Texas Population 2016

Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border. Given its large size, which ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state. The estimated population for Texas in 2016 is 27.4 million.

It's currently estimated that the population of Texas in 2016 is 27,469,114, up substantially from 25.1 million in 2010. This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million, an estimated figure for 2016.

Texas is also the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

Texas Population History

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Demographics

Texas has one of the most diverse set of ethnic contributions in the US.

At the 2010 Census, the racial composition of Texas was:

  • 70.4% White (62.38% non-Hispanic)
  • 11.85% Black or African American
  • 0.68% Native American
  • 3.84% Asian
  • 0.09% Pacific Islander
  • 10.45% Other
  • 2.7% Two or more races
  • 37.62% Hispanic or Latino of any race

The largest European ancestry groups in the state include German (11.3%), Irish (8.2%) and English (27%). There are also large populations of Italian Americans (472,000) and French Americans (600,000) in Texas.

Black Americans are the largest racial minority in the state, with blacks of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin making up less than 12% of the population. Native Americans are a very small minority, with Cherokee Indians the largest of the group claiming 0.1% of the population.

Asian Americans represent a rather large minority group in Texas, with more than 200,000 Indians living in the state. There are large populations of Vietnamese, Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos and Japanese in Texas, along with sizable populations of people with Hmong, Thai and Cambodian ancestry.

Hispanics and Latinos are Texas's second largest group after non-Hispanic Europeans, with nearly 8.5 million people. People of Mexican descent account for 30.7% of the total population with 7.3 million residents, although there are also large populations of Puerto Ricans and Cubans.

English remains the main first language, but for 27% of Texans, their first language is Spanish.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Further Reading

The best place to start is our overview article about the United States population. From there you can delve deeper into US population statistics and find out more about individual US states and cities.

Population Data via US Census