New York Population 2017

19,889,657

New York State is the fourth largest state in the United States of America in 2016 based on our latest projections. Florida recently became the third most populous state, passing New York in 2014 and pushing The Empire State to 4th in the United States. The most recent official estimates from July 2015 put New York's population at 19,795,791. This estimate represents a 2.1% increase since 2010.

When most people think of New York, they immediately think of New York City, the largest city in the US. New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the country. Nearly 43% of New York state's population live in the 305 square miles that comprise New York City. The next largest city in the state of New York is Buffalo, with just over 250,000 residents. This means New York City is over 33 times larger than the second largest city in New York. New York's state capital Albany is home to just under 100 thousand residents.

New York reports a rich ethnic diversity as people from over 200 nationalities were counted to be a part of New York. This includes people of Portuguese, German, Dutch, Russian, Swedish and Greek ancestry. Moreover, the Albany, southeast and central areas of New York are pre-dominantly Italian American and Irish American. There are also a large number of German Americans in the western areas of New York, as well as French Canadians who reside in the northern end of New York.

New York Age Distribution

With such a diverse population, New York State also has a large number of religions that are practiced within it. Seventy percent of its inhabitants are Christians, including 39% Roman Catholic, 7% Baptist, 6% Methodist and 2% Pentecostal amongst the dominant believers. Other major religions include Judaism (9%), Islamic (6%) and Buddhism (1%), while 17% of New York's inhabitants have no set religious ideologies to follow.

People from all races and creeds live in the state of New York, and the different ethnic identities has led to a rich cultural diversity in this region. With more and more people entering New York for jobs and other opportunities, this diversity is only going to grow, giving New York a richer cultural identity than it already fosters.

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New York Population Chart

New York Population Growth

New York's growth is expected to continue to continue over the next few decades. By 2020, it is estimated that the current population of 19.795 million will increase by nearly a quarter-million, pushing the population over 20 million.

Population Data via US Census

New York Growth Rate

New York State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 20,030,456 0.23%
2019 19,983,523 0.24%
2018 19,936,590 0.24%
2017 19,889,657 0.24%
2016 19,842,724 0.24%
2015 19,795,791 0.24%
2014 19,748,858 0.29%
2013 19,691,032 0.43%
2012 19,606,981 0.43%
2011 19,523,202 0.75%
2010 19,378,102 0.21%
2000 18,976,457 0.54%
1990 17,990,455 0.24%
1980 17,558,072 -0.38%
1970 18,236,967 0.83%
1960 16,782,304 1.24%
1950 14,830,192 0.96%
1940 13,479,142 0.69%
1930 12,588,066 1.94%
1920 10,385,227 1.31%
1910 9,113,614 2.29%
1900 7,268,894 1.93%
1890 6,003,174 1.68%
1880 5,082,871 1.49%
1870 4,382,759 1.22%
1860 3,880,735 2.28%
1850 3,097,394 2.46%
1840 2,428,921 2.39%
1830 1,918,608 3.40%
1820 1,372,812 3.65%
1810 959,049 5.05%
1800 586,050 5.59%
1790 340,120 0.00%

New York Facts

New York Population in 2017 Source: Dschwen

  • Fort Orange was settled in 1624, and it was the first permanent white settlement in the colony that is now New York.
  • The state was originally settled by the Dutch, who ruled it for forty years. The area was originally called "New Netherland."
  • The first US capital was located in New York, and the first President George Washinton took his oath of office at Federal Hall.
  • It became known as the "Empire State" because of New York's resources and weath.
  • The capital of New York, Albany, holds the honor of being the longest continuously chartered city in the country.
  • From 1805 to 1962, New York was the most populous state in the US before being overtaken by California.
  • In 1994, Texas surpassed New York and California to become the most populous state. Twenty years later, Florida also surpassed New York in population.

New York Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

New York Population Growth Rate by County

When examining population growth by county (from 2010 to 2015), just one -- Kings County -- recorded an increase of over 5%. Other counties showed smaller rates of growth, and these counties include but were not limited to Tompkins, Westchester, Saratoga, Rockland, Erie, and Suffolk.

There are also multiple counties in the state that have shown population declines. Schoharie County reported the largest loss in population at 4.15%. Several other counties also had populations that declined since 2010, including Delaware County at 3.83%, Greene County at 3.04%, and Sullivan County at 3.3%.

Population Pyramid

To compare New York to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

New York has a high percentage of foreign born residents. According to data from 2004, over 20% of the state's total population was classified as foreign born. This is even higher in New York City, where 36% of the city's population is foreign-born. This is the highest percentage of any city in the United States.

The state of New York has the 2nd highest population of Asian Americans in the nation. Percentage-wise, the state ranks 6th when compared to the other 49 states. New York's total population of African Americans ranks as 2nd in the nation, while it ranks 13th in terms of percentage of African Americans.

The high percentage of Hispanics in the state are mainly comprised of Puerto Ricans. New York has the highest population of Puerto Ricans in the country. The state also has the largest population of Dominicans. New York also has a rapidly growing population of Bangladeshi Americans and Pakistani Americans. Ancestry groups in the state include Italian Americans, who make up 15.8% of the population, African American, Hispanic, Irish and German, amongst others.

Languages Spoken in New York

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 18,322,476 100
English 14,312,226 78.11
Spanish 2,705,225 14.76
Chinese 336,870 1.84
French 133,535 0.73
Bengali 96,980 0.53
Cantonese 95,915 0.52
Mandarin 79,395 0.43
German 65,165 0.36
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 51,575 0.28

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in New York. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

New York Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 85
BachelorsDegree 34
Disabled 7
NoHealthInsurance 10
LaborForceTotal 63
LaborForceFemale 59
FoodServiceSales 49,285,508
HealthCareRevenue 155,666,053
ManufacturerShipments 148,879,931
MerchantWholesalesSales 341,734,970
RetailSales 251,167,736
RetailSalesPerCapita 12,834
MeanWorkTravelTime 32
MedianHouseholdIncome 58,687
PerCapitaIncome 32,829
PovertyPercentage 16

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in New York for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.2% and the labor force participation rate is 63.5%.

New York Business

NonemployerEstablishments 1,674,297
AllFirms 2,008,988
MenOwnedFirms 1,139,910
WomenOwnedFirms 725,709
MinorityOwnedFirms 709,021
NonminorityOwnedFirms 1,248,304
VeteranOwnedFirms 137,532
NonveteranOwn 1,811,544

New York Housing

HousingUnits 8,206,739
HousingUnits 8,108,103
OwnerOccupiedRate 54
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 283,700
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 2,042
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 710
MedianGrossRent 1,117
BuildingPermits 74,611
Households 7,255,528
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 89
NonEnglishAtHome 30
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. New York State Data Center
  6. Cornell Program on Applied Demographics