North Carolina Population 2017

10,247,632

Situated on the east coast of the United States, North Carolina is just the 28th largest state in the country in terms of area but it has a relatively high population density. The North Carolina population statistics make for very interesting reading as a whole, but how do the numbers stack up in recent years? It's estimated North Carolina's population has reached exceed 10 million in 2016, up from the 2010 population of 9.53 million. North Carolina currently has a very healthy growth rate of 1.13%, which ranks 14th in the nation.

To gauge the North Carolina population in 2016, it's essential to look at the last set of confirmed figures which were declared at the time of the official US census of 2010. At the time, it was reported that there were 9,535,483 people living in the state, and that represented a significant rise of 18.5% from the numbers declared in 2000.

It's now estimated that North Carolina's population has grown even further to 10,042,802, making North Carolina the 10th most populous state in the entire country.

North Carolina may only rank in the lower middle half of the US in terms of size but it more than makes up for those statistics with its population density. The total surface area is 53,819 square miles (139,390 square kilometers) and there is an average of 196 people for every square mile. This makes North Carolina the 15th most densely populated state in the US.

North Carolina has three major Combined Statistical Areas with populations over 1.6 million, as of 2016. This includes: Metrolina (Charlotte - Gastonia - Salisbury, North Carolina - South Carolina), pop 2.38 million The Triangle (Raleigh - Durham - Chapel Hill, North Carolina), pop 1.8 million The Triad (Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point, North Carolina), pop 1.5 million

Charlotte is by far the largest city in North Carolina, claiming 827,097 residents out of the total population of over 10 million. While North Carolina has historically been a rural area, the past thirty years have seen a rapid increase in urbanization, like most of the United States. Today, most of the residents of North Carolina live in urban and suburban areas.

North Carolina Population Chart

North Carolina Population History

It’s a simplistic view at times to suggest that the western states within the US had healthy populations from the very birth of the United States' independence but the figures in relation to North Carolina certainly back up that view.

In 1790, recorded figures show that the North Carolina population had already reached 393,751 and just ten years later those numbers had climbed to 478,103. Similar rises were noted in the Censuses that followed, and in 1870 it was confirmed that numbers had exceeded one million for the very first time.

Average percentage rises in the years that have followed have tended to be in the region of 18%, and when the numbers are already healthy, that leads to a growing population and a densely populated state.

North Carolina Population Growth

With healthy natural growth and net migration, there is nothing apparent that would suggest that the North Carolina population growth will slow down. The population density is significant but there is space still to accommodate an ever growing territory.

It is therefore reasonable to assume that the census of 2020 will show that the population has far exceeded 10 million. According to state projections, North Carolina will reach a population of 10.5 million in 2020, and will then surpass 11 million by 2030.

Population Data via US Census

North Carolina Growth Rate

North Carolina State Rank

Year Pop % Change
202010,554,8770.98%
201910,452,4620.99%
201810,350,0471.00%
201710,247,6321.01%
201610,145,2171.02%
201510,042,8021.03%
20149,940,3870.96%
20139,845,4321.01%
20129,747,0210.99%
20119,651,0251.21%
20109,535,4831.71%
20008,049,3131.96%
19906,628,6371.20%
19805,881,7661.47%
19705,082,0591.10%
19604,556,1551.15%
19504,061,9291.29%
19403,571,6231.20%
19303,170,2762.16%
19202,559,1231.49%
19102,206,2871.54%
19001,893,8101.59%
18901,617,9471.46%
18801,399,7502.71%
18701,071,3610.77%
1860992,6221.34%
1850869,0391.44%
1840753,4190.21%
1830737,9871.45%
1820638,8291.39%
1810556,5261.53%
1800478,1031.96%
1790393,7510.00%

North Carolina Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Willamor Media

  • The land that is now known as North Carolina was originally inhabited by Cherokee, Hateras, and Tuscarora Native American tribes.
  • Walter Raleign established the first European settlement at Roanoke Island.
  • Virginia Dare was the first English child to be born in the United States. She was born in Roanoke in 1587.
  • North Carolina harvests over 4 billion pounds of sweet potatoes annually, making it the largest producer of the vegetable in the entire country.
  • North Carolina is a leader in tobacco, brick, textile and furniture production. High Point is even known as the "Furniture Capital of the World."
  • Pepsi soda was invented and served in 1898 in New Bern, and Krispy Kreme Donuts was founded in Winston-Salem.
  • The first flight was completed over Kitty Hawk in 1903 by the Wright Brothers.
  • The Biltmore Estate of Asheville is the largest private residence in the world.

North Carolina Population Density by County

Mecklenburg County

  • Population1,034,070
  • Density1975.64 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201012%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State10.3%

North Carolina Population Growth Rate by County

When examining data from the 2010 Census and US Census Bureau estimates from 2015, the counties of North Carolina have both significant increases and decreases in population across the state. The largest percentages of growth were recorded in the southern and central regions of the state. Brunswick County, the southernmost North Carolina County, reflected a growth of 13.48%, the largest rate of growth during the 5-year period. This was followed by Wake County at 12.93% and Mecklenberg at 12%. Eight additional counties in the state had growth rates that exceeded 10%, while other counties saw smaller rates of growth.

The largest decreases in population were recorded in the northeastern corner of the state, with Tyrrell County showing the largest decline at 7.77%. Other counties with higher losses include Northampton at 7.14%, Gates at 6%, and Washington at 5.91%. North Carolina had other counties with losses that were less than 5%, and these counties include Graham, Anson, Richmond, and Beaufort.

Population Pyramid

0k20k40k60k80kNorth Carolina Male Population0k20k40k60k80kNorth Carolina Female Population

To compare North Carolina to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White7,154,77471.24%
Black or African American2,223,00322.14%
American Indian and Alaska Native156,1731.56%
Asian284,1532.83%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander12,3950.12%
Two or More Races212,3042.11%

When examining data from the 2010 Census and US Census Bureau estimates from 2015, the counties of North Carolina have both significant increases and decreases in population across the state. The largest percentages of growth were recorded in the southern and central regions of the state. Brunswick County, the southernmost North Carolina County, reflected a growth of 13.48%, the largest rate of growth during the 5-year period. This was followed by Wake County at 12.93% and Mecklenberg at 12%. Eight additional counties in the state had growth rates that exceeded 10%, while other counties saw smaller rates of growth.

The largest decreases in population were recorded in the northeastern corner of the state, with Tyrrell County showing the largest decline at 7.77%. Other counties with higher losses include Northampton at 7.14%, Gates at 6%, and Washington at 5.91%. North Carolina had other counties with losses that were less than 5%, and these counties include Graham, Anson, Richmond, and Beaufort.

Languages Spoken in North Carolina

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over9,027,673100
English8,200,87390.84
Spanish658,9407.3
French26,5800.29
Chinese23,6550.26
German23,5150.26
Telugu6,6900.07
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba6,2200.07
Portuguese6,1900.07
Tamil4,9000.05

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in North Carolina. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

North Carolina Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate85.4
BachelorsDegree27.8
Disabled9.5
NoHealthInsurance15.2
LaborForceTotal62.1
LaborForceFemale58
FoodServiceSales18,622,258
HealthCareRevenue55,227,505
ManufacturerShipments202,344,646
MerchantWholesalesSales105,275,586
RetailSales120,691,007
RetailSalesPerCapita12,376
MeanWorkTravelTime23.7
MedianHouseholdIncome46,693
PerCapitaIncome25,608
PovertyPercentage17.2

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in North Carolina for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.8% and the labor force participation rate is 62.8%.

North Carolina Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments706,538
AllFirms805,985
MenOwnedFirms435,677
WomenOwnedFirms287,058
MinorityOwnedFirms183,380
NonminorityOwnedFirms603,182
VeteranOwnedFirms86,571
NonveteranOwn684,743

North Carolina Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits4,490,948
HousingUnits4,327,528
OwnerOccupiedRate65.8
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue153,600
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage1,272
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage373
MedianGrossRent790
BuildingPermits54,757
Households3,742,514
PersonsPerHousehold2.54
SameHouseOneYearAgo84.7
NonEnglishAtHome11.1
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts