Ohio Population 2016

11,629,848

Ohio sits in the U.S.'s Midwest, linking the country's Northeast to the Midwest. The state has one of the most central locations in the country with the 10th largest highway network. It's also just a day's drive within 50% of all of North America's population. As of 2016, Ohio has an estimated population of 11.6 million.

Ohio has an intersting history, and despite being only the 34th largest state, it is the 7th most populous and 10th most densely populated in the country with an estimated 2016 population of 11,613,423. Still, it has one of the lowest growth rates in the nation, growing at a rate of just 0.67%, which ranks 43th in the country.

The last official Census occurred in 2010, showing Ohio had a population of 11,536,504. This number has increased slightly to 11,548,087 in 2016, representing a very slight growth rate.

While Ohio's growth is slow, it's still ahead of the rest of the country. Ohio has a population density of 282.3 people per square feet, ranking 10th in the nation, with a total land area of 44,825 square feet, which ranks 34th.

Ohio's population is spread throughout the state with many major cities. Columbus, the capital, has the highest population with 850,000 residents, followed by Cleveland (388,072), Cincinnati (298,550), Toledo (298,550) and Akron (197,542).

Interestingly, the cities are wildly different when it comes to demographics and growth. While Columbus is growing rapidly at a rate of 10% every decade, Cleveland by comparison is losing people at an alarming rate. In 1950, more than 900,000 people lived in Cleveland, and it’s population is declining at a rate similar to decaying cities like Detroit.

Ohio Population Chart

Ohio Population History

In 1800, the population of Ohio was recorded at 45,365 but like most states in the country, an explosion in numbers was just over the horizon. Ten years later in 1810, the Census of that year showed that the figures had leaped by over 400% to 230,760. This was the biggest rise in Ohio population on a census by census basis but further impressive growth was to follow through the decades.

By the start of the 20th century, the number of people in Ohio had climbed to 4,157,545 and impressive percentage increases were experienced for much of the rest of the century. From 1970 onwards, however, growth started to slow down gradually, although it is still increasing, as evidenced by the rise reported in the 2010 census.

Ohio Population Growth

The question for the 2020 Census is whether Ohio's population can rise above 12 million. If a similar rise to that seen between 2000 and 2010 occurs, then it won’t make it. But population statistics in Ohio are sometimes a bit up and down – in the 10 years between 1990 and 2000, population rose by more than 4%, and if that rise was replicated between 2010 and 2020, it might just make it past 12 million in time for the next census.

It's currently estimated that Ohio will continue its very slow growth, not even breaking 11.7 million between 2020 and 2030.

Population Data via US Census

Ohio Growth Rate

Ohio State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 11,695,548 0.14%
2019 11,679,123 0.14%
2018 11,662,698 0.14%
2017 11,646,273 0.14%
2016 11,629,848 0.14%
2015 11,613,423 0.14%
2014 11,596,998 0.21%
2013 11,572,232 0.18%
2012 11,551,783 0.05%
2011 11,545,442 0.08%
2010 11,536,504 0.16%
2000 11,353,140 0.46%
1990 10,847,115 0.05%
1980 10,797,630 0.14%
1970 10,652,017 0.93%
1960 9,706,397 2.02%
1950 7,946,627 1.41%
1940 6,907,612 0.39%
1930 6,646,697 1.44%
1920 5,759,394 1.91%
1910 4,767,121 1.38%
1900 4,157,545 1.25%
1890 3,672,316 1.39%
1880 3,198,062 1.84%
1870 2,665,260 1.31%
1860 2,339,511 1.68%
1850 1,980,329 2.68%
1840 1,519,467 4.94%
1830 937,903 4.90%
1820 581,434 9.68%
1810 230,760 18.53%
1800 42,159 0.00%

Ohio Facts

Ohio  Population in 2016 Source: JSF306

  • Delaware, Miami, Shawnee and Wyandot Indian tribes first inhabited the land that is now Ohio.
  • Marietta was founded in 1788, and it was the first permnanet settlement in Ohio. It was named after Marie Antoinette.
  • The first capital of Ohio was Chillicothe. The capital was then moved to Zanesville before transferring back to Chillicothe. In 1816, Columbus was established, and it is now the capital of the state.
  • Moses Cleaveland founded the city of Cleveland in 1736. In the 1930s, a newspaper changed the spelling to Cleveland to fit within its masthead, and the new name stuck.
  • Cincinnati was the birthplace of the first ambulance service back in 1865.
  • Ohio is the birthplace of seven US presidents.
  • Ohio has the only non-rectangular state flag in the country.

Ohio Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Ohio Population Growth Rate by County

Using data from the 2010 Census and estimates from the Census Bureau taken in 2015, Ohio's counties have shown population increases and decreases through the 5-year period. The highest population increase was recorded in the central county of Delaware, which had a growth rate of 10.2%. The neighboring county of Franklin, located to the south of Delaware County, had the next highest rate of growth at 7.32%, followed by the southwestern county of Warren at 5.13%. Other counties, including Woods, Holmes, Union, and Miami saw smaller growth rates.

Some counties in the state saw population declines, with the majority of the largest declines being reported along the eastern border of the state. Carroll County had the largest loss in population during the 5-year period, at 3.52%. Other counties that had smaller populations in 2015 when compared to 2010 include Scioto at 3.4%, Jefferson at 3.25%, and Gallia at 3.03%, amongst others.

Population Pyramid

To compare Ohio to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Ohio has one of the lowest Hispanic populations in the country based on percentages. The majority of Ohio's Hispanic residents are Mexican American and live in the Columbus and Toledo. It is ranked among the bottom 10 states when it comes to the percentage of Hispanics compared to the total population of the state. Ohio is ranked 17th out of 50 states for its African American population, which primarily reside in the state's major metropolitan areas. Approximately 4.1% of the state's residents were foreign-born.

Today, nearly one-third of Ohio's population under the age of 1 belongs to a minority group. The largest ancestry groups are: German (26.5%), Irish (14.5%), English (9.0%), Slavic countries including Poland, Russia and Croatia (8.0%), Italian (6.4%), French (2.5%) and Scottish (1.9%).

Languages Spoken in Ohio

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 10,843,151 100
English 10,313,896 95.12
Spanish 241,650 2.23
German 54,195 0.5
Chinese 33,190 0.31
Pennsylvania Dutch 28,705 0.26
French 28,005 0.26
Cushite 13,160 0.12
Dutch 12,160 0.11
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 8,640 0.08

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Ohio . The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Ohio Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 89
BachelorsDegree 26
Disabled 10
NoHealthInsurance 10
LaborForceTotal 64
LaborForceFemale 59
FoodServiceSales 20,652,777
HealthCareRevenue 80,915,693
ManufacturerShipments 313,629,976
MerchantWholesalesSales 155,426,023
RetailSales 153,553,997
RetailSalesPerCapita 13,301
MeanWorkTravelTime 23
MedianHouseholdIncome 48,849
PerCapitaIncome 26,520
PovertyPercentage 16

Ohio Business

NonemployerEstablishments 757,764
AllFirms 904,814
MenOwnedFirms 510,078
WomenOwnedFirms 306,824
MinorityOwnedFirms 122,653
NonminorityOwnedFirms 759,569
VeteranOwnedFirms 91,316
NonveteranOwn 776,193

Ohio Housing

HousingUnits 5,156,307
HousingUnits 5,127,508
OwnerOccupiedRate 67
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 129,600
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,274
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 442
MedianGrossRent 729
BuildingPermits 20,047
Households 4,570,015
PersonsPerHousehold 2
SameHouseOneYearAgo 85
NonEnglishAtHome 7
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts