Texas Population 2016

27,959,150

Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border. Given its large size, which ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state. The estimated population for Texas in 2016 is 27.4 million.

It's currently estimated that the population of Texas in 2016 is 27,469,114, up substantially from 25.1 million in 2010. This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million, an estimated figure for 2016.

Texas is also the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

Texas Population Chart

Texas Population History

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Population Data via US Census

Texas Growth Rate

Texas State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 29,919,294 1.67%
2019 29,429,258 1.69%
2018 28,939,222 1.72%
2017 28,449,186 1.75%
2016 27,959,150 1.78%
2015 27,469,114 1.82%
2014 26,979,078 1.81%
2013 26,500,674 1.58%
2012 26,089,741 1.70%
2011 25,654,464 2.02%
2010 25,145,561 1.89%
2000 20,851,820 2.07%
1990 16,986,510 1.79%
1980 14,229,191 2.43%
1970 11,196,730 1.57%
1960 9,579,677 2.19%
1950 7,711,194 1.86%
1940 6,414,824 0.97%
1930 5,824,715 2.25%
1920 4,663,228 1.81%
1910 3,896,542 2.48%
1900 3,048,710 3.15%
1890 2,235,523 3.45%
1880 1,591,749 6.88%
1870 818,579 3.08%
1860 604,215 11.01%
1850 212,592 0.00%

Texas Facts

Texas Population in 2016 Source: Henry Han

  • During the 1500s, myths of the Seven Cities of Cibola brought a large number of Spaniards from Mexico to Texas.
  • The population of the state increased from 3 million in 1990 to over 16 million in less than a hundred years.
  • If Texas were a country, it would be the 40th largest in the world.
  • Three of the top ten most populous cities in the US are located in Texas.
  • Texas' King Ranch is better than the entire state of Rhode Island.
  • There are over 1 million illegal immigrants residing in Texas.
  • The state has the most airports in the US.
  • Texas accounts for over 7% of the nation's total area.

Texas Population Pyramid

Texas Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White 20,389,793 81.09%
Black or African American 3,070,440 12.21%
American Indian and Alaska Native 251,209 1%
Asian 1,000,473 3.98%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 31,242 0.12%
Two or more races 402,404 1.6%

The largest European ancestry groups in the state include German (11.3%), Irish (8.2%) and English (27%). There are also large populations of Italian Americans (472,000) and French Americans (600,000) in Texas.

Black Americans are the largest racial minority in the state, with blacks of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin making up less than 12% of the population. Native Americans are a very small minority, with Cherokee Indians the largest of the group claiming 0.1% of the population.

Asian Americans represent a rather large minority group in Texas, with more than 200,000 Indians living in the state. There are large populations of Vietnamese, Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos and Japanese in Texas, along with sizable populations of people with Hmong, Thai and Cambodian ancestry.

Hispanics and Latinos are Texas's second largest group after non-Hispanic Europeans, with nearly 8.5 million people. People of Mexican descent account for 30.7% of the total population with 7.3 million residents, although there are also large populations of Puerto Ricans and Cubans.

English remains the main first language, but for 27% of Texans, their first language is Spanish.

Languages Spoken in Texas

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 23,704,400 100.00%
English 16,134,062 68.06%
Spanish 6,983,380 29.46%
Chinese 101,890 0.43%
German 69,140 0.29%
French 60,730 0.26%
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 38,040 0.16%
Telugu 26,260 0.11%
Malayalam 26,130 0.11%
Mandarin 23,260 0.10%

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Texas. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Texas County Populations

County Population Rank
Harris County 4,538,028 1
Dallas County 2,553,385 2
Tarrant County 1,982,498 3
Bexar County 1,897,753 4
Travis County 1,176,558 5
Collin County 914,127 6
Hidalgo County 842,304 7
El Paso County 835,593 8
Denton County 780,612 9
Fort Bend County 716,087 10
Montgomery County 537,559 11
Williamson County 508,514 12
Cameron County 422,156 13
Nueces County 359,715 14
Brazoria County 346,312 15
Bell County 334,941 16
Galveston County 322,225 17
Lubbock County 299,453 18
Webb County 269,721 19
Jefferson County 254,308 20
McLennan County 245,671 21
Smith County 222,936 22
Brazos County 215,037 23
Hays County 194,739 24
Ellis County 163,632 25
Midland County 161,077 26
Johnson County 159,990 27
Ector County 159,436 28
Guadalupe County 151,249 29
Taylor County 136,051 30
Wichita County 131,705 31
Randall County 130,269 32
Comal County 129,048 33
Parker County 126,042 34
Grayson County 125,467 35
Gregg County 124,108 36
Potter County 121,802 37
Tom Green County 118,105 38
Kaufman County 114,690 39
Bowie County 93,389 40
Victoria County 92,382 41
Rockwall County 90,861 42
Hunt County 89,844 43
Angelina County 88,255 44
Orange County 84,260 45
Bastrop County 80,527 46
Liberty County 79,654 47
Henderson County 79,545 48
Coryell County 75,503 49
Walker County 70,699 50
San Patricio County 67,357 51
Harrison County 66,746 52
Nacogdoches County 65,664 53
Starr County 63,795 54
Wise County 62,953 55
Maverick County 57,706 56
Anderson County 57,580 57
Hardin County 55,865 58
Hood County 55,423 59
Van Zandt County 53,547 60
Rusk County 53,070 61
Cherokee County 51,542 62
Kerr County 50,955 63
Lamar County 49,440 64
Val Verde County 48,988 65
Waller County 48,656 66
Atascosa County 48,435 67
Medina County 48,417 68
Navarro County 48,323 69
Wilson County 47,520 70
Polk County 46,972 71
Burnet County 45,463 72
Wood County 43,356 73
Wharton County 41,486 74
Jim Wells County 41,382 75
Erath County 41,122 76
Upshur County 40,603 77
Caldwell County 40,522 78
Kendall County 40,384 79
Cooke County 39,229 80
Chambers County 38,863 81
Brown County 37,896 82
Howard County 37,206 83
Matagorda County 36,770 84
Hopkins County 36,223 85
Jasper County 35,506 86
Hill County 34,855 87
Washington County 34,765 88
Hale County 34,360 89
Fannin County 33,693 90
Bee County 32,874 91
Titus County 32,623 92
Kleberg County 31,857 93
Cass County 30,313 94
Austin County 29,563 95
Palo Pinto County 27,895 96
Grimes County 27,512 97
San Jacinto County 27,413 98
Uvalde County 27,245 99
Gillespie County 25,963 100
Shelby County 25,402 101
Aransas County 25,350 102
Fayette County 25,110 103
Milam County 24,513 104
Panola County 23,766 105
Hockley County 23,433 106
Limestone County 23,320 107
Gray County 23,210 108
Houston County 22,785 109
Moore County 22,255 110
Willacy County 21,903 111
Calhoun County 21,895 112
Hutchinson County 21,734 113
Tyler County 21,347 114
Bandera County 21,269 115
Colorado County 20,870 116
DeWitt County 20,797 117
Lampasas County 20,588 118
Gonzales County 20,573 119
Gaines County 20,051 120
Jones County 19,970 121
Lavaca County 19,836 122
Llano County 19,796 123
Freestone County 19,691 124
Montague County 19,262 125
Deaf Smith County 18,952 126
Frio County 18,793 127
Young County 18,270 128
Eastland County 18,171 129
Andrews County 18,105 130
Bosque County 17,891 131
Scurry County 17,615 132
Burleson County 17,460 133
Falls County 17,142 134
Leon County 17,086 135
Lee County 16,898 136
Robertson County 16,659 137
Pecos County 16,203 138
Nolan County 15,107 139
Karnes County 14,975 140
Jackson County 14,816 141
Reeves County 14,732 142
Trinity County 14,402 143
Zapata County 14,374 144
Madison County 14,065 145
Newton County 13,986 146
Callahan County 13,557 147
Dawson County 13,520 148
Comanche County 13,430 149
Lamb County 13,385 150
Wilbarger County 13,027 151
Terry County 12,739 152
Camp County 12,682 153
Morris County 12,516 154
Red River County 12,455 155
Zavala County 12,235 156
Live Oak County 12,229 157
Ward County 11,721 158
Duval County 11,388 159
Rains County 11,161 160
Blanco County 11,004 161
Dimmit County 10,980 162
Ochiltree County 10,747 163
Franklin County 10,651 164
Runnels County 10,551 165
Sabine County 10,368 166
Clay County 10,360 167
Marion County 10,160 168
Parmer County 9,749 169
Stephens County 9,440 170
Brewster County 9,145 171
Mitchell County 9,067 172
Jack County 8,878 173
Somervell County 8,739 174
Archer County 8,715 175
Yoakum County 8,546 176
San Augustine County 8,473 177
McCulloch County 8,341 178
Coleman County 8,338 179
Hamilton County 8,159 180
Winkler County 8,005 181
Castro County 7,656 182
La Salle County 7,631 183
Swisher County 7,533 184
Goliad County 7,531 185
Refugio County 7,289 186
Brooks County 7,230 187
Bailey County 7,210 188
Dallam County 7,121 189
Childress County 7,088 190
Presidio County 6,876 191
Garza County 6,415 192
Hartley County 6,193 193
Crosby County 5,977 194
Carson County 5,969 195
San Saba County 5,901 196.5
Floyd County 5,901 196.5
Haskell County 5,737 198
Lynn County 5,724 199
Wheeler County 5,657 200
Martin County 5,641 201
Hansford County 5,610 202
Delta County 5,217 203
Jim Hogg County 5,200 204
Crane County 5,048 205
Mills County 4,900 206
Kimble County 4,388 207
Hemphill County 4,264 208
Concho County 4,081 209
Mason County 4,032 210
Sutton County 3,913 211
Knox County 3,860 212
Hardeman County 3,840 213
Fisher County 3,827 214
Reagan County 3,792 215
Crockett County 3,710 216
Upton County 3,651 217
Baylor County 3,618 218
Lipscomb County 3,569 219
Kinney County 3,549 220
Donley County 3,499 221
Hudspeth County 3,379 222
Shackelford County 3,350 223
Real County 3,307 224
Coke County 3,238 225
Schleicher County 3,211 226
Hall County 3,138 227
Sherman County 3,072 228
Collingsworth County 3,044 229
Cochran County 2,953 230
Culberson County 2,236 231
Dickens County 2,206 232
Menard County 2,164 233
Jeff Davis County 2,156 234
Oldham County 2,069 235
Armstrong County 1,947 236
Edwards County 1,894 237
Throckmorton County 1,579 238
Irion County 1,554 239
Briscoe County 1,505 240
Cottle County 1,426 241
Stonewall County 1,410 242
Sterling County 1,352 243
Glasscock County 1,315 244
Foard County 1,220 245
Motley County 1,148 246
Roberts County 916 247
Terrell County 837 248
McMullen County 820 249
Kent County 764 250
Borden County 648 251
Kenedy County 407 252
King County 282 253
Loving County 112 254