Puerto Rico Population 2019 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)

3,113,659

The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million.

You can find out more about the Puerto Rico population in this interactive Census Bureau tool, or you can continue reading for more detailed data and statistics.

If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358.

Puerto Rico Population Decline

The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table).

The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The previous census, conducted in 2000, showed that at that point, Puerto Rico had 3,808,610 people, so as well as losing just over 100,000 people in a decade, it appears as though the rate of population reduction is actually increasing.

There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways.

Largest Cities in Puerto Rico

The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. It has a population of 395,326, making it the 46th largest city in the USA.

Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island.

The second largest city is Bayamon, which has 208,116 people and is the 103rd largest city in America. Other major cities include Carolina (176,762), Ponce (166,327) and Caguas (142,893).

Puerto Rico Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Puerto Rico was:

  • White: 68.88%
  • Other race: 14.75%
  • Black or African American: 9.77%
  • Two or more races: 6.05%
  • Native American: 0.31%
  • Asian: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%

How Many People Live in Puerto Rico?

3,113,659

Puerto Rico Population Chart

Population Data via US Census

Puerto Rico Growth Rate

Puerto Rico Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20203,032,165-2.62%
20193,113,659-2.55%
20183,195,153-3.91%
20173,325,001-2.39%
20163,406,495-1.92%
20153,473,166-1.75%
20143,534,874-1.62%
20133,593,077-1.14%
20123,634,488-1.20%
20113,678,732-1.15%
20103,721,525-0.23%
20003,808,6100.79%
19903,522,0370.97%
19803,196,5201.66%
19702,712,0331.46%
19602,346,5440.60%
19502,210,7031.69%
19401,869,2551.93%
19301,543,9131.74%
19201,299,8091.52%
19101,118,0120.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White2,389,446
Some Other Race511,785
Black or African American338,939
Two or More Races210,019
American Indian and Alaska Native10,849
Asian7,789
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander136

Puerto Rico Population Pyramid 2019

Puerto Rico Median Age

40.1


Total

38.1


Male

41.8


Female

Puerto Rico Adults

There are 2,737,636 adults, (629,621 of whom are seniors) in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Age Dependency

64.6

Age Dependency Ratio

29.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Puerto Rico Sex Ratio

Female

1,814,966

52.32%

Male

1,653,997

47.68%

Puerto Rico Households and Families

Puerto Rico Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Puerto Rico Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.6%17.4%
All68.5%31.5%
Non Family61.8%38.2%
Male60.9%39.1%
Female55.9%44.1%

68.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,222,6062.8168.5
Married479,3373.4282.6
Non Family371,9411.1561.8
Female291,0503.6355.9
Male80,2783.8160.9

3.43

Average Family Size

2.81

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Puerto Rico Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade390,17116.32%
9th to 12th Grade215,4499.01%
High School Graduate659,36527.58%
Some College296,09112.38%
Associates Degree233,9469.79%
Bachelors Degree426,31017.83%
Graduate Degree169,4597.09%

Puerto Rico Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic2,363,8371,763,177586,309
Other Race340,284243,61171,080
Black243,787177,42849,592
Multiple Races137,330103,18333,436
White19,54816,7007,413
Native American7,3145,2591,466
Asian5,5223,9691,010
Islander6747

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 85.43%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 37.92%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$18,554$18,336$18,772
Less Than High School$10,724$11,383$9,456
High School Grad$14,797$15,574$13,021
Some College$17,249$18,789$16,118
Bachelors Degree$25,484$29,707$23,753
Graduate Degree$36,959$45,826$33,017

$18,554

Average Earnings

$18,336

Average Male

$18,772

Average Female

Puerto Rico Language

Puerto Rico Language by Age

Puerto Rico Language

5.59% of Puerto Rico residents speak only English, while 94.41% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 94.25% of the population.

Puerto Rico Poverty

Puerto Rico Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic3,401,7071,530,39544.99%
Other506,262261,48751.65%
Black336,206154,13145.84%
Multiple206,67191,13644.10%
White25,8368,94834.63%
Native10,7975,30249.11%
Asian7,6564,11353.72%
Islander1297558.14%

44.90%

Overall Poverty Rate

43.05%

Male Poverty Rate

46.57%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Puerto Rico

The race most likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is Islander, with 58.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Puerto Rico is White, with 34.63% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 10.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 44.62%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 54.32%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School62.57%
High School47.80%
Some College34.58%
Bachelors or Greater14.77%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed71.87%
Male Unemployed64.25%
Male Employed21.94%
Female Employed21.45%

Puerto Rico Income

Puerto Rico Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$19,775$31,672
Families$23,793$35,681
Married Families$31,324$45,350
Non Families$11,698$19,974

Puerto Rico Marital Status

Puerto Rico Marital Status

Marriage Rates

37.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.5%

Male Marriage Rate

34.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Puerto Rico Married by Age and Sex

Puerto Rico Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Puerto Rico Marital Status by Race

Puerto Rico Veterans

83,641

Number of Veterans

79,410

Male Veterans

4,231

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam28,298
Korea16,640
Second Gulf War11,896
First Gulf War10,430
World War II2,690
Age Group Veterans
75+28,000
65 to 7421,959
55 to 6415,266
35 to 5413,950
18 to 344,466

Puerto Rico Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Hispanic81,9863.03%
White62,0533.28%
Other8,4602.13%
Black8,0722.92%
2 or More4,8053.02%
Indian1882.28%
Asian460.76%
Hawaiian1715.45%

Puerto Rico Veterans by Education

18.89%

Veteran Poverty Rate

42.76%

Veteran Disability Rate

Puerto Rico Employment Status

44.5%

Labor Force Participation

36.7%

Employment Rate

17.5%

Unemployment Rate

Puerto Rico Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

0.00%

Born in Puerto Rico

97.30%

Native Born

2.70%

Foreign Born

1.44%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

97.30% of Puerto Rico residents were born in the United States, with 0.00% having been born in Puerto Rico. 1.44% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

  1. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts
  5. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)