Number Of Representatives By State 2019

The United States Congress is composed of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. Both houses together form the national legislature of the United States.

The composition of the House is established by Article One of the Constitution. The House is in charge of passing federal legislation (bills), which are then sent to the president for consideration. Additionally, the House has several exclusive powers such as impeaching federal officers and electing one of the top three recipients for president if no candidate receives a majority of electors.

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even calendar year (the next reelections will be 2020, 2022, 2024, and so on). There are a total of 435 members in the House of Representatives, 235 of which are affiliated with the Democratic Party, 199 are affiliated with the Republican Party, and one is affiliated with the Independent Party.

In 1941, Congress permanently adopted the “Method of Equal Proportion” to determine how many representatives each state is apportioned. This means that each state’s number of representatives is determined by the state’s population.

Given this, the ten states with the highest number of representatives are:

  1. California (53)
  2. Texas (36)
  3. New York (27)
  4. Florida (27)
  5. Illinois (18)
  6. Pennsylvania (18)
  7. Ohio (16)
  8. Michigan (14)
  9. Georgia (14)
  10. North Carolina (14)

California has the highest number of representatives with 53 at a population of 39,747,267. Texas is the second highest with 36 representatives and a population of 29,087,070.

Seven states have only one member in the House of Representatives: Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, North Dakota, Alaska, Vermont, and Wyoming.

Below is a table of each state’s number of representatives.

State Number of Representatives Seats 2019 Pop.
Alaska1735,720
Delaware1975,033
Montana11,074,532
North Dakota1760,900
South Dakota1892,631
Vermont1627,180
Wyoming1572,381
Hawaii21,416,589
Idaho21,790,182
Maine21,342,097
New Hampshire21,363,852
Rhode Island21,056,738
Nebraska31,940,919
New Mexico32,096,034
West Virginia31,791,951
Arkansas43,026,412
Iowa43,167,997
Kansas42,910,931
Mississippi42,987,895
Nevada43,087,025
Utah43,221,610
Connecticut53,567,871
Oklahoma53,948,950
Oregon54,245,901
Kentucky64,484,047
Louisiana64,652,581
Alabama74,898,246
Colorado75,770,545
South Carolina75,147,111
Maryland86,062,917
Minnesota85,655,925
Missouri86,147,861
Wisconsin85,832,661
Arizona97,275,070
Indiana96,718,616
Massachusetts96,939,373
Tennessee96,833,793
Washington107,666,343
Virginia118,571,946
New Jersey128,922,547
North Carolina1310,497,741
Georgia1410,627,767
Michigan1410,020,472
Ohio1611,718,568
Illinois1812,700,381
Pennsylvania1812,813,969
Florida2721,646,155
New York2719,491,339
Texas3629,087,070
California5339,747,267