Abilene, Texas Population 2019

Abilene is a city located in the state of Texas. It is located in Taylor County, where it serves as the county seat, as well as Jones County. The city’s Dyess Air Force Base, combined with rapid expansion particularly in the southwest, southeast and northeast sections of the city, has led to continued population growth in Abilene. The city’s last official population count was 117,063, according to the last census taken in 2010. This number has since increased to 121,721.

City Size and Population Density of Abilene

The city is over 110 square miles in area with a population density of 1,113 people per square mile.

Abilene Gender and Age Statistics

There are more men than women residing in Abilene, with 101.1 men for every 100 women. People between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for 28.9% of the total population. Over one-quarter of the population is under 18, while 12% are at least 65 years old. Over 15% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

Abilene History

Cattle ranching and trade helped to build the city of Abilene. The area was founded officially in 1881 and was marked into lots that were sold quickly to the campers that were looking to make a living in Texas. The first college came just ten years later.

In 1940, the city funded the purchase of enough land to provide a US Army base just outside of town. The station brought thousands of people to the area and helped strengthen the economy and the population during and after the Second World War.

Population Growth in Abilene, TX

Recent expansions in the city, as well as initiatives to lure in new businesses, have contributed to Abilene’s population growth. While growth has slowed down since the population boom in the early 20th century, it is still steady, with the most recent estimates showing an increase of 4.4% since the last census in 2010. This indicates that Abilene is continuing to grow at a slower—but still steady—rate.

Abilene Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Abilene was:

  • White: 73.13%
  • Other race: 10.29%
  • Black or African American: 10.12%
  • Two or more races: 3.27%
  • Asian: 2.10%
  • Native American: 1.06%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%

Abilene, Texas's estimated population is 122,999 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Abilene, Texas is the 28th largest city in Texas based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1152.88 people/mi² (445.13 people/km²), with a household density of 176.38 people/km² (456.84 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 31.2 years, 30.5 years for males, and 32 years for females. For every 100 females there are 107.2 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 48,739 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%, with a median rent of $846/month. The median house has 5.3 rooms, and has a value of $106,800.

The median income for households in Abilene, Texas is $46,093, while the mean household income is $62,666.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018122,9997890.65%
2017122,2103540.29%
2016121,8561620.13%
2015121,6941,0470.87%
2014120,6478550.71%
2013119,792-60-0.05%
2012119,8521,1030.93%
2011118,7499430.80%
2010117,8061,8760.16%
2000115,9309,2760.84%
1990106,6548,3390.82%
198098,3158,6620.93%
197089,653-715-0.08%
196090,36844,7987.09%
195045,57018,9585.53%
194026,6123,4371.39%
193023,17512,9018.47%
192010,2741,0701.11%
19109,2045,79310.44%
19003,4112170.66%
18903,1940.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018171,4519350.55%
2017170,5164980.29%
2016170,0183140.18%
2015169,7041,3490.79%
2014168,3558830.52%
2013167,472250.01%
2012167,4478310.50%
2011166,6161,0330.62%
2010165,5830.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White89,775
Some Other Race12,637
Black or African American12,426
Two or More Races4,019
Asian2,581
American Indian and Alaska Native1,296
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander28

Abilene Population Pyramid 2019

Abilene Median Age

31.2


Total

30.5


Male

32


Female

Abilene Adults

There are 94,368 adults, (15,490 of whom are seniors) in Abilene.

Abilene Age Dependency

55.6

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36

Child Dependency Ratio

Abilene Sex Ratio

Female

59,240

48.26%

Male

63,522

51.74%

Abilene Households and Families

Abilene Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Abilene Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.3%29.7%
All54.5%45.5%
Male54.4%45.6%
Non Family40.5%59.5%
Female39.6%60.4%

54.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All42,2872.5854.5
Married19,0993.2270.3
Non Family15,2501.3640.5
Female5,9183.3239.6
Male2,0203.5454.4

3.17

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

6.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Abilene Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,4025.89%
9th to 12th Grade6,7769.07%
High School Graduate23,29931.20%
Some College18,39224.63%
Associates Degree5,3157.12%
Bachelors Degree11,09814.86%
Graduate Degree5,4037.23%

Abilene Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White47,32743,53213,718
Hispanic17,29911,8961,186
Black7,2495,667776
Other Race7,0204,606305
Multiple Races1,5801,234263
Asian1,5461,224538
Native American80074160
Islander131313

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,771$36,271$25,033
Less Than High School$17,254$22,365$13,331
High School Grad$25,767$30,468$19,325
Some College$31,151$36,920$26,143
Bachelors Degree$42,311$49,495$36,772
Graduate Degree$61,662$70,568$51,682

$30,771

Average Earnings

$36,271

Average Male

$25,033

Average Female

Abilene Language

Abilene Language by Age

Abilene Language

80.97% of Abilene residents speak only English, while 19.03% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.97% of the population.

Abilene Poverty

Abilene Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White66,9718,97613.40%
Hispanic29,2097,43625.46%
Other10,9193,03427.79%
Black9,0142,20924.51%
Multiple3,01659919.86%
Asian2,41243017.83%
Native1,07524322.60%
Islander261350.00%

17.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.74%

Male Poverty Rate

19.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Abilene

The race most likely to be in poverty in Abilene is Islander, with 50.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Abilene is White, with 13.40% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 27.33%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.15%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.91%
High School14.52%
Some College10.43%
Bachelors or Greater5.35%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed42.44%
Male Unemployed25.38%
Female Employed12.99%
Male Employed8.16%

Abilene Income

Abilene Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,093$62,666
Families$56,951$72,444
Married Families$70,020$85,358
Non Families$29,519$41,975

Abilene Marital Status

Abilene Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.0%

Male Marriage Rate

43.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Abilene Married by Age and Sex

Abilene Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Abilene Marital Status by Race

Abilene Veterans

9,310

Number of Veterans

8,320

Male Veterans

990

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War3,343
Vietnam2,572
First Gulf War2,382
Korea557
World War II391
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,313
18 to 342,147
55 to 641,719
65 to 741,575
75+1,556

Abilene Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White7,81511.45%
Hispanic1,0024.62%
Black7708.67%
Other3363.94%
2 or More2059.39%
Asian1075.16%
Indian778.22%

Abilene Veterans by Education

7.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.13%

Veteran Disability Rate

Abilene Employment Status

61.1%

Labor Force Participation

54.8%

Employment Rate

4.6%

Unemployment Rate

Abilene Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.59%

Born in Texas

93.85%

Native Born

6.15%

Foreign Born

3.66%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.85% of Abilene residents were born in the United States, with 66.59% having been born in Texas. 3.66% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.