Akron, Ohio Population 2018

Akron is a city located in the state of Ohio. It is located in Summit County, where it serves as the county seat. In terms of population, Akron is the fifth most populous city in Ohio, with estimates putting the population at 197,633. The city was first founded in 1825 and since that time, many important historical events have occurred. Akron has been home to many international corporations and has earned several nicknames, including “Rubber Capital of the World.”

Akron History

The history of Akron goes back many years, but the city itself came to be in 1825. Settler Paul Williams came to the area in 1811 and suggested founding a town along the Ohio and Erie Canal. Plans for the city were laid out in 1825. At the time, the city was named South Akron because a North Akron already existed. However, the settlements merges and were incorporated as a village in 1836.

In 1841, Akron was designated as the county seat of Summit County, replacing Cuyahoga Falls. The canal was opened shortly after, which led to the sewer pipe, fishing tackle, farming equipment and stoneware industries. Akron began to grow, both in terms of the city boundaries and the population. One of the most notable things about the city’s early history was that the law was began here which launched the K-12 public school system that is still in use today. The public school system was created in 1847, and Akron Public Schools opened the same year. Years later, in 1870, Buchtel College was founded. This later became the University of Akron.

In 1865, Akron was incorporated as a city. Around this time, many churches were being built and the city continued to expand. The Akron Toy Company was founded here and was the site of many inventions, including dolls, balls and clay marbles. By the end of the 19th century, the Bedford and Cleveland Railroad was up and running.

In the 20th century, Akron earned the name “Rubber Capital of the World”it was the site of four tire companies: Firestone, General Time, Goodyear and Goodrich. These major tire companies provided many jobs to Akronites and was even named “Crossroads of the Deaf” because of the number of deaf employees that worked within these factories. To keep up with the population, rubber companies built affordable housing for their employees.

From 1910 to 1920, Akron was the fastest-growing city in the United States. A large number of immigrants from all over the world chose to live in this city. During this time, the tire companies continued to prosper, with Goodyear’s subsidiary even manufacturing air ships and blimps for the military. The annexation of neighboring Kenmore resulted in additional growth.

Growth continued through the 1950s and 1960s as more people were purchasing cars. However, just like many other industries, tires and rubber went into decline and only one manufacturer was left in Akron by the 1990s. In the early 2000s, the number of rubber workers was cut in half.

However, despite rubber’s decline, Akron found another opportunity with polymers. Akron is home to nearly 100 polymer factories and research centers are located throughout the city. In the early 2000s, the city was named as one of America’s top tech havens and was also nicknamed “City of Invention.” The city has won multiple awards for innovation and it is home to many large companies including GOJO, Myers Industries and Sterling Jewelers. The city has many renowned colleges and universities, research centers and attractions, including the Akron Riverwalk which is currently back in development following the financial crisis that ended in 2010.

Akron Demographics

Akron has a population of over 197,000, which reflects a decrease from the last census of 2010, when the population was recorded as 199,110. The city’s area is over 62 square miles, and it has a population density of over 3,209 people per square mile. The last census showed that over 62% of Akronites are white, 31.5% are Black, 3.2% are Mixed Race, and 2.1% are Hispanic or Latino. Over one-quarter of the population is 25 to 44. Another 25.9% are 45 to 64. Almost 23% of the population is under age 18, while 12.6% are at least 65. There are more females than males, making up 51.7% of Akron’s total population. Roughly 26.7% of residents live below the federal poverty line.

Akron Population Growth

Akron was once the fastest-growing city in the United States. However, the decline of the tire and rubber industries did have an effect on the city’s population. Akron’s population peaked in 1960, with over 290,000 inhabitants. However, this number has continued to decline every decade, falling below 200,000 at the time of the 2010 census. The current estimated population shows that the population has dropped just 0.7% since the last census, which has slowed down significantly from previous years. Because of Akron’s continued role as a city of innovation and invention, future growth is possible to push the city above 200,000 residents once again.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017197,8461350.07%
2016197,711-554-0.28%
2015198,265-481-0.24%
2014198,746250.01%
2013198,721-111-0.06%
2012198,832-135-0.07%
2011198,967210.01%
2010198,946-18,128-0.87%
2000217,074-5,945-0.27%
1990223,019-14,158-0.61%
1980237,177-38,248-1.48%
1970275,425-14,926-0.53%
1960290,35115,7460.56%
1950274,60529,8141.16%
1940244,791-10,249-0.41%
1930255,04046,6052.04%
1920208,435139,36811.68%
191069,06726,3394.92%
190042,72815,1274.47%
189027,60111,0895.27%
188016,5126,5065.14%
187010,0066,52911.15%
18603,4772110.63%
18503,2660.00%

Akron Population in 2018Source: By Sleepydre [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White121,190
Black or African American60,493
Two or More Races8,174
Asian7,120
Some Other Race1,030
American Indian and Alaska Native450
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander51

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Akron Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Akron Median Age

36.7


Total

35.1


Male

38.6


Female

Akron Adults

There are 155,630 adults, (26,997 of which are seniors) in Akron.

Akron Age Dependency

54.4

Age Dependency Ratio

21

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Akron Sex Ratio

Female

102,967

51.87%

Male

95,541

48.13%

Akron Households and Families

Akron Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Akron Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.1%23.9%
All51%49%
Male48%52%
Non Family42.9%57.1%
Female32.2%67.8%

51.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Akron Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All84,3852.2951
Non Family38,7611.2842.9
Married25,1933.0476.1
Female15,9843.332.2
Male4,4473.2548

3.04

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Akron Households

Akron Education

Akron Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,2273.96%
9th to 12th Grade12,7249.63%
High School Graduate47,14235.69%
Some College28,27921.41%
Associates Degree12,0049.09%
Bachelors Degree17,74813.44%
Graduate Degree8,9496.78%

Akron Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White85,60276,32220,727
Black37,02331,4354,118
Asian4,3352,297880
Multiple Races2,5472,276500
Hispanic2,3091,646499
Other Race58141837
Native American31524260
Islander2424

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 24.21%.

Akron Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,095$33,786$26,260
Less Than High School$18,385$21,446$15,391
High School Grad$26,213$30,697$22,221
Some College$27,821$33,054$25,151
Bachelors Degree$40,619$49,712$35,937
Graduate Degree$54,408$59,292$51,600

$30,095

Average Earnings

$33,786

Average Male

$26,260

Average Female

Akron Language

Akron Language by Age

Akron Language

93.27% of Akron residents speak only English, while 6.73% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is OtherIndoEuro, which is spoken by 2.64% of the population.

Akron Poverty

Akron Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black59,23622,02537.18%
White114,83521,25318.51%
Multiple7,8283,20340.92%
Asian7,0311,57322.37%
Hispanic4,2911,04324.31%
Other1,02018117.75%
Native4509521.11%

25.37%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.16%

Male Poverty Rate

27.41%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Akron

The race most likely to be in poverty in Akron is Multiple, with 40.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Akron is Other, with 17.75% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.30%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.50%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.85%.

Akron Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.75%
Some College20.09%
High School19.61%
Bachelors or Greater7.02%

Akron Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.08%
Male Unemployed44.26%
Female Employed15.66%
Male Employed8.58%

Akron Income

Akron Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$35,240$48,368
Families$45,018$58,581
Married Families$63,176$78,326
Non Families$25,305$34,329

Akron Marital Status

Akron Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.2%

Male Marriage Rate

32.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Akron Married by Age and Sex

Akron Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Akron Marital Status by Race

Akron Veterans

Akron Veterans by War

13,054

Number of Veterans

12,084

Male Veterans

970

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,162
First Gulf War1,605
Second Gulf War1,539
Korea1,198
World War II702

Akron Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 743,276
35 to 542,998
75+2,837
55 to 642,754
18 to 341,189

Akron Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,7348.66%
Black4,0909.24%
Hispanic1193.87%
2 or More1112.97%
Indian5513.92%
Other364.62%
Asian280.51%

Akron Veterans by Education

15.12%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.10%

Veteran Disability Rate

Akron Employment Status

Akron Employment by Age

62.3%

Labor Force Participation

55.3%

Employment Rate

11.2%

Unemployment Rate

Akron Employment by Race

Akron Employment by Education

Akron Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

77.33%

Born in Ohio

94.48%

Native Born

5.52%

Foreign Born

3.77%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.48% of Akron residents were born in the United States, with 77.33% having been born in Ohio. 3.77% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.