Vermont Population 2016

The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. As of 2016, the estimated population of Vermont is 626,042.

The current population of the Green Mountain State is estimated at 626,042 in 2016, which is up very slightly from the confirmed 2010 population of 625,741. Vermont has one of the slowest growth rates in the country at only 0.02%, which ranks 49th.

The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.

You can see how the population rose and fell in each individual county by using the interactive map below. Counties colored in orange saw a population decrease, and counties colored in blue saw an increase -- the darker the blue, the higher the percentage increase.

Estimations of Vermont's 2016 population show a population that has grown modestly to 626,042.

Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.

Population of Vermont Cities

There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which, given its small overall population, isn’t surprising. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities combine with a number of other towns and cities to make up the Burlington Metropolitan area containing more than 200,000 people.

The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).

Vermont Demographics

Vermont's racial composition according to 2015 US Census Bureau statistics is:

  • 94.8% non-Hispanic White
  • 1.6% Asian
  • 1.8% Hispanic
  • 1.3% Black
  • 0.4% Native American
  • 1.9% Multiracial

Vermont has the second oldest median age, which presents a real problem in terms of growth. It also has one of the lowest proportions of both Hispanics and Blacks, but the second highest proportion of non-Hispanic whites.

The most common ancestry groups include French or French Canadian (23.9%), English (18.6%), Irish (17.9%), German (10.3%), Italian (7.5%), American (7.0%) and Scottish (5.0%).

It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.

Vermont Population History

Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.

Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.

Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.

The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.

Vermont Population Growth

Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.

Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.

According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.

Vermont has a median age of the work force of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.

Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.

Vermont Population in 2016 Source: Jared and Corin

Vermont Facts

  • Montpelier, which has a population under 10,000, is the smallest state capital in the United States.
  • Vermont is considered the most racially homogenous state in the country, with over 90% of its residents classified as White.
  • A liquor ID is required to purchase alcohol at liquor stores or grocery stores. Out-of-state IDs are not accepted.
  • Vermont is just one of four states that does not permit advertising on billboards.
  • Vermont is the largest marble producer in the entire country.
  • The state has the least amount of violent crimes in the United States.
  • Vermont was the first state to outlaw adult slavery.

Population Data via US Census

Year Population % Change Rank
2020 622,417 -0.12% 49
2019 623,142 -0.12% 49
2018 623,867 -0.12% 49
2017 624,592 -0.12% 49
2016 625,317 -0.12% 49
2015 626,042 -0.12% 49
2014 626,767 -0.06% 49
2013 627,129 0.12% 49
2012 626,398 -0.05% 49
2011 626,687 0.15% 49
2010 625,741 0.27% 49
2000 608,827 0.79% 49
1990 562,758 0.96% 48
1980 511,456 1.42% 48
1970 444,330 1.32% 48
1960 389,881 0.32% 47
1950 377,747 0.50% 46
1940 359,231 -0.01% 46
1930 359,611 0.20% 46
1920 352,428 -0.10% 44
1910 355,956 0.35% 42
1900 343,641 0.33% 39
1890 332,422 0.00% 37
1880 332,286 0.05% 32
1870 330,551 0.48% 30
1860 315,098 0.03% 29
1850 314,120 0.73% 23
1840 291,948 0.40% 21
1830 280,652 1.76% 17
1820 235,764 0.80% 16
1810 217,713 3.49% 15
1800 154,465 6.10% 13
1790 85,425 0.00% 12
Vermont Population by Race
Race Population Percentage
White 598,592 95.66%
Black or African American 6,456 1.03%
American Indian and Alaska Native 2,308 0.37%
Asian 8,069 1.29%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 175 0.03%
Two or more races 10,141 1.62%
Languages Spoken in Vermont
Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 594,667 100.00%
French 9,310 1.60%
Spanish 6,180 1.00%
German 2,180 0.40%
Chinese 1,110 0.20%
Serbocroatian 1,015 0.20%
Nepali 790 0.10%
Cushite 500 0.10%
Dutch 375 0.10%
Portuguese 340 0.10%
Vermont County Populations
County Population Rank
Chittenden County 161,382 1
Rutland County 59,736 2
Washington County 58,612 3
Windsor County 55,737 4
Franklin County 48,799 5
Windham County 43,386 6
Addison County 37,035 7
Bennington County 36,317 8
Caledonia County 30,780 9
Orange County 28,899 10
Orleans County 27,100 11
Lamoille County 25,235 12
Grand Isle County 6,861 13
Essex County 6,163 14