Rhode Island Population 2018

1,061,712

The state of Rhode Island is the smallest in the United States as far as surface area is concerned, but it has a healthy population by comparison. The last official US Census in 2010 showed that there were 1,052,567 people living in the state, and that made Rhode Island larger than seven other states across the country. As of 2018, the estimated population of Rhode Island is 1.06 million.

The 2018 population of Rhode Island is estimated at 1.06 million, which reflects only a 0.3% increase over the figures recorded during the last official Census held in 2010.

Read on to find out more about the population of Rhode Island, or click through to our overview article about the population of the United States to find out more about the demographics of the country as a whole.

The national 2010 Census showed Rhode Island's population was 1,052,567. The state's history has been filled with small falls alongside increases, although it has gone up steadily at every official census.

Rhode Island has just 1,545 square miles, and the Rhode Island population figures mean that there are 1,018.1 people on average for every square mile. The state is second only to New Jersey in terms of density.

Rhode Island has a corridor of population from the large Providence area to the northwest, following Blackstone River to Woonsocket. The state has just five counties, but no county government. Only the city of Providence has a population over 100,000, with an estimated 179,000 residents. Following in size are Warwick (81,699), Cranston (81,076), Pawtucket (71,591) and East Providence (47,408).

Rhode Island Population History

Rhode Island was one of the 13 original States and has had nearly its present boundaries since Colonial times. However, a long-standing boundary dispute with Massachusetts involved a sizable exchange of territory when finally settled by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1862. Census coverage included all of Rhode Island from 1790 on.

Rhode Island Population Chart

Rhode Island Population History

Although there has always been a healthy growth as far as the population of Rhode Island is concerned, it has been steady rather than spectacular.

In 1790, there were 68,825 people living in the state, and ten years later that figure had grown by just 0.4% to 69,122. The biggest increase in decade on decade terms came in 1850 when the Rhode Island population was measured at 147,545, a 35.6% rise on numbers from ten years earlier.

In its early days, Rhode Island was heavily involved in the slave trade, which eventually moved into the Industrial Revolution and fishing. Much of Rhode Island's growth and economy is today based on healthcare, education and some manufacturing.

Rhode Island Population Growth

Rhode Island in the recent past has experienced a small decrease in population, which may continue. This is because its natural growth rate has declined as its population ages. Current estimates show there will be some growth between 2020 and 2035, but it will only be after some population decline.

Net migration has always contributed healthily to Rhode Island population statistics, although time will tell if this continues, and if it can make up for a population that is quickly aging.

The population of Rhode Island in 2016 is an interesting one to monitor because there are only very small fluctuations in numbers and there have even been some falls recorded throughout the State’s history.

With such a densely populated area, Rhode Island may have little capacity for further growth and the 2020 statistics could be very revealing. It's estimated now that Rhode Island's population will reach just 1.07 million in 2035, but then start to decline again by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Rhode Island Growth Rate

Rhode Island Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20201,065,8580.19%
20191,063,7850.20%
20181,061,7120.20%
20171,059,6390.20%
20161,057,566Infinity%
20161,054,491-0.13%
20151,055,9160.11%
20141,054,7820.19%
20131,052,7840.00%
20121,052,7610.06%
20111,052,154-0.10%
20101,053,1690.05%
20001,048,3190.44%
19901,003,4640.58%
1980947,1540.00%
1970946,7250.97%
1960859,4880.82%
1950791,8961.05%
1940713,3460.37%
1930687,4971.30%
1920604,3971.08%
1910542,6102.39%
1900428,5562.18%
1890345,5062.25%
1880276,5312.44%
1870217,3532.21%
1860174,6201.70%
1850147,5453.09%
1840108,8301.14%
183097,1991.58%
182083,0590.77%
181076,9311.08%
180069,1220.04%
179068,8252.66%
178052,946-0.94%
177058,1962.50%
176045,4713.19%
175033,2262.78%
174025,2554.07%
173016,9503.79%
172011,6804.43%
17107,5732.54%
17005,8943.39%
16904,2243.42%
16803,0173.42%
16702,1553.42%
16601,5396.96%
165078510.10%
16403000.00%

Rhode Island Facts

Rhode Island Population in 2018Source: By Providence,_RI_skyline.jpg: boliyouderivative work: �Juliancolton�|�Talk (Providence,_RI_skyline.jpg) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • The Narragansett tribe was the largest Native American group to inhabit what is now Rhode Island.
  • Providence was founded and settled in 1636 by Roger Williams, a minister who left Massachusetts when Puritan leaders began to force out settlers who did not believe as they did.
  • Settlers who wanted religious and political freedom came to Rhode Island.
  • Rhode Island is split into 39 municipalities and does not have a county government.
  • The oldest operating tavern in the US is The White House Tavern, which was built in 1673.
  • The highest percentage of Catholics in the nation reside in Rhode Island.
  • The state's official name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
  • Rhode Island is home to the first Baptist church in the US and the oldest synagogue in North America.

Rhode Island Population Density by County

Providence County

  • Population637,357
  • Density1556.37 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20101.63%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State60.15%

Rhode Island Population Growth Rate by County

As the smallest state in the US, it comes as no surprise that the state of Rhode Island has just five counties, making it easy to evaluate the population growth patterns by county. When examining data from the 2010 population compared to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau, this information shows that many of Rhode Island's counties saw declines in population. However, the northernmost county of Providence did see a gain in population during the 5-year period, posting a gain of 1.02%.

However, the remaining four counties saw population losses. The biggest happened in Bristol County, with a loss of 1.56% of its population. This was followed by Newport County at 0.86%, Kent County at 0.75%, and Washington County with 0.45%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White854,026
Black or African American68,886
Some Other Race61,218
Asian34,598
Two or More Races30,058
American Indian and Alaska Native5,130
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander575

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Rhode Island Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Rhode Island Median Age

39.9


Total

38.1


Male

41.5


Female

Rhode Island Adults

There are 842,538 adults, (166,610 of which are seniors) in Rhode Island.

Rhode Island Age Dependency

56.1

Age Dependency Ratio

24.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Rhode Island Sex Ratio

Female

543,194

51.51%

Male

511,297

48.49%

Rhode Island Households and Families

Rhode Island Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Rhode Island Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.9%19.1%
All59.7%40.3%
Male51.1%48.9%
Non Family42.6%57.4%
Female41.3%58.7%

59.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rhode Island Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All410,2402.4759.7
Married180,3313.1680.9
Non Family153,7761.2742.6
Female56,8533.2441.3
Male19,2803.2751.1

3.1

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Rhode Island Households

Rhode Island Education

Rhode Island Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade41,6905.75%
9th to 12th Grade52,8687.30%
High School Graduate200,64827.69%
Some College132,64818.30%
Associates Degree61,6268.50%
Bachelors Degree140,29619.36%
Graduate Degree94,93213.10%

Rhode Island Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White574,466517,791203,476
Hispanic78,16853,07210,220
Black40,42932,4728,168
Other Race34,70721,3133,420
Asian20,93617,0669,901
Multiple Races12,19010,0693,606
Native American3,3462,667465
Islander330314127

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 95.15%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 47.29%.

Rhode Island Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,507$46,197$34,615
Less Than High School$23,592$27,330$18,389
High School Grad$31,658$38,421$25,983
Some College$36,791$43,342$31,751
Bachelors Degree$52,030$61,837$44,462
Graduate Degree$70,566$80,666$62,662

$40,507

Average Earnings

$46,197

Average Male

$34,615

Average Female

Rhode Island Language

Rhode Island Language by Age

Rhode Island Language

78.35% of Rhode Island residents speak only English, while 21.65% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.63% of the population.

Rhode Island Poverty

Rhode Island Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White750,01370,5049.40%
Hispanic144,78044,86430.99%
Other59,78918,15230.36%
Black65,67316,47425.08%
Multiple28,1826,93924.62%
Asian32,5504,33413.31%
Native4,9211,99840.60%
Islander526193.61%

13.82%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.63%

Male Poverty Rate

14.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rhode Island

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rhode Island is Native, with 40.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rhode Island is Islander, with 3.61% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.22%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.74%.

Rhode Island Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.99%
High School13.48%
Some College10.01%
Bachelors or Greater4.05%

Rhode Island Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.42%
Male Unemployed28.64%
Female Employed6.88%
Male Employed4.73%

Rhode Island Income

Rhode Island Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$58,387$79,024
Families$75,655$95,033
Married Families$93,371$113,357
Non Families$33,407$49,079

Rhode Island Marital Status

Rhode Island Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.3%

Male Marriage Rate

42.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Rhode Island Married by Age and Sex

Rhode Island Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Rhode Island Marital Status by Race

Rhode Island Veterans

Rhode Island Veterans by War

62,890

Number of Veterans

58,949

Male Veterans

3,941

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam22,130
Korea8,361
First Gulf War8,288
Second Gulf War7,706
World War II5,061

Rhode Island Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+18,176
65 to 7416,866
35 to 5412,533
55 to 6411,157
18 to 344,158

Rhode Island Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White58,4378.37%
Black2,1474.35%
Hispanic1,7101.73%
2 or More9375.62%
Other5961.38%
Asian3491.30%
Indian3127.84%
Hawaiian11225.28%

Rhode Island Veterans by Education

7.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.00%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rhode Island Employment Status

Rhode Island Employment by Age

65.3%

Labor Force Participation

59.9%

Employment Rate

7.7%

Unemployment Rate

Rhode Island Employment by Race

Rhode Island Employment by Education

Rhode Island Nativity

Rhode Island Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. State of Rhode Island Department of Administration
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)