Ohio Population 2016

Ohio sits in the U.S.'s Midwest, linking the country's Northeast to the Midwest. The state has one of the most central locations in the country with the 10th largest highway network. It's also just a day's drive within 50% of all of North America's population. As of 2016, Ohio has an estimated population of 11.6 million.

Ohio has an intersting history, and despite being only the 34th largest state, it is the 7th most populous and 10th most densely populated in the country with an estimated 2016 population of 11,613,423. Still, it has one of the lowest growth rates in the nation, growing at a rate of just 0.67%, which ranks 43th in the country.

The last official Census occurred in 2010, showing Ohio had a population of 11,536,504. This number has increased slightly to 11,548,087 in 2016, representing a very slight growth rate.

While Ohio's growth is slow, it's still ahead of the rest of the country. Ohio has a population density of 282.3 people per square feet, ranking 10th in the nation, with a total land area of 44,825 square feet, which ranks 34th.

Ohio's population is spread throughout the state with many major cities. Columbus, the capital, has the highest population with 850,000 residents, followed by Cleveland (388,072), Cincinnati (298,550), Toledo (298,550) and Akron (197,542).

Interestingly, the cities are wildly different when it comes to demographics and growth. While Columbus is growing rapidly at a rate of 10% every decade, Cleveland by comparison is losing people at an alarming rate. In 1950, more than 900,000 people lived in Cleveland, and it’s population is declining at a rate similar to decaying cities like Detroit.

Ohio Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Ohio was:

  • 82.7% White
  • 12.2% Black or African American
  • 0.2% Native American
  • 1.7% Asian
  • 0.03% Pacific Islander
  • 2.1% Two or more races
  • 1.1% Other
  • 3.1% Hispanics or Latinos of any race

Today, nearly one-third of Ohio's population under the age of 1 belongs to a minority group. The largest ancestry groups are: German (26.5%), Irish (14.5%), English (9.0%), Slavic countries including Poland, Russia and Croatia (8.0%), Italian (6.4%), French (2.5%) and Scottish (1.9%).

Ohio Population History

In 1800, the population of Ohio was recorded at 45,365 but like most states in the country, an explosion in numbers was just over the horizon. Ten years later in 1810, the Census of that year showed that the figures had leaped by over 400% to 230,760. This was the biggest rise in Ohio population on a census by census basis but further impressive growth was to follow through the decades.

By the start of the 20th century, the number of people in Ohio had climbed to 4,157,545 and impressive percentage increases were experienced for much of the rest of the century. From 1970 onwards, however, growth started to slow down gradually, although it is still increasing, as evidenced by the rise reported in the 2010 census.

Ohio Population Growth

The question for the 2020 Census is whether Ohio's population can rise above 12 million. If a similar rise to that seen between 2000 and 2010 occurs, then it won’t make it. But population statistics in Ohio are sometimes a bit up and down – in the 10 years between 1990 and 2000, population rose by more than 4%, and if that rise was replicated between 2010 and 2020, it might just make it past 12 million in time for the next census.

It's currently estimated that Ohio will continue its very slow growth, not even breaking 11.7 million between 2020 and 2030.

Ohio Population in 2016 Source: JSF306

Ohio Facts

  • Delaware, Miami, Shawnee and Wyandot Indian tribes first inhabited the land that is now Ohio.
  • Marietta was founded in 1788, and it was the first permnanet settlement in Ohio. It was named after Marie Antoinette.
  • The first capital of Ohio was Chillicothe. The capital was then moved to Zanesville before transferring back to Chillicothe. In 1816, Columbus was established, and it is now the capital of the state.
  • Moses Cleaveland founded the city of Cleveland in 1736. In the 1930s, a newspaper changed the spelling to Cleveland to fit within its masthead, and the new name stuck.
  • Cincinnati was the birthplace of the first ambulance service back in 1865.
  • Ohio is the birthplace of seven US presidents.
  • Ohio has the only non-rectangular state flag in the country.

Population Data via US Census

Ohio Population Chart

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 11,695,548 0.14% 7
2019 11,679,123 0.14% 7
2018 11,662,698 0.14% 7
2017 11,646,273 0.14% 7
2016 11,629,848 0.14% 7
2015 11,613,423 0.14% 7
2014 11,596,998 0.21% 7
2013 11,572,232 0.18% 7
2012 11,551,783 0.05% 7
2011 11,545,442 0.08% 7
2010 11,536,504 0.16% 7
2000 11,353,140 0.46% 7
1990 10,847,115 0.05% 7
1980 10,797,630 0.14% 6
1970 10,652,017 0.93% 6
1960 9,706,397 2.02% 5
1950 7,946,627 1.41% 5
1940 6,907,612 0.39% 4
1930 6,646,697 1.44% 4
1920 5,759,394 1.91% 4
1910 4,767,121 1.38% 4
1900 4,157,545 1.25% 4
1890 3,672,316 1.39% 4
1880 3,198,062 1.84% 3
1870 2,665,260 1.31% 3
1860 2,339,511 1.68% 3
1850 1,980,329 2.68% 3
1840 1,519,467 4.94% 3
1830 937,903 4.90% 4
1820 581,434 9.68% 5
1810 230,760 18.53% 13
1800 42,159 0.00% 19

Ohio Population Pyramid

Ohio Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 9,664,524 83.77%
Black or African American 1,426,861 12.37%
American Indian and Alaska Native 29,674 0.26%
Asian 196,693 1.7%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5,336 0.05%
Two or more races 213,416 1.85%

Languages Spoken in Ohio

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 10,843,151 100.00%
Spanish 241,650 2.20%
German 54,195 0.50%
Chinese 33,190 0.30%
Pennsylvania Dutch 28,705 0.30%
French 28,005 0.30%
Cushite 13,160 0.10%
Dutch 12,160 0.10%
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 8,640 0.10%
Ukrainian 7,835 0.10%

Ohio County Populations

County Population Rank
Cuyahoga County 1,255,921 1
Franklin County 1,251,722 2
Hamilton County 807,598 3
Summit County 541,968 4
Montgomery County 532,258 5
Lucas County 433,689 6
Butler County 376,353 7
Stark County 375,165 8
Lorain County 305,147 9
Mahoning County 231,900 10
Lake County 229,245 11
Warren County 224,469 12
Trumbull County 203,751 13
Clermont County 201,973 14
Delaware County 193,013 15
Medina County 176,395 16
Licking County 170,570 17
Greene County 164,427 18
Portage County 162,275 19
Fairfield County 151,408 20
Clark County 135,959 21
Wood County 129,730 22
Richland County 121,707 23
Wayne County 116,063 24
Columbiana County 104,806 25
Allen County 104,425 26
Miami County 104,224 27
Ashtabula County 98,632 28
Geauga County 94,102 29
Tuscarawas County 92,916 30
Muskingum County 86,290 31
Ross County 77,170 32
Scioto County 76,825 33
Hancock County 75,573 34
Erie County 75,550 35
Belmont County 69,154 36
Jefferson County 67,347 37
Athens County 65,886 38
Marion County 65,355 39
Washington County 61,112 40
Lawrence County 61,109 41
Knox County 61,061 42
Sandusky County 59,679 43
Huron County 58,469 44
Pickaway County 56,998 45
Seneca County 55,610 46
Union County 54,277 47
Ashland County 53,213 48
Darke County 52,076 49
Shelby County 48,901 50
Auglaize County 45,876 51
Logan County 45,386 52
Madison County 44,094 53
Holmes County 43,909 54
Brown County 43,839 55
Highland County 43,026 56
Fulton County 42,537 57
Crawford County 42,306 58
Clinton County 41,917 59
Preble County 41,329 60
Mercer County 40,968 61
Ottawa County 40,877 62
Guernsey County 39,258 63
Champaign County 38,987 64
Defiance County 38,352 65
Williams County 37,120 66
Coshocton County 36,569 67
Perry County 35,985 68
Morrow County 35,074 69
Putnam County 34,042 70
Jackson County 32,596 71
Hardin County 31,682 72
Gallia County 30,142 73
Fayette County 28,679 74
Van Wert County 28,562 75
Hocking County 28,491 76
Pike County 28,217 77
Adams County 28,024 78
Henry County 27,816 79
Carroll County 27,811 80
Meigs County 23,257 81
Wyandot County 22,243 82
Paulding County 18,976 83
Harrison County 15,450 84
Morgan County 14,777 85
Monroe County 14,409 86
Noble County 14,326 87
Vinton County 13,048 88