Vermont Population 2017

624,592

The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. As of 2016, our estimated population of Vermont is 625,317. This estimate is based on the 2015 Census Estimates, which put Vermont's population at 626,042.

The current population of the Green Mountain State is estimated at 626,042 in 2016, which is up very slightly from the confirmed 2010 population of 625,741. Vermont's population has seen a slight decline over the past few years, currently shrinking at .12% per year.

The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.

Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.

Population of Vermont Cities

There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which is not surprising given its small overall population. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities combine with a number of other towns and cities to make up the Burlington Metropolitan area containing more than 200,000 people.

The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).

It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.

Vermont Population Chart

Vermont Population History

Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.

Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.

Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.

The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.

Vermont Population Growth

Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.

Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.

According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.

Vermont has a median age of the work force of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.

Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Vermont Growth Rate

Vermont State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020622,417-0.12%
2019623,142-0.12%
2018623,867-0.12%
2017624,592-0.12%
2016625,317-0.12%
2015626,042-0.12%
2014626,767-0.06%
2013627,1290.12%
2012626,398-0.05%
2011626,6870.15%
2010625,7410.27%
2000608,8270.79%
1990562,7580.96%
1980511,4561.42%
1970444,3301.32%
1960389,8810.32%
1950377,7470.50%
1940359,231-0.01%
1930359,6110.20%
1920352,428-0.10%
1910355,9560.35%
1900343,6410.33%
1890332,4220.00%
1880332,2860.05%
1870330,5510.48%
1860315,0980.03%
1850314,1200.73%
1840291,9480.40%
1830280,6521.76%
1820235,7640.80%
1810217,7133.49%
1800154,4656.10%
179085,4250.00%

Vermont Facts

undefined Population in 2017Source: Jared and Corin

  • Montpelier, which has a population under 10,000, is the smallest state capital in the United States.
  • Vermont is considered the most racially homogenous state in the country, with over 90% of its residents classified as White.
  • A liquor ID is required to purchase alcohol at liquor stores or grocery stores. Out-of-state IDs are not accepted.
  • Vermont is just one of four states that does not permit advertising on billboards.
  • Vermont is the largest marble producer in the entire country.
  • The state has the least amount of violent crimes in the United States.
  • Vermont was the first state to outlaw adult slavery.

Vermont Population Density by County

Chittenden County

  • Population161,382
  • Density300.76 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20102.92%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State25.78%

Vermont Population Growth Rate by County

Data from the 2010 Census was compared with 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau to break down population gains and losses among the counties of Vermont. Of the state's counties, only four had increases in population during this 5-year period. These counties are all located in the northwestern corner of the state. The highest gain was observed in Chittenden County, which had an increase in population of 2.92%. This was followed by the growth rate observed in Lamoille County of 2.84%. The two remaining counties that had population gains include Franklin and Addison.

The majority of Vermont's counties saw declining populations. The highest was recorded in Rutland County, along the state's western border, of 3.0%. Following behind was Windham at 2.52%. Other losses that were smaller include the counties of Bennington, Washington, Orange, Grand Isle, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, and Windsor.

Population Pyramid

0k1k2k3k4k5k6kVermont Male Population0k1k2k3k4k5k6kVermont Female Population

To compare Vermont to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White593,36194.78%
Black or African American8,1401.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,3810.38%
Asian10,2771.64%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2410.04%
Two or More Races11,6421.86%

Data from the 2010 Census was compared with 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau to break down population gains and losses among the counties of Vermont. Of the state's counties, only four had increases in population during this 5-year period. These counties are all located in the northwestern corner of the state. The highest gain was observed in Chittenden County, which had an increase in population of 2.92%. This was followed by the growth rate observed in Lamoille County of 2.84%. The two remaining counties that had population gains include Franklin and Addison.

The majority of Vermont's counties saw declining populations. The highest was recorded in Rutland County, along the state's western border, of 3.0%. Following behind was Windham at 2.52%. Other losses that were smaller include the counties of Bennington, Washington, Orange, Grand Isle, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, and Windsor.

Languages Spoken in Vermont

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over594,667100
English570,07995.87
French9,3101.57
Spanish6,1801.04
German2,1800.37
Chinese1,1100.19
Serbocroatian1,0150.17
Nepali7900.13
Cushite5000.08
Dutch3750.06

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Vermont. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Vermont Economy

Indicator Value
HighSchoolGraduate91.6
BachelorsDegree35.2
Disabled9.8
NoHealthInsurance5.9
LaborForceTotal67.1
LaborForceFemale63.9
FoodServiceSales1,564,272
HealthCareRevenue4,457,996
ManufacturerShipments9,315,494
MerchantWholesalesSales6,450,076
RetailSales9,933,751
RetailSalesPerCapita15,868
MeanWorkTravelTime22.3
MedianHouseholdIncome54,447
PerCapitaIncome29,535
PovertyPercentage12.2

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Vermont for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.7% and the labor force participation rate is 66.7%.

Vermont Business

Indicator Value
NonemployerEstablishments60,181
AllFirms75,827
MenOwnedFirms41,270
WomenOwnedFirms23,417
MinorityOwnedFirms2,354
NonminorityOwnedFirms70,491
VeteranOwnedFirms8,237
NonveteranOwn63,317

Vermont Housing

Indicator Value
HousingUnits326,894
HousingUnits322,539
OwnerOccupiedRate70.9
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue216,200
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage1,541
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage636
MedianGrossRent889
BuildingPermits1,998
Households257,252
PersonsPerHousehold2.34
SameHouseOneYearAgo86.7
NonEnglishAtHome5.3
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts