Virginia Population 2018

8,525,660

The current population is estimated at 8.53 million, an increase of over 380,000 since the official census in 2010. Virginia currently enjoys a growth rate of 1.15%, which ranks 13th in the country.

The most recent nationwide Census took place in the United States in 2010, and it revealed that the Virginia population had exceeded eight million for the first time in its history. The final figure was confirmed at 8,001,024. This was a rise of 13% on the numbers declared at the census of 2000.

Virginia Area and Population Density

The US state of Virginia is situated on the central eastern tip of the country and it is the 35th largest in the Union in terms of land mass. As with the majority of states on the US Eastern seaboard, however, Virginia is densely populated. The population has soared to an estimated 8.53 million as of 2018, and Virginia now ranks 12th in terms of population in the country and 14th in terms of density. Virginia has a population density of 202.6 people per square mile over a total surface area of 42,775 square miles.

Virginia has 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), amd Hampton Roads, Northern Virginia and Richmond-Petersburg are the most populous. The capital, Richmond, and its metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.3 million, but Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the state. The most populated counties in Virginia are Fairfax and Prince William counties, with respective populations of 1,148,433 and 463,023.

Virginia Demographics Notes

Age/Sex, Race, Religion

The median age among the population of Virginia is approximately 37.8 years of age. In terms of the ratio of sexes in the state, 50.8% are females and 49.2% are males.

The racial diversity in the state is currently at 68.7% Caucasian, 19.2% African American, 6.1% Asian, 3.4% two or more races, 2.3% other races, and .1% Natives of North America.

In terms of preferred religions across the population of the state, Christian based faiths lead at 73% of the population, with non-Christian faiths at 6%, and non affiliated residents at 20% of the population.

Virginia Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Virginia was one of the 13 original States. Kentucky was part of Virginia until 1792, and a small part of Virginia was included in the District of Columbia from 1791 to 1846. West Virginia was separated from Virginia in 1862, becoming a State in 1863 and adding two more counties in 1866. Since then Virginia's boundaries have remained essentially unchanged, with slight modifications as early surveys were reviewed and corrected. Details of the Virginia-Tennessee boundary were not settled until 1901.

In 1790 census coverage included all of Virginia's present-day territory; Kentucky was reported separately. The populations for 1800-1840 include the area that was then part of the District of Columbia, and the populations for 1790-1860 exclude the counties entirely or primarily included in what is now West Virginia.

Virginia Population Chart

Virginia Population History

The majority of states on the eastern edge of the USA displayed healthy population figures from the latter half of the 18th century onwards. Virginia is no exception to this generalization, and in 1790, numbers were recorded at an impressive 691,737.

Just ten years later, this had grown by over 16% to 807,557 but increases in population over the years have been a little sporadic, and there was even a fall in numbers recorded at the 1840 Census.

It wasn’t until the latter part of the 20th century that these increases began to settle down, and at every Census from 1960 onwards, the growth tends to average out at around 15% on a Census by Census basis, making Virginia one of the fastest growing states in the USA.

Therefore, as a result of this pattern of sustained and substantial growth, the population of Virginia in 2016 has comfortably exceeded 8.3 million.

Virginia Population Projections

The overall picture with regards to the population of Virginia in 2016 is one of sustained growth, and that doesn’t look to be changing anytime soon. The milestone of eight million has now been reached, but if Virginia can achieve a population increase of 15% again, that number will go beyond nine million at the 2020 Census.

As far as current estimates go, Virginia is projected to add over 800,000 new residents every decade, finally reaching 10.5 million by 2040. It's also estimated the population will have a larger representation of racial and ethnic minorities. By 2030, nearly 20% of Virginia's population will be over 65, compared to just 12% in 2010. By 2040, the population under 50 is projected to be the majority minority.

Population Data via US Census

Virginia Growth Rate

Virginia Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20208,636,9400.65%
20198,581,3000.65%
20188,525,6600.66%
20178,470,0200.66%
20168,414,380Infinity%
20168,310,301-0.67%
20158,366,7670.60%
20148,316,9020.67%
20138,261,6890.89%
20128,188,6561.00%
20118,107,5481.03%
20108,025,2061.26%
20007,078,5151.35%
19906,187,3581.47%
19805,346,8181.41%
19704,648,4941.60%
19603,966,9491.80%
19503,318,6802.17%
19402,677,7731.01%
19302,421,8510.48%
19202,309,1871.14%
19102,061,6121.07%
19001,854,1841.14%
18901,655,9800.91%
18801,512,5652.13%
18701,225,1630.05%
18601,219,6300.86%
18501,119,3480.88%
18401,025,227-0.18%
18301,044,0541.07%
1820938,2610.67%
1810877,6830.84%
1800807,5571.56%
1790691,9372.55%
1780538,0041.87%
1770447,0162.78%
1760339,7263.93%
1750231,0332.50%
1740180,4404.70%
1730114,0007.04%
172057,757-2.99%
171078,2812.95%
170058,5600.99%
169053,0461.98%
168043,5962.13%
167035,3092.71%
166027,0203.73%
165018,7316.02%
164010,44215.37%
16302,5000.00%

Virginia Facts

Virginia Population in 2018Source: By SchuminWeb [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], from Wikimedia Commons

Virginia Population Density by County

Fairfax County

  • Population1,148,433
  • Density2938.28 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20105.68%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State13.56%

Virginia Population Growth Rate by County

The state of Virginia's counties have seen both gains and losses in their populations, according to comparisons of data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken by the US Census Bureau in 2015. This comparison showed that Virginia had a pretty balanced mix when it came to which counties had a population jump and those that had a drop in population. The highest increase came in the northern county of Loudoun, which posted 19.02% growth. Its neighboring county of Prince William saw an increase of 11.16%, while other significant population increases were observed in New Kent, James City, King George, and Stafford.

There were also declining populations recorded across the state, with the highest loss happening in Buchana at 5.26%. This was followed by a 5.14% decrease in Bath County. Other smaller losses occurred in many of the southern counties, particularly those located in the southwestern corner of the state. These counties include Lee, Russell, Halifax, Wise, Giles, and Bland.

Population by Race

Race Population
White5,712,958
Black or African American1,596,352
Asian502,878
Two or More Races279,699
Some Other Race190,972
American Indian and Alaska Native21,948
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5,494

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Virginia Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Virginia Median Age

37.8


Total

36.5


Male

39.1


Female

Virginia Adults

There are 6,448,794 adults, (1,146,822 of which are seniors) in Virginia.

Virginia Age Dependency

56.8

Age Dependency Ratio

21.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Virginia Sex Ratio

Female

4,224,018

50.83%

Male

4,086,283

49.17%

Virginia Households and Families

Virginia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Virginia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.4%19.6%
All65.8%34.2%
Male55.5%44.5%
Non Family52%48%
Female46.3%53.7%

65.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Virginia Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,090,1782.6165.8
Married1,557,2253.2380.4
Non Family1,022,2351.3152
Female378,1873.3446.3
Male132,5313.3555.5

3.17

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

4.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Virginia Households

Virginia Education

Virginia Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade261,2214.65%
9th to 12th Grade377,4416.71%
High School Graduate1,378,01924.52%
Some College1,117,07719.87%
Associates Degree413,6117.36%
Bachelors Degree1,191,48521.20%
Graduate Degree882,15615.69%

Virginia Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,740,6653,427,5411,503,988
Black1,030,660867,994230,507
Hispanic405,781288,13194,175
Asian345,570309,010204,254
Other Race111,32672,82218,951
Multiple Races108,47596,85643,361
Native American15,00312,7853,763
Islander3,4913,181981

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.63%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 59.11%.

Virginia Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,573$50,028$34,834
Less Than High School$22,432$26,743$17,004
High School Grad$29,730$34,799$23,924
Some College$36,317$43,991$30,406
Bachelors Degree$55,858$71,436$45,665
Graduate Degree$79,135$101,498$61,144

$41,573

Average Earnings

$50,028

Average Male

$34,834

Average Female

Virginia Language

Virginia Language by Age

Virginia Language

84.47% of Virginia residents speak only English, while 15.53% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 6.80% of the population.

Virginia Poverty

Virginia Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White5,106,148440,5648.63%
Black1,522,283303,39719.93%
Hispanic705,132108,94415.45%
Asian494,02739,3857.97%
Multiple270,64035,99813.30%
Other186,10532,82317.64%
Native20,9112,85213.64%
Islander5,0743837.55%

11.43%

Overall Poverty Rate

10.28%

Male Poverty Rate

12.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Virginia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Virginia is Black, with 19.93% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Virginia is Islander, with 7.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.27%.

Virginia Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.37%
High School12.11%
Some College8.19%
Bachelors or Greater3.29%

Virginia Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.88%
Male Unemployed25.50%
Female Employed6.53%
Male Employed4.39%

Virginia Income

Virginia Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$66,149$90,881
Families$80,068$105,488
Married Families$95,215$121,766
Non Families$40,812$57,852

Virginia Marital Status

Virginia Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.9%

Male Marriage Rate

48.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Virginia Married by Age and Sex

Virginia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Virginia Marital Status by Race

Virginia Veterans

Virginia Veterans by War

696,685

Number of Veterans

607,118

Male Veterans

89,567

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
First Gulf War220,638
Vietnam219,309
Second Gulf War185,616
Korea47,982
World War II26,088

Virginia Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54222,298
65 to 74142,048
55 to 64139,585
75+112,572
18 to 3480,182

Virginia Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White517,29311.61%
Black143,92112.04%
Hispanic30,2536.35%
2 or More13,1109.35%
Asian12,3933.19%
Other6,6105.03%
Indian2,68915.89%
Hawaiian66916.76%

Virginia Veterans by Education

5.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

20.79%

Veteran Disability Rate

Virginia Employment Status

Virginia Employment by Age

66.2%

Labor Force Participation

60.7%

Employment Rate

5.9%

Unemployment Rate

Virginia Employment by Race

Virginia Employment by Education

Virginia Nativity

Virginia Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Virginia State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)