Rhode Island Population 2018


The state of Rhode Island is the smallest in the United States as far as surface area is concerned, but it has a healthy population by comparison. The last official US Census in 2010 showed that there were 1,052,567 people living in the state, and that made Rhode Island larger than seven other states across the country. As of 2018, the estimated population of Rhode Island is 1.06 million.

The 2018 population of Rhode Island is estimated at 1.06 million, which reflects only a 0.3% increase over the figures recorded during the last official Census held in 2010.

Read on to find out more about the population of Rhode Island, or click through to our overview article about the population of the United States to find out more about the demographics of the country as a whole.

The national 2010 Census showed Rhode Island's population was 1,052,567. The state's history has been filled with small falls alongside increases, although it has gone up steadily at every official census.

Rhode Island has just 1,545 square miles, and the Rhode Island population figures mean that there are 1,018.1 people on average for every square mile. The state is second only to New Jersey in terms of density.

Rhode Island has a corridor of population from the large Providence area to the northwest, following Blackstone River to Woonsocket. The state has just five counties, but no county government. Only the city of Providence has a population over 100,000, with an estimated 179,000 residents. Following in size are Warwick (81,699), Cranston (81,076), Pawtucket (71,591) and East Providence (47,408).

Rhode Island Population History

Rhode Island was one of the 13 original States and has had nearly its present boundaries since Colonial times. However, a long-standing boundary dispute with Massachusetts involved a sizable exchange of territory when finally settled by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1862. Census coverage included all of Rhode Island from 1790 on.

Rhode Island Population Chart

Rhode Island Population History

Although there has always been a healthy growth as far as the population of Rhode Island is concerned, it has been steady rather than spectacular.

In 1790, there were 68,825 people living in the state, and ten years later that figure had grown by just 0.4% to 69,122. The biggest increase in decade on decade terms came in 1850 when the Rhode Island population was measured at 147,545, a 35.6% rise on numbers from ten years earlier.

In its early days, Rhode Island was heavily involved in the slave trade, which eventually moved into the Industrial Revolution and fishing. Much of Rhode Island's growth and economy is today based on healthcare, education and some manufacturing.

Rhode Island Population Growth

Rhode Island in the recent past has experienced a small decrease in population, which may continue. This is because its natural growth rate has declined as its population ages. Current estimates show there will be some growth between 2020 and 2035, but it will only be after some population decline.

Net migration has always contributed healthily to Rhode Island population statistics, although time will tell if this continues, and if it can make up for a population that is quickly aging.

The population of Rhode Island in 2016 is an interesting one to monitor because there are only very small fluctuations in numbers and there have even been some falls recorded throughout the State’s history.

With such a densely populated area, Rhode Island may have little capacity for further growth and the 2020 statistics could be very revealing. It's estimated now that Rhode Island's population will reach just 1.07 million in 2035, but then start to decline again by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Rhode Island Growth Rate

Rhode Island Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Rhode Island Facts

Rhode Island Population in 2018Source: Will Hart

  • The Narragansett tribe was the largest Native American group to inhabit what is now Rhode Island.
  • Providence was founded and settled in 1636 by Roger Williams, a minister who left Massachusetts when Puritan leaders began to force out settlers who did not believe as they did.
  • Settlers who wanted religious and political freedom came to Rhode Island.
  • Rhode Island is split into 39 municipalities and does not have a county government.
  • The oldest operating tavern in the US is The White House Tavern, which was built in 1673.
  • The highest percentage of Catholics in the nation reside in Rhode Island.
  • The state's official name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
  • Rhode Island is home to the first Baptist church in the US and the oldest synagogue in North America.

Rhode Island Population Density by County

Providence County

  • Population635,522
  • Density1551.89 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20101.34%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State60.09%

Rhode Island Population Growth Rate by County

As the smallest state in the US, it comes as no surprise that the state of Rhode Island has just five counties, making it easy to evaluate the population growth patterns by county. When examining data from the 2010 population compared to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau, this information shows that many of Rhode Island's counties saw declines in population. However, the northernmost county of Providence did see a gain in population during the 5-year period, posting a gain of 1.02%.

However, the remaining four counties saw population losses. The biggest happened in Bristol County, with a loss of 1.56% of its population. This was followed by Newport County at 0.86%, Kent County at 0.75%, and Washington County with 0.45%.

Rhode Island Population Pyramid 2018

0k2k4k6k8k10kRhode Island Male Population0k2k4k6k8k10kRhode Island Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Rhode Island to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American67,526
Some Other Race62,292
Two or More Races32,887
American Indian and Alaska Native5,304
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,437

The largest ancestry groups in Rhode Island include: Irish (19%), Italian (18.7%), English (11.7%), French (11,3%), Portuguese (9.6%), German (5.6%), French Canadian (4.7%), Polish (4.1%), Dominican (4.02%), Puerto Rican (3.14%) and Chinese (2.2%). The state has the highest percentage of people of Portuguese ancestry than any other state, as well as a high percentage of Liberian immigrants, accounting for 15,000 residents.

When compared to the other states, Rhode Island is ranked 13th in terms of the percentage of its Hispanic and Latino residents. Breaking this down further, Rhode Island is also ranked 6th in the nation for its percentage of Mexican American residents and 6th in Puerto Rican residents.

Rhode Island is ranked 20th out of all 50 states as far as percentage of Asian American inhabitants compared to total population of the state. In terms of pure numbers, the state is ranked 38th for its number of Asian Americans. With just 0.6% of its population made up of Native American residents, Rhode Island's Native American population falls below the national average.

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Rhode Island

Language Population Percentage
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba2,4350.24%

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Rhode Island. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Rhode Island Economy

High school graduate or higher 85.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 31.4%
With a Disability 9%
Persons Without Health Insurance 8.7%
In Civilian Labor Force 65.5%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 61.7%
Food Services Sales $2,481,314
Health Care Revenue $8,223,005,000
Manufacturers Shipments $11,262,158,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $22,310,389,000
Total Retail Sales $12,063,865,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $11,486
Mean Travel Time to Work 23.8 minutes
Median Household Income $56,423
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $30,765
Persons in Poverty 14.3%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Rhode Island for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.6% and the labor force participation rate is 65.8%.

Rhode Island Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 75,223
All firms 94,642
Men-owned Firms 54,651
Women-owned Firms 30,484
Minority-owned Firms 14,737
Nonminority-owned Firms 77,042
Veternan-owned Firms 9,904
Nonveteran-owned Firms 79,837

Rhode Island Housing

Housing Units 463,388
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 60.3%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $241,200
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,867
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $679
Median Gross Rent $923
Building Permits 998
Households 409,569
Persons per Household 2.47 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 86.6%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 21.1%
Data Sources
  1. State of Rhode Island Department of Administration
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)