Alexandria, Virginia Population 2019

Alexandria is a city located in the state of Virginia. It is an independent city that has been heavily influenced by Washington D.B., which is located just seven miles away. The city of Alexandria was originally founded in 1749 and wasn't incorporated as a city until 1852. It was designated later as an independent city in 1870. Its last recorded population was 139,966 during the 2010 census. However, estimates show that this number has grown substantially to 155,810.

City Size and Population Density

Alexandria has a total area of 15.5 square miles. The city’s overall population density is about 10,221 residents per square mile.

Alexandria Age and Education Statistics

Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the largest group, accounting for 43.5% of the total population. Residents under the age of 18 make up 16.8% of the population, while just 9% of residents are at least 65 years old. Less than 9% of the city’s residents live below the federal poverty line.

Alexandria’s residents are more educated than others in the state, with about 58% of the city’s residents holding at least a bachelor’s degree, exceeding the 33% average of Virginia.

Historical Notes

The town founders called the new town "Belhaven," but this was never officially approved and fell out of favor quickly, replaced with the name Alexandria upon official incorporation in 1779.

Alexandria was included in the area chosen by George Washington in 1791 to become the District of Columbia. George Washington was also the land surveyor that sketched the shoreline where the city would eventually be.

In 1814 - during the War of 1812, Alexandria suffered an attack by the British which was successful. The surrender of the city allowed the British to loot from the town stores - including flour, sugar, and wine. After three days, the British troops withdrew to rally forces for another attack.

Population Growth in Alexandria

The city has exhibited steady population growth, and recent estimates show that the figures are up over 11% since the city’s last recorded population in 2010. This growth is driven primarily by the number of jobs in the area, including roles in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense and other government and private entities.

Alexandria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Alexandria was:

  • White: 62.32%
  • Black or African American: 22.06%
  • Asian: 6.21%
  • Two or more races: 4.73%
  • Other race: 4.45%
  • Native American: 0.21%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Alexandria, Virginia's estimated population is 160,530 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Alexandria, Virginia is the 6th largest city in Virginia based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 10749.23 people/mi² (4150.28 people/km²), with a household density of 1951.66 people/km² (5054.81 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 36.4 years, 36.3 years for males, and 36.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.9 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 75,489 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%, with a median rent of $1663/month. The median house has 4.2 rooms, and has a value of $537,900.

The median income for households in Alexandria, Virginia is $93,370, while the mean household income is $123,341.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018160,5308760.55%
2017159,6542,6091.66%
2016157,0453,1822.07%
2015153,8632,4321.61%
2014151,4311,7571.17%
2013149,6742,3601.60%
2012147,3143,0942.15%
2011144,2203,4802.47%
2010140,74012,4570.93%
2000128,28317,1001.44%
1990111,1837,9660.75%
1980103,217-7,710-0.72%
1970110,92719,9042.00%
196091,02329,2363.95%
195061,78728,2646.31%
194033,5239,3743.33%
193024,1496,0892.95%
192018,0602,7311.65%
191015,3298010.54%
190014,5281890.13%
189014,3396800.49%
188013,659890.07%
187013,5709180.70%
186012,6523,9183.78%
18508,7342340.27%
18408,5003000.36%
18308,2000.00%
18208,2001,0001.31%
18107,2002,2003.71%
18005,0002,2526.17%
17902,7480.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20186,249,95049,9490.80%
20176,200,00160,9660.98%
20166,139,03556,5700.92%
20156,082,46562,0161.02%
20146,020,44969,4981.15%
20135,950,95184,9811.43%
20125,865,97097,2131.66%
20115,768,757103,6961.80%
20105,665,0610.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White96,411
Black or African American34,123
Asian9,603
Two or More Races7,313
Some Other Race6,884
American Indian and Alaska Native322
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander54

Alexandria Population Pyramid 2019

Alexandria Median Age

36.4


Total

36.3


Male

36.6


Female

Alexandria Adults

There are 126,772 adults, (16,239 of whom are seniors) in Alexandria.

Alexandria Age Dependency

40

Age Dependency Ratio

14.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Alexandria Sex Ratio

Female

80,209

51.84%

Male

74,501

48.16%

Alexandria Households and Families

Alexandria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Alexandria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57%43%
All43.1%56.9%
Non Family37.2%62.8%
Female27.7%72.3%
Male23.4%76.6%

43.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All68,6632.2343.1
Non Family35,4991.3237.2
Married24,8952.9957
Female5,7253.8527.7
Male2,5443.8723.4

3.09

Average Family Size

2.23

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Alexandria Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,9025.02%
9th to 12th Grade4,1683.54%
High School Graduate14,01411.91%
Some College15,59813.26%
Associates Degree5,2264.44%
Bachelors Degree34,40329.24%
Graduate Degree38,35332.60%

Alexandria Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White65,42964,47051,908
Black24,78121,6698,850
Hispanic16,51011,3194,781
Asian7,9717,3355,298
Multiple Races4,4834,0822,454
Other Race3,8352,273780
Native American232232148
Islander313111

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 79.33%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$60,222$66,345$55,065
Less Than High School$23,153$26,919$20,185
High School Grad$26,377$30,168$24,603
Some College$39,865$41,520$36,614
Bachelors Degree$69,252$81,626$60,289
Graduate Degree$94,294$111,663$79,494

$60,222

Average Earnings

$66,345

Average Male

$55,065

Average Female

Alexandria Language

Alexandria Language by Age

Alexandria Language

66.71% of Alexandria residents speak only English, while 33.29% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.06% of the population.

Alexandria Poverty

Alexandria Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black33,6386,55719.49%
Hispanic25,7964,82018.69%
White79,5033,5814.50%
Other6,8311,59223.31%
Multiple7,25273610.15%
Asian9,5826086.35%
Native3229429.19%

10.47%

Overall Poverty Rate

8.87%

Male Poverty Rate

11.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Alexandria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is Native, with 29.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is White, with 4.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.73%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.98%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.49%
High School17.44%
Some College11.06%
Bachelors or Greater2.74%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.26%
Male Unemployed26.64%
Female Employed5.42%
Male Employed4.40%

Alexandria Income

Alexandria Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$93,370$123,341
Families$119,485$152,903
Married Families$146,347$178,779
Non Families$78,274$93,156

Alexandria Marital Status

Alexandria Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.7%

Male Marriage Rate

40.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Alexandria Married by Age and Sex

Alexandria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Alexandria Marital Status by Race

Alexandria Veterans

10,818

Number of Veterans

9,164

Male Veterans

1,654

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War4,950
First Gulf War4,401
Vietnam2,733
Korea446
World War II220
Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,432
65 to 741,919
18 to 341,668
55 to 641,635
75+1,164

Alexandria Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,01310.09%
Black2,0347.47%
Hispanic9054.87%
2 or More3898.05%
Asian2683.17%
Other791.74%
Indian3512.73%

Alexandria Veterans by Education

3.23%

Veteran Poverty Rate

15.84%

Veteran Disability Rate

Alexandria Employment Status

78.4%

Labor Force Participation

73.9%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

Alexandria Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

21.53%

Born in Virginia

71.59%

Native Born

28.41%

Foreign Born

17.13%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

71.59% of Alexandria residents were born in the United States, with 21.53% having been born in Virginia. 17.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.