Albuquerque, New Mexico Population 2018

Albuquerque is the largest city in New Mexico and is located in the central region of the state along the Rio Grande. With a 2012 population of 555,400, Albuquerque is the 32nd largest city in the United States. The estimated 2014 population of Albuquerque is just 558,000, a slight increase from the 2010 census figures of 545,800.

Albuquerque is fairly isolated, and it's a four-hour drive to the nearest city of similar size. The city proper has a population estimated at 558,000, with a metropolitan population of 903,000. The MSA includes Rio Rancho, Bernalillo, Placitas, Los Lunas, Belen, Bosque Farms and Corrales. This makes it the 59th largest metropolitan area in the country. The Albuquerque - Santa Fe - Las Vegas combined statistical area has a population estimated at 1.17 million.

Albuquerque Demographics

According to the 2010 census, Albuquerque's racial makeup was as follows:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 42.1%)
  • Native American: 4.6%
  • Black or African American: 3.3%
  • Asian: 2.6%
  • Two or more races: 4.6%
  • Other races: 15.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 46.7%

According to the 2000 census, 35.5% of the state's population is bilingual, with most speaking Spanish and English. In part due to its diversity, the city was named as the most creative medium-sized city in the country.

Albuquerque History

Albuquerque was founded in 1706 as a Spanish colonial outpost. For much of its early history, it was a farming community and military outpost, and the sheep-herding center of the region. After 1821, Mexico also had a military garrison in the city.

After the American occupation of the state, Albuquerque had a federal garrison and quartermaster depot from 1846 to 1867. During the Civil War, it was occupied briefly by Confederate troops. The Battle of Albuquerque in 1862, Confederate troops made a stand against a detachment of Union soldiers.

By 1900, the city had a population of 8,000 with modern amenities. Around this time, New Mexico became a haven for many tuberculosis patients who came for the dry climate and treatments. Two of the largest hospitals in the American Southwest, Presbyterian Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital, began around this time.

By 1926, travelers on the new Route 66 began to make their way into Albuquerque, which gave rise to many restaurants, shops and motels. Over the next decade, establishments like Sandia National Laboratories and Sandia Base gave Albuquerque a central role in the Atomic Age, and its population began to soar. By 1960, the population reached 201,000, and then hit 518,000 in 2007. At this point, Albuquerque was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States.

Today, Albuquerque struggles with flat population growth, 20% of its population living below the poverty line, a gun-death rate that is 40% higher than the national average and a crime rate 53% higher than the U.S. average.

Albuquerque Population Growth

New Mexico as a whole has lagged in population growth, gaining just 1,700 people (0.09%) in the entire state from July 2012 to July 2013. This puts the state close to the very bottom for the country, and behind neighboring states like Arizona, Colorado and Utah which have gained about 1.4%. Since 2010, New Mexico has grown less than 1%.

Albuquerque's metropolitan population is currently growing at a rate of 1-2% per year. From 2000 to 2010, the metro area grew 21.6%. Growth for the entire state is expected to remain concentrated in Albuquerque.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017558,5451,0360.19%
2016557,5091,3040.23%
2015556,2054120.07%
2014555,7932940.05%
2013555,4991,5010.27%
2012553,9982,6630.48%
2011551,3354,4690.82%
2010546,86698,2592.00%
2000448,60763,8711.55%
1990384,73651,8161.46%
1980332,92088,4193.13%
1970244,50143,3121.97%
1960201,189104,3747.59%
195096,81561,36610.57%
194035,4498,8792.93%
193026,57011,4135.77%
192015,1574,1373.24%
191011,0204,7825.86%
19006,2382,4535.12%
18903,7850.00%

Albuquerque Population in 2018Source: By Asaavedra32 [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White409,542
Some Other Race64,405
American Indian and Alaska Native24,773
Two or More Races24,170
Black or African American18,237
Asian15,030
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander561

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Albuquerque Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Albuquerque Median Age

36.2


Total

34.9


Male

37.5


Female

Albuquerque Adults

There are 428,631 adults, (78,848 of whom are seniors) in Albuquerque.

Albuquerque Age Dependency

59.2

Age Dependency Ratio

22.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Albuquerque Sex Ratio

Female

285,253

51.24%

Male

271,465

48.76%

Albuquerque Households and Families

Albuquerque Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Albuquerque Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.4%21.6%
All59.8%40.2%
Male54.4%45.6%
Non Family47.6%52.4%
Female46%54%

59.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Albuquerque Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All221,1192.4959.8
Non Family90,9161.2747.6
Married85,9763.2678.4
Female30,9803.5446
Male13,2473.4454.4

3.23

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Albuquerque Households

Albuquerque Education

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade16,2864.33%
9th to 12th Grade23,1866.17%
High School Graduate85,48922.76%
Some College90,85224.18%
Associates Degree31,1138.28%
Bachelors Degree71,01218.90%
Graduate Degree57,75115.37%

Albuquerque Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White175,095168,83681,808
Hispanic159,972131,15333,321
Other Race39,11730,7616,639
Native American15,18513,4543,337
Multiple Races11,64210,6603,826
Black11,20910,3333,461
Asian10,8108,8904,981
Islander36326448

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.43%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 46.72%.

Albuquerque Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,946$39,788$30,685
Less Than High School$19,922$23,517$15,242
High School Grad$26,986$30,105$23,009
Some College$30,825$35,988$26,712
Bachelors Degree$44,840$51,146$41,445
Graduate Degree$59,919$78,338$52,590

$34,946

Average Earnings

$39,788

Average Male

$30,685

Average Female

Albuquerque Language

Albuquerque Language by Age

Albuquerque Language

71.34% of Albuquerque residents speak only English, while 28.66% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.08% of the population.

Albuquerque Poverty

Albuquerque Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic268,15158,80521.93%
White220,96727,64812.51%
Other63,26317,16527.13%
Native24,2816,92728.53%
Multiple23,9424,82320.14%
Black17,9704,74526.41%
Asian14,8121,2978.76%
Islander56114024.96%

18.17%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.95%

Male Poverty Rate

19.34%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Albuquerque

The race most likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Native, with 28.53% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Albuquerque is Asian, with 8.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.17%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.71%.

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.79%
High School17.31%
Some College14.92%
Bachelors or Greater6.76%

Albuquerque Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.93%
Male Unemployed33.38%
Female Employed10.92%
Male Employed9.14%

Albuquerque Income

Albuquerque Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$49,878$67,881
Families$63,840$81,788
Married Families$82,714$99,642
Non Families$32,416$44,920

Albuquerque Marital Status

Albuquerque Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.7%

Male Marriage Rate

40.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Albuquerque Married by Age and Sex

Albuquerque Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Albuquerque Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Albuquerque Veterans

Albuquerque Veterans by War

38,908

Number of Veterans

35,251

Male Veterans

3,657

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam14,694
First Gulf War9,119
Second Gulf War6,445
Korea3,902
World War II1,770

Albuquerque Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 549,785
65 to 749,659
75+8,806
55 to 647,522
18 to 343,136

Albuquerque Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White32,0099.94%
Hispanic12,0876.38%
Other2,4185.18%
Black1,84713.79%
Indian1,3157.25%
2 or More1,0367.02%
Asian2532.09%
Hawaiian307.65%

Albuquerque Veterans by Education

8.26%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.52%

Veteran Disability Rate

Albuquerque Employment Status

Albuquerque Employment by Age

64.1%

Labor Force Participation

59.7%

Employment Rate

6.5%

Unemployment Rate

Albuquerque Employment by Race

Albuquerque Employment by Education

Albuquerque Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

53.01%

Born in New Mexico

90.08%

Native Born

9.92%

Foreign Born

5.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.08% of Albuquerque residents were born in the United States, with 53.01% having been born in New Mexico. 5.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.