Oregon Population 2018

4,199,563

The northwestern state of Oregon is the 9th largest in the US in terms of land area, but it has a sparsely spread population by comparison. Geography plays a huge part -- mountain ranges and vast forest areas are just two of the geographical features that have an impact on population density in Oregon. Despite its large area, the state has an estimated 2018 population of 4.20 million.

It's estimated that Oregon's population has reached 4.20 million in 2018, up from 3.83 million at the 2010 Census. Oregon currently has a growth rate of 0.89%, which ranks 22nd in the country.

To establish the Oregon population in 2016, it's important to first look at the numbers from the last official US Census which was carried out in 2010. At that stage, it was confirmed that the Beaver State was home to 3,831,074 residents. That’s a sizeable 12% rise on the numbers declared ten years earlier.

Oregon's 2013 population is estimated to have grown to over 4 million, making Oregon the 27th most populous state in the country.

Oregon is the 9th largest state in America with a total surface area of 98,380.64 square miles (or 255,026 square kilometers). However, parts of this vast landscape are dominated by geographical features that are unsuitable for major settlement and as a result, there is an average of just 39.9 people living in every square mile of Oregon territory. This makes Oregon only the 39th most densely populated state in the country.

Much of Oregon's population is concentrated in the Willamette Valley from Eugene to the south through Corvallis, Salem and Portland, the largest city. Portland is home to 630,309. Other major cities include Eugene (163,460), Salem (164,549), Gresham (110,553) and Hillsboro (102,347).

Oregon Population History

The Oregon region was long in dispute with Great Britain, and was jointly occupied by the two countries until definitively acquired by the United States in 1846. Oregon was established as a territory in 1848, including present-day Washington, Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming. It acquired its present boundaries and was admitted as a State on February 14, 1859.

In 1850 the census covered only areas west of the Cascade Mountains; the 1850 total excludes persons enumerated in present-day Washington. In 1860 census coverage included the whole State.

Oregon Population Chart

Oregon Population History

Early recorded figures show that in 1850, Oregon had a reasonably healthy population of 12,093. Those numbers were to increase by over 300% over the next ten years, and in 1860 the Oregon population was recorded at 52,465.

That was the largest rise on a decade by decade basis but the overall trend for the rest of the century was one of sustained growth, and by 1900, the population of Oregon was confirmed at 413,536.

Unlike other parts of the United States, that growth did not slow down for the first half of the 20th century, and by 1950, numbers had increased to 1,521,341. Further healthy growth has seen the population more than double over the past sixty years, and have taken the state to the present day where the population in 2016 has surpassed 4 million.

Oregon Population Projections

There is nothing to presently suggest that population growth in Oregon is set to slow down in the near future. By the time of the 2020 Census, it's estimated that the population will exceed 4.3 million. By 2030, estimates show the population will reach 4.8 million, an increase of over 41% from the 2000 population, while Oregon will reach 5.42 million residents by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Oregon Growth Rate

Oregon Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20204,313,1371.33%
20194,256,3501.35%
20184,199,5631.37%
20174,142,7761.39%
20164,085,989Infinity%
20163,982,267-0.85%
20154,016,5371.41%
20143,960,6731.05%
20133,919,6640.66%
20123,893,9200.73%
20113,865,8450.75%
20103,837,0731.15%
20003,421,3991.87%
19902,842,3210.77%
19802,633,1052.33%
19702,091,3851.69%
19601,768,6871.52%
19501,521,3413.39%
19401,089,6841.34%
1930953,7861.99%
1920783,3891.53%
1910672,7654.99%
1900413,5362.67%
1890317,7046.16%
1880174,7686.75%
187090,9235.65%
186052,46515.81%
185012,0930.00%

Oregon Facts

Oregon Population in 2018Source: By Zach Dischner (Mt. Hood) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • The number of ghost towns located in Oregon surpasses every other US state.
  • The first permanent settlement was established by Methodist Missionaries at Wilamette Valley in 1834.
  • Thousands of pioneers used the Oregon Trail to migrate west. The Oregon Trail was the longest of the trails used during the westward expansion, crossing over 2,000 miles.
  • Oregon is home to Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the US that reaches depths of over 1,900 feet.
  • Hells Canyon in Oregon is the deepest river gorge (8,000 feet) in the country.
  • One-way streets first appeared in Eugene, Oregon.
  • There is so sales, liquor or restaurant taxes in the state of Oregon.

Oregon Population Density by County

Multnomah County

  • Population807,555
  • Density1873.30 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20109.55%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State19.49%

Oregon Population Growth Rate by County

There are a total of 36 counties in the state of Oregon, and interesting growth patterns have been observed when comparing data from 2010's Census to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau. Comparisons of this data show that the western counties of the state experienced growth in their populations during the 5-year period. Deschutes County experienced the most growth at 11.04%, followed by Washington County at 8.03%. Other western counties that saw growth include Jackson County at 4.5%, Polk County at 5.05%, and Clackamas County at 6.53%, just to name a few. There were also two counties located in the northeastern corner of the state that experienced some amount of population growth. Those counties were Umatilla and Union.

On the other side of both the growth chart and the state were the populations that declined during the same time period. These counties were located in the eastern portion of the state. Wheeler County had the highest loss in population at 6.15%, followed by Sherman County along the northern border at 5.14%. Other losses were recorded in Malheur, Harney, and Grant Counties, among others.

Population by Race

Race Population
White3,387,825
Two or More Races175,541
Asian160,155
Some Other Race124,565
Black or African American74,012
American Indian and Alaska Native45,233
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander14,936

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Oregon Population Pyramid 2018

0%1%2%3%4%5%6%7% Male Population0%1%2%3%4%5%6%7% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Oregon Median Age

39.1


Total

38


Male

40.2


Female

Oregon Adults

There are 3,122,097 adults, (633,180 of which are seniors) in Oregon.

Oregon Age Dependency

60.2

Age Dependency Ratio

25.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Oregon Sex Ratio

Female

2,010,755

50.49%

Male

1,971,512

49.51%

Oregon Households and Families

Oregon Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Oregon Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.6%22.4%
All61.4%38.6%
Male48.4%51.6%
Non Family46.9%53.1%
Female42.3%57.7%

61.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Oregon Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,545,7452.5261.4
Married748,1023.1377.6
Non Family566,1351.3746.9
Female163,2703.3442.3
Male68,2383.3948.4

3.07

Average Family Size

2.52

Average Household Size

7.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Oregon Households

Oregon Education

Oregon Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade106,5053.86%
9th to 12th Grade169,9936.17%
High School Graduate657,52023.86%
Some College721,05926.17%
Associates Degree234,3368.50%
Bachelors Degree538,97719.56%
Graduate Degree327,39611.88%

Oregon Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,257,6622,107,040745,741
Hispanic245,717151,72934,197
Asian110,05094,10952,221
Multiple Races78,66269,15220,701
Other Race67,49537,3506,531
Black45,74640,14511,469
Native American28,69023,6333,685
Islander8,7397,5611,308

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.33%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.45%.

Oregon Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,686$40,343$28,258
Less Than High School$20,970$24,233$16,243
High School Grad$27,139$31,735$22,185
Some College$31,415$38,233$26,171
Bachelors Degree$44,881$55,284$36,397
Graduate Degree$60,958$74,726$51,436

$33,686

Average Earnings

$40,343

Average Male

$28,258

Average Female

Oregon Language

Oregon Language by Age

Oregon Language

84.92% of Oregon residents speak only English, while 15.08% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.92% of the population.

Oregon Poverty

Oregon Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White3,014,336400,85213.30%
Hispanic484,055126,55426.14%
Multiple168,96735,24220.86%
Other121,75731,57125.93%
Asian156,65224,08015.37%
Black70,47422,90632.50%
Native43,56412,33528.31%
Islander14,4574,31129.82%

15.73%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.77%

Male Poverty Rate

16.66%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oregon

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oregon is Black, with 32.50% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oregon is White, with 13.30% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.06%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.83%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.76%.

Oregon Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.24%
High School15.40%
Some College12.58%
Bachelors or Greater5.93%

Oregon Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.84%
Male Unemployed33.51%
Female Employed9.81%
Male Employed7.77%

Oregon Income

Oregon Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$53,270$72,013
Families$65,479$84,441
Married Families$76,663$96,338
Non Families$32,825$47,021

Oregon Marital Status

Oregon Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

48.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Oregon Married by Age and Sex

Oregon Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Oregon Marital Status by Race

Oregon Veterans

Oregon Veterans by War

301,330

Number of Veterans

277,996

Male Veterans

23,334

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam118,509
First Gulf War47,764
Second Gulf War35,538
Korea30,282
World War II19,895

Oregon Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7484,816
75+70,198
35 to 5464,516
55 to 6459,942
18 to 3421,858

Oregon Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White281,27810.40%
Hispanic9,3383.03%
2 or More7,7147.60%
Black4,3908.04%
Indian2,9698.74%
Asian2,9232.27%
Other1,6141.94%
Hawaiian4424.08%

Oregon Veterans by Education

8.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.22%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oregon Employment Status

Oregon Employment by Age

62%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Oregon Employment by Race

Oregon Employment by Education

Oregon Nativity

Oregon Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Oregon Population Research Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)