Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2018

Albuquerque is the largest city in New Mexico and is located in the central region of the state along the Rio Grande. With a 2012 population of 555,400, Albuquerque is the 32nd largest city in the United States. The estimated 2014 population of Albuquerque is just 558,000, a slight increase from the 2010 census figures of 545,800.

Albuquerque is fairly isolated, and it's a four-hour drive to the nearest city of similar size. The city proper has a population estimated at 558,000, with a metropolitan population of 903,000. The MSA includes Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Los Lunas, Belen, Bosque Farms and Corrales. This makes it the 59th largest metropolitan area in the country. The Albuquerque - Santa Fe - Las Vegas combined statistical area has a population estimated at 1.17 million.

Albuquerque Demographics

According to the 2010 census, Albuquerque's racial makeup was as follows:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 42.1%)
  • Native American: 4.6%
  • Black or African American: 3.3%
  • Asian: 2.6%
  • Two or more races: 4.6%
  • Other races: 15.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.7%

According to the 2000 census, 35.5% of the state's population is bilingual, with most speaking Spanish and English. In part due to its diversity, the city was named as the most creative medium-sized city in the country.

Albuquerque History

Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish colonial outpost. For much of its early history, it was a farming community and military outpost, and the sheep-herding center of the region. After 1821, Mexico also had a military garrison in the city.

After the American occupation of the state, Albuquerque had a federal garrison and quartermaster depot from 1846 to 1867. During the Civil War, it was occupied briefly by Confederate troops. The Battle of Albuquerque in 1862, Confederate troops made a stand against a detachment of Union soldiers.

By 1900, the city had a population of 8,000 with modern amenities. Around this time, New Mexico became a haven for many tuberculosis patients who came for the dry climate and treatments. Two of the largest hospitals in the American Southwest, Presbyterian Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital, began around this time.

By 1926, travelers on the new Route 66 began to make their way into Albuquerque, which gave rise to many restaurants, shops and motels. Over the next decade, establishments like Sandia National Laboratories and Sandia Base gave Albuquerque a central role in the Atomic Age, and its population began to soar. By 1960, the population reached 201,000, and then hit 518,000 in 2007. At this point, Albuquerque was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States.

Today, Albuquerque struggles with flat population growth, 20% of its population living below the poverty line, a gun-death rate that is 40% higher than the national average and a crime rate 53% higher than the U.S. average.

Albuquerque Population Growth

New Mexico as a whole has lagged in population growth, gaining just 1,700 people (0.09%) in the entire state from July 2012 to July 2013. This puts the state close to the very bottom for the country, and behind neighboring states like Arizona, Colorado and Utah which have gained about 1.4%. Since 2010, New Mexico has grown less than 1%.

Albuquerque's metropolitan population is currently growing at a rate of 1-2% per year. From 2000 to 2010, the metro area grew 21.6%. Growth for the entire state is expected to remain concentrated in Albuquerque.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017558,5451,0360.19%
2016557,5091,3040.23%
2015556,2054120.07%
2014555,7932940.05%
2013555,4991,5010.27%
2012553,9982,6630.48%
2011551,3354,4690.82%
2010546,86698,2592.00%
2000448,60763,8711.55%
1990384,73651,8161.46%
1980332,92088,4193.13%
1970244,50143,3121.97%
1960201,189104,3747.59%
195096,81561,36610.57%
194035,4498,8792.93%
193026,57011,4135.77%
192015,1574,1373.24%
191011,0204,7825.86%
19006,2382,4535.12%
18903,7850.00%

Albuquerque Population in 2018Source: By Asaavedra32 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White401,281
Some Other Race73,078
American Indian and Alaska Native24,762
Two or More Races24,378
Black or African American18,239
Asian14,499
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander622

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Albuquerque Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Albuquerque Median Age

36


Total

34.7


Male

37.3


Female

Albuquerque Adults

There are 427,668 adults, (76,290 of which are seniors) in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque Age Dependency

58.5

Age Dependency Ratio

21.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Albuquerque Sex Ratio

Female

285,790

51.32%

Male

271,069

48.68%

Albuquerque Households and Families

Albuquerque Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Albuquerque Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.1%22.9%
All59.3%40.7%
Male53%47%
Non Family47.3%52.7%
Female46.6%53.4%

59.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Albuquerque Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All221,3202.4959.3
Non Family90,0011.2747.3
Married86,9423.2477.1
Female31,4623.5146.6
Male12,9153.4653

3.21

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

7.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Albuquerque Households

Albuquerque Education

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade17,6984.74%
9th to 12th Grade23,1616.20%
High School Graduate85,86222.98%
Some College90,34124.18%
Associates Degree30,4218.14%
Bachelors Degree69,69418.66%
Graduate Degree56,39315.10%

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White176,691170,39581,962
Hispanic156,645126,48931,111
Other Race43,77633,8196,249
Native American14,86313,3483,238
Multiple Races11,29510,3083,584
Black11,23410,1373,435
Asian10,4168,5814,590
Islander31128025

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.44%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.39%.

Albuquerque Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$33,684$38,156$30,322
Less Than High School$19,275$22,290$14,211
High School Grad$26,733$29,925$22,708
Some College$30,280$35,127$26,297
Bachelors Degree$44,424$51,408$40,761
Graduate Degree$58,155$75,348$51,604

$33,684

Average Earnings

$38,156

Average Male

$30,322

Average Female

Albuquerque Language

Albuquerque Language by Age

Albuquerque Language

70.57% of Albuquerque residents speak only English, while 29.43% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.69% of the population.

Albuquerque Poverty

Albuquerque Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic264,86361,77623.32%
White224,43327,85812.41%
Other71,87720,10227.97%
Native24,2617,40730.53%
Multiple24,2295,21721.53%
Black17,9394,85527.06%
Asian14,3421,4339.99%
Islander6227011.25%

18.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.67%

Male Poverty Rate

20.08%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albuquerque

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Native, with 30.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Asian, with 9.99% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.82%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.86%.

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.51%
High School17.26%
Some College15.51%
Bachelors or Greater6.47%

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed40.67%
Male Unemployed33.21%
Female Employed10.85%
Male Employed9.59%

Albuquerque Income

Albuquerque Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$48,127$65,684
Families$60,875$78,439
Married Families$78,673$95,297
Non Families$32,098$43,957

Albuquerque Marital Status

Albuquerque Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.3%

Male Marriage Rate

40.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Albuquerque Married by Age and Sex

Albuquerque Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Albuquerque Marital Status by Race

Albuquerque Veterans

Albuquerque Veterans by War

40,466

Number of Veterans

36,778

Male Veterans

3,688

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam14,664
First Gulf War9,110
Second Gulf War6,582
Korea3,881
World War II2,232

Albuquerque Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 5410,383
65 to 749,586
75+8,768
55 to 648,079
18 to 343,650

Albuquerque Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White33,13810.48%
Hispanic12,1786.53%
Other2,6165.01%
Black1,87014.17%
Indian1,3287.35%
2 or More1,1247.78%
Asian3833.26%
Hawaiian71.84%

Albuquerque Veterans by Education

8.95%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.68%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albuquerque Employment Status

Albuquerque Employment by Age

64.2%

Labor Force Participation

59.3%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Albuquerque Employment by Race

Albuquerque Employment by Education

Albuquerque Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

52.37%

Born in New Mexico

89.60%

Native Born

10.40%

Foreign Born

6.38%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.60% of Albuquerque residents were born in the United States, with 52.37% having been born in New Mexico. 6.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.