Vermont Population History
Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.
Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.
Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.
The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.
Vermont Population Growth
Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census Bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.
Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double-digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.
According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.
Vermont has a median age of the workforce of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.
Vermont Population Projections
Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.