Alexandria, Virginia Population 2019

Alexandria is a city located in the state of Virginia. It is an independent city that has been heavily influenced by Washington D.B., which is located just seven miles away. The city of Alexandria was originally founded in 1749 and was not incorporated as a city until 1852. It was later designated as an independent city in 1870. Its last recorded population was 139,966 during the 2010 census. However, estimates show that this number has grown substantially to 155,810.

City Size and Population Density

Alexandria has a total area of 15.5 square miles. The city’s total population density is about 10,221 residents per square mile.

Alexandria Population Demographics

Alexandria has a fairly diverse population demographic. Nearly 61% of its residents are white, almost 22% are black, 6% are Asian, nearly 4% are mixed, and over 16% of residents are of Hispanic or Latino origin. Ethnic groups that reside in the city include but are not limited to Salvadorans, Hondurans, Mexicans and Puerto Ricans.

Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest group, accounting for 43.5% of the total population. Residents under the age of 18 make up 16.8% of the population, while just 9% of residents are at least 65 years old. Less than 9% of the city’s residents live below the federal poverty line.

Alexandria’s residents are more educated than others in the state, with about 58% of the city’s residents holding at least a bachelor’s degree, exceeding the 33% average of Virginia.

Historical Notes

The town founders called the new town "Belhaven", but this was never officially approved and fell out of favor quickly, being replaced with the name Alexandria upon official incorporation in 1779.

Alexandria was included in the area chosen by George Washington in 1791 to become the District of Columbia. George Washington was also the land surveyor that made the sketch of the shoreline where the city would eventually be.

In 1814 - during the War of 1812, Alexandria suffered an attack by the British which was successful. The surrender of the city allowed the British to loot from the town stores - including flour, sugar, and wine. After three days, the British troops withdrew to rally forces for another attack.

Population Growth in Alexandria

The city has exhibited steady population growth, and recent estimates show that the figures are up over 11% since the city’s last recorded population in 2010. This growth is primarily driven by the number of jobs in the area, including roles in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense and other government and private entities.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017160,0352,7471.75%
2016157,2883,1562.05%
2015154,1322,3041.52%
2014151,8281,5601.04%
2013150,2682,7401.86%
2012147,5282,9302.03%
2011144,5983,7752.68%
2010140,82312,5400.94%
2000128,28317,1001.44%
1990111,1837,9660.75%
1980103,217-7,710-0.72%
1970110,92719,9042.00%
196091,02329,2363.95%
195061,78728,2646.31%
194033,5239,3743.33%
193024,1496,0892.95%
192018,0602,7311.65%
191015,3298010.54%
190014,5281890.13%
189014,3396800.49%
188013,659890.07%
187013,5709180.70%
186012,6523,9183.78%
18508,7342340.27%
18408,5003000.36%
18308,2000.00%
18208,2001,0001.31%
18107,2002,2003.71%
18005,0002,2526.17%
17902,7480.00%

Alexandria Population in 2018Source: By ASaber91 [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White96,411
Black or African American34,123
Asian9,603
Two or More Races7,313
Some Other Race6,884
American Indian and Alaska Native322
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander54

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Alexandria Population Pyramid 2019

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Alexandria Median Age

36.4


Total

36.3


Male

36.6


Female

Alexandria Adults

There are 126,772 adults, (16,239 of whom are seniors) in Alexandria.

Alexandria Age Dependency

40

Age Dependency Ratio

14.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Alexandria Sex Ratio

Female

80,209

51.84%

Male

74,501

48.16%

Alexandria Households and Families

Alexandria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Alexandria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57%43%
All43.1%56.9%
Non Family37.2%62.8%
Female27.7%72.3%
Male23.4%76.6%

43.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Alexandria Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All68,6632.2343.1
Non Family35,4991.3237.2
Married24,8952.9957
Female5,7253.8527.7
Male2,5443.8723.4

3.09

Average Family Size

2.23

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Alexandria Households

Alexandria Education

Alexandria Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,9025.02%
9th to 12th Grade4,1683.54%
High School Graduate14,01411.91%
Some College15,59813.26%
Associates Degree5,2264.44%
Bachelors Degree34,40329.24%
Graduate Degree38,35332.60%

Alexandria Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White65,42964,47051,908
Black24,78121,6698,850
Hispanic16,51011,3194,781
Asian7,9717,3355,298
Multiple Races4,4834,0822,454
Other Race3,8352,273780
Native American232232148
Islander313111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 79.33%.

Alexandria Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$60,222$66,345$55,065
Less Than High School$23,153$26,919$20,185
High School Grad$26,377$30,168$24,603
Some College$39,865$41,520$36,614
Bachelors Degree$69,252$81,626$60,289
Graduate Degree$94,294$111,663$79,494

$60,222

Average Earnings

$66,345

Average Male

$55,065

Average Female

Alexandria Language

Alexandria Language by Age

Alexandria Language

66.71% of Alexandria residents speak only English, while 33.29% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.06% of the population.

Alexandria Poverty

Alexandria Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black33,6386,55719.49%
Hispanic25,7964,82018.69%
White79,5033,5814.50%
Other6,8311,59223.31%
Multiple7,25273610.15%
Asian9,5826086.35%
Native3229429.19%

10.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.87%

Male Poverty Rate

11.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Alexandria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is Native, with 29.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is White, with 4.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.98%.

Alexandria Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.49%
High School17.44%
Some College11.06%
Bachelors or Greater2.74%

Alexandria Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.26%
Male Unemployed26.64%
Female Employed5.42%
Male Employed4.40%

Alexandria Income

Alexandria Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$93,370$123,341
Families$119,485$152,903
Married Families$146,347$178,779
Non Families$78,274$93,156

Alexandria Marital Status

Alexandria Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.7%

Male Marriage Rate

40.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Alexandria Married by Age and Sex

Alexandria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Alexandria Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Alexandria Veterans

Alexandria Veterans by War

10,818

Number of Veterans

9,164

Male Veterans

1,654

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Second Gulf War4,950
First Gulf War4,401
Vietnam2,733
Korea446
World War II220

Alexandria Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 544,432
65 to 741,919
18 to 341,668
55 to 641,635
75+1,164

Alexandria Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,01310.09%
Black2,0347.47%
Hispanic9054.87%
2 or More3898.05%
Asian2683.17%
Other791.74%
Indian3512.73%

Alexandria Veterans by Education

3.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

15.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Alexandria Employment Status

Alexandria Employment by Age

78.4%

Labor Force Participation

73.9%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

Alexandria Employment by Race

Alexandria Employment by Education

Alexandria Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

21.53%

Born in Virginia

71.59%

Native Born

28.41%

Foreign Born

17.13%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

71.59% of Alexandria residents were born in the United States, with 21.53% having been born in Virginia. 17.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.