Oregon Population 2019

4,245,901

It's estimated that Oregon's population has reached 4.25 million in 2019, up from 3.83 million at the 2010 Census. Oregon currently has a growth rate of 0.89%, which ranks 22nd in the country. Oregon's 2013 population was estimated to have grown to over 4 million, making Oregon the 27th most populous state in the country.

To establish the Oregon population in 2018, it's important to first look at the numbers from the last official US Census which was carried out in 2010. At that stage, it was confirmed that the Beaver State was home to 3,831,074 residents. That’s a sizable 12% rise in the numbers declared ten years earlier.

Oregon Area and Population Density

The northwestern state of Oregon is the 9th largest in the US in terms of land area, but it has a sparsely spread population by comparison. Geography plays a huge part -- mountain ranges and vast forest areas are just two of the geographical features that have an impact on population density in Oregon. Despite its large area, the state has an estimated 2019 population of 4.25 million.

However, parts of this vast landscape are dominated by geographical features that are unsuitable for major settlement and as a result, there is an average of just 39.9 people living in every square mile of Oregon territory. This makes Oregon only the 39th most densely populated state in the country.

Much of Oregon's population is concentrated in the Willamette Valley from Eugene to the south through Corvallis, Salem, and Portland, the largest city. Portland is home to 630,309. Other major cities include Eugene (163,460), Salem (164,549), Gresham (110,553) and Hillsboro (102,347). Comparatively, the two most populated counties in the state are Multnomah at 807,555 and Washington at 588,957.

Oregon Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age across the population of Oregon is 39.1 years of age. In terms of the ratio of females to males, 50.5% females and 49.5% males is where the population currently stands.

In terms of the most preferred religions in Oregon, 61% of the population is affiliated with a Christian based faith, 7% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 31% of the population is not affiliated with a religion of any kind.

Oregon Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

The Oregon region was long in dispute with Great Britain, and was jointly occupied by the two countries until definitively acquired by the United States in 1846. Oregon was established as a territory in 1848, including present-day Washington, Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming. It acquired its present boundaries and was admitted as a State on February 14, 1859.

In 1850 the census covered only areas west of the Cascade Mountains; the 1850 total excludes persons enumerated in present-day Washington. In 1860 census coverage included the whole State.

Oregon Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oregon was:

  • White: 84.89%
  • Two or more races: 4.58%
  • Asian: 4.13%
  • Other race: 3.01%
  • Black or African American: 1.90%
  • Native American: 1.13%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.38%

Oregon Population Chart

Oregon Population History

Early recorded figures show that in 1850, Oregon had a reasonably healthy population of 12,093. Those numbers were to increase by over 300% over the next ten years, and in 1860 the Oregon population was recorded at 52,465.

That was the largest rise on a decade by decade basis but the overall trend for the rest of the century was one of sustained growth, and by 1900, the population of Oregon was confirmed at 413,536.

Oregon Population Growth

Unlike other parts of the United States, that growth did not slow down for the first half of the 20th century, and by 1950, numbers had increased to 1,521,341. Further healthy growth has seen the population more than double over the past sixty years, and have taken the state to the present day where the population in 2016 has surpassed 4 million.

Oregon Population Projections

There is nothing to presently suggest that population growth in Oregon is set to slow down in the near future. By the time of the 2020 Census, it's estimated that the population will exceed 4.3 million. By 2030, estimates show the population will reach 4.8 million, an increase of over 41% from the 2000 population, while Oregon will reach 5.42 million residents by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Oregon Growth Rate

Oregon Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20204,301,0891.30%
20194,245,9011.32%
20184,190,7131.06%
20174,146,5921.35%
20164,091,4041.85%
20154,016,9181.33%
20143,964,1061.05%
20133,922,9080.61%
20123,899,1180.71%
20113,871,7280.89%
20103,837,5321.15%
20003,421,3991.87%
19902,842,3210.77%
19802,633,1052.33%
19702,091,3851.69%
19601,768,6871.52%
19501,521,3413.39%
19401,089,6841.34%
1930953,7861.99%
1920783,3891.53%
1910672,7654.99%
1900413,5362.67%
1890317,7046.16%
1880174,7686.75%
187090,9235.65%
186052,46515.81%
185012,0930.00%
  • The number of ghost towns located in Oregon surpasses every other US state.
  • The first permanent settlement was established by Methodist Missionaries at Willamette Valley in 1834.
  • Thousands of pioneers used the Oregon Trail to migrate west. The Oregon Trail was the longest of the trails used during the westward expansion, crossing over 2,000 miles.
  • Oregon is home to Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the US that reaches depths of over 1,900 feet.
  • Hells Canyon, which is partly located within Oregon, is the deepest river gorge (8,000 feet) in the country.
  • The state lacks sales, liquor, and restaurant taxes in Oregon.

Multnomah County

  • Population811,880
  • Density1883.33 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201010.12%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State19.37%

There are a total of 36 counties in the state of Oregon, and interesting growth patterns have been observed when comparing data from 2010's Census to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau. Comparisons of this data show that the western counties of the state experienced growth in their populations during the 5-year period. Deschutes County experienced the most growth at 11.04%, followed by Washington County at 8.03%. Other western counties that saw growth include Jackson County at 4.5%, Polk County at 5.05%, and Clackamas County at 6.53%, just to name a few. There were also two counties located in the northeastern corner of the state that experienced some amount of population growth. Those counties were Umatilla and Union.

On the other side of both the growth chart and the state were the populations that declined during the same time period. These counties were located in the eastern portion of the state. Wheeler County had the highest loss in population at 6.15%, followed by Sherman County along the northern border at 5.14%. Other losses were recorded in Malheur, Harney, and Grant Counties, among others.

Population by Race

Race Population
White3,416,776
Two or More Races184,164
Asian166,351
Some Other Race121,000
Black or African American76,347
American Indian and Alaska Native45,332
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander15,157

Oregon Population Pyramid 2019

Oregon Median Age

39.2


Total

38.1


Male

40.2


Female

Oregon Adults

There are 3,160,871 adults, (655,089 of whom are seniors) in Oregon.

Oregon Age Dependency

60.6

Age Dependency Ratio

26.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Oregon Sex Ratio

Female

2,031,305

50.47%

Male

1,993,822

49.53%

Oregon Households and Families

Oregon Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Oregon Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.8%22.2%
All61.7%38.3%
Male49.4%50.6%
Non Family46.8%53.2%
Female44.1%55.9%

61.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,571,6312.561.7
Married762,8163.1277.8
Non Family576,8891.3746.8
Female162,1973.344.1
Male69,7293.3149.4

3.05

Average Family Size

2.5

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Oregon Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade106,7113.81%
9th to 12th Grade166,9825.97%
High School Graduate655,92123.44%
Some College723,16525.85%
Associates Degree242,2478.66%
Bachelors Degree561,49220.07%
Graduate Degree341,43512.20%

Oregon Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,278,4382,131,879772,546
Hispanic256,611161,98937,346
Asian115,46599,39857,303
Multiple Races83,93873,83822,234
Other Race65,67637,4327,060
Black47,54141,79211,983
Native American28,79023,7213,861
Islander8,7077,5721,412

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.57%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.63%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,462$41,529$30,000
Less Than High School$22,143$25,722$17,136
High School Grad$28,232$32,500$22,960
Some College$32,408$40,222$27,260
Bachelors Degree$46,429$57,262$37,482
Graduate Degree$62,908$78,194$53,376

$35,462

Average Earnings

$41,529

Average Male

$30,000

Average Female

Oregon Language

Oregon Language by Age

Oregon Language

84.75% of Oregon residents speak only English, while 15.25% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.04% of the population.

Oregon Poverty

Oregon Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White3,027,964380,64012.57%
Hispanic498,708119,70924.00%
Multiple177,32735,68520.12%
Other118,21226,29322.24%
Asian162,92325,39615.59%
Black72,59022,14830.51%
Native43,67411,47026.26%
Islander14,6783,86826.35%

14.87%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.90%

Male Poverty Rate

15.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oregon

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oregon is Black, with 30.51% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oregon is White, with 12.57% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.90%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.75%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.35%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.12%
High School15.15%
Some College11.79%
Bachelors or Greater5.81%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.13%
Male Unemployed32.44%
Female Employed9.21%
Male Employed7.24%

Oregon Income

Oregon Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,119$75,851
Families$69,031$89,078
Married Families$80,226$101,306
Non Families$34,410$49,274

Oregon Marital Status

Oregon Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

48.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Oregon Married by Age and Sex

Oregon Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Oregon Marital Status by Race

Oregon Veterans

291,153

Number of Veterans

268,225

Male Veterans

22,928

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam115,833
First Gulf War48,958
Second Gulf War37,996
Korea27,374
World War II15,709
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7484,828
75+67,600
35 to 5462,564
55 to 6454,779
18 to 3421,382

Oregon Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White271,0969.92%
Hispanic9,8853.08%
2 or More8,0067.40%
Black3,9377.00%
Asian3,0422.26%
Indian2,7408.13%
Other1,7922.18%
Hawaiian5404.92%

Oregon Veterans by Education

8.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.45%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oregon Employment Status

62.2%

Labor Force Participation

57.9%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Oregon Nativity

  1. Oregon Population Research Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)