Wyoming Population 2017


The state of Wyoming is located in the central northwestern sector of the USA. While it is the 10th largest in terms of surface area, it has the lowest recorded population of any state in the Union. It is also the second most sparsely populated. Wyoming's population in 2016 is estimated at 586,107, up slightly from the 2010 Census. It's currently enjoying a healthy growth rate of 1.13%, which ranks 15th among all 50 states.

The population of Wyoming in 2016 can only be estimated at present because the last official census in the country took place in 2010. It’s necessary, therefore, to take the official figures and attempt to project them forward to the present day.

The 2010 census revealed that there were 563,626 people in Montana and that meant an increase of over 14% on the numbers declared at the Census of 2000. An updated estimate of the state's population shows 586,107 residents in 2016. That means Wyoming ranks 50th in terms of population.

This is a very sparsely populated state, and with an average of just 5.85 people for every square mile, only one other state in the entire US -- Alaska -- can boast a less dense population.

As of 2005, almost 51% of Wyomingites lived in one of the 13 largest municipalities of the state. The largest city, Cheyenne, has a population of just 63,335, followed by Casper (60,285) and Laramie (32,158).

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Wyoming Population Chart

Wyoming Population History

In 1870, the population of Wyoming stood at just 9,118 but significant increases were to follow for the latter half of that century. Just ten years later in 1880, a rise of over 100% had taken the figure to 20,789, and a further 200% increase saw the population in 1890 rise to 62,555.

From that point up until the present day, the overall growth percentage increases have slowed down, although generally speaking, the picture has been one of sustained, if unspectacular, growth. There was an anomaly in 1990, however, when the census of that year revealed a fall in numbers of 3.4% on those declared ten years earlier.

Further rises were to follow, however, and that has continued to the present day where the population of Wyoming in 2016 exceeds 580,000.

Wyoming Population Projections

The fact that there was a fall in the population of Wyoming as recently as 1990 makes it a little difficult to predict numbers moving forward. However, recent censuses have indicated a return to sustained, if modest growth and therefore, by the time of the next census in 2020, the population may exceed the next milestone of 600,000.

Wyoming is currently enjoying one of the highest growth rates in the country, in part fueled by natural gas jobs in the area and an unemployment rate well below the country's average. Its growth over the last few decades has been in largely rural counties where natural gas exploration has taken off.

Given its healthy economic environment, open space and high growth rate, its population is estimated to be close to 700,000 by 2025.

Population Data via US Census

Wyoming Growth Rate

Wyoming State Rank

Year Pop % Change
2020 595,122 0.30%
2019 593,319 0.30%
2018 591,516 0.31%
2017 589,713 0.31%
2016 587,910 0.31%
2015 586,107 0.31%
2014 584,304 0.20%
2013 583,131 1.05%
2012 577,080 1.64%
2011 567,768 0.73%
2010 563,626 1.33%
2000 493,782 0.85%
1990 453,588 -0.35%
1980 469,557 3.51%
1970 332,416 0.07%
1960 330,066 1.28%
1950 290,529 1.48%
1940 250,742 1.06%
1930 225,565 1.50%
1920 194,402 2.91%
1910 145,965 4.66%
1900 92,531 4.31%
1890 60,705 11.31%
1880 20,789 8.59%
1870 9,118 0.00%

Wyoming Facts

Wyoming Population in 2017 Source: Cliff from Arlington, VA (Outside Washington DC), USA

  • Wyoming is the least populated state in the US.
  • The first state to give women voting rights was Wyoming.
  • Wyoming has the 7th largest Indian reservation in the country. The Wind River Indian Reservation -- which stretches across over 2.2 million acres-- is home to Eastern Shoshone and the Northern Arapaho tribes.
  • Wyoming is the 2nd least densely populated state in the country.
  • The state is the largest producer of coal in the nation.
  • Devils Towers was named the first National Monument in the United States.
  • Yellowstone Park was made the first national park in the country back in 1872.

Wyoming Population Density by County

  • Population
  • Density
  • Growth Since 2010
  • State Rank
  • % of State

Wyoming Population Growth Rate by County

From the time of the last US Census in 2010 to the time that estimates were taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau, the majority of counties in Wyoming experienced increases in their population. Natrona County recorded the highest population gain during this 5-year period, with 8.89% growth, followed closely behind by Teton County with 8.58% growth. Some other counties exhibited lower rates of growth, including Campbell, Laramie, and Lincoln, just to name a few.

A total of six countines in Wyoming recorded declining populations between 2010 and 2015. The highest loss came in Sublette County, with over 3% decrease, followed by Washakie with over 2% decline. Other counties that saw a less significant drop in population counts include Carbon, Goshen, Hot Springs, and Uinta.

Population Pyramid

To compare Wyoming to other states, click here.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage

Wyoming is one of ten states that has a non-Hispanic white population that is over 90%. The state has one of the lowest populations of African American residents in the nation, ranking 42nd out of 50 states. It also has the 4th lowest percentage of Asian residents. Whether these numbers will change in the future is unknown, although 2011 data showed that almost one-quarter of children under the age of 1 born in Wyoming were classified as minorities.

When it comes to the population of Native Americans, the numbers increase a bit more, with US census Bureau data showing that the state of Wyoming ranks as 38th out of 50 in terms of the number of Native American inhabitants.

According to census data from 2000, Wyoming's largest ancestry groups include: German (26%), English (16%), Irish (13.3%), American (6.5%), Norwegian (4.3%) and Swedish (3.5%).

Languages Spoken in Wyoming

Language Population Percentage
Population 5 years and over 530,725 100
English 498,285 93.89
Spanish 25,530 4.81
German 1,635 0.31
French 1,000 0.19
Arapaho 795 0.15
Portuguese 505 0.1
Chinese 420 0.08
Shoshoni 415 0.08
Mandarin 280 0.05

This chart shows the top 10 non-English languages that are spoken at home in Wyoming. The data comes from the most recent release of the American Community Survey (ACS).

Wyoming Economy

HighSchoolGraduate 92
BachelorsDegree 25
Disabled 9
NoHealthInsurance 14
LaborForceTotal 68
LaborForceFemale 63
FoodServiceSales 1,644,844
HealthCareRevenue 3,291,478
ManufacturerShipments 10,783,794
MerchantWholesalesSales 5,597,891
RetailSales 9,446,043
RetailSalesPerCapita 16,388
MeanWorkTravelTime 18
MedianHouseholdIncome 58,252
PerCapitaIncome 29,381
PovertyPercentage 11

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Wyoming for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 3.3% and the labor force participation rate is 68.2%.

Wyoming Business

NonemployerEstablishments 47,576
AllFirms 62,427
MenOwnedFirms 30,039
WomenOwnedFirms 19,344
MinorityOwnedFirms 4,077
NonminorityOwnedFirms 55,397
VeteranOwnedFirms 6,470
NonveteranOwn 51,353

Wyoming Housing

HousingUnits 269,448
HousingUnits 261,868
OwnerOccupiedRate 69
OwnerOccupiedMedianValue 189,300
MonthlyOwnerCostsMortage 1,357
MonthlyOwnerCostsNoMortage 382
MedianGrossRent 778
BuildingPermits 1,903
Households 225,514
PersonsPerHousehold 2
SameHouseOneYearAgo 82
NonEnglishAtHome 7
Data Sources
  1. Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  2. Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program - released 6/23/2016
  3. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  4. Census QuickFacts