Albany, New York Population 2018

Albany is the county seat of Albany County and the capital of New York. Albany is located on the Hudson River about 135 miles north of New York City. In 2015, Albany has a population of about 98,000.

Albany has a population density of 4,491 people per square mile (1,734/square kilometer). Together with Saratoga Springs, Troy, and Schenctady, Albany forms the Capital District, which in turn is made up mostly of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA. This is the 4th largest MSA in the state of New York and the 58th largest in the U.S. with a population of 870,000. The largest metropolitan area has a population of 1.17 million.

Albany Demographics

Albany has always been a city of immigrants. Originally it was settled by immigrants from Germany and the Netherlands, although the English overtook the city at the beginning of the 19th century. By the mid-19th century, immigrants from Ireland outnumbered almost all other ethnicities. Later Italians and Poles rose to a majority. In the 20th century, the African-American population began to grow. In 1950, African-Americans accounted for 3% of the population, which doubled by 1960 and again in 1970. By 2010, the African-American population was 30%.

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Albany was 93% white, 3% African American, 1% Asian, 0.3% Native American and Native Alaskan, and 3% two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race account for 2% of the population. The non-Hispanic white population was 52%.

The most common ancestry groups in Albany are Irish (18%), Italian (12%), German (10%), English (5%), and Polish (4%).

Albany is noted for having a population that reflects the characteristics of the U.S. consumer population as a whole, more so than any other major city. In fact, Albany is one of the most common test markets for new products.

Albany History

Dutch colonists formed the first European settlement in the Albany area in 1614 with the construction of Fort Nassau then Fort Orange a decade later. The Dutch formed alliances with the Mohawk and Mahican people and developed a fur trade that attracted more settlers. The English took over the nearby village of Beverwijck in 1664 and renamed it the city of Albany after the Duke of Albany. It was chartered under English rule in 1686 and became New York's capital in 1797 after the U.S. gained independence from England.

Throughout the 18th and 19th century, Albany was a major transportation and trade center and its central location made it home to some of the world's earliest railroad systems. It was also one of the 10 most populous cities in the country between 1810 and 1860.

Albany today is one of the oldest surviving settlements of the original 13 colonies and it's the longest continuously chartered city in the country. It was one of the first cities on earth to install public sewer lines, water mains, electricity, and utilities that attracted new industry. It was also home ot one of the world's first commercial airports, which later became Albany International Airport.

Albany Population Growth

35 counties in New York experienced a population decline from 2010 to 2013, although downstate New York and Albany experienced population growth. While far from the fastest-growing region in the state, the Capital Region continues modest population growth, according to recent census estimates. Between 2010 and 2013, the region grew by 2,430 immigrants.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201798,251-136-0.14%
201698,387-91-0.09%
201598,478-195-0.20%
201498,673-61-0.06%
201398,7341840.19%
201298,5505250.54%
201198,0252690.28%
201097,7562,0980.22%
200095,658-5,424-0.55%
1990101,082-645-0.06%
1980101,727-14,054-1.29%
1970115,781-13,945-1.13%
1960129,726-5,269-0.40%
1950134,9954,4180.33%
1940130,5773,1650.25%
1930127,41214,0681.18%
1920113,34413,0911.23%
1910100,2536,1020.63%
190094,151-772-0.08%
189094,9234,1650.45%
188090,75821,3362.72%
187069,4227,0551.08%
186062,36711,6042.08%
185050,76317,0424.18%
184033,7219,5123.37%
183024,20911,5796.72%
182012,6301,8681.61%
181010,7625,4737.36%
18005,2891,7914.22%
17903,4980.00%

Albany Population in 2018Source: By UpstateNYer [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White54,752
Black or African American29,430
Asian6,567
Two or More Races4,934
Some Other Race2,419
American Indian and Alaska Native280
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander43

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Albany Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Albany Median Age

31.2


Total

30.7


Male

31.7


Female

Albany Adults

There are 81,988 adults, (12,106 of which are seniors) in Albany.

Albany Age Dependency

40.8

Age Dependency Ratio

17.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

23.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Albany Sex Ratio

Female

51,860

52.69%

Male

46,565

47.31%

Albany Households and Families

Albany Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Albany Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.1%29.9%
Male40.3%59.7%
All37%63%
Female28.5%71.5%
Non Family26.3%73.7%

37.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Albany Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All40,8852.1637
Non Family24,5381.3826.3
Married9,2443.1870.1
Female5,7003.5628.5
Male1,4033.2240.3

3.22

Average Family Size

2.16

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Albany Households

Albany Education

Albany Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,0703.45%
9th to 12th Grade4,0756.80%
High School Graduate15,88726.52%
Some College10,36717.30%
Associates Degree5,1818.65%
Bachelors Degree11,72619.57%
Graduate Degree10,60917.71%

Albany Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White34,08031,97716,938
Black16,93014,4572,203
Hispanic4,5553,7381,220
Asian3,4082,8161,681
Multiple Races1,3591,177381
Other Race1,140743128
Native American19614712
Islander2020

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 49.70%.

Albany Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,246$39,410$35,950
Less Than High School$19,323$19,427$19,262
High School Grad$27,077$26,911$27,140
Some College$32,990$37,010$31,222
Bachelors Degree$43,992$48,904$41,778
Graduate Degree$56,321$60,458$55,024

$37,246

Average Earnings

$39,410

Average Male

$35,950

Average Female

Albany Language

Albany Language by Age

Albany Language

83.85% of Albany residents speak only English, while 16.15% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 5.72% of the population.

Albany Poverty

Albany Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black28,1109,14832.54%
White44,1947,87517.82%
Hispanic8,7113,21436.90%
Asian5,9402,22337.42%
Multiple4,5791,64535.92%
Other2,03684741.60%
Native2756423.27%

25.57%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.15%

Male Poverty Rate

26.88%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albany

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albany is Other, with 41.60% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albany is White, with 17.82% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.57%. Among those working part-time, it was 35.46%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.22%.

Albany Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.40%
High School27.17%
Some College16.00%
Bachelors or Greater6.94%

Albany Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.78%
Male Unemployed38.29%
Female Employed14.97%
Male Employed11.15%

Albany Income

Albany Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$42,335$60,425
Families$62,223$79,191
Married Families$91,367$
Non Families$31,607$45,929

Albany Marital Status

Albany Marital Status

Marriage Rates

24.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

26.2%

Male Marriage Rate

23.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Albany Married by Age and Sex

Albany Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Albany Marital Status by Race

Albany Veterans

Albany Veterans by War

3,445

Number of Veterans

3,117

Male Veterans

328

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,261
Second Gulf War479
Korea420
First Gulf War324
World War II270

Albany Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+921
65 to 74887
55 to 64790
35 to 54650
18 to 34197

Albany Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White2,5185.07%
Black8113.65%
Hispanic901.31%
Asian561.03%
2 or More341.41%
Other120.63%
Hawaiian1023.26%
Indian41.80%

Albany Veterans by Education

11.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

25.04%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albany Employment Status

Albany Employment by Age

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

56.9%

Employment Rate

7.5%

Unemployment Rate

Albany Employment by Race

Albany Employment by Education

Albany Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

73.15%

Born in New York

88.10%

Native Born

11.90%

Foreign Born

6.42%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

88.10% of Albany residents were born in the United States, with 73.15% having been born in New York. 6.42% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.