Vermont Population 2018

623,960

The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. As of 2018, our estimated population of Vermont is 623,960. This estimate is based on the 2015 Census Estimates, which put Vermont's population at 626,042.

The current population of the Green Mountain State is estimated at 623,960 in 2018, which is up very slightly from the confirmed 2010 population of 625,741. Vermont's population has seen a slight decline over the past few years, currently shrinking at .12% per year.

The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.

Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.

Population of Vermont Cities

There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which is not surprising given its small overall population. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities combine with a number of other towns and cities to make up the Burlington Metropolitan area containing more than 200,000 people.

The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).

It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.

Vermont Population History

In 1777 Vermont declared itself separate from New Hampshire and New York, but both continued to claim it. After New York withdrew its claims, Vermont was admitted as a State on March 4, 1791 with essentially its present boundaries. Vermont's 1790 census actually took place after statehood in 1791. Census coverage included virtually all settled portions of the State.

Vermont Population Chart

Vermont Population History

Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.

Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.

Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.

The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.

Vermont Population Growth

Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.

Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.

According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.

Vermont has a median age of the work force of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.

Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Vermont Growth Rate

Vermont Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020624,5660.05%
2019624,2630.05%
2018623,9600.05%
2017623,6570.05%
2016623,354-100.00%
2016626,2490.29%
2015624,455-0.19%
2014625,665-0.06%
2013626,0440.07%
2012625,606-0.10%
2011626,2100.06%
2010625,8420.28%
2000608,8270.79%
1990562,7580.96%
1980511,4561.42%
1970444,3301.32%
1960389,8810.32%
1950377,7470.50%
1940359,231-0.01%
1930359,6110.20%
1920352,428-0.10%
1910355,9560.35%
1900343,6410.33%
1890332,4220.00%
1880332,2860.05%
1870330,5510.48%
1860315,0980.03%
1850314,1200.73%
1840291,9480.40%
1830280,6521.76%
1820235,7640.80%
1810217,7133.49%
1800154,4656.10%
179085,4256.02%
178047,62016.89%
177010,0000.00%

Vermont Facts

Vermont Population in 2018Source: By From the nek [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

  • Montpelier, which has a population under 10,000, is the smallest state capital in the United States.
  • Vermont is considered the most racially homogenous state in the country, with over 90% of its residents classified as White.
  • A liquor ID is required to purchase alcohol at liquor stores or grocery stores. Out-of-state IDs are not accepted.
  • Vermont is just one of four states that does not permit advertising on billboards.
  • Vermont is the largest marble producer in the entire country.
  • The state has the least amount of violent crimes in the United States.
  • Vermont was the first state to outlaw adult slavery.

Vermont Population Density by County

Chittenden County

  • Population162,372
  • Density302.60 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20103.59%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State26.04%

Vermont Population Growth Rate by County

Data from the 2010 Census was compared with 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau to break down population gains and losses among the counties of Vermont. Of the state's counties, only four had increases in population during this 5-year period. These counties are all located in the northwestern corner of the state. The highest gain was observed in Chittenden County, which had an increase in population of 2.92%. This was followed by the growth rate observed in Lamoille County of 2.84%. The two remaining counties that had population gains include Franklin and Addison.

The majority of Vermont's counties saw declining populations. The highest was recorded in Rutland County, along the state's western border, of 3.0%. Following behind was Windham at 2.52%. Other losses that were smaller include the counties of Bennington, Washington, Orange, Grand Isle, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, and Windsor.

Population by Race

Race Population
White592,965
Two or More Races12,169
Asian9,212
Black or African American7,404
Some Other Race2,309
American Indian and Alaska Native1,984
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander206

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Vermont Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Vermont Median Age

42.6


Total

41.3


Male

43.8


Female

Vermont Adults

There are 504,757 adults, (106,462 of which are seniors) in Vermont.

Vermont Age Dependency

57.2

Age Dependency Ratio

26.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermont Sex Ratio

Female

317,538

50.70%

Male

308,711

49.30%

Vermont Households and Families

Vermont Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Vermont Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86.9%13.1%
All70.6%29.4%
Male61.1%38.9%
Non Family55.1%44.9%
Female53%47%

70.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Vermont Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All257,1072.3470.6
Married124,6532.9486.9
Non Family98,8551.3255.1
Female23,2463.0753
Male10,3533.1361.1

2.88

Average Family Size

2.34

Average Household Size

8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Vermont Households

Vermont Education

Vermont Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,1532.78%
9th to 12th Grade23,2875.33%
High School Graduate130,65429.88%
Some College75,53117.27%
Associates Degree37,4548.56%
Bachelors Degree94,82321.68%
Graduate Degree63,40214.50%

Vermont Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White415,462383,732150,203
Asian5,6954,4622,621
Hispanic5,6444,8092,032
Multiple Races5,6004,8361,818
Black3,5252,8731,152
Native American1,4481,157321
Other Race1,2821,025471
Islander1119756

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.36%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 50.45%.

Vermont Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,217$41,181$31,404
Less Than High School$23,146$26,668$17,623
High School Grad$30,500$35,619$24,069
Some College$33,927$39,271$30,247
Bachelors Degree$41,716$51,042$36,112
Graduate Degree$55,686$65,605$50,052

$36,217

Average Earnings

$41,181

Average Male

$31,404

Average Female

Vermont Language

Vermont Language by Age

Vermont Language

94.44% of Vermont residents speak only English, while 5.56% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 3.25% of the population.

Vermont Poverty

Vermont Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White563,94462,67511.11%
Multiple11,4522,44821.38%
Hispanic9,6971,49915.46%
Black6,4241,48423.10%
Asian8,4331,23714.67%
Native1,92043122.45%
Other2,09030014.35%
Islander200126.00%

11.58%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.62%

Male Poverty Rate

12.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermont

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermont is Black, with 23.10% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermont is Islander, with 6.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.17%.

Vermont Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.72%
High School11.06%
Some College9.17%
Bachelors or Greater4.24%

Vermont Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed37.99%
Male Unemployed26.28%
Female Employed6.48%
Male Employed4.93%

Vermont Income

Vermont Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,104$73,016
Families$71,465$88,340
Married Families$82,247$99,828
Non Families$33,129$45,257

Vermont Marital Status

Vermont Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

48.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermont Married by Age and Sex

Vermont Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Vermont Marital Status by Race

Vermont Veterans

Vermont Veterans by War

42,484

Number of Veterans

39,290

Male Veterans

3,194

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam16,075
First Gulf War5,834
Korea4,576
Second Gulf War4,463
World War II3,135

Vermont Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7411,435
75+10,789
35 to 549,214
55 to 648,924
18 to 342,122

Vermont Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White41,4228.61%
2 or More5908.42%
Hispanic3013.83%
Black1653.23%
Indian1639.90%
Asian1021.39%
Other271.59%
Hawaiian1510.20%

Vermont Veterans by Education

5.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.57%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermont Employment Status

Vermont Employment by Age

66.3%

Labor Force Participation

62.9%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

Vermont Employment by Race

Vermont Employment by Education

Vermont Nativity

Vermont Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Vermont State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)