Texas Population 2017

28,449,186

Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border. Given its large size, which ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state. The estimated population for Texas in 2016 is 27.4 million.

It's currently estimated that the population of Texas in 2016 is 27,469,114, up substantially from 25.1 million in 2010. This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million, an estimated figure for 2016.

Texas is also the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

Texas Population Chart

Texas Population History

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Population Data via US Census

Texas Growth Rate

Year Pop % Change
202029,919,2941.67%
201929,429,2581.69%
201828,939,2221.72%
201728,449,1861.75%
201627,959,1501.78%
201527,469,1141.82%
201426,979,0781.81%
201326,500,6741.58%
201226,089,7411.70%
201125,654,4642.02%
201025,145,5611.89%
200020,851,8202.07%
199016,986,5101.79%
198014,229,1912.43%
197011,196,7301.57%
19609,579,6772.19%
19507,711,1941.86%
19406,414,8240.97%
19305,824,7152.25%
19204,663,2281.81%
19103,896,5422.48%
19003,048,7103.15%
18902,235,5233.45%
18801,591,7496.88%
1870818,5793.08%
1860604,21511.01%
1850212,5920.00%

Texas Facts

Texas Population in 2017Source: Henry Han

  • During the 1500s, myths of the Seven Cities of Cibola brought a large number of Spaniards from Mexico to Texas.
  • The population of the state increased from 3 million in 1900 to over 20 million in less than a hundred years.
  • If Texas were a country, it would be the 40th largest in the world.
  • Three of the top ten most populous cities in the US are located in Texas.
  • Texas' King Ranch is better than the entire state of Rhode Island.
  • There are over 1 million illegal immigrants residing in Texas.
  • The state has the most airports in the US.
  • Texas accounts for over 7% of the nation's total area.

Texas Population Density by County

Harris County

  • Population4,538,028
  • Density2661.83 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201010.46%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State16.52%

Texas Population Growth Rate by County