27.7%
All53.6%46.4%
Male45.4%54.6%
Non Family39.3%60.7%
Female35.9%64.1%

53.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

New York Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,266,1872.6353.6
Married3,194,0813.3972.3
Non Family2,654,2051.2839.3
Female1,055,1383.4535.9
Male362,7633.4445.4

3.31

Average Family Size

2.63

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

New York Households

New York Education

New York Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade882,1236.53%
9th to 12th Grade1,018,7697.54%
High School Graduate3,569,45426.43%
Some College2,177,98416.13%
Associates Degree1,164,3078.62%
Bachelors Degree2,654,20319.65%
Graduate Degree2,037,24315.09%

New York Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White8,053,6897,463,6933,280,664
Hispanic2,220,2441,502,499392,833
Black2,001,7161,654,489452,803
Asian1,121,517878,441513,899
Other Race1,023,033649,373139,342
Multiple Races265,831210,98883,593
Native American48,00235,2227,906
Islander5,1184,2191,390

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.67%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.82%.

New York Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,004$46,474$35,927
Less Than High School$20,519$23,462$16,152
High School Grad$30,365$35,472$24,345
Some College$36,986$43,603$31,735
Bachelors Degree$55,375$64,568$49,056
Graduate Degree$72,399$87,146$63,343

$41,004

Average Earnings

$46,474

Average Male

$35,927

Average Female

New York Language

New York Language by Age

New York Language

69.55% of New York residents speak only English, while 30.45% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 15.03% of the population.

New York Poverty

New York Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White10,829,9271,077,2739.95%
Hispanic3,582,326910,62525.42%
Black2,961,512678,01322.89%
Other1,668,190486,73829.18%
Asian1,566,633277,48317.71%
Multiple558,200118,20921.18%
Native73,59018,72225.44%
Islander7,2121,39519.34%

15.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.12%

Male Poverty Rate

16.73%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New York

The race most likely to be in poverty in New York is Other, with 29.18% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New York is White, with 9.95% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.49%.

New York Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School29.37%
High School15.06%
Some College10.88%
Bachelors or Greater5.23%

New York Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed33.83%
Male Unemployed28.06%
Female Employed7.54%
Male Employed5.73%

New York Income

New York Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,741$89,397
Families$74,036$104,233
Married Families$92,514$125,272
Non Families$37,716$59,813

New York Marital Status

New York Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.1%

Male Marriage Rate

42.1%

Female Marriage Rate

New York Married by Age and Sex

New York Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

New York Marital Status by Race

New York Veterans

New York Veterans by War

789,553

Number of Veterans

739,116

Male Veterans

50,437

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam266,166
First Gulf War98,538
Korea97,322
Second Gulf War90,270
World War II65,891

New York Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+231,751
65 to 74205,356
35 to 54159,935
55 to 64136,287
18 to 3456,224

New York Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White664,7226.53%
Black83,7143.56%
Hispanic56,7042.14%
Other16,9491.38%
2 or More10,8613.23%
Asian10,1110.79%
Indian2,8224.96%
Hawaiian3746.28%

New York Veterans by Education

6.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

New York Employment Status

New York Employment by Age

63.4%

Labor Force Participation

58.5%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

New York Employment by Race

New York Employment by Education

New York Nativity

New York Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. New York State Data Center
  2. Cornell Program on Applied Demographics
  3. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  5. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  6. Census QuickFacts
  7. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)