Wisconsin Population 2018

5,818,049

Wisconsin is part of the Great Lakes region of the country, located in the north Midwest. With a surface area of around 65,497.82 square miles, it is a relatively large state with a population to match -- it is the 23rd biggest state in the country, and in terms of population, it is the 20th most populous state in the US. The 2018 population of Wisconsin is estimated at 5.82 million. The state currently has a growth rate of 0.35%, which ranks 39th in the state.

The last census within the US was carried out in 2010, so in order to judge the population of Wisconsin in 2018, those figures have to be projected forward in the best way possible. Based on the state's growth rate, the population is now 5.82 million in 2018, showing a 1.5% growth from the 2010 figure of 5,686,986.

Wisconsin Area and Population Density

Within the surface area of 65,497.82 miles, there is an average of 105 people for every square mile of Wisconsin land. That figure converts to 39.6 people for every square kilometer and it makes Wisconsin the 23rd most densely populated state in the entire US.

The state's biggest city by far is Milwaukee, with a population exceeding 600,000. This is followed by Madison (pop 248,000), Green Bay (pop 105,207) and Kenosha (pop 99,858). The Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis Metropolitan Statistical Area has an estimated population of 1.55 million.

The state's most populated counties are Milwaukee and Dane counties, with respective populations of 952,085 and 536,416.

Wisconsin Demographics Notes

Age/Sex, Race, and Religion

The median age of the population residing in the state of Wisconsin is approximately 39.1 years of age. In terms of the ratio of females to males, females lead at 50.3% with males at 49.7% of the population.

The racial diversity among the population in Wisconsin is currently at 86.2% Caucasian, 6.3% African American, 2.6% Asian, 2.2% two or more races, 1.8% other races, and .9% Natives of North America.

In terms of preferred religions across the population of Wisconsin, 71% are affiliated with Christian based faiths, 4% are affiliated with non-Christian faiths, and 25% are not affiliated with any faith in particular.

Wisconsin Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Wisconsin was part of the Northwest Territory organized in 1787, then of Indiana Territory (1800). In 1809 it was included in the new Illinois Territory, except for the northern part of the Door Peninsula, which remained in Indiana Territory. In 1818 Michigan Territory expanded to include the whole of present-day Wisconsin. Wisconsin Territory was organized in 1836 and briefly included all of Minnesota and Iowa and the Dakotas east of the Missouri River. After Iowa Territory was organized in 1838, only northeastern Minnesota, east of the Mississippi River and a line from its source north to the Canadian boundary, remained in Wisconsin Territory. Wisconsin was admitted as a State on May 29, 1848 with essentially its present boundaries.

There was only limited census coverage of the present area of the State prior to 1840. In 1790 the Northwest Territory had no census coverage. The 1800 census for Indiana Territory reported populations for Green Bay (50) and Prairie du Chien (65); in 1810 any settlers enumerated in these or other Wisconsin communities were reported as part of St. Clair County, Illinois Territory. In 1820 Crawford and Brown Counties, Michigan Territory, included nearly all of present-day Wisconsin; Crawford also included northeastern Minnesota but this had no census coverage. This also was the case in 1830, with the addition of Iowa County from part of Crawford. In 1840 some persons in northeastern Minnesota were enumerated in St. Croix County, Wisconsin Territory.

Wisconsin Population Chart

Wisconsin Population History

In 1820, Wisconsin’s population figures stood at a mere 1,444, but like in many areas of the US in the early 19th century, an explosion in numbers was just over the horizon. Just ten years later, a rise of over 150% took those figures to 3,635.

However, the biggest population spike came between the years of 1840 and 1850 when an incredible increase of nearly 900% took the population of Wisconsin from 305,391 to 775,881. Although the increases began to slow down, the overall picture was one of growth and by the start of the 20th century, numbers were recorded at 2,069,042.

That pattern continued through the 20th century and as census by census growth started to settle down, the numbers grew at a steady pace. As a result, the population of Wisconsin in 2016 is starting to climb toward the next milestone of 6 million.

Wisconsin Population Projections

Population growth in Wisconsin has been steady and as such, this is one of the easier states to predict in terms of further increases than some of the states that have seen both increases and decreases in their populations.

Wisconsin considers itself a very immigrant-friendly area, and many semiskilled people are able to find work in the state in a relatively short amount of time. In fact, a considerable number of refugees and asylum-seekers come to Wisconsin after being turned down elsewhere.

There is nothing to suggest that the pattern of Wisconsin population growth is going to slow down, and therefore, by the time of the next census in 2020, it is possible that the Wisconsin population will have exceeded its next major landmark of 6 million people.

Projections currently show Wisconsin will reach 6.375 million residents by 2030, growing 19.5% between 2000 and 2030. The amount of senior citizens in the state is expected to climb from its current 13% to 21% by that time. 70 of Wisconsin's 72 counties are projected to grow over the next 20 years, although not at a fast pace.

Population Data via US Census

Wisconsin Growth Rate

Wisconsin Population Rank

Year Pop % Change
20205,863,1810.39%
20195,840,6150.39%
20185,818,0490.39%
20175,795,4830.39%
20165,772,9170.23%
20155,759,7440.15%
20145,751,2720.25%
20135,736,6730.27%
20125,721,0750.27%
20115,705,8120.27%
20105,690,4030.59%
20005,363,6750.93%
19904,891,7690.39%
19804,705,7670.63%
19704,417,7311.12%
19603,951,7771.41%
19503,434,5750.91%
19403,137,5870.66%
19302,939,0061.11%
19202,632,0671.21%
19102,333,8601.21%
19002,069,0422.02%
18901,693,3302.56%
18801,315,4972.23%
18701,054,6703.12%
1860775,8819.77%
1850305,39125.73%
184030,94523.88%
18303,6359.67%
18201,4440.00%

Wisconsin Facts

Wisconsin Population in 2018Source: By Towpilot [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Wisconsin Population Density by County

Milwaukee County

  • Population952,085
  • Density3942.59 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20100.40%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State16.43%

Wisconsin Population Growth Rate by County

The state of Wisconsin has many counties, and of these counties, significant population losses and gains have been recorded based on 2010 data from the Census and estimates taken by the Census Bureau in 2015. This data shows that the highest gain in population was recorded in Menominee County, with a population growth rate of 7.22% during the 5-year period. Dane County's 7.04% growth rate was the 2nd highest in the state. There were multiple other counties that posted growth in populations from 2010 to 2015, albeit at smaller rates. These counties include Vernon, Brown, Eau Claire, and St. Croix, just to name a few.

There were other states that had declines in their populations during the same period of 2010 to 2015. The highest loss happened in Rusk County, with a 4.04%. This was followed by Langlade County of 3.61%, Adams County at 3.43%, and others including Richland, Lincoln, and Forest. Smaller losses were recorded in counties including Douglas, Sawyer, Wood, and others.

Population by Race

Race Population
White4,950,577
Black or African American365,884
Asian152,325
Two or More Races131,091
Some Other Race111,435
American Indian and Alaska Native50,094
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,811

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Wisconsin Population Pyramid 2018

50,000100,000150,000200,000 Male Population50,000100,000150,000200,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Wisconsin Median Age

39.2


Total

38.1


Male

40.4


Female

Wisconsin Adults

There are 4,469,267 adults, (896,724 of whom are seniors) in Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Age Dependency

61.3

Age Dependency Ratio

25.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Wisconsin Sex Ratio

Female

2,899,102

50.30%

Male

2,864,115

49.70%

Wisconsin Households and Families

Wisconsin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Wisconsin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86%14%
All67%33%
Male56.6%43.4%
Non Family48.8%51.2%
Female43.8%56.2%

67.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Wisconsin Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All2,328,7542.4167
Married1,144,9373.0386
Non Family847,2281.2848.8
Female230,7963.1843.8
Male105,7933.1556.6

2.98

Average Family Size

2.41

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Wisconsin Households

Wisconsin Education

Wisconsin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade110,0952.82%
9th to 12th Grade213,7045.47%
High School Graduate1,222,79131.29%
Some College814,87020.85%
Associates Degree411,87510.54%
Bachelors Degree748,41319.15%
Graduate Degree386,0689.88%

Wisconsin Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,363,5263,157,9101,024,488
Black206,121169,14428,739
Hispanic186,433125,77424,487
Asian86,65372,77241,159
Other Race58,94335,4674,942
Multiple Races43,42039,01512,311
Native American30,75526,5344,474
Islander1,179935213

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.89%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.50%.

Wisconsin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$38,321$45,144$31,699
Less Than High School$24,029$27,951$17,560
High School Grad$31,209$37,432$24,529
Some College$35,927$44,416$29,666
Bachelors Degree$50,081$60,959$41,793
Graduate Degree$63,030$75,438$56,487

$38,321

Average Earnings

$45,144

Average Male

$31,699

Average Female

Wisconsin Language

Wisconsin Language by Age

Wisconsin Language

91.33% of Wisconsin residents speak only English, while 8.67% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.59% of the population.

Wisconsin Poverty

Wisconsin Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White4,604,848421,4849.15%
Black346,462118,84234.30%
Hispanic371,05392,17224.84%
Multiple124,99429,43323.55%
Other109,20929,35826.88%
Asian148,22426,68218.00%
Native47,52413,34828.09%
Islander1,77240422.80%

12.34%

Overall Poverty Rate

11.16%

Male Poverty Rate

13.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Wisconsin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Wisconsin is Black, with 34.30% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Wisconsin is White, with 9.15% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.27%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.40%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.17%.

Wisconsin Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.93%
High School10.92%
Some College8.60%
Bachelors or Greater3.68%

Wisconsin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.52%
Male Unemployed31.22%
Female Employed7.98%
Male Employed5.38%

Wisconsin Income

Wisconsin Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,759$74,372
Families$72,542$89,382
Married Families$83,719$101,671
Non Families$33,457$45,257

Wisconsin Marital Status

Wisconsin Marital Status

Marriage Rates

50.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.7%

Male Marriage Rate

50.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Wisconsin Married by Age and Sex

Wisconsin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Wisconsin Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Wisconsin Veterans

Wisconsin Veterans by War

350,330

Number of Veterans

325,793

Male Veterans

24,537

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam129,031
First Gulf War52,588
Second Gulf War44,424
Korea35,483
World War II19,906

Wisconsin Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 7496,212
75+89,983
35 to 5473,901
55 to 6465,015
18 to 3425,219

Wisconsin Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White327,6348.32%
Black13,3055.27%
Hispanic6,6922.89%
Indian3,3329.24%
2 or More3,0385.02%
Asian1,4691.35%
Other1,4502.02%
Hawaiian1026.37%

Wisconsin Veterans by Education

6.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.21%

Veteran Disability Rate

Wisconsin Employment Status

Wisconsin Employment by Age

66.9%

Labor Force Participation

63.7%

Employment Rate

4.7%

Unemployment Rate

Wisconsin Employment by Race

Wisconsin Employment by Education

Wisconsin Nativity

Wisconsin Citizenship Status

Data Sources
  1. Demographic Services Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)