Red States 2020

What is a “red state” and what does it mean for a Presidential Election?

If a state is a “red state,” the voters within that state primarily vote for the Republican Party. The term is also used to describe a state that is perceived to have conservative views. Blue states vote Democratic and tend to have more liberal views.

This means that red states believe in a smaller, deregulated government and have an aversion to rapid change. Red states desire to preserve the political philosophy and regulations articulated in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution and preserve traditional morality, such as that in the Bible.

During the 1980s, the colors were reversed and red states were democratic while blue states were republican. During the U.S. Presidential Election in 2000, journalist Tim Russert used the terms “red state” and “blue state” based on the colored maps that were used during his televised coverage of the election. Since that election, the media have used red for Republican and blue for Democrat.

The Cook Partisan Voting Index (PVI) shown in the table below is a measurement of how strongly a United States congressional district or states leans toward the Democratic or Republican Party compared to the national average. For example, if the national average is 48% Republican, and the Republican candidate of a state win 57% of the two-party share, than that state voted nine percentage points more Republican than the country. The PVI for that state is R+9.

According to Gallup Daily tracking numbers in 2017, a total of 13 states are solid Republican. Those states are:

Three additional states lean toward Republican. Those states are:

Out of these states, some are considered to be “dark red” because they lean more republican than the other states. This includes Wyoming, the most conservative state in the United States, with a PVI of R+25. These “dark red” states can also include Utah (R+20), Oklahoma (R+20), Idaho (R+19), and North Dakota (R+17).

State PVI Governor Party Senate Party House Balance 2020 Pop.
UtahR+20RepublicanRepublican3R, 1D3,282,115
OklahomaR+20RepublicanRepublican4R, 1D3,954,821
West VirginiaR+19RepublicanBoth3R1,778,070
North DakotaR+17RepublicanRepublican1R761,723
KentuckyR+15RepublicanRepublican5R, 1D4,499,692
TennesseeR+14RepublicanRepublican7R, 2D6,897,576
South DakotaR+14RepublicanRepublican1R903,027
AlabamaR+14RepublicanBoth6R, 1D4,908,621
KansasR+13DemocraticRepublican3R, 1D2,910,357
LouisianaR+11DemocraticRepublican5R, 1D4,645,184
MissouriR+9RepublicanRepublican6R, 2D6,169,270
MississippiR+9RepublicanRepublican3R, 1D2,989,260
IndianaR+9RepublicanRepublican7R, 2D6,745,354
TexasR+8RepublicanRepublican23R, 13D29,472,295
South CarolinaR+8RepublicanRepublican5R, 2D5,210,095
GeorgiaR+5RepublicanRepublican9R, 5D10,736,059
ArizonaR+5RepublicanBoth5D, 4R7,378,494
OhioR+3RepublicanBoth12R, 4D11,747,694
North CarolinaR+3DemocraticRepublican8R, 3D, 2 Vacant10,611,862
IowaR+3RepublicanRepublican3D, 1R3,179,849
FloridaR+2RepublicanRepublican14R, 13D21,992,985
WisconsinEvenDemocraticBoth5R, 3D5,851,754
PennsylvaniaEvenDemocraticBoth9D, 9R12,820,878
New HampshireEvenRepublicanDemocratic2D1,371,246
VirginiaD+1DemocraticDemocratic7D, 4R8,626,207
NevadaD+1DemocraticDemocratic3D, 1R3,139,658
MinnesotaD+1DemocraticDemocratic5D, 3R5,700,671
MichiganD+1DemocraticDemocratic7D, 6R, 1I10,045,029
ColoradoD+1DemocraticBoth4D, 3R5,845,526
New MexicoD+3DemocraticDemocratic3D2,096,640
OregonD+5DemocraticDemocratic4D, 1R4,301,089
WashingtonD+7DemocraticDemocratic7D, 3R7,797,095
New JerseyD+7DemocraticDemocratic11D, 1R8,936,574
IllinoisD+7DemocraticDemocratic13D, 5R12,659,682
Rhode IslandD+10DemocraticDemocratic2D1,056,161
New YorkD+12DemocraticDemocratic21D, 6R19,440,469
MarylandD+12RepublicanDemocratic7D, 1R6,083,116
CaliforniaD+12DemocraticDemocratic46D, 7R39,937,489