North Dakota Population 2018

755,238

The last set of confirmed statistics for the North Dakota population can be supplied by the national census of 2010. The survey ultimately showed that there were 672,591 people residing in the state, and that reflected a modest rise of 4.7% on the numbers declared at the census of 2000. The estimated 2018 population of North Dakota was placed at 755,238, which makes it the 3rd least populous state in the country.

North Dakota Area and Population Density

In the far north of the United States and located along the border of Canada, North Dakota is a sizeable territory with some interesting population statistics. In terms of its size, North Dakota is the 19th largest state in the country, but it is extremely sparsely populated by comparison. North Dakota has an estimated population in 2018 of 755,238, up considerably from 672,000 recorded in 2010. The current growth rate is an astounding 1.99%, which ranks 2nd in the nation.

North Dakota has a surface area of 70,700 square miles (183,272 square kilometers), and for every square mile of land, there is an average of just 9.7 people. Overall the figures combine to make North Dakota only the 47th most densely populated state in the entire country.

Fargo remains the largest city in the state with a population of 118,523. The most populated county is Cass County at 177,787 residents within its borders.

North Dakota Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, Religion

The median age across the population residing in North Dakota is 35.2 years of age. The ratio of females to males is approximately 48/8% females to 51.2% males.

The racial diversity across the North Dakota population is approximately 88.3% Caucasians, 5.2% Native North Americans, 2.4% two or more races, 2% African Americans, 1.3% Asians, and .8% other races.

In religious terms, the North Dakota population is spread across 77% Christian based faith affiliations, 3% non-Christian based faith affiliations, and 20% of the population as unaffiliated with any particular religion or faith.

North Dakota Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

North Dakota was admitted as a State on November 2, 1889 with essentially its present boundaries. It was formed from Dakota Territory, organized in 1861 (for Dakota's earlier history, see the State note for South Dakota).

In 1850 census coverage of present-day North Dakota was limited to a few settlements in what was then Minnesota Territory. In 1860, some forts and settlements in the present State were enumerated in Nebraska Territory as well as in Dakota, which was not yet organized. No determination has been made to assign the 1860 Dakota total of 4,837 to what became the two separate States. Census coverage first included the whole State in 1890.

The 1870 and 1880 populations consist of the totals of those counties of Dakota Territory located wholly or primarily in what is now North Dakota, plus (in 1870) an estimated portion of the Territory's unorganized part. The 1890 total includes the population (4,206) of the entire Standing Rock Indian Reservation, much of which was in South Dakota.

North Dakota Population Chart

North Dakota Population History

The history of North Dakota’s population tells a very interesting story. In 1870, the population totaled a mere 2,405. An explosion in numbers followed, and just ten years later, the census of 1880 showed that an increase of over 1,000% had taken those figures to 36,909.

That sort of population spike just couldn’t be sustained, even in a state as vast and empty as North Dakota, but further healthy increases followed over the course of the next forty years, and in 1920, figures were confirmed at 646,872.

From 1923 onwards, net migration out of the state had an adverse effect on the North Dakota population. In a state that was almost exclusively rural, employment opportunities were limited, and it is widely acknowledged that younger people with university educations left in droves rather than take up the risky life of subsistence farming.

As a result, population figures fluctuated greatly in North Dakota in the latter half of the 20th century, and increases at one census were often met with falls ten years later. Despite this, natural growth within the country stayed healthy, and the last two census surveys have indicated overall increases in numbers.

North Dakota Population Projections

As a result of these fluctuations, the population of North Dakota in 2016 is a little hard to predict, but based on a pattern of modest increase, it is estimated to have reached over 750,000.

However, the census of 2020 is needed to confirm whether that growth will be sustained or whether a further drop in numbers has been recorded. It's important to keep in mind that North Dakota is currently enjoying one of the highest growth rates in the United States, second only to the District of Columbia. Estimates show that North Dakota's population will finally break 800,000 by 2020, hitting the 1 million mark by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

North Dakota Growth Rate

North Dakota Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020754,928-0.02%
2019755,083-0.02%
2018755,238-0.02%
2017755,393-0.02%
2016755,548Infinity%
2016736,162-2.48%
2015754,8592.19%
2014738,6582.18%
2013722,9083.07%
2012701,3802.42%
2011684,8301.53%
2010674,5180.49%
2000642,2000.05%
1990638,800-0.22%
1980652,7170.55%
1970617,761-0.23%
1960632,4460.20%
1950619,636-0.35%
1940641,935-0.59%
1930680,8450.51%
1920646,8721.15%
1910577,0566.10%
1900319,1465.27%
1890190,98317.87%
188036,90931.40%
18702,4050.00%

North Dakota Facts

North Dakota Population in 2018Source: Xerxes2004 at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

North Dakota Population Density by County

Cass County

  • Population177,787
  • Density100.73 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201018.36%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State23.54%

North Dakota Population Growth Rate by County

Data taken from the 2010 Census and US Census Bureau estimates from 2015 shows some very interesting population growth patterns in the state of North Dakota. When comparing this data, it shows that all but two of the counties along the western border of the state had increases in population during the 5-year period. Further, this pattern of growth extended across the western region, heading toward the center of the state. Many counties saw significant growth during this time period, lead by McKenzie County which recorded an astounding 100.44% rate of growth. Trailing behind is Williams County, with a smaller but still impressive 56.26% growth rate. Dunn County, Stark County, and Mountrail posted over 30% of growth during this time, while there were other counties that had growth rates ranging from less than 1% to over 20%.

A few counties in the state, found along the easter border and in the south, had declines in population. The largest loss was recorded in Nelson at 4.87%, while Griggs, Dickey, Cavalier, and Logan were among the others that had populations that were lower in 2015 than those recorded at the time of the 2010 Census.

Population by Race

Race Population
White649,730
American Indian and Alaska Native38,369
Two or More Races17,979
Black or African American14,761
Asian9,296
Some Other Race5,691
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander336

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

North Dakota Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

North Dakota Median Age

35.2


Total

34.1


Male

36.5


Female

North Dakota Adults

There are 568,317 adults, (104,535 of which are seniors) in North Dakota.

North Dakota Age Dependency

58.8

Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

North Dakota Sex Ratio

Female

359,183

48.79%

Male

376,979

51.21%

North Dakota Households and Families

North Dakota Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

North Dakota Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married83.5%16.5%
All63.5%36.5%
Male56.2%43.8%
Female46.8%53.2%
Non Family43.4%56.6%

63.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

North Dakota Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All305,1632.3363.5
Married147,003383.5
Non Family121,6971.2743.4
Female23,4853.0946.8
Male12,9783.1456.2

2.95

Average Family Size

2.33

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

North Dakota Households

North Dakota Education

North Dakota Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,8463.53%
9th to 12th Grade21,1884.44%
High School Graduate131,08627.45%
Some College110,03923.04%
Associates Degree63,89413.38%
Bachelors Degree97,89020.50%
Graduate Degree36,6647.68%

North Dakota Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White428,518398,628124,340
Native American19,45915,9013,074
Hispanic10,3078,1781,746
Black7,5106,5211,572
Multiple Races6,9876,2661,416
Asian5,6524,6552,594
Other Race3,0582,251444
Islander14813429

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.02%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 45.90%.

North Dakota Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,688$48,332$30,996
Less Than High School$26,742$33,858$15,830
High School Grad$32,314$40,961$23,743
Some College$37,296$49,219$28,675
Bachelors Degree$45,053$55,509$39,382
Graduate Degree$61,646$73,341$52,867

$39,688

Average Earnings

$48,332

Average Male

$30,996

Average Female

North Dakota Language

North Dakota Language by Age

North Dakota Language

94.41% of North Dakota residents speak only English, while 5.59% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 2.49% of the population.

North Dakota Poverty

North Dakota Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White614,88651,9368.45%
Native36,84613,82737.53%
Black13,6894,63533.86%
Hispanic21,7304,42020.34%
Multiple17,2673,49420.24%
Asian8,9441,93421.62%
Other5,44286415.88%
Islander3047825.66%

11.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.02%

Male Poverty Rate

12.36%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in North Dakota

The race most likely to be in poverty in North Dakota is Native, with 37.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in North Dakota is White, with 8.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.26%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.57%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.63%.

North Dakota Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School21.33%
High School10.97%
Some College7.44%
Bachelors or Greater3.25%

North Dakota Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.38%
Male Unemployed30.52%
Female Employed7.82%
Male Employed5.48%

North Dakota Income

North Dakota Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$59,114$78,828
Families$77,277$96,309
Married Families$86,919$107,344
Non Families$35,176$49,357

North Dakota Marital Status

North Dakota Marital Status

Marriage Rates

52.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.5%

Male Marriage Rate

52.5%

Female Marriage Rate

North Dakota Married by Age and Sex

North Dakota Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

North Dakota Marital Status by Race

North Dakota Veterans

North Dakota Veterans by War

49,560

Number of Veterans

45,627

Male Veterans

3,933

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam16,906
Second Gulf War10,556
First Gulf War9,141
Korea4,891
World War II2,379

North Dakota Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5411,662
65 to 7410,988
75+10,506
55 to 649,750
18 to 346,654

North Dakota Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White46,0529.07%
Indian1,4395.96%
2 or More93510.44%
Hispanic8136.01%
Black8098.07%
Other1875.00%
Asian1181.63%
Hawaiian208.55%

North Dakota Veterans by Education

6.05%

Veteran Poverty Rate

24.94%

Veteran Disability Rate

North Dakota Employment Status

North Dakota Employment by Age

70.5%

Labor Force Participation

67.6%

Employment Rate

2.8%

Unemployment Rate

North Dakota Employment by Race

North Dakota Employment by Education

North Dakota Nativity

North Dakota Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. North Dakota Census Office
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)