Vermont Population 2018


The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. As of 2018, our estimated population of Vermont is 623,960. This estimate is based on the 2015 Census Estimates, which put Vermont's population at 626,042.

The current population of the Green Mountain State is estimated at 623,960 in 2018, which is up very slightly from the confirmed 2010 population of 625,741. Vermont's population has seen a slight decline over the past few years, currently shrinking at .12% per year.

The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.

Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.

Population of Vermont Cities

There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which is not surprising given its small overall population. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities combine with a number of other towns and cities to make up the Burlington Metropolitan area containing more than 200,000 people.

The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).

It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.

Vermont Population History

In 1777 Vermont declared itself separate from New Hampshire and New York, but both continued to claim it. After New York withdrew its claims, Vermont was admitted as a State on March 4, 1791 with essentially its present boundaries. Vermont's 1790 census actually took place after statehood in 1791. Census coverage included virtually all settled portions of the State.

Vermont Population Chart

Vermont Population History

Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.

Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.

Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.

The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.

Vermont Population Growth

Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.

Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.

According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.

Vermont has a median age of the work force of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.

Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Vermont Growth Rate

Vermont Population Rank

Year Pop % Change

Vermont Facts

Vermont Population in 2018Source: Jared and Corin

  • Montpelier, which has a population under 10,000, is the smallest state capital in the United States.
  • Vermont is considered the most racially homogenous state in the country, with over 90% of its residents classified as White.
  • A liquor ID is required to purchase alcohol at liquor stores or grocery stores. Out-of-state IDs are not accepted.
  • Vermont is just one of four states that does not permit advertising on billboards.
  • Vermont is the largest marble producer in the entire country.
  • The state has the least amount of violent crimes in the United States.
  • Vermont was the first state to outlaw adult slavery.

Vermont Population Density by County

Chittenden County

  • Population161,522
  • Density301.02 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.04%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State25.91%

Vermont Population Growth Rate by County

Data from the 2010 Census was compared with 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau to break down population gains and losses among the counties of Vermont. Of the state's counties, only four had increases in population during this 5-year period. These counties are all located in the northwestern corner of the state. The highest gain was observed in Chittenden County, which had an increase in population of 2.92%. This was followed by the growth rate observed in Lamoille County of 2.84%. The two remaining counties that had population gains include Franklin and Addison.

The majority of Vermont's counties saw declining populations. The highest was recorded in Rutland County, along the state's western border, of 3.0%. Following behind was Windham at 2.52%. Other losses that were smaller include the counties of Bennington, Washington, Orange, Grand Isle, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, and Windsor.

Vermont Population Pyramid 2018

0k1k2k3k4k5k6kVermont Male Population0k1k2k3k4k5k6kVermont Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

To compare Vermont to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population
Two or More Races12,324
Black or African American7,893
Some Other Race3,163
American Indian and Alaska Native2,177
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander252

Vermont is one of ten states that has a population that is mostly white. It is just one of ten states to have a percentage of non-Hispanic whites that exceeds 90%. It has the second highest percentage in the nation -- only falling behind Maine. Vermont has the second lowest percentage of African Americans; only Montana has a lower percentage.

It also has the third lowest percentage of Hispanic residents, behind West Virginia and Maine. Vermont has the second oldest median age, which presents a real problem in terms of growth. In terms of its Asian American population, the state ranks 38th out of 50 states based on percentage of Asians compared to Vermont's total population.

The most common ancestry groups include French or French Canadian (23.9%), English (18.6%), Irish (17.9%), German (10.3%), Italian (7.5%), American (7.0%) and Scottish (5.0%).

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 1-Year Survey)

Languages Spoken in Vermont

Language Population Percentage

This chart shows the top 10 languages that are spoken at home in Vermont. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Vermont Economy

High school graduate or higher 91.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 35.2%
With a Disability 9.8%
Persons Without Health Insurance 5.9%
In Civilian Labor Force 67.1%
In Civilian Labor Force (Female) 63.9%
Food Services Sales $1,564,272
Health Care Revenue $4,457,996,000
Manufacturers Shipments $9,315,494,000
Merchant Wholesaler Sales $6,450,076,000
Total Retail Sales $9,933,751,000
Total Retail Sales per Capita $15,868
Mean Travel Time to Work 22.3 minutes
Median Household Income $54,447
Per Capita Income (past 12 months) $29,535
Persons in Poverty 12.2%

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Vermont for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.7% and the labor force participation rate is 66.7%.

Vermont Business

Total Nonemployer Establishments 60,181
All firms 75,827
Men-owned Firms 41,270
Women-owned Firms 23,417
Minority-owned Firms 2,354
Nonminority-owned Firms 70,491
Veternan-owned Firms 8,237
Nonveteran-owned Firms 63,317

Vermont Housing

Housing Units 322,539
Owner Occupied Housing Rate 70.9%
Median Value Owner Occupied Housing Units $216,200
Median Monthly Owner Costs (w/Mortgage) $1,541
Median Monthly Owner Costs (no mortgage) $636
Median Gross Rent $889
Building Permits 1,998
Households 257,252
Persons per Household 2.34 persons
Living in Same House 1 Year Ago 86.7%
Language Other than English Spoken at Home 5.3%
Data Sources
  1. Vermont State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)