Statute Of Limitations By State 2019

A statute of limitations is a law that outlines how long a person has to file a lawsuit. For criminal cases, the statute of limitations dictates how long a prosecutor has to charge someone with a crime. For example, if a person commits a crime but many years have passed, depending on the state and the crime, the accused person may not have to go to trial or face criminal punishment.

First, let’s take a look at the statute of limitations for civil cases. This varies not just by state, but also by the type of lawsuit being filed. For example, a property damage suit may have different statute of limitations than a suit filed over an oral contract. We’ll start by first looking at the statute of limitations based on contracts.

  • Alabama: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Alaska: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Arizona: Written – 6 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Arkansas: Written – 5 years, Oral – 3 years
  • California: Written – 4 years, Oral – 2 years
  • Colorado: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Connecticut: Written – 6 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Delaware: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • District of Columbia: Written – 2 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Florida: Written – 5 years, Oral: 4 years
  • Georgia: Written – 6 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Hawaii: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Idaho: Written – 5 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Illinois: Written – 10 years, Oral – 5 years
  • Indiana: Written – 10 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Iowa: Written – 10 years, Oral – 5 years
  • Kansas: Written – 5 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Kentucky: Written – 10 years, Oral – 5 years
  • Louisiana: Written – 10 years, Oral – 10 years
  • Maine: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Maryland: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Massachusetts: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Michigan: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Minnesota: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Mississippi: Written – 6 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Missouri: Written – 10 years, Oral – 5 years
  • Montana: Written – 8 years, Oral - 5 years
  • Nebraska: Written – 5 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Nevada: Written – 6 years, Oral – 4 years
  • New Hampshire: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • New Jersey: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • New Mexico: Written – 6 years, Oral – 4 years
  • New York: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • North Carolina: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • North Dakota: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Ohio: Written – 8 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Oklahoma: Written – 5 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Oregon: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Pennsylvania: Written – 4 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Rhode Island: Written – 10 years, Oral – 10 years
  • South Carolina: Written – 3 years, Oral – 3 years
  • South Dakota: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Tennessee: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Texas: Written – 4 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Utah: Written – 6 years, Oral – 4 years
  • Vermont: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Virginia: Written – 5 years, Oral – 3 years
  • Washington: Written – 6 years, Oral – 3 years
  • West Virginia: Written – 10 years, Oral – 5 years
  • Wisconsin: Written – 6 years, Oral – 6 years
  • Wyoming: Written – 10 years, Oral – 8 years

Next, we’ll take a look at the statute of limitations for felonies by state:

  • Alabama: No statute of limitations for forgery, violent felonies, arson, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, or a sex offense with a person under age 16. Other felonies – 3 years.
  • Alaska: No statute of limitations for multiple sex crimes, murder, or kidnapping. Other felonies – 5 to 10 years.
  • Arizona: No statute of limitations for homicide, falsifying public records, misuse of public money, or violent sexual assault. Other felonies – 7 years.
  • Arkansas: No statute of limitations for multiple sex offenses or murder. Other felonies: 3 to 6 years.
  • California: No statute of limitations for multiple sex crimes, offenses punishable by life in prison or death, or embezzlement of public funds. Other felonies: 3 to 6 years.
  • Colorado: No statute of limitations for treason, sex offenses against children, murder, kidnapping, or forgery. Other felonies: 3 years.
  • Connecticut: No statute of limitations for Class A felonies or murder. Other felonies: 5 to 30 years.
  • Delaware: No statute of limitations for murder, Class A felonies, or multiple sex offenses. Other felonies: 5 to 13 years
  • District of Columbia: No statute of limitations for 1st or 2nd degree murder. Other felonies: 3 to 9 years.
  • Florida: No statute of limitations for perjury, capital or life felonies, or felonies that result in death. Other felonies: 3 to 5 years
  • Georgia: No statute of limitations on certain crimes against children and murder. Other felonies: 4 to 15 years.
  • Hawaii: No statute of limitations for 1st or 2nd degree murder or attempted murder or solicitation to commit murder. Other felonies: 3 to 10 years
  • Idaho: No statute of limitations for murder, rape, sexual abuse or lewd conduct with a child, or voluntary manslaughter. Other felonies: 3 to 5 years
  • Illinois: No statute of limitations for involuntary manslaughter, 1st or 2nd degree murder, reckless homicide, treason, arson, child pornography, or forgery. Other felonies: 3 to 7 years.
  • Indiana: No statute of limitations for murder or Level 1 or 2 felonies. Other felonies: 5 to 6 years. For some sex crimes against children, statute of limitations is until allege victim turns 31 years old.
  • Iowa: No statute of limitations for 1st and 2nd degree murder. Other felonies: 3 to 10 years.
  • Kansas: No statute of limitations for terrorism, rape, or murder. Other felonies: 5 to 10 years.
  • Kentucky: No statute of limitations for felonies.
  • Louisiana: No statute of limitations for crimes punishable by death or life imprisonment. Other felonies: 4 to 10 years
  • Maine: No statute of limitations for incest, rape, gross sexual assault on a victim under 16, homicide, or murder. Other felonies: 2 to 6 years
  • Maryland: No statute of limitations for murder, unlawful homicide, or manslaughter. Other felonies: 3 years.
  • Massachusetts: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 6 to 15 years
  • Michigan: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 6 to 10 years
  • Minnesota: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 3 to 9 years.
  • Mississippi: No statute of limitations for arson, burglary, forgery, murder, manslaughter, counterfeiting, rape, larceny, robbery, sexual crimes, obtaining money under false pretenses, and embezzlement. Other felonies: 2 years.
  • Missouri: No statute of limitations for Class A felonies or murder. Other felonies: 1 to 10 years.
  • Montana: No statute of limitations for mitigated, negligent, or deliberate homicide. Other felonies: 1 to 10 years.
  • Nebraska: No statute of limitations for forgery, arson, sex assaults, murder, or treason. Other felonies: 1 to 7 years.
  • Nevada: No statute of limitations for certain sexual assault offenses or murder. Other felonies: 4 years.
  • New Hampshire: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 1 to 6 years.
  • New Jersey: No statute of limitations for murder or manslaughter. Other felonies: 5 to 7 years.
  • New Mexico: No statute of limitations for capital or 1st degree felonies. Other felonies: 3 to 6 years.
  • New York: No statute of limitations for Class A felonies, murder, or rape. Other felonies: 1 to 5 years
  • North Carolina: No statute of limitations for felonies.
  • North Dakota: No statute of limitations for murders. Other felonies: 3 to 10 years.
  • Ohio: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 1 to 20 years.
  • Oklahoma: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 3 to 7 years
  • Oregon: No statute of limitations for manslaughter or murder. Other felonies: 6 to 12 years.
  • Pennsylvania: No statute of limitations for murder, manslaughter, conspiracy to murder, soliciting to commit murder, or vehicular homicide. Other felonies: 2 to 12 years.
  • Rhode Island: No statute of limitations for treason, arson, homicide, counterfeiting, burglary, robbery, forgery, sexual assault, bigamy, child molestation, manufacturing, selling, distributing or possession of a controlled substance, or conspiracy. Other felonies: 3 to 10 years.
  • South Carolina: No statute of limitations for felonies.
  • South Dakota: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 7 years.
  • Tennessee: No statute of limitations for any crime punishable by life imprisonment or death. Other felonies: 2 to 25 years.
  • Texas: No statute of limitations for manslaughter, murder, or sex crimes. Other felonies: 3 to 10 years.
  • Utah: No statute of limitations for manslaughter, murder, or sex crimes. Other felonies: 2 to 4 years.
  • Vermont: No statute of limitations for arson causing death, kidnapping, sex crimes, or murder. Other felonies: 6 to 40 years.
  • Virginia: No statute of limitations for murder. Other felonies: 1 to 5 years.
  • Washington: No statute of limitations for murder, arson causing death, or vehicular homicide. Other felonies: 1 to 10 years.
  • West Virginia: No statute of limitations for felonies.
  • Wisconsin: No statute of limitations for felonies.
  • Wyoming: No statute of limitations for felonies.
State Civil Cases (Written) Civil Cases (Oral) No Limit Felonies Other Felonies
Alabama6 years6 yearsforgery, violent felonies, arson, counterfeiting, drug trafficking, or a sex offense with a person under age 16.3 years
Alaska3 years3 yearsmultiple sex crimes, murder, or kidnapping.5 to 10 years
Arizona6 years3 yearshomicide, falsifying public records, misuse of public money, or violent sexual assault.7 years
Arkansas5 years3 yearsmultiple sex offenses or murder3 to 6 years
California4 years2 yearsmultiple sex crimes, offenses punishable by life in prison or death, or embezzlement of public funds3 to 6 years
Colorado3 years3 yearstreason, sex offenses against children, murder, kidnapping, or forgery3 years
Connecticut6 years3 yearsClass A felonies or murder5 to 30 years
Delaware3 years3 yearsmurder, Class A felonies, or multiple sex offenses5 to 13 years
District of Columbia2 years3 years1st or 2nd degree murder3 to 9 years
Florida5 years4 yearsperjury, capital or life felonies, or felonies that result in death3 to 5 years
Georgia6 years4 yearsno statute of limitations on certain crimes against children and murder4 to 15 years
Hawaii6 years6 years1st or 2nd degree murder or attempted murder or solicitation to commit murder3 to 10 years
Idaho5 years4 yearsmurder, rape, sexual abuse or lewd conduct with a child, or voluntary manslaughter3 to 5 years
Illinois10 years5 yearsinvoluntary manslaughter, 1st or 2nd degree murder, reckless homicide, treason, arson, child pornography, or forgery3 to 7 years
Indiana10 years6 yearsmurder or Level 1 or 2 felonies5 to 6 years
Iowa10 years5 years1st and 2nd degree murder3 to 10 years
Kansas5 years3 yearsterrorism, rape, or murder5 to 10 years
Kentucky10 years5 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies
Louisiana10 years10 yearscrimes punishable by death or life imprisonment4 to 10 years
Maine6 years6 yearsincest, rape, gross sexual assault on a victim under 16, homicide, or murder2 to 6 years
Maryland3 years3 yearsmurder, unlawful homicide, or manslaughter3 years
Massachusetts6 years6 yearsmurder6 to 15 years
Michigan6 years6 yearsmurder6 to 10 years
Minnesota6 years6 yearsmurder3 to 9 years
Mississippi6 years3 yearsarson, burglary, forgery, murder, manslaughter, counterfeiting, rape, larceny, robbery, sexual crimes, obtaining money under false pretenses, and embezzlement 2 years
Missouri10 years5 yearsClass A felonies or murder 1 to 10 years
Montana8 years5 yearsmitigated, negligent, or deliberate homicide1 to 10 years
Nebraska5 years4 yearsforgery, arson, sex assaults, murder, or treason1 to 7 years
Nevada6 years4 yearscertain sexual assault offenses or murder 4 years
New Hampshire3 years3 yearsmurder1 to 6 years
New Jersey6 years6 yearsmurder or manslaughter5 to 7 years
New Mexico6 years4 yearscapital or 1st degree felonies3 to 6 years
New York6 years6 yearsClass A felonies, murder, or rape1 to 5 years
North Carolina3 years3 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies
North Dakota6 years6 yearsmurders3 to 10 years
Ohio8 years6 yearsmurder 1 to 20 years
Oklahoma5 years3 yearsmurder 3 to 7 years
Oregon6 years6 yearsmanslaughter or murder 6 to 12 years
Pennsylvania4 years4 yearsmurder, manslaughter, conspiracy to murder, soliciting to commit murder, or vehicular homicide2 to 12 years
Rhode Island10 years10 yearstreason, arson, homicide, counterfeiting, burglary, robbery, forgery, sexual assault, bigamy, child molestation, manufacturing, selling, distributing or possession of a controlled substance, or conspiracy 3 to 10 years
South Carolina3 years3 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies
South Dakota6 years6 yearsmurder7 years
Tennessee6 years6 yearsany crime punishable by life imprisonment or death2 to 25 years
Texas4 years4 yearsmanslaughter, murder, or sex crimes3 to 10 years
Utah6 years4 yearsmanslaughter, murder, or sex crimes2 to 4 years
Vermont6 years6 yearsarson causing death, kidnapping, sex crimes, or murder6 to 40 years
Virginia5 years3 yearsmurder1 to 5 years
Washington6 years3 yearsmurder, arson causing death, or vehicular homicide1 to 10 years
West Virginia10 years5 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies
Wisconsin6 years6 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies
Wyoming10 years8 yearsall feloniesno limits on all felonies