Rhode Island Population 2018

1,061,712

The state of Rhode Island is the smallest in the United States as far as surface area is concerned, but it has a healthy population by comparison. The last official US Census in 2010 showed that there were 1,052,567 people living in the state, and that made Rhode Island larger than seven other states across the country. As of 2018, the estimated population of Rhode Island is 1.06 million.

Read on to find out more about the population of Rhode Island, or click through to our overview article about the population of the United States to find out more about the demographics of the country as a whole. The 2018 population of Rhode Island is estimated at 1.06 million, which reflects only a 0.3% increase over the figures recorded during the last official Census held in 2010.

The national 2010 Census showed Rhode Island's population was 1,052,567. The state's history has been filled with small falls alongside increases, although it has gone up steadily at every official census.

Rhode Island Area and Population Density

Rhode Island has just 1,545 square miles, and the Rhode Island population figures mean that there are 1,018.1 people on average for every square mile. The state is second only to New Jersey in terms of density.

Rhode Island has a corridor of population from the large Providence area to the northwest, following Blackstone River to Woonsocket. The state has just five counties, but no county government. Only the city of Providence has a population over 100,000, with an estimated 179,000 residents. Following in size are Warwick (81,699), Cranston (81,076), Pawtucket (71,591) and East Providence (47,408). The two most populated counties in Rhode Island are Providence and Kent with respective populations of 637,357 and 163,760.

Rhode Island Demographics

Age/Sex, Race, and Religion

The median age across the population of this state is approximately 39.9 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state is approximately 51.5% females to 48.5% males.

The racial diversity in the population of Rhode Island currently stands at 81% Caucasian, 6.5% African American, 5.8% other races, 3.3% Asian, 2.9% two or more races, and .5% Natives of North America.

In terms of most preferred religions across the population of Rhode Island, 75% of the population identify with a Christian based faith, while 5% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 20% are unaffiliated with any religion in particular or do not practice any religion at all.

Rhode Island Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Rhode Island was one of the 13 original States and has had nearly its present boundaries since Colonial times. However, a long-standing boundary dispute with Massachusetts involved a sizable exchange of territory when finally settled by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1862. Census coverage included all of Rhode Island from 1790 on.

Rhode Island Population Chart

Rhode Island Population History

Although there has always been a healthy growth as far as the population of Rhode Island is concerned, it has been steady rather than spectacular.

In 1790, there were 68,825 people living in the state, and ten years later that figure had grown by just 0.4% to 69,122. The biggest increase in decade on decade terms came in 1850 when the Rhode Island population was measured at 147,545, a 35.6% rise on numbers from ten years earlier.

In its early days, Rhode Island was heavily involved in the slave trade, which eventually moved into the Industrial Revolution and fishing. Much of Rhode Island's growth and economy is today based on healthcare, education and some manufacturing.

Rhode Island Population Growth

Rhode Island in the recent past has experienced a small decrease in population, which may continue. This is because its natural growth rate has declined as its population ages. Current estimates show there will be some growth between 2020 and 2035, but it will only be after some population decline.

Net migration has always contributed healthily to Rhode Island population statistics, although time will tell if this continues, and if it can make up for a population that is quickly aging.

The population of Rhode Island in 2016 is an interesting one to monitor because there are only very small fluctuations in numbers and there have even been some falls recorded throughout the State’s history.

With such a densely populated area, Rhode Island may have little capacity for further growth and the 2020 statistics could be very revealing. It's estimated now that Rhode Island's population will reach just 1.07 million in 2035, but then start to decline again by 2040.

Population Data via US Census

Rhode Island Growth Rate

Rhode Island Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20201,065,8580.19%
20191,063,7850.20%
20181,061,7120.20%
20171,059,6390.20%
20161,057,5660.16%
20151,055,9160.11%
20141,054,7820.19%
20131,052,7840.00%
20121,052,7610.06%
20111,052,154-0.10%
20101,053,1690.05%
20001,048,3190.44%
19901,003,4640.58%
1980947,1540.00%
1970946,7250.97%
1960859,4880.82%
1950791,8961.05%
1940713,3460.37%
1930687,4971.30%
1920604,3971.08%
1910542,6102.39%
1900428,5562.18%
1890345,5062.25%
1880276,5312.44%
1870217,3532.21%
1860174,6201.70%
1850147,5453.09%
1840108,8301.14%
183097,1991.58%
182083,0590.77%
181076,9311.08%
180069,1220.04%
179068,8252.66%
178052,946-0.94%
177058,1962.50%
176045,4713.19%
175033,2262.78%
174025,2554.07%
173016,9503.79%
172011,6804.43%
17107,5732.54%
17005,8943.39%
16904,2243.42%
16803,0173.42%
16702,1553.42%
16601,5396.96%
165078510.10%
16403000.00%

Rhode Island Facts

Rhode Island Population in 2018Source: By Providence,_RI_skyline.jpg: boliyouderivative work: �Juliancolton�|�Talk (Providence,_RI_skyline.jpg) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Rhode Island Population Density by County

Providence County

  • Population637,357
  • Density1556.37 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20101.63%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State60.15%

Rhode Island Population Growth Rate by County

As the smallest state in the US, it comes as no surprise that the state of Rhode Island has just five counties, making it easy to evaluate the population growth patterns by county. When examining data from the 2010 population compared to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau, this information shows that many of Rhode Island's counties saw declines in population. However, the northernmost county of Providence did see a gain in population during the 5-year period, posting a gain of 1.02%.

However, the remaining four counties saw population losses. The biggest happened in Bristol County, with a loss of 1.56% of its population. This was followed by Newport County at 0.86%, Kent County at 0.75%, and Washington County with 0.45%.

Population by Race

Race Population
White854,801
Black or African American68,346
Some Other Race59,967
Asian35,556
Two or More Races31,296
American Indian and Alaska Native5,413
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander759

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Rhode Island Population Pyramid 2018

10,00020,00030,00040,000 Male Population10,00020,00030,00040,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Rhode Island Median Age

39.9


Total

38.1


Male

41.6


Female

Rhode Island Adults

There are 845,556 adults, (170,144 of whom are seniors) in Rhode Island.

Rhode Island Age Dependency

56.4

Age Dependency Ratio

25.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Rhode Island Sex Ratio

Female

543,557

51.47%

Male

512,581

48.53%

Rhode Island Households and Families

Rhode Island Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Rhode Island Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.2%19.8%
All60%40%
Male52.4%47.6%
Non Family43.4%56.6%
Female41.7%58.3%

60.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Rhode Island Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All412,0282.4660
Married183,6273.1580.2
Non Family153,7281.2643.4
Female55,7883.2641.7
Male18,8853.2352.4

3.1

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

6.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Rhode Island Households

Rhode Island Education

Rhode Island Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade40,1675.51%
9th to 12th Grade52,1947.16%
High School Graduate203,35527.89%
Some College132,26618.14%
Associates Degree60,8838.35%
Bachelors Degree144,51519.82%
Graduate Degree95,88113.15%

Rhode Island Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White572,456517,536206,372
Hispanic82,33557,70711,254
Black40,20232,7328,206
Other Race34,93221,6693,548
Asian22,11518,38710,934
Multiple Races12,53310,5763,750
Native American3,2662,474476
Islander476452135

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 94.96%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 49.44%.

Rhode Island Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,552$48,002$35,889
Less Than High School$24,141$28,322$19,004
High School Grad$32,734$40,463$26,577
Some College$38,016$45,468$32,338
Bachelors Degree$53,036$63,290$45,768
Graduate Degree$72,937$83,163$65,405

$41,552

Average Earnings

$48,002

Average Male

$35,889

Average Female

Rhode Island Language

Rhode Island Language by Age

Rhode Island Language

77.95% of Rhode Island residents speak only English, while 22.05% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.95% of the population.

Rhode Island Poverty

Rhode Island Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White743,96067,6859.10%
Hispanic149,89443,39228.95%
Other58,47716,82128.77%
Black65,19415,65824.02%
Multiple29,4207,03123.90%
Asian33,3854,82514.45%
Native5,2192,09440.12%
Islander71010114.23%

13.40%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.10%

Male Poverty Rate

14.63%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Rhode Island

The race most likely to be in poverty in Rhode Island is Native, with 40.12% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Rhode Island is White, with 9.10% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.84%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.21%.

Rhode Island Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.09%
High School12.76%
Some College9.80%
Bachelors or Greater4.14%

Rhode Island Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.14%
Male Unemployed28.56%
Female Employed6.72%
Male Employed4.54%

Rhode Island Income

Rhode Island Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$61,043$82,407
Families$79,043$98,954
Married Families$96,435$117,514
Non Families$34,424$51,236

Rhode Island Marital Status

Rhode Island Marital Status

Marriage Rates

45.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.0%

Male Marriage Rate

42.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Rhode Island Married by Age and Sex

Rhode Island Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Rhode Island Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Rhode Island Veterans

Rhode Island Veterans by War

59,535

Number of Veterans

55,749

Male Veterans

3,786

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam21,409
First Gulf War8,255
Korea7,762
Second Gulf War7,728
World War II4,103

Rhode Island Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+17,329
65 to 7416,416
35 to 5411,522
55 to 6410,148
18 to 344,120

Rhode Island Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White55,4527.92%
Black2,0174.09%
Hispanic1,7581.70%
2 or More8755.05%
Other5281.23%
Indian3107.64%
Asian2650.94%
Hawaiian8815.36%

Rhode Island Veterans by Education

7.21%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Rhode Island Employment Status

Rhode Island Employment by Age

65.2%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

6.8%

Unemployment Rate

Rhode Island Employment by Race

Rhode Island Employment by Education

Rhode Island Nativity

Rhode Island Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. State of Rhode Island Department of Administration
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)