New York Population 2017

19,743,395

New York State is the fourth largest state in the United States of America in 2017 based on our latest projections, with a population of 19.74 million. Florida recently became the third most populous state, passing New York in 2014 and pushing The Empire State to 4th in the United States. The most recent official estimates from July 2015 put New York's population at 19,795,791. This estimate represents a 2.1% increase since 2010.

When most people think of New York, they immediately think of New York City, the largest city in the US. New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the country. Nearly 43% of New York state's population live in the 305 square miles that comprise New York City. The next largest city in the state of New York is Buffalo, with just over 250,000 residents. This means New York City is over 33 times larger than the second largest city in New York. New York's state capital Albany is home to just under 100 thousand residents.

New York reports a rich ethnic diversity as people from over 200 nationalities were counted to be a part of New York. This includes people of Portuguese, German, Dutch, Russian, Swedish and Greek ancestry. Moreover, the Albany, southeast and central areas of New York are pre-dominantly Italian American and Irish American. There are also a large number of German Americans in the western areas of New York, as well as French Canadians who reside in the northern end of New York.

New York Age Distribution

With such a diverse population, New York State also has a large number of religions that are practiced within it. Seventy percent of its inhabitants are Christians, including 39% Roman Catholic, 7% Baptist, 6% Methodist and 2% Pentecostal amongst the dominant believers. Other major religions include Judaism (9%), Islamic (6%) and Buddhism (1%), while 17% of New York's inhabitants have no set religious ideologies to follow.

People from all races and creeds live in the state of New York, and the different ethnic identities has led to a rich cultural diversity in this region. With more and more people entering New York for jobs and other opportunities, this diversity is only going to grow, giving New York a richer cultural identity than it already fosters.

New York Population History

New York was one of the 13 original States. Since relinquishing its claims to Vermont in 1791, it has had substantially its present boundaries. Census coverage excluded Vermont in 1790, and did not include the far western part of the State until 1800.

New York Population Chart

New York Population Growth

New York's growth is expected to continue to continue over the next few decades. By 2020, it is estimated that the current population of 19.795 million will increase by nearly a quarter-million, pushing the population over 20 million.

Population Data via US Census

New York Growth Rate

New York Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
202019,737,713-0.01%
201919,739,607-0.01%
201819,741,501-0.01%
201719,743,395-0.01%
201619,745,289-0.01%
201519,747,1830.15%
201419,718,5150.23%
201319,673,5460.36%
201219,602,7690.43%
201119,519,5290.73%
201019,378,1020.21%
200018,976,4570.54%
199017,990,4550.24%
198017,558,072-0.38%
197018,236,9670.83%
196016,782,3041.24%
195014,830,1920.96%
194013,479,1420.69%
193012,588,0661.94%
192010,385,2271.31%
19109,113,6142.29%
19007,268,8941.93%
18906,003,1741.68%
18805,082,8711.49%
18704,382,7591.22%
18603,880,7352.28%
18503,097,3942.46%
18402,428,9212.39%
18301,918,6083.40%
18201,372,8123.65%
1810959,0495.05%
1800586,0505.59%
1790340,1200.00%

New York Facts

New York Population in 2018Source: Dschwen

  • Fort Orange was settled in 1624, and it was the first permanent white settlement in the colony that is now New York.
  • The state was originally settled by the Dutch, who ruled it for forty years. The area was originally called "New Netherland."
  • The first US capital was located in New York, and the first President George Washinton took his oath of office at Federal Hall.
  • It became known as the "Empire State" because of New York's resources and weath.
  • The capital of New York, Albany, holds the honor of being the longest continuously chartered city in the country.
  • From 1805 to 1962, New York was the most populous state in the US before being overtaken by California.
  • In 1994, Texas surpassed New York and California to become the most populous state. Twenty years later, Florida also surpassed New York in population.

New York Population Density by County

Kings County

  • Population2,624,941
  • Density37599.82 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20104.57%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.29%

New York Population Growth Rate by County

When examining population growth by county (from 2010 to 2015), just one -- Kings County -- recorded an increase of over 5%. Other counties showed smaller rates of growth, and these counties include but were not limited to Tompkins, Westchester, Saratoga, Rockland, Erie, and Suffolk.

There are also multiple counties in the state that have shown population declines. Schoharie County reported the largest loss in population at 4.15%. Several other counties also had populations that declined since 2010, including Delaware County at 3.83%, Greene County at 3.04%, and Sullivan County at 3.3%.

Population Pyramid

0k50k100k150kNew York Male Population0k50k100k150kNew York Female Population

To compare New York to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Two or More Races479,8012.42%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander26,7860.14%
Asian1,733,5708.76%
American Indian and Alaska Native190,5390.96%
Black or African American3,491,04717.64%
White13,874,04870.09%

New York has a high percentage of foreign born residents. According to data from 2004, over 20% of the state's total population was classified as foreign born. This is even higher in New York City, where 36% of the city's population is foreign-born. This is the highest percentage of any city in the United States.

The state of New York has the 2nd highest population of Asian Americans in the nation. Percentage-wise, the state ranks 6th when compared to the other 49 states. New York's total population of African Americans ranks as 2nd in the nation, while it ranks 13th in terms of percentage of African Americans.

The high percentage of Hispanics in the state are mainly comprised of Puerto Ricans. New York has the highest population of Puerto Ricans in the country. The state also has the largest population of Dominicans. New York also has a rapidly growing population of Bangladeshi Americans and Pakistani Americans. Ancestry groups in the state include Italian Americans, who make up 15.8% of the population, African American, Hispanic, Irish and German, amongst others.

Languages Spoken in New York

Language Population Percentage
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba51,5750.28%
German65,1650.36%
Mandarin79,3950.43%
Cantonese95,9150.52%
Bengali96,9800.53%
French133,5350.73%
Chinese336,8701.84%
Spanish2,705,22514.76%
English14,312,22678.11%
Population 5 years and over18,322,476100.00%

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in New York. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

New York Economy

IndicatorValue
High school graduate or higher 85.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 33.7%
With a Disability 7.3%
Persons Without Health Insurance 10%
In Civilian Labor Force 63.4%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 58.7%
Food Services Sales $49,285,508
Health Care Revenue $155,666,053,000
Manufacturers Shipments $148,879,931,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $341,734,970,000
Total Retail Sales $251,167,736,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $12,834
Mean Travel Time to Work 31.9 minutes
Median Household Income $58,687
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $32,829
Persons in Poverty 15.9%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in New York for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.2% and the labor force participation rate is 63.5%.

New York Business

IndicatorValue
Total Nonemployer Establishments 1,674,297
All firms 2,008,988
Men-owned Firms 1,139,910
Women-owned Firms 725,709
Minority-owned Firms 709,021
Nonminority-owned Firms 1,248,304
Veternan-owned Firms 137,532
Nonveteran-owned Firms 1,811,544

New York Housing

IndicatorValue
Housing Units 8,108,103
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 53.8%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $283,700
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $2,042
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $710
Median Gross Rent $1,117
Building Permits 74,611
Households 7,255,528
Persons per Household 2.62 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 88.9%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 30.2%
Data Sources
  1. New York State Data Center
  2. Cornell Program on Applied Demographics
  3. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  5. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  6. Census QuickFacts
  7. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)