New York Population 2017

19,889,657

New York State is the fourth largest state in the United States of America in 2016 based on our latest projections. Florida recently became the third most populous state, passing New York in 2014 and pushing The Empire State to 4th in the United States. The most recent official estimates from July 2015 put New York's population at 19,795,791. This estimate represents a 2.1% increase since 2010.

When most people think of New York, they immediately think of New York City, the largest city in the US. New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the country. Nearly 43% of New York state's population live in the 305 square miles that comprise New York City. The next largest city in the state of New York is Buffalo, with just over 250,000 residents. This means New York City is over 33 times larger than the second largest city in New York. New York's state capital Albany is home to just under 100 thousand residents.

New York reports a rich ethnic diversity as people from over 200 nationalities were counted to be a part of New York. This includes people of Portuguese, German, Dutch, Russian, Swedish and Greek ancestry. Moreover, the Albany, southeast and central areas of New York are pre-dominantly Italian American and Irish American. There are also a large number of German Americans in the western areas of New York, as well as French Canadians who reside in the northern end of New York.

New York Age Distribution

With such a diverse population, New York State also has a large number of religions that are practiced within it. Seventy percent of its inhabitants are Christians, including 39% Roman Catholic, 7% Baptist, 6% Methodist and 2% Pentecostal amongst the dominant believers. Other major religions include Judaism (9%), Islamic (6%) and Buddhism (1%), while 17% of New York's inhabitants have no set religious ideologies to follow.

People from all races and creeds live in the state of New York, and the different ethnic identities has led to a rich cultural diversity in this region. With more and more people entering New York for jobs and other opportunities, this diversity is only going to grow, giving New York a richer cultural identity than it already fosters.

New York Population Chart

New York Population Growth

New York's growth is expected to continue to continue over the next few decades. By 2020, it is estimated that the current population of 19.795 million will increase by nearly a quarter-million, pushing the population over 20 million.

Population Data via US Census

New York Growth Rate

New York State Rank

Year Pop % Change
202020,030,4560.23%
201919,983,5230.24%
201819,936,5900.24%
201719,889,6570.24%
201619,842,7240.24%
201519,795,7910.24%
201419,748,8580.29%
201319,691,0320.43%
201219,606,9810.43%
201119,523,2020.75%
201019,378,1020.21%
200018,976,4570.54%
199017,990,4550.24%
198017,558,072-0.38%
197018,236,9670.83%
196016,782,3041.24%
195014,830,1920.96%
194013,479,1420.69%
193012,588,0661.94%
192010,385,2271.31%
19109,113,6142.29%
19007,268,8941.93%
18906,003,1741.68%
18805,082,8711.49%
18704,382,7591.22%
18603,880,7352.28%
18503,097,3942.46%
18402,428,9212.39%
18301,918,6083.40%
18201,372,8123.65%
1810959,0495.05%
1800586,0505.59%
1790340,1200.00%

New York Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Dschwen

  • Fort Orange was settled in 1624, and it was the first permanent white settlement in the colony that is now New York.
  • The state was originally settled by the Dutch, who ruled it for forty years. The area was originally called "New Netherland."
  • The first US capital was located in New York, and the first President George Washinton took his oath of office at Federal Hall.
  • It became known as the "Empire State" because of New York's resources and weath.
  • The capital of New York, Albany, holds the honor of being the longest continuously chartered city in the country.
  • From 1805 to 1962, New York was the most populous state in the US before being overtaken by California.
  • In 1994, Texas surpassed New York and California to become the most populous state. Twenty years later, Florida also surpassed New York in population.

New York Population Density by County

Kings County

  • Population2,636,735
  • Density37768.76 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20105.04%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.32%

New York Population Growth Rate by County

When examining population growth by county (from 2010 to 2015), just one -- Kings County -- recorded an increase of over 5%. Other counties showed smaller rates of growth, and these counties include but were not limited to Tompkins, Westchester, Saratoga, Rockland, Erie, and Suffolk.

There are also multiple counties in the state that have shown population declines. Schoharie County reported the largest loss in population at 4.15%. Several other counties also had populations that declined since 2010, including Delaware County at 3.83%, Greene County at 3.04%, and Sullivan County at 3.3%.

Population Pyramid

0k50k100k150kNew York Male Population0k50k100k150kNew York Female Population

To compare New York to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White13,874,04870.09%
Black or African American3,491,04717.64%
American Indian and Alaska Native190,5390.96%
Asian1,733,5708.76%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander26,7860.14%
Two or More Races479,8012.42%

When examining population growth by county (from 2010 to 2015), just one -- Kings County -- recorded an increase of over 5%. Other counties showed smaller rates of growth, and these counties include but were not limited to Tompkins, Westchester, Saratoga, Rockland, Erie, and Suffolk.

There are also multiple counties in the state that have shown population declines. Schoharie County reported the largest loss in population at 4.15%. Several other counties also had populations that declined since 2010, including Delaware County at 3.83%, Greene County at 3.04%, and Sullivan County at 3.3%.

Languages Spoken in New York

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over18,322,476100
English14,312,22678.11
Spanish2,705,22514.76
Chinese336,8701.84
French133,5350.73
Bengali96,9800.53
Cantonese95,9150.52
Mandarin79,3950.43
German65,1650.36
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba51,5750.28

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in New York. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

New York Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate85.4
BachelorsDegree33.7
Disabled7.3
NoHealthInsurance10
LaborForceTotal63.4
LaborForceFemale58.7
FoodServiceSales49,285,508
HealthCareRevenue155,666,053
ManufacturerShipments148,879,931
MerchantWholesalesSales341,734,970
RetailSales251,167,736
RetailSalesPerCapita12,834
MeanWorkTravelTime31.9
MedianHouseholdIncome58,687
PerCapitaIncome32,829
PovertyPercentage15.9

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in New York for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.2% and the labor force participation rate is 63.5%.

New York Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments1,674,297
AllFirms2,008,988
MenOwnedFirms1,139,910
WomenOwnedFirms725,709
MinorityOwnedFirms709,021
NonminorityOwnedFirms1,248,304
VeteranOwnedFirms137,532
NonveteranOwn1,811,544

New York Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits8,206,739
HousingUnits8,108,103
OwnerOccupiedRate53.8
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue283,700
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage2,042
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage710
MedianGrossRent1,117
BuildingPermits74,611
Households7,255,528
PersonsPerHousehold2.62
SameHouseOneYearAgo88.9
NonEnglishAtHome30.2
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. New York State Data Center
  6. Cornell Program on Applied Demographics