Thirteen Colonies Population
When the British came to the New World, colonies were set up along the east coast. These colonies – 13 in total – later declared their independence from the British in 1776 and formed what is now the United States.
It was in the early 17th century when King James I granted charters to the London Company and the Plymouth Company that would establish settlements in North America. The next year, the Colony and Dominion of Virginia was established by The London Company, marking the first permanent settlement of the English in North America. The Plymouth Company also established a colony, known as Popham Colony. However, this colony was short-lived.
In 1732, the 13 colonies were complete. As the colonies were established throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the population grew immensely, starting at just 2,000 people and growing to over 2 million. During this time, many American Indians were also displaced. The colonies all had similar constitutions, legal systems and political systems in place. Most o the leaders were Protestant men that spoke English.
Tensions began to rise between the British and the colonists during the French and Indian War. After the war was over, tensions only grew heavier. The British was left with a large amount of debt after the war, so leaders increased taxes and control over the colonies. This led to new tax acts including the Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765. The British also wanted to maintain their relationship with American Indians, so the Royal Proclamation of 1763 was put into place to restrict colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. Some settles decided to ignore this and establish their farms in the area, creating further tension. Discontentment continued among the colonies with the passage of the 1773 Tea Act, which led to the Boston Tea Part, and the Intolerable Acts that restricted self-government in Massachusetts.
There were also tensions among the colonies themselves between the Patriots that were against British rule and the Loyalists who supported Britain. Following a boycott of British products and an attempted seizure of arsenals by a force dispatched by Massachusetts Governor Thomas Gage, an army was created during a Continental Congress convention in 1775. The following year, the colonies declared their independence and in 1783’s Treaty of Paris, Britain recognized the independence of the United States of America.
Four of the 13 colonies were located in the area that is still known as New England. These colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, the Providence of Massachusetts Bay, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and the Connecticut Colony.
Finally, there were five southern colonies. This included the Province of Maryland, the Province of North Carolina, the Province of South Carolina, the Province of Georgia, and the Colony and Dominion of Virginia.
Today, the importance of these original 13 colonies remain an important part of American heritage and is represented on the nation’s flag through its 13 red and white horizontal stripes.