Oklahoma Population 2016

3,943,066

The southern central state of Oklahoma is the 20th largest in the US by area and was the 46th to enter the Union. Over the years, its population has grown steadily to the point where it is edging toward a landmark of 4 million residents in the present day. Oklahoma has an estimated population in 2016 of 3.91 million, up from 3.75 million at the 2010 Census. Its growth rate is currently 0.84%, which ranks 24th in the country.

As with all states within the US, the nationwide Census of 2010 provides Oklahoma's last confirmed set of population figures. The census revealed that the population of Oklahoma was 3,751,351, which represented an increase of 8.7% on the figures released in 2000. The estimated 2016 population has now reached 3,911,338, which makes Oklahoma the 28th most populous state in the country.

Oklahoma has a fairly low population density that keeps with its ranking in terms of size and population numbers. The total surface area measures 69,898 square miles (181,195 square kilometers) and for every square mile of Oklahoma territory, there is an average of 54.7 people per square mile. This makes Oklahoma the 35th most densely populated state in the country and 20th in terms of size.

Oklahoma has a total of 598 incorporated places, but only four cities with a population over 100,000. 65% of Oklahomans live within the Oklahoma City and Tulsa metropolitan areas, with both being two of the sixty largest cities in the country. Oklahoma City is the largest city in the state with a population of 631,346, while Tulsa follows with 403,505. In these two areas, the population density exceeds 5,000 people per square mile, while the remainder of the state is mostly under 55 people per square mile.

Oklahoma Population Chart

Oklahoma Population History

In 1890, Oklahoma had a population that stood at an already healthy 258,657, but substantial increases on those numbers were to follow. Ten years later at the beginning of the 20th century, the figure had climbed by just over 200% to 790,391 and a further significant rise took the Oklahoma population to 1,657,155 in 1910.

That pattern continued, but in the mid 1900s, censuses recorded two falls in population for 1940 and 1950. The drops were modest in terms of percentages, but they took the numbers down from 2,396,040 in 1930 to 2,233,351 twenty years later.

Since then, however, the overall trend has been one of modest growth, and the Oklahoma population in 2016 has progressed to the point where it is poised to pass the 4 million mark at the 2020 Census

Oklahoma Population Growth

The US Census of 2020 is likely to indicate further growth within Oklahoma, and it will be interesting to see whether the state can reach its next milestone of 4 million people by that time. According to state projections, Oklahoma's population will reach the milestone of 4 million by 2020, and top 5.5 million by 2075, although projections past 2050 can, at this point, be very inaccurate.

Population Data via US Census

Oklahoma Growth Rate

Oklahoma State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 4,069,978 0.79%
2019 4,038,250 0.79%
2018 4,006,522 0.80%
2017 3,974,794 0.80%
2016 3,943,066 0.81%
2015 3,911,338 0.82%
2014 3,879,610 0.68%
2013 3,853,405 0.94%
2012 3,817,679 0.82%
2011 3,786,626 0.94%
2010 3,751,351 0.84%
2000 3,450,654 0.93%
1990 3,145,585 0.39%
1980 3,025,290 1.69%
1970 2,559,229 0.95%
1960 2,328,284 0.42%
1950 2,233,351 -0.45%
1940 2,336,434 -0.25%
1930 2,396,040 1.68%
1920 2,028,283 2.04%
1910 1,657,155 7.68%
1900 790,391 11.82%
1890 258,657 0.00%

Oklahoma Facts

Oklahoma Population in 2016 Source: Urbanative

  • Almost one-quarter of Oklahoma residents are under the age of 18.
  • A French trading post in Salina in Mayes County was the first permanent white settlement back in 1769.
  • Oklahoma has the largest American Indian population in the country.
  • Oklahoma was originally called "Indian Territory" and was reserved for Native Americans. However, the 1889 Oklahoma Land Rush resulted in 50,000 people swarming the area on its opening day.
  • Guthrie was the original capital of Oklahoma.
  • Oklahoma has more tornadoes per square mile than any other state.
  • The state is known for being the center of the Bible Belt.
  • The Port of Catoosa is the country's largest inland port.

Population Pyramid

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 2,851,510 76.01%
Black or African American 284,332 7.58%
American Indian and Alaska Native 335,664 8.95%
Asian 67,126 1.79%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 5,354 0.14%
Two or more races 207,365 5.53%

Historically, Oklahoma was home to many American tribes, and this remains a Government sanctioned territory for Native Americans. That fact is reflected in further demographics with a sizeable proportion of Oklahoma residents claiming Native American ethnicity. Oklahoma is home to the second-highest number and percentage of Native Americans among all states in the country. According to 2015 Census Bureau estimates, the racial and ethnic composition of the state is:

Languages Spoken in Oklahoma

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 3,521,583 100.00%
English 3,238,038 91.95%
Spanish 224,325 6.37%
German 10,490 0.30%
Chinese 6,915 0.20%
French 5,030 0.14%
Cherokee 4,785 0.14%
Muskogee 3,120 0.09%
Choctaw 2,515 0.07%
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 2,470 0.07%

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Oklahoma. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Oklahoma County Populations

County Population Rank
Oklahoma County 776,864 1
Tulsa County 639,242 2
Cleveland County 274,458 3
Canadian County 133,378 4
Comanche County 124,648 5
Rogers County 90,802 6
Payne County 80,850 7
Wagoner County 76,559 8
Pottawatomie County 71,875 9
Creek County 70,892 10
Muskogee County 69,699 11
Garfield County 63,569 12
Grady County 54,648 13
Washington County 52,021 14
Le Flore County 49,605 15
Carter County 48,689 16
Cherokee County 48,447 17
Osage County 47,887 18
Logan County 45,996 19
Kay County 45,366 20
Bryan County 44,884 21
Pittsburg County 44,610 22
Stephens County 44,581 23
Delaware County 41,459 24
Sequoyah County 41,153 25
Mayes County 40,887 26
Okmulgee County 39,187 27
Pontotoc County 38,194 28
McClain County 38,066 29
Lincoln County 35,042 30
McCurtain County 33,048 31
Ottawa County 31,981 32
Custer County 29,744 33
Caddo County 29,343 34
Garvin County 27,755 35
Jackson County 25,574 36
Seminole County 25,548 37
Beckham County 23,768 38
Adair County 22,004 39
Woodward County 21,559 40
Texas County 21,489 41
McIntosh County 19,990 42
Pawnee County 16,436 43
Marshall County 16,232 44
Kingfisher County 15,584 45
Choctaw County 14,997 46
Craig County 14,818 47
Murray County 13,936 48
Atoka County 13,793 49
Hughes County 13,735 50
Haskell County 12,845 51
Okfuskee County 12,181 52
Washita County 11,661 53
Noble County 11,554 54
Pushmataha County 11,183 55
Johnston County 10,980 56
Nowata County 10,539 57
Latimer County 10,483 58
Love County 9,870 59
Blaine County 9,833 60
Woods County 9,304 61
Kiowa County 9,144 62
Major County 7,771 63
Tillman County 7,515 64
Jefferson County 6,276 65
Greer County 6,070 66
Cotton County 5,996 67
Alfalfa County 5,868 68
Coal County 5,651 69
Beaver County 5,427 70
Dewey County 4,995 71
Grant County 4,523 72
Ellis County 4,231 73
Roger Mills County 3,788 74
Harper County 3,754 75
Harmon County 2,788 76
Cimarron County 2,216 77