Texas Population 2017


Texas is the largest of the 48 contiguous US states and sits in the South Central part of the country along the US-Mexico border. Given its large size, which ranks 2nd in the nation behind Alaska, it's no surprise that Texas has a large population, which places it behind California as the 2nd most populous state. The estimated population for Texas in 2016 is 27.4 million.

It's currently estimated that the population of Texas in 2016 is 27,469,114, up substantially from 25.1 million in 2010. This is due to its current growth rate of 1.80%, which ranks 3rd in the country. The last US census was in 2010, so current figures are projected based on the latest estimates.

At the time of the 2010 Census, the number of citizens living in the Lone Star state was declared at 25,145,561, making it the second most populous state in the country. The state's population has now hit an all-time high of over 27 million, an estimated figure for 2016.

Texas is also the second largest in terms of surface area at 268,581 square miles (696,241 square kilometers) but the statistics with regards to density are a little different. Texas has just 105.2 people per square mile and those figures are merely the 26th highest in the US.

Perhaps when you consider that there is harsh terrain and high temperatures across much of Texas, maybe the density statistics aren’t so surprising.

Texas has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

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Texas Population Chart

Texas Population History

The 2010 confirmed figure of 25,145,561 represented an increase of 20.6% from the 2000 numbers of 20,851,820. Like most states across the US, the population of Texas has increased from its very birth but percentage rises are fairly constant with the recent 20.6% increase being a fairly typical figure.

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century.

Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase declared at every US census over the last 100 years.

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’ growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the "rural flight" trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with a growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state.

Hispanics, already a major group, are expected to become the majority by 2020, while the population also grows older as the baby boomer generation ages. By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Population Data via US Census

Texas Growth Rate

Texas State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 29,919,294 1.67%
2019 29,429,258 1.69%
2018 28,939,222 1.72%
2017 28,449,186 1.75%
2016 27,959,150 1.78%
2015 27,469,114 1.82%
2014 26,979,078 1.81%
2013 26,500,674 1.58%
2012 26,089,741 1.70%
2011 25,654,464 2.02%
2010 25,145,561 1.89%
2000 20,851,820 2.07%
1990 16,986,510 1.79%
1980 14,229,191 2.43%
1970 11,196,730 1.57%
1960 9,579,677 2.19%
1950 7,711,194 1.86%
1940 6,414,824 0.97%
1930 5,824,715 2.25%
1920 4,663,228 1.81%
1910 3,896,542 2.48%
1900 3,048,710 3.15%
1890 2,235,523 3.45%
1880 1,591,749 6.88%
1870 818,579 3.08%
1860 604,215 11.01%
1850 212,592 0.00%

Texas Facts

Texas Population in 2017 Source: Henry Han

  • During the 1500s, myths of the Seven Cities of Cibola brought a large number of Spaniards from Mexico to Texas.
  • The population of the state increased from 3 million in 1990 to over 16 million in less than a hundred years.
  • If Texas were a country, it would be the 40th largest in the world.
  • Three of the top ten most populous cities in the US are located in Texas.
  • Texas' King Ranch is better than the entire state of Rhode Island.
  • There are over 1 million illegal immigrants residing in Texas.
  • The state has the most airports in the US.
  • Texas accounts for over 7% of the nation's total area.

Texas Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Texas Population Growth Rate by County

Because of the state of Texas' size, it isn't surprising that the area is home to 254 counties. When comparing data from the 2010 Census to estimates taken in 2015, the state showed a balance of population losses and gains across the state. Multiple states had population gains of over 20%. These counties include Andrews at 22.04%, Loving at 34.94%, Fort Bend at 21.25%, Kendall at 20.03%, and Hays at 23.04%. Other counties, including Kaufman, Harris, and Ector experienced population gains exceeding 10%, while other counties saw smaller but still significant gains.

As far as declining populations, several Texas counties posted losses during the 5-year period. Terrell County saw the biggest loss at 17.05%. Other counties saw population losses greater than 5%, including Presidio, Dickens, Hall, and Motley.

Population Pyramid

To compare Texas to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

The largest European ancestry groups in the state include German (11.3%), Irish (8.2%) and English (27%). There are also large populations of Italian Americans (472,000) and French Americans (600,000) in Texas.

Black Americans are the largest racial minority in the state, with blacks of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin making up less than 12% of the population. Native Americans are a very small minority, with Cherokee Indians the largest of the group claiming 0.1% of the population.

Asian Americans represent a rather large minority group in Texas, with more than 200,000 Indians living in the state. There are large populations of Vietnamese, Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos and Japanese in Texas, along with sizable populations of people with Hmong, Thai and Cambodian ancestry.

Hispanics and Latinos are Texas's second largest group after non-Hispanic Europeans, with nearly 8.5 million people. People of Mexican descent account for 30.7% of the total population with 7.3 million residents, although there are also large populations of Puerto Ricans and Cubans.

English remains the main first language, but for 27% of Texans, their first language is Spanish.

Languages Spoken in Texas

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 23,704,400 100
English 16,134,062 68.06
Spanish 6,983,380 29.46
Chinese 101,890 0.43
German 69,140 0.29
French 60,730 0.26
Kru, Ibo, Yoruba 38,040 0.16
Telugu 26,260 0.11
Malayalam 26,130 0.11
Mandarin 23,260 0.1

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Texas. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Texas Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 82
BachelorsDegree 27
Disabled 8
NoHealthInsurance 21
LaborForceTotal 64
LaborForceFemale 58
FoodServiceSales 54,480,811
HealthCareRevenue 145,035,130
ManufacturerShipments 702,603,073
MerchantWholesalesSales 691,242,607
RetailSales 356,116,376
RetailSalesPerCapita 13,666
MeanWorkTravelTime 25
MedianHouseholdIncome 52,576
PerCapitaIncome 26,513
PovertyPercentage 17

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Texas for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 4.5% and the labor force participation rate is 64.7%.

Texas Business

NonemployerEstablishments 2,150,702
AllFirms 2,356,748
MenOwnedFirms 1,251,696
WomenOwnedFirms 866,678
MinorityOwnedFirms 1,070,392
NonminorityOwnedFirms 1,224,845
VeteranOwnedFirms 213,590
NonveteranOwn 2,057,218

Texas Housing

HousingUnits 10,587,752
HousingUnits 9,977,436
OwnerOccupiedRate 63
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 131,400
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,443
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 459
MedianGrossRent 870
BuildingPermits 175,443
Households 9,013,582
PersonsPerHousehold 3
SameHouseOneYearAgo 83
NonEnglishAtHome 35
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts