Vermont Population 2020 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)

628,061

The northeastern US state of Vermont is the 45th largest in the country by area and the 49th largest by population -- the only state with fewer people is Wyoming. As of 2020, our estimated population of Vermont is 628,061. This estimate is based on the 2015 Census Estimates, which put Vermont's population at 626,042.

The current population of the Green Mountain State is estimated at 628,061 in 2020, which is up very slightly from the confirmed 2010 population of 625,741. Vermont's population has seen a slight decline over the past few years, currently shrinking at .12% per year.

The last official US census was carried out in 2010 and this confirmed that the population of Vermont at the time was 625,741 which represented a modest 2.8% rise on the figures declared at the Census of 2000.

Vermont Area and Population Density

Despite its small size and population, it does make good use of its space with a population density that ranks 30th in the country. Vermont has a very tiny surface area of just 9,614 square miles, but for every square mile of Vermont territory, there is an average of 67.9 people, making Vermont the 30th most densely populated state in the entire country.

There are no major urban areas in Vermont, which is not surprising given its small overall population. Vermont has only 9 incorporated cities, and only three of them have a population of more than 10,000. Burlington is the state’s largest city, home to just over 42,000 people. The second largest city is South Burlington (pop: 18,791). Together the two cities, combined with a number of other towns and cities, make up the Burlington Metropolitan area, containing more than 200,000 people.

The state capital, Montpelier, is only Vermont’s fifth largest city. It has an estimated 7,592 residents. Interestingly, Vermont is the only state in the country that does not have a single building taller than 124 feet (38 meters).

The two most populated counties within the state of Vermont are Chittenden County and Rutland county, with respective populations of 162,372 and 59,087.

Vermont Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age across the population of Vermont is approximately 42.6 years of age. In terms of the sex ratio among the population, 50.7% are females and 49.3% are males.

In terms of religious preferences across the population of the state, 54% are affiliated with a Christian based faith, 8% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and a whopping 37% are not affiliated with any religion in particular.

It's also interesting to note that Vermont is considered the least religious state in the country with only 23% of residents considering themselves "very religious," and it has the fifth highest percentage of divorced people in the country.

Vermont Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

In 1777 Vermont declared itself separate from New Hampshire and New York, but both continued to claim it. After New York withdrew its claims, Vermont was admitted as a State on March 4, 1791 with essentially its present boundaries. Vermont's 1790 census actually took place after statehood in 1791. Census coverage included virtually all settled portions of the State.

Vermont Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Vermont was:

  • White: 94.33%
  • Two or more races: 1.93%
  • Asian: 1.69%
  • Black or African American: 1.29%
  • Other race: 0.39%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

How Many People Live in Vermont?

628,061

Vermont Population Chart

Vermont Population History

Like most areas on the eastern side of the US, Vermont had a healthy population in the latter part of the 18th century, and by 1790 there were already 85,425 people living in the Green Mountain State.

Just ten years later in 1800, that figure had grown by over 80% to 154,465, and by 1810, numbers had exceeded 200,000 for the very first time.

Unlike some other states, however, growth slowed down considerably from this point onwards, and in fact, there have been two censuses in history (1920 and 1940) that have revealed a drop in the Vermont population on a decade by decade basis.

The overall picture is one of very slow growth and Vermont's current population has still not broken 650,000.

Vermont Population Growth

Figures relating to natural growth in Vermont reveal some healthy statistics, and in 2005, the US Census Bureau released some findings in this respect. These showed that in the five years since the 2000 census, there had been an increase of 7,148 people due to 33,606 births minus 26,458 deaths, and furthermore, there had been a rise due to net migration of 7,889 people into Vermont.

Unfortunately, Vermont's previously healthy growth became stagnant, dropping from double-digit climbs from the 1970s through the 1990s to reach its current growth rate of just 0.02%.

According to Vermont's former governor, the biggest challenge facing the state's economy is not high taxes, reform of health care, or government bureaucracy but simply its long-term demographic trends, which show that Vermont's labor force is shrinking steadily.

Vermont has a median age of the workforce of 42.3, which is the highest in the nation. Combine this with the low birthrate and very little migration into the state and it's not hard to see why Vermont's population is growing so slowly.

Vermont Population Projections

Estimates show that Vermont's total population growth rate will remain positive for some time, although declines may be seen in the future. It's currently projected that Vermont's population may break the 650,000 mark by 2020.

Population Data via US Census

Vermont Growth Rate

Vermont Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020628,0610.14%
2019627,1800.14%
2018626,2990.28%
2017624,5250.14%
2016623,644-0.25%
2015625,197-0.00%
2014625,218-0.16%
2013626,2120.02%
2012626,063-0.15%
2011626,9790.18%
2010625,8800.28%
2000608,8270.79%
1990562,7580.96%
1980511,4561.42%
1970444,3301.32%
1960389,8810.32%
1950377,7470.50%
1940359,231-0.01%
1930359,6110.20%
1920352,428-0.10%
1910355,9560.35%
1900343,6410.33%
1890332,4220.00%
1880332,2860.05%
1870330,5510.48%
1860315,0980.03%
1850314,1200.73%
1840291,9480.40%
1830280,6521.76%
1820235,7640.80%
1810217,7133.49%
1800154,4656.10%
179085,4256.02%
178047,62016.89%
177010,0000.00%

Chittenden County

  • Population164,572
  • Density306.70 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20104.97%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State26.28%

Data from the 2010 Census was compared with 2015 estimates from the Census Bureau to break down population gains and losses among the counties of Vermont. Of the state's counties, only four had increases in population during this 5-year period. These counties are all located in the northwestern corner of the state. The highest gain was observed in Chittenden County, which had an increase in population of 2.92%. This was followed by the growth rate observed in Lamoille County of 2.84%. The two remaining counties that had population gains include Franklin and Addison.

The majority of Vermont's counties saw declining populations. The highest was recorded in Rutland County, along the state's western border, of 3.0%. Following behind was Windham at 2.52%. Other losses that were smaller include the counties of Bennington, Washington, Orange, Grand Isle, Orleans, Essex, Caledonia, and Windsor.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White589,54694.33%
Two or More Races12,0781.93%
Asian10,5791.69%
Black or African American8,0581.29%
Some Other Race2,4260.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,1060.34%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1840.03%

Vermont Population Pyramid 2020

Vermont Median Age

42.9


Total

41.4


Male

44.2


Female

Vermont Adults

There are 506,631 adults, (113,550 of whom are seniors) in Vermont.

Vermont Age Dependency

59

Age Dependency Ratio

28.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Vermont Sex Ratio

Female

317,004

50.72%

Male

307,973

49.28%

Vermont Households and Families

Vermont Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Vermont Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86.9%13.1%
All70.7%29.3%
Male60.3%39.7%
Female56%44%
Non Family55.2%44.8%

70.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All259,5892.3170.7
Married124,8682.9286.9
Non Family101,1831.355.2
Female22,8073.0256
Male10,7313.1660.3

2.86

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Vermont Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade10,1872.32%
9th to 12th Grade22,5205.12%
High School Graduate128,17229.15%
Some College77,19717.56%
Associates Degree37,5138.53%
Bachelors Degree97,03422.07%
Graduate Degree67,07215.25%

Vermont Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White415,477386,496154,859
Asian6,4304,9593,079
Hispanic6,3315,5982,412
Multiple Races5,8475,1121,980
Black4,0903,4861,474
Native American1,6141,399283
Other Race1,3731,213552
Islander1109640

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.02%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 47.88%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,760$43,620$33,431
Less Than High School$26,916$31,337$16,267
High School Grad$31,860$37,365$25,336
Some College$36,243$42,079$31,597
Bachelors Degree$43,250$52,304$38,107
Graduate Degree$59,322$69,535$53,202

$38,760

Average Earnings

$43,620

Average Male

$33,431

Average Female

Vermont Language

Vermont Language by Age

Vermont Language

94.25% of Vermont residents speak only English, while 5.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.36% of the population.

Vermont Poverty

Vermont Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White560,10159,71710.66%
Multiple11,3952,29020.10%
Hispanic10,4441,69216.20%
Black6,9821,66323.82%
Asian9,7241,49915.42%
Native2,04035917.60%
Other2,16027412.69%
Islander177147.91%

11.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.26%

Male Poverty Rate

12.04%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vermont

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vermont is Black, with 23.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vermont is Islander, with 7.91% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.86%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.77%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.88%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.65%
High School11.57%
Some College8.61%
Bachelors or Greater4.49%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.48%
Male Unemployed25.76%
Female Employed6.59%
Male Employed4.74%

Vermont Income

Vermont Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$60,076$78,472
Families$77,193$95,100
Married Families$87,567$107,036
Non Families$35,479$49,026

Vermont Marital Status

Vermont Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.7%

Male Marriage Rate

48.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Vermont Married by Age and Sex

Vermont Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Vermont Marital Status by Race

Vermont Veterans

38,625

Number of Veterans

35,353

Male Veterans

3,272

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam14,973
First Gulf War6,064
Second Gulf War4,635
Korea3,863
World War II2,047
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7411,218
75+10,014
35 to 547,838
55 to 647,660
18 to 341,895

Vermont Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White37,4637.79%
2 or More7029.68%
Hispanic3173.73%
Indian18110.41%
Black1462.54%
Asian800.94%
Other402.37%
Hawaiian138.28%

Vermont Veterans by Education

5.77%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.32%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vermont Employment Status

65.8%

Labor Force Participation

63%

Employment Rate

4.1%

Unemployment Rate

Vermont Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.55%

Born in Vermont

95.36%

Native Born

4.64%

Foreign Born

2.13%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

95.36% of Vermont residents were born in the United States, with 50.55% having been born in Vermont. 2.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

  1. Vermont State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)