Akron, Ohio Population 2019

Akron is a city located in the state of Ohio. It is located in Summit County, where it serves as the county seat. In terms of population, Akron is the fifth most populous city in Ohio, with estimates putting the population at 197,633. The city was first founded in 1825 and since that time, many important historical events have occurred. Akron has been home to many international corporations and has earned several nicknames, including “Rubber Capital of the World.”

Akron History

The history of Akron goes back many years, but the city itself came to be in 1825. Settler Paul Williams came to the area in 1811 and suggested founding a town along the Ohio and Erie Canal. Plans for the city were laid out in 1825. At the time, the city was named South Akron because a North Akron already existed. However, the settlements merged and were incorporated as a village in 1836.

In 1841, Akron was designated as the county seat of Summit County, replacing Cuyahoga Falls. The canal was opened shortly after, which led to the sewer pipe, fishing tackle, farming equipment and stoneware industries. Akron began to grow, both in terms of the city boundaries and the population. One of the most notable things about the city’s early history was that the law began here which launched the K-12 public school system that is still in use today. The public school system was created in 1847, and Akron Public Schools opened the same year. Years later, in 1870, Buchtel College was founded. This later became the University of Akron.

In 1865, Akron was incorporated as a city. Around this time, many churches were being built and the city continued to expand. The Akron Toy Company was founded here and was the site of many inventions, including dolls, balls and clay marbles. By the end of the 19th century, the Bedford and Cleveland Railroad was up and running.

In the 20th century, Akron earned the name “Rubber Capital of the World”it was the site of four tire companies: Firestone, General Time, Goodyear and Goodrich. These major tire companies provided many jobs to Akronites and were even named “Crossroads of the Deaf” because of the number of deaf employees that worked within these factories. To keep up with the population, rubber companies built affordable housing for their employees.

From 1910 to 1920, Akron was the fastest-growing city in the United States. A large number of immigrants from all over the world chose to live in this city. During this time, the tire companies continued to prosper, with Goodyear’s subsidiary even manufacturing airships and blimps for the military. The annexation of neighboring Kenmore resulted in additional growth.

Growth continued through the 1950s and 1960s as more people were purchasing cars. However, just like many other industries, tires and rubber went into decline and only one manufacturer was left in Akron by the 1990s. In the early 2000s, the number of rubber workers was cut in half.

However, despite rubber’s decline, Akron found another opportunity with polymers. Akron is home to nearly 100 polymer factories and research centers are located throughout the city. In the early 2000s, the city was named as one of America’s top tech havens and was also nicknamed “City of Invention.” The city has won multiple awards for innovation and it is home to many large companies including GOJO, Myers Industries and Sterling Jewelers. The city has many renowned colleges and universities, research centers and attractions, including the Akron Riverwalk which is currently back in development following the financial crisis that ended in 2010.

Akron Population, Age, and Gender Statistics

Akron has an estimated 2017 population of over 197,000, which reflects a decrease from the last census of 2010, when the population was recorded as 199,110.

Over one-quarter of the population is 25 to 44. Another 25.9% are 45 to 64. Almost 23% of the population is under age 18, while 12.6% are at least 65. There are more females than males, making up 51.7% of Akron’s total population. Roughly 26.7% of residents live below the federal poverty line.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Akron covers a surface area of 62.37 square miles (161.54 km2). The city has a population density of over 3,209 people per square mile.

Akron Population Growth

Akron was once the fastest-growing city in the United States. However, the decline of the tire and rubber industries did have an effect on the city’s population. Akron’s population peaked in 1960, with over 290,000 inhabitants. However, this number has continued to decline every decade, falling below 200,000 at the time of the 2010 census. The current estimated population shows that the population has dropped just 0.7% since the last census, which has slowed down significantly from previous years. Because of Akron’s continued role as a city of innovation and invention, future growth is possible to push the city above 200,000 residents once again.

Akron Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Akron was:

  • White: 60.33%
  • Black or African American: 30.54%
  • Two or more races: 4.30%
  • Asian: 3.97%
  • Other race: 0.55%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%

How Many People Live in Akron, Ohio?

198,006
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018198,006-86-0.04%
2017198,092710.04%
2016198,021-503-0.25%
2015198,524-413-0.21%
2014198,937360.02%
2013198,901170.01%
2012198,884-132-0.07%
2011199,016130.01%
2010199,003-18,071-0.87%
2000217,074-5,945-0.27%
1990223,019-14,158-0.61%
1980237,177-38,248-1.48%
1970275,425-14,926-0.53%
1960290,35115,7460.56%
1950274,60529,8141.16%
1940244,791-10,249-0.41%
1930255,04046,6052.04%
1920208,435139,36811.68%
191069,06726,3394.92%
190042,72815,1274.47%
189027,60111,0895.27%
188016,5126,5065.14%
187010,0066,52911.15%
18603,4772110.63%
18503,2660.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018704,8454780.07%
2017704,3676770.10%
2016703,690-758-0.11%
2015704,448-473-0.07%
2014704,9211,2960.18%
2013703,6251,5450.22%
2012702,080-1,043-0.15%
2011703,123880.01%
2010703,0350.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White119,610
Black or African American60,549
Two or More Races8,524
Asian7,868
Some Other Race1,092
American Indian and Alaska Native565
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander44

Akron Population Pyramid 2019

Akron Median Age

36.7


Total

35.2


Male

38.5


Female

Akron Adults

There are 156,162 adults, (28,094 of whom are seniors) in Akron.

Akron Age Dependency

54.8

Age Dependency Ratio

21.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Akron Sex Ratio

Female

102,844

51.88%

Male

95,408

48.12%

Akron Households and Families

Akron Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Akron Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.5%24.5%
All51%49%
Male48.2%51.8%
Non Family42.9%57.1%
Female32.6%67.4%

51.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All84,4432.2951
Non Family38,6081.2642.9
Married25,1873.0175.5
Female16,0793.3132.6
Male4,5693.3548.2

3.03

Average Family Size

2.29

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Akron Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,1713.89%
9th to 12th Grade12,7519.59%
High School Graduate46,58735.05%
Some College28,52121.46%
Associates Degree12,2139.19%
Bachelors Degree18,53913.95%
Graduate Degree9,1266.87%

Akron Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White85,09975,89721,497
Black37,36632,0584,221
Asian4,9432,766845
Multiple Races2,8102,464632
Hispanic2,3741,688576
Other Race58440944
Native American39424354
Islander4444

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 25.26%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,113$34,097$26,294
Less Than High School$17,490$22,753$14,692
High School Grad$25,739$30,105$21,307
Some College$28,730$34,840$25,235
Bachelors Degree$41,118$50,207$36,730
Graduate Degree$54,308$60,340$51,198

$30,113

Average Earnings

$34,097

Average Male

$26,294

Average Female

Akron Language

Akron Language by Age

Akron Language

92.78% of Akron residents speak only English, while 7.22% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.13% of the population.

Akron Poverty

Akron Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White113,29920,67218.25%
Black59,27320,62734.80%
Multiple8,1832,81834.44%
Asian7,7761,27216.36%
Hispanic4,4091,00422.77%
Other1,08415714.48%
Native56512321.77%
Islander4449.09%

24.05%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.99%

Male Poverty Rate

25.94%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Akron

The race most likely to be in poverty in Akron is Black, with 34.80% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Akron is Islander, with 9.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.28%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.19%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.31%
High School20.32%
Some College19.25%
Bachelors or Greater6.90%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed55.65%
Male Unemployed42.02%
Female Employed14.66%
Male Employed8.69%

Akron Income

Akron Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$36,223$50,763
Families$46,315$61,311
Married Families$65,062$81,604
Non Families$25,839$35,857

Akron Marital Status

Akron Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.0%

Male Marriage Rate

32.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Akron Married by Age and Sex

Akron Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Akron Marital Status by Race

Akron Veterans

12,125

Number of Veterans

11,329

Male Veterans

796

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,917
Second Gulf War1,409
First Gulf War1,371
Korea1,031
World War II630
Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,081
75+2,786
55 to 642,619
35 to 542,577
18 to 341,062

Akron Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,0938.08%
Black3,7788.51%
2 or More1523.77%
Hispanic1063.33%
Indian4910.32%
Other273.52%
Asian260.42%

Akron Veterans by Education

15.11%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.11%

Veteran Disability Rate

Akron Employment Status

62.4%

Labor Force Participation

56.4%

Employment Rate

9.5%

Unemployment Rate

Akron Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

76.93%

Born in Ohio

94.12%

Native Born

5.88%

Foreign Born

3.99%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.12% of Akron residents were born in the United States, with 76.93% having been born in Ohio. 3.99% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.