Pennsylvania Population 2018

12,823,989

It's estimated that Pennsylvania's population has reached over 12.82 million in 2018, a small increase from the 2010 Census figure of 12.7 million. Pennsylvania has a current growth rate of just 0.24%, which ranks 42nd in the nation. An estimate of the 2018 population shows Pennsylvania has 12.82 million residents, making it the sixth most populous state in the USA.

Pennsylvania Area and Population Density

Pennsylvania has a relatively small surface area, but like many states on the eastern edge of the USA, it has a relatively dense population by comparison. In order to gauge US state populations in 2018, it's important to first look at the last official census figures taken in 2010 and then project forward. At that census, it was confirmed that there were 12,702,379 people living in Pennsylvania and that number represented a 3.4% rise on the numbers declared in 2000.

Pennsylvania is currently the 9th most densely populated state in the country with a density of 283.9 people per square mile. A great deal of the state's population is in Philadelphia and its surrounding areas, as the city has a population of 1.56 million. Far behind in terms of population are Pittsburgh (304.391), Allentown (120,207), Erie (99,475) and Reading (87,879). In terms of the most populated counties in Pennsylvania, two in particular top the list - Philadelphia County at 1,580,863 and Allegheny County at 1,223,048.

Pennsylvania Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, and Religion

The median age of the population in Pennsylvania is approximately 40.6 years of age. In terms of the ratio of females to males, the state is currently at 51.1% females and 48.9% males.

The racial diversity of the population in Pennsylvania is currently at 81.4% Caucasian, 11% African American, 3.1% Asian, 2.2% two or more races, 2% other races, and 0% Natives of North America.

In terms of preferred religions across the population of Pennsylvania, 73% are affiliated with Christian based faiths, 6% are affiliated with non-Christian faiths, and 21% are unaffiliated with any religion.

Pennsylvania Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Pennsylvania was one of the 13 original States. In 1792 the acquisition of the Erie Triangle at its northwest corner brought it to essentially its present boundaries. In 1790 census coverage included all parts of the present State except for the Erie Triangle.

Pennsylvania Population Chart

Pennsylvania Population History

To use a generalization, the route which early settlers in the New World took meant that states on the eastern side of the country began to fill up more quickly than those in the west. Pennsylvania certainly backs up that assumption when you look at its population figures throughout history.

In 1790, the population had already reached 434,373, and compared to figures in parts of the west that had barely exceeded one thousand, this is an impressive total.

From this point, sizeable if unspectacular rises were recorded on a decade by decade basis, and just ten years later, those numbers had risen by 38.7% to 602,365. Similar percentage increases followed through the 1800s, and by the start of the next century, the Pennsylvania population had grown to a substantial 6,302,115.

The 20th century continued to produce sustained growth and in 2016, the numbers are close to 12.8 million, but they're not there yet.

Pennsylvania Population Projections

Pennsylvania continues to grow at a steady but fairly stable rate and there is nothing to indicate that this won’t continue up to the next Census of 2020. There is estimated to be little or even no growth leading up to 2030, in part because Pennsylvania has a low birth rate with an increasingly older population, although migration to the area should remain stable. The 2020 population is estimated to surpass the 13 million milestone.

Population Data via US Census

Pennsylvania Growth Rate

Pennsylvania Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
202012,860,8930.14%
201912,842,4410.14%
201812,823,9890.14%
201712,805,5370.14%
201612,787,085-0.03%
201512,791,1240.01%
201412,790,3410.09%
201312,778,4500.08%
201212,768,0340.20%
201112,742,8110.25%
201012,711,0630.34%
200012,281,0540.33%
199011,881,6430.01%
198011,863,8950.06%
197011,793,9090.41%
196011,319,3660.76%
195010,498,0120.59%
19409,900,1800.28%
19309,631,3501.00%
19208,720,0171.30%
19107,665,1111.98%
19006,302,1151.83%
18905,258,0142.07%
18804,282,8911.98%
18703,521,9511.94%
18602,906,2152.31%
18502,311,7862.98%
18401,724,0332.49%
18301,348,2332.54%
18201,049,4582.62%
1810810,0913.00%
1800602,5453.33%
1790434,3732.87%
1780327,3053.15%
1770240,0572.71%
1760183,7034.38%
1750119,6663.40%
174085,6375.17%
173051,7075.26%
172030,9622.39%
171024,4503.14%
170017,9504.60%
169011,45032.63%
16806800.00%

Pennsylvania Facts

Pennsylvania Population in 2018Source: By Bmoredlj at English Wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Pennsylvania Population Density by County

Philadelphia County

  • Population1,580,863
  • Density11781.84 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.44%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State12.35%

Pennsylvania Population Growth Rate by County

Data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau were compared to see population growth patterns throughout the counties of Pennsylvania. The number of counties that saw increasing populations during the 5-year period were pretty much balanced with losses recorded across the state. The highest gain in population happened in Cumberland County, with a 4.39% increase. Falling right behind was Centre County, with an increase of 4.1%. Primarily, growth from 2010 to 2015 was reorded in the southeastern corner of the state, including the counties of Chester, Lehigh, Lancaster, Lebanon, Philadelphia, and Montgomery.

Losses in population were also recorded in the state, with all counties on the northern border posting losses, as well as many in the central and southwestern regions. Cameron County saw the biggest drop in population at 6.74%. Other high decreases include Cambria at 4.92%, Susquehanna at 4%, Wayne at 3.22%, and Venango at 3.36%, just to name a few.

Population by Race

Race Population
White10,378,174
Black or African American1,417,611
Asian417,525
Two or More Races297,320
Some Other Race251,215
American Indian and Alaska Native24,995
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,665

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Pennsylvania Population Pyramid 2018

100,000200,000300,000400,000500,000 Male Population100,000200,000300,000400,000500,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Pennsylvania Median Age

40.7


Total

39


Male

42.3


Female

Pennsylvania Adults

There are 10,101,588 adults, (2,181,022 of whom are seniors) in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania Age Dependency

61.5

Age Dependency Ratio

27.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Pennsylvania Sex Ratio

Female

6,530,345

51.06%

Male

6,260,160

48.94%

Pennsylvania Households and Families

Pennsylvania Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Pennsylvania Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86.2%13.8%
All69%31%
Male62.5%37.5%
Non Family52.6%47.4%
Female51.4%48.6%

69.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Pennsylvania Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All5,007,4422.4769
Married2,402,6043.186.2
Non Family1,790,3961.2452.6
Female590,5303.3251.4
Male223,9123.2362.5

3.07

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

5.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Pennsylvania Households

Pennsylvania Education

Pennsylvania Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade296,4633.34%
9th to 12th Grade602,5196.78%
High School Graduate3,161,78635.58%
Some College1,427,44416.06%
Associates Degree724,5228.15%
Bachelors Degree1,621,73318.25%
Graduate Degree1,051,48611.83%

Pennsylvania Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White7,196,5186,612,0182,266,959
Black879,316751,424157,379
Hispanic458,184322,37969,401
Asian276,567229,428150,939
Other Race138,41892,06914,332
Multiple Races110,72495,01131,347
Native American16,62112,5122,965
Islander2,4151,804496

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.88%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 54.58%.

Pennsylvania Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,530$46,452$32,115
Less Than High School$22,688$27,808$16,445
High School Grad$30,808$37,410$23,926
Some College$36,295$44,292$30,575
Bachelors Degree$51,678$62,335$42,802
Graduate Degree$69,094$86,011$59,151

$39,530

Average Earnings

$46,452

Average Male

$32,115

Average Female

Pennsylvania Language

Pennsylvania Language by Age

Pennsylvania Language

89.01% of Pennsylvania residents speak only English, while 10.99% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.77% of the population.

Pennsylvania Poverty

Pennsylvania Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White9,605,806900,1169.37%
Black1,335,508368,06427.56%
Hispanic841,371259,02030.79%
Other242,27580,98733.43%
Multiple284,37368,86324.22%
Asian402,80761,63815.30%
Native23,5776,51527.63%
Islander3,53196427.30%

13.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.90%

Male Poverty Rate

14.27%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Pennsylvania

The race most likely to be in poverty in Pennsylvania is Other, with 33.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Pennsylvania is White, with 9.37% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.04%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.70%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.17%.

Pennsylvania Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.28%
High School12.37%
Some College9.17%
Bachelors or Greater3.97%

Pennsylvania Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.75%
Male Unemployed27.89%
Female Employed6.86%
Male Employed4.49%

Pennsylvania Income

Pennsylvania Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,951$78,192
Families$72,692$94,204
Married Families$85,968$108,868
Non Families$31,984$46,485

Pennsylvania Marital Status

Pennsylvania Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.1%

Male Marriage Rate

46.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Pennsylvania Married by Age and Sex

Pennsylvania Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Pennsylvania Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Pennsylvania Veterans

Pennsylvania Veterans by War

803,420

Number of Veterans

751,946

Male Veterans

51,474

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam290,630
First Gulf War117,427
Second Gulf War93,606
Korea90,563
World War II54,048

Pennsylvania Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+224,241
65 to 74222,206
35 to 54166,950
55 to 64138,997
18 to 3451,026

Pennsylvania Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White717,9148.57%
Black67,1456.39%
Hispanic17,9503.15%
2 or More8,0855.47%
Asian4,7461.46%
Other3,6752.14%
Indian1,6428.50%
Hawaiian2137.00%

Pennsylvania Veterans by Education

6.46%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Pennsylvania Employment Status

Pennsylvania Employment by Age

62.6%

Labor Force Participation

58.5%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Pennsylvania Employment by Race

Pennsylvania Employment by Education

Pennsylvania Nativity

Pennsylvania Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Pennsylvania State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)