Red States 2019

What is a “red state” and what does it mean for a Presidential Election?

If a state is a “red state,” the voters within that state primarily vote for the Republican Party. The term is also used to describe a state that is perceived to have conservative views. Blue states vote Democratic and tend to have more liberal views.

This means that red states believe in a smaller, deregulated government and have an aversion to rapid change. Red states desire to preserve the political philosophy and regulations articulated in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution and preserve traditional morality, such as that in the Bible.

During the 1980s, the colors were reversed and red states were democratic while blue states were republican. During the U.S. Presidential Election in 2000, journalist Tim Russert used the terms “red state” and “blue state” based on the colored maps that were used during his televised coverage of the election. Since that election, the media have used red for Republican and blue for Democrat.

The Cook Partisan Voting Index (PVI) shown in the table below is a measurement of how strongly a United States congressional district or states leans toward the Democratic or Republican Party compared to the national average. For example, if the national average is 48% Republican, and the Republican candidate of a state win 57% of the two-party share, than that state voted nine percentage points more Republican than the country. The PVI for that state is R+9.

According to Gallup Daily tracking numbers in 2017, a total of 13 states are solid Republican. Those states are:

Three additional states lean toward Republican. Those states are:

Out of these states, some are considered to be “dark red” because they lean more republican than the other states. This includes Wyoming, the most conservative state in the United States, with a PVI of R+25. These “dark red” states can also include Utah (R+20), Oklahoma (R+20), Idaho (R+19), and North Dakota (R+17).

State PVI Governor Party Senate Party House Balance 2019 Pop.
UtahR+20RepublicanRepublican3R, 1D3,221,610
OklahomaR+20RepublicanRepublican4R, 1D3,948,950
North DakotaR+17RepublicanRepublican1R760,900
TennesseeR+14RepublicanRepublican7R, 2D6,833,793
South DakotaR+14RepublicanRepublican1R892,631
AlabamaR+14RepublicanBoth6R, 1D4,898,246
KansasR+13DemocraticRepublican3R, 1D2,910,931
South CarolinaR+8RepublicanRepublican5R, 2D5,147,111