Oregon Population 2018


The northwestern state of Oregon is the 9th largest in the US in terms of land area, but it has a sparsely spread population by comparison. Geography plays a huge part -- mountain ranges and vast forest areas are just two of the geographical features that have an impact on population density in Oregon. Despite its large area, the state has an estimated 2018 population of 4.20 million.

It's estimated that Oregon's population has reached 4.20 million in 2018, up from 3.83 million at the 2010 Census. Oregon currently has a growth rate of 0.89%, which ranks 22nd in the country.

To establish the Oregon population in 2016, it's important to first look at the numbers from the last official US Census which was carried out in 2010. At that stage, it was confirmed that the Beaver State was home to 3,831,074 residents. That’s a sizeable 12% rise on the numbers declared ten years earlier.

Oregon's 2013 population is estimated to have grown to over 4 million, making Oregon the 27th most populous state in the country.

Oregon is the 9th largest state in America with a total surface area of 98,380.64 square miles (or 255,026 square kilometers). However, parts of this vast landscape are dominated by geographical features that are unsuitable for major settlement and as a result, there is an average of just 39.9 people living in every square mile of Oregon territory. This makes Oregon only the 39th most densely populated state in the country.

Much of Oregon's population is concentrated in the Willamette Valley from Eugene to the south through Corvallis, Salem and Portland, the largest city. Portland is home to 630,309. Other major cities include Eugene (163,460), Salem (164,549), Gresham (110,553) and Hillsboro (102,347).

Oregon Population History

The Oregon region was long in dispute with Great Britain, and was jointly occupied by the two countries until definitively acquired by the United States in 1846. Oregon was established as a territory in 1848, including present-day Washington, Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming. It acquired its present boundaries and was admitted as a State on February 14, 1859.

In 1850 the census covered only areas west of the Cascade Mountains; the 1850 total excludes persons enumerated in present-day Washington. In 1860 census coverage included the whole State.

Oregon Population Chart

Oregon Population History

Early recorded figures show that in 1850, Oregon had a reasonably healthy population of 12,093. Those numbers were to increase by over 300% over the next ten years, and in 1860 the Oregon population was recorded at 52,465.

That was the largest rise on a decade by decade basis but the overall trend for the rest of the century was one of sustained growth, and by 1900, the population of Oregon was confirmed at 413,536.

Unlike other parts of the United States, that growth did not slow down for the first half of the 20th century, and by 1950, numbers had increased to 1,521,341. Further healthy growth has seen the population more than double over the past sixty years, and have taken the state to the present day where the population in 2016 has surpassed 4 million.

Oregon Population Projections

There is nothing to presently suggest that population growth in Oregon is set to slow down in the near future. By the time of the 2020 Census, it's estimated that the population will exceed 4.3 million. By 2030, estimates show the population will reach 4.8 million, an increase of over 41% from the 2000 population, while Oregon will reach 5.42 million residents by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Oregon Growth Rate

Oregon Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Oregon Facts

Oregon Population in 2018Source: Cacophony

  • The number of ghost towns located in Oregon surpasses every other US state.
  • The first permanent settlement was established by Methodist Missionaries at Wilamette Valley in 1834.
  • Thousands of pioneers used the Oregon Trail to migrate west. The Oregon Trail was the longest of the trails used during the westward expansion, crossing over 2,000 miles.
  • Oregon is home to Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the US that reaches depths of over 1,900 feet.
  • Hells Canyon in Oregon is the deepest river gorge (8,000 feet) in the country.
  • One-way streets first appeared in Eugene, Oregon.
  • There is so sales, liquor or restaurant taxes in the state of Oregon.

Oregon Population Density by County

Multnomah County

  • Population801,539
  • Density1859.34 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20108.73%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State19.62%

Oregon Population Growth Rate by County

There are a total of 36 counties in the state of Oregon, and interesting growth patterns have been observed when comparing data from 2010's Census to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau. Comparisons of this data show that the western counties of the state experienced growth in their populations during the 5-year period. Deschutes County experienced the most growth at 11.04%, followed by Washington County at 8.03%. Other western counties that saw growth include Jackson County at 4.5%, Polk County at 5.05%, and Clackamas County at 6.53%, just to name a few. There were also two counties located in the northeastern corner of the state that experienced some amount of population growth. Those counties were Umatilla and Union.

On the other side of both the growth chart and the state were the populations that declined during the same time period. These counties were located in the eastern portion of the state. Wheeler County had the highest loss in population at 6.15%, followed by Sherman County along the northern border at 5.14%. Other losses were recorded in Malheur, Harney, and Grant Counties, among others.

Oregon Population Pyramid 2018

0k5k10k15k20k25k30kOregon Male Population0k5k10k15k20k25k30kOregon Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Oregon to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Two or More Races207,593
Some Other Race120,779
Black or African American79,575
American Indian and Alaska Native45,426
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander14,823

Oregon has one of the lowest population percentages of African Americans in the nation, ranking 41st out of 50 states. The majority of the population (as well as the majority of the state's diversity) is located around the Portland metro area. The state's foreign-born population exceeds 300,000 and accounts for almost 9% of the total population, according to data from 2004.

Oregon's Native American population, in terms of percentage when compared to the state's total population, is ranked as 10th in the nation and tops the national average. Oregon ranks 12th in its percentage of Asian Americans when compared to the total population, and this percentage falls just short of the average of the US as a whole.

The largest ancestry groups in Oregon include: German (22.5%), English (14.0%), Irish (13.2%), Scandinavian (8.4%), American (5.0%), French (3.9%), Italian (3.7%) and Scottish (3.6%). Portland is Oregon's most diverse area, while there are high concentrations of Mexican-Americans in Jefferson and Malheur counties.

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Oregon

Language Population Percentage

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Oregon. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Oregon Economy

High school graduate or higher 89.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 30.1%
With a Disability 10.1%
Persons Without Health Insurance 11.5%
In Civilian Labor Force 62.4%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 57.9%
Food Services Sales $8,466,788
Health Care Revenue $24,956,816,000
Manufacturers Shipments $51,349,948,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $48,325,261,000
Total Retail Sales $49,481,054,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $12,690
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.7 minutes
Median Household Income $50,521
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $27,173
Persons in Poverty 16.6%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Oregon for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.8% and the labor force participation rate is 62.2%.

Oregon Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 269,901
All firms 339,305
Men-owned Firms 165,691
Women-owned Firms 123,015
Minority-owned Firms 41,456
Nonminority-owned Firms 285,028
Veternan-owned Firms 30,918
Nonveteran-owned Firms 288,790

Oregon Housing

Housing Units 1,675,562
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 61.5%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $234,100
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,591
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $464
Median Gross Rent $894
Building Permits 17,510
Households 1,522,988
Persons per Household 2.5 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 81.8%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 14.9%
Data Sources
  1. Oregon Population Research Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)